Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

στρατηγός, -οῦ, ὁ (< στρατός, ἄγω), [in LXX chiefly for סָגָן H5461 (always in pl.), שַׂר H8269 ;] 1. a military commander, a general (Hdt., al.). 2. A civic commander, a governor, magistrate (Hdt., Xen., al.): Ac 16:20, 22, 35, 36, 38. 3. The commander of the Levitical guard of the Temple, ὁ σ. τ. ἱεροῦ (EV, captain of the Temple): Ac 4:1 5:24, 26; pl., Lk 22:4, 52.†

SYN.: ἄρχων G758 (cf. EGT on Ac 16:20; Ramsay, St. Paul, 217).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

στρᾰτηγ-ός, ὁ
  (the feminine in Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 491, 500 is merely comic), 4th c.AD(?): Arcadius Grammaticus and Doric dialect στρᾰτᾱγός “IG” 5(2).6.9 (Tegea, 4th c.BC), “SIG” 597 B (Thermum, 3rd c.BC), etc. ; Aeolic dialect στρότᾱγος “IG” 12 (2).6.7 (Mytil.), 11(2).1064b27 (from Delos) :— leader or commander of an army, general, Archilochus Lyricus 58.1, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 816, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 22.3, etc. ; ἀνὴρ σ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1627, Plato Philosophus “Ion” 540d ; opposed to ναύαρχος (admiral), Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1232 (see. below 11.1).
__2 generally, commander, governor, πόλει κήρυγμα θεῖναι τὸν σ. prev. author “Ant.” 8, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “de Mundo” 398a29.
__3 with genitive, στρατηγοὶ τοῦ πεζοῦ Herodotus Historicus 7.83; τῶν παραθαλασσίων prev. author 5.25, etc.; Ἀχαιῶν Sophocles Tragicus “Aj.” same place; στρατεύματος Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.7.12.
__4 metaphorically, παραλαβὼν.. οἶνον σ. Antiphanes Comicus 18 ; στρατηγοὶ κυνηγεσίων masters of hounds, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Mundo” 398a24 ; so strategum te facio huic convivio, Plautus Comicus Latinus “Stich.” 702.
__II at Athens, the title of 10 officers elected by yearly vote to command the army and navy, and conduct the war-department at home, commanders in chief and ministers of war, Herodotus Historicus 6.109, Thucydides Historicus 1.61, 4.2, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 26.1, 44.4, 61.1, Demosthenes Orator 4.25; οἱ σ. οἱ εἰς Σικελίαν Andocides Orator 1.11, compare “IG” 12.302.46, al.; σ. εἵλοντο δέκα Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.5.16, compare Eupolis Comicus 117.4, pl. Comedy texts 185, etc.; τῷ σ. τῷ ἐπὶ τὰς συμμορίας ᾑρημένῳ “IG” 22.1629.209 ; when distinguished from ναύαρχος and ἵππαρχος, the στρατηγός is commander of the infantry, Decrees cited in Demosthenes Orator 18.184, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 4.2 ; χειροτονηθεὶς σ. ἐπὶ τὸ ναυτικόν, ἐπὶ τὰ ὅπλα, “IG” 22.682.5,31; ἐπὶ τὴν παρασκευήν prev. work22; ἐπὶ τὴν χώραν prev. work24.
__II.2 also of chief magistrates of the cities of Asia Minor, Herodotus Historicus 5.38 ; of many other Greek states, “IG” 5(2) prev. cited (Tegea, 4th c.BC), 12(9).191 A 44 (Eretria, 4th c.BC), “OGI” 329.42 (Aegina, 2nd c.BC), Timaeus Historicus 114, Polybius Historicus 2.43.1, etc.
__II.3 in Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt, military and civil governor of a nome, PEnteux. 1.12, al. (3rd c.BC), “PCair.Zen.” 351.4 (3rd c.BC), “BGU” 1730.11 (1st c.BC), “OGI” 184.3 (Philae, 1st c.BC), Wilcken “Chr.” 41 ii 6 (3rd c.AD), 43.1 (4th c.AD) ; also in other parts of the Ptolemaic empire, e.g. at Calynda in Caria, “PCair.Zen.” 341 (a). 20 (3rd c.BC) ; in Cyprus, “OGI” 84 (3rd c.BC); ὁ σ. τῆς Ἰνδικῆς καὶ Ἐρυθρᾶς θαλάσσης prev. work 186 (Philae, 1st c.BC); in the Attalid empire, prev. work267.13 (Pergam., 3rd c.BC), al. ; σ. τῆς πόλεως at Alexandria, “BGU” 729.1 (2nd c.AD) ; at Ptolemais, “OGI” 743 = “Raccolta Lumbroso” 299 (1st c.BC), “Sammelb.” 7027 (2nd c.AD).
__II.4 σ. ὕπατος consul, Inscriptiones Graecae 5(1).1165 (Gythium, 2nd c.BC), 9(2).338 (Cyretiae, 2nd c.BC), 42(1).306 D (Epid., 2nd c.BC), Polybius Historicus 1.52.5 ; also ς. alone, prev. author 1.7.12, al., “SIG” 685.20 (Crete, 2nd c.BC), and ὕπατος alone, see at {ὕπατο; σ. ἀνθύπατος} proconsul, prev. work826 I 1 (Delph., 2nd c.BC), 745.2 (Rhodes, 1st c.BC) ; ἑξαπέλεκυς σ. praetor, Polybius Historicus 3.106.6 ; used of the praetor urbanus, prev. author 33.1.5; called σ. κατὰ πόλιν “IG” 14.951 (1st c.BC), etc. ; ς. alone, = praetor, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 2.6, Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 2.1.26 : also of the duumviri or chief magistrates of Roman colonies, as of Philippi, NT.Act.16.20 : later of the Comes Orientis, Libanius Sophista “Orationes” 56.21.
__II.5 an officer who had the custody of the Temple at Jerusalem, ὁ σ. τοῦ ἱεροῦ NT.Luke.22.52, NT.Act.4.1, Josephus Historicus “Bellum Judaicum” 6.5.3.
__II.6 νυκτερινὸς σ. superintendent of police at Alexandria, 1st cStrabo Geographus 17.1.12.
__II.7 ={φαλαγγάρχης} (which see), Arrianus Historicus “Tactica” 10.7, Aelianus “Tactica - Griechische Kriegsschriftsteller” 9.8.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἄγω G71 "leiden, meenemen, aanvoeren, feest vieren (een), gaan, weggaan, vertrekken"; Grieks ἡγέομαι G2233 "leiden"; Grieks στρατιά G4756 "leger, hemellichamen, sterren des hemels, engelen (groepen), soldaten (afdeling)";


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