G4914 συνήθεια
omgang, gewoonte, gebruik, zede
Taal: Grieks

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synētheia,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

** συνήθεια, -ας, ἡ (< ἦθος), [in LXX: IV Mac 2:12 6:13 13:22, 27 * ;] 1 intimacy. 2. habit, custom: Jo 18:39, I Co 11:16; c. gen. obj. (cf. Æschin., 23, 37, and v. MM, xxiv), habitual use, force of habit with respect to, I Co 8:7.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

συνήθεια, ἡ,
  habitual intercourse, acquaintance, intimacy, αἱ πρὸς ἀλλήλους σ. Isocrates Orator 1.1; διατριβαὶ καὶ -θειαι μετά τινων Aeschines Orator 2.23; ἡ τῶν φίλων σ. prev. work152; σ. καὶ φιλία Aristoteles Philosophus “de Generatione Animalium” 753a12 ; ἡ πολιτικὴ σ. prev. author “EN” 1181a11; τὰς τῶν φαύλων σ. ὀλίγος χρόνος διέλυσε Isocrates Orator 1.1; ὅπως ἂν αἱ σ. διαζευχθῶσιν Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1319b26 ; καὶ αὐτῷ δέ μοί εἰσι σ. “PCair.Zen.” 42.2 (3rd c.BC) ; ὢν ἡμῖν ἐν συνηθείᾳ “PMich.Zen.” 82.3 (3rd c.BC).
__b sexual intercourse, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6.1.31 (variant); σ. ἔχειν μετὰ γυναικός Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.310e; πρὸς γυναῖκα Vettius Valens Astrologus 288.23.
__2 of animals, herding together, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 575b19 ; νέμεσθαι κατὰ συνηθείας in herds, prev. work 611a7, compare Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 2.31 ; so of soldiers, κατὰ συνηθείας in messes, Polybius Historicus 35.4.14.
__II habit, custom, hymnus ad Mercurium 485 (pl.), Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 3, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 516a, etc. ; plural, φαῦλαι σ. bad habits, Epicurus Philosophus “Gnomologium Vaticanum - Kleine Schriften” 46; κατὰ συνήθειαν τοῦ προτέρου βίου Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 620a ; ἐν τοῖς ἤθεσι τοῖς τῆς ἑαυτοῦ συνηθείας in his own accustomed haunts, prev. author “Lg.” 865e ; ἡ σ. τοῦ ἔργου habituation to it, Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 12.4; λήθην ἢ συνήθειαν τῶν ἀδικημάτων Demosthenes Orator 19.3, compare 60.27; πολλῆς.. σ. ἡ ῥητορική Epicurus Philosophus “Fragmenta” 46 ; τῇ σ. τοῦ εἰδώλου by being used to it, NT.1Cor.8.7 ; practice, Polybius Historicus 1.42.7, compare Plato Philosophus “Leges” 656d: with Preps., διὰ συνήθειαν prev. author “Sph.” 248b ; διὰ τὴν σ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 494b21; ἐκ συνηθείας “OGI” 629.12,79 (Palmyra, 2nd c.AD) ; κατὰ σ. Plato Philosophus “R.” same place; παρὰ συνήθειαν prev. author “Lg.” 655e; ἠναγκάσμεθα ὑπὸ συνηθείας prev. author “Tht.” 157b ; σ. ἔχειν τῇ πολιτείᾳ to be used to it, practised in it, Polybius Historicus 39.5.2; σ. κτᾶσθαι πρὸς τὰ κοινά Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.791a.
__II.2 the customary usage of language, ἐκ σ. ῥημάτων καὶ ὀνομάτων Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 168b, compare Chrysippus Stoicus 3.33 ; εἰς συνήθειαν ἐποίησε τοῦ λόγου τούτου τὴν πόλιν καταστῆναι brought the city to habitual use of this phrase, Aeschines Orator 1.165 ; ἡ σ. τῶν Ἑλλήνων, αἱ κατὰ τὰς διαλέκτους σ., Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 1.59 Sophocles Tragicus, Galenus Medicus 18(2).237, Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ ποιημάτων” 5.2 ; ἐν τῇ τεχνικῇ καὶ μὴ εἰκαίᾳ σ. Diocles Epigrammaticus Magnes Comicus “Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta” 3.214 : absolutely, ordinary language, ἐν τῇ σ. Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.22f, compare prev. work c, 1113a ; κατὰ τὴν σ. Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 323.22, compare Demetrius Phalereus Rhetor “Demetrius on Style” 69, al., Dionysius Halicarnassensis “Amm.” 2.11, Herodotus Medicus in “Rh.Mus.” 49.549.
__III customary gratuity, Sammelb. 7336.13 (3rd c.AD), 7369.25 (6th c.AD), “PLond.” 1.113 (3). 11, 3.1036.8 (both 6th c.AD) : plural, perquisites, Codex Justinianus 3.2.4, Justinianus Imperator “Novellae” 134.1, al.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἦθος G2239 "gewoonte, zede, aard, wezen, karakter"; Grieks σύν G4862 "met";

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