G4907_σύνεσις
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synesis̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

σύνεσις, -εως, ἡ (< συνίημι), [in LXX for בִּינָה H999 and cogn. forms, מַשְׂכִּית H4906, דַּעַת H1847, חׇכְמָה H2451, etc. ;] 1. a running or flowing together (Hom.). 2. (a) understanding: Lk 2:47, I Co 1:19 (LXX), Eph 3:4, Col 1:9 2:2, II Ti 2:7 (b) the understanding, the mind or intelligence: Mk 12:33.†

SYN.: v.s. σοφία G4678

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

σύνεσις,
  Attic dialect ξύνεσις, εως, ἡ, (συνίημι) uniting, union, πέτρη τε ξύνεσίς τε δύω ποταμῶν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.515 (with ξυν- for the sake of meter).
__2 metaphorically, with allusion to {συνεσθίω} signification and signification 11, χωρὶς ἕκαστος εἰς τὸ φρονεῖν ἀσθενής, συμβάλλων δὲ εἰς ἓν πᾶς ἐν τῇ συνόδῳ καὶ τῇ ὡς ἀληθῶς συνέσει τὸ φρονεῖν ἐγέννησε καὶ εὗρε Plotinus Philosophus 6.5.10.
__II faculty of quick comprehension, mother-wit, sagacity, Democritus Epigrammaticus 77, Thucydides Historicus 2.62, 3.82, etc.; οἰκείᾳ ξυνέσει prev. author 1.138, compare Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 412a, “Phlb.” 19d, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1143a17, Demosthenes Orator 18.127, NT.Luke.2.47, Galenus Medicus 6.457, etc.; hence of animals, ὃ ζῷον συνέσει.. ὑπερέχει τῶν ἄλλων Plato Philosophus “Menexenus” 237d:—Phrases, ὅστις γε σύνεσιν ἔχει Herodotus Historicus 2.5, 7.49; ἀρκεῖν ξυνέσει Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 674; ξ. καὶ σοφία prev. author “HF” 655 (Lyric poetry) ; φρόνησίς τε καὶ ξ. Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 411a ; σ. λαβεῖν, of children, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1161b26 ; μοῖραν ἔχειν συνέσεως (αἰσθήσεως) Democritus Epigrammaticus cited in Theophrastus Philosophus “de Sensu” 71 ; also with qualifying words added, σ. φρενῶν Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 7.60 ; γνώμης ξ. Thucydides Historicus 1.75; σ. πολιτική Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1291a28 ; ἡ περὶ τὴν διάνοιαν σ. prev. author “HA” 588a23 ; ἡ ὑμετέρα σ. as form of address, “Sammelb.” 7433.6 (5th c.AD).
__II.2 with genitive objecti, intelligence in a thing, sagacity in respect to it, Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 412c, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 1.1; περὶ τῶν παρόντων Thucydides Historicus 2.97.
__III conscience ={συνείδησις}, ἡ σ. (i.e. μ᾽ ἀπόλλυσι) · ὅτι σύνοιδα δείν᾽ εἰργασμένος Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 396, compare Menander Comicus 632, Polybius Historicus 18.43.13.
__IV a branch of art or science, οἱ περὶ τὴν σ. ταύτην, i.e. music, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1342b8.
__IV.b knowledge, opposed to ἄγνοια, prev. author “de An.” 410b3.
__V decision, decree, Inscriptiones Graecae 5(1).1390.112 (Andania, 1st c.BC). (Plato (“Cra.” 412a) derives σύνεσις 11 from συνιέναι (σύνειμι) come together, neglecting the unwritten aspiration (συνἱέναι); but the form and significations point to συνίημι 11, perceive, apprehend, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1143a17.)

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