G4976 σχῆμα
habitus, uiterlijke houding, fashion
Taal: Grieks

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schí̱ma,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

σχῆμα, -τος, τό (< ἔχω), [in LXX: Is 3:17 (פֹּת H6596) * ;] figure, fashion: I Co 7:31, Phl 2:8.†

SYN.: v.s. μορφή G3444

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

σχῆμα, ατος, τό,
  (ἔχω, σχεῖν) form, shape, figure, Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 238, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1170, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 601a, Theophrastus Philosophus “de Igne” 52, etc.; καθ᾽ Ἡρακλέα τὸ σ. καὶ τὸ λῆμ᾽ ἔχων Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 463; διερεισαμένη τὸ σ. τῇ βακτηρίᾳ prev. author “Ec.” 150; Ἱππομέδοντος σ. καὶ μέγας τύπος Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 488: in Trag. frequently in periphrastic, ὦ σ. πέτρας, ={πέτρα}, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 952; σ. καὶ πρόσωπον εὐγενὲς τέκνων Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 1072; σ. δόμων prev. author Alcaeus911 (anap.), compare “Hec.” 619 ; Ἀσιάτιδος γῆς σ. prev. author “Andr.” 1: in pl., of one person, φωτὸς κακούργου σχήματ᾽ prev. author “fragment” 210 ; μορφῆς σχῆμα or σχήματα, prev. author “Ion” 992, “IT” 292, compare “IG” 3.1417.14; τὴν αὐτὴν τοῦ σ. μορφήν Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 640b34 (but ἐν μορφῇ θεοῦ ὑπάρχων, opposed to σχήματι εὑρεθεὶς ὡς ἄνθρωπος, NT.Phil.2.6 and 8); τὰ σ. καὶ χρώματα Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 373b; σχήμασι καὶ χρώμασι μιμεῖσθαι Aristoteles Philosophus “Poetica” 1447a19 ; κατὰ χρόαν ἢ ὄγκον ἢ σ. τοῦ προσώπου Galenus Medicus 18(2).309 ; ὅσα παθήματα γίνεται ἀπὸ σχημάτων caused by peculiar conformations, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 22.
__b atom, imagined as differing from other atoms mainly in shape, ἐκ περιφερῶν συγκεῖσθαι σχημάτων Democritus Epigrammaticus cited in Theophrastus Philosophus “de Sensu” 65; ἐκ μεγάλων σ. καὶ πολυγωνίων prev. work 66, compare 67, al., “Od.” 64.
__2 appearance, opposed to the reality, οὐδὲν ἄλλο πλὴν.. σ. a mere outside, Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 25, compare 360.27, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 365c ; show, pretence, ἦν δὲ τοῦτο.. σ. πολιτικὸν τοῦ λόγου Thucydides Historicus 8.89; οὐ σχήμασι, ἀλλὰ ἀληθείᾳ Plato Philosophus “Epinomis” 989c ; σχήματι ξενίας under the show of.., Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Dio” 16, etc.
__3 bearing, air, mien, Herodotus Historicus 1.60; τύραννον σ. ἔχειν Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1169 ; ἄφοβον δεικνὺς σ. Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6.4.20; ταπεινὸν σ. prev. work 5.1.5 ; ὑπηρέτου σ. Demosthenes Orator 23.210; τῷ σχήματι, τῷ βλέμματι, τῇ φωνῇ prev. author 21.72 ; ὄμμασι καὶ σχήμασι καὶ βαδίς ματι φαιδρός gestures, Xenophon Historicus “Apologia Socratis” 27, compare “Mem.” 3.10.5 ; especially outside show, pomp, τὸ τῆς ἀρχῆς σ. Plato Philosophus “Leges” 685c ; dignity, rank, οὐ κατὰ σ. φέρειν τι in a manner not dignified or seemly, Polybius Historicus 3.85.9, compare 5.56.1, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.44a, 631c, Lucianus Sophista “Peregr.” 25 ; πρεσβείας, ἱερείας σ., Aristides Rhetor 1.490 Josephus Historicus, “Inscription Olymp.” 941 ; ἔχει τι σ., with infinitive, there's something to be said for.., Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 470, compare “IA” 983 ; of the stately air of a horse, Xenophon Historicus “de Equitandi ratione” 1.8, 7.10.
__4 fashion, manner, ἑτέρῳ σ. ζητεῖν Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 2 ; σ. μὲν γὰρ Ἑλλάδος στολῆς ὑπάρχει fashion of dress, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 223; σ. τοῦ κόσμου Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 832, NT.1Cor.7.31 ; σ. βίου, μάχης, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 1039, “Ph.” 252 (Lyric poetry) ; τούτῳ.. κατῴκουν τῷ σ. Plato Philosophus “Critias” 112d.
__4.b dress, equipment, ἀρχαίῳ σ. λαμπρός Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1331 ; βαβαιὰξ τοῦ σ. prev. author “Ach.” 64, compare Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 2.4, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 10.35, Appianus Historicus “Bella Civilia” 1.16 ; τὸ τῆς πορφύρας σ., = Latin latus clavus, Inscriptiones Graecae ad res Romanas pertinentes 3.1422 (from Prusias) ; ἐν τῷ σ. ἱερέ ως prev. work 69.17 ( prev. passage,compare “Glotta” 14.80), compare “Sammelb.” 7449.10 (V Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus), “PLond.” 5.1729.25 (6th c.AD).
__5 character, role, μεταβαλεῖν τὸ σ. Plato Philosophus Alcaeus1.135d; πάντα σ. ποιεῖν prev. author “R.” 576a; ἐν μητρὸς σχήματι prev. author “Lg.” 918e, compare 859a ; ἀπολαβεῖν τὸ ἑαυτῶν σ. to recover their proper character, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.1.49.
__6 character, characteristic propetry of a thing, πόλεως Thucydides Historicus 6.89; πολιτείας Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 291d ; βάσιλείας σ. ἔχει the form of monarchy, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1160b25; τὸ σ. τῆς λέξεως δεῖ μήτε ἔμμετρον εἶναι μήτε ἄρρυθμον prev. author “Rh.” 1408b21 (but τὰ σ. τῆς λέξεως the forms (modes) used in poetry, such as entreaty, threat, command, prev. author “Po.” 1456b9) ; τὰ τῆς κωμῳδίας σ. its characteristic forms, prev. work 1448b36 ; ἐν σχήματι νόμου in form of law, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 718b ; ἐν ἀπολογίας σ. Isocrates Orator 15.8 ; ἐν μύθου σ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1074b2, compare Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 22c ; τὸ τῆς διαίτης σ. Galenus Medicus 15.582; αἱ κατὰ σχήματα πυρετῶν διαφοραί prev. author 19.183.
__7 a figure in Dancing, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1485 : mostly in plural, figures, gestures (compare σχημάτιον), Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 221, Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 323, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 669d, epigram cited in Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.732f, etc.; σχήματα πρὸς τὸν αὐλὸν ὀρχεῖσθαι Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 7.5 ; ἐν.. μουσικῇ καὶ σχήματα.. καὶ μέλη ἔνεστι figures and tunes, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 655a ; also of the postures of an athlete, Isocrates Orator 15.183 : generally, posture, position, Hippocrates Medicus “κατ᾽ ἰητρεῖον” 11, al., Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 538 (Lyric poetry), Theophrastus Philosophus “de Lassitudine” 3, 14 ; of the foetus, Soranus Medicus 2.55 ; τὸ τῆς κατακλίσεως σ. the patient's attitude as he lies in bed, Galenus Medicus 16.578, compare 665; compare σχηματίζω 11.3.
__7.b Rhet., figure of speech, Plato Philosophus “Ion” 536c, Cicero, M. Tullius Orator et Philosophus “Brutus.” 37.141, etc.; ἡ τοῦ Θουκυδίδου φράσις πλήρης σχημάτων Dionysius Halicarnassensis “Epistula ad Pompeium” 5, compare “Amm.” 2.2 ; for σ. Πινδαρικόν, etc., see Herodianus Rhetor “de Figuris - Rhet.” p.100S.
__7.c in Logic, figure of a syllogism, Aristoteles Philosophus “Analytica Priora” 26b33, al., Theophrastus Philosophus “Fragmenta” 59.
__7.d τὸ σ. τῆς λέξεως, both the grammatical form of a sentence, Aristoteles Philosophus “Sophistici Elenchi” 166b10, compare Galenus Medicus 16.709, etc. ; and its rhythmical form, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rh.” prev. cited above 6, etc.
__7.e grammatical form of a word, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ διαίτης” 1.23, Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus 635.21, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Pronominibus;” 17.25, al.
__8 geometrical figure, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Anima” 414b20, al., Onosander (Onasander) Tacticus 10.28; μονωτάτη πάντων ἀριθμῶν δυὰς σχήματος οὐκ ἔστιν ἐπιδεκτική “Theologumena Arithmeticae” 7.
__8.b phase of the moon, Ptolemaeus Mathematicus “Tetrabiblos” 21, Vettius Valens Astrologus 106.28.
__8.c Astrology texts, aspect, Plotinus Philosophus 2.3.1, 4th c.AD(?): Manetho Astrologus 3.5, 212, al.
__8.d configuration of birds in augury, τοῖς τῶν γυναικῶν σχήμασι σῷ ζεσθαι to be saved by the configurations (of birds) appropriate to women, Galenus Medicus 15.445.
__9 in Tactics, military formation, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.10.10.
__10 ={τὸ αἰδοῖον} LXX.Isa.3.17.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks εὐσχήμων G2158 "elegant"; Grieks ἔχω G2192 "hebben, behouden, houden"; Grieks μετασχηματίζω G3345 "vervormen"; Grieks συσχηματίζω G4964 "gelijkvormig, vormen (zich)";

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