G5010 τάξις
regeling, ordening, orde, karakter, toestand, gesteldheid, kwaliteit
Taal: Grieks

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zn vr van G05021


1. regeling, ordening

2. orde

2a) vastgestelde orde op vastgestelde tijd, beurt

3. juiste en goede volgorde, goedgeordende toestand

4. plaats in het leven, positie, rang

4a) omdat deze positie in het algemeen afhing van iemands talenten, ervaring, hulpbronnen 4a1) karakter, toestand, gesteldheid, kwaliteit


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

τάξις, -εως, ἡ (< τάσσω), [in LXX: Jb 38:12 (מָקוֹם H4725), Ps 109 (110):4 (דִּבְרָה H1700), II Mac 9:18, al. ;] 1. an arranging, hence, in military sense, disposition of an army, battle array (Thuc., al.). 2. arrangement, order (Plat., al): Lk 1:8. 3. due order: Col 2:5 (ICC, in l.); κατὰ τάξιν, I Co 14:40. 4. office, order (for exx., v. MM, xxiv): He 5:6 (LXX), 10 6:20 7:11, 17 (LXX).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

τάξις, εως,
  Ionic dialect ιος, ἡ, (τάσσω) arranging, arrangement:
__I in military sense:
__I.1 drawing up in rank and file, order or disposition of an army, Thucydides Historicus 5.68 ( near the start), 7.5, etc. ; τὰ ἀμφὶ τάξεις rules for it, tactics, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.1.7; τ. καὶ ἀντίταξις Philodemus Philosophus “de Pietate - Herkulanische Studien” 12.
__I.2 battle array, order of battle, κατὰ τάξιν Herodotus Historicus 8.86; ἐν τάξει Thucydides Historicus 4.72, etc. ; ἐς τάξιν καθίστασθαι, ἀνάγειν, prev. work 93, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 400 (anap.) ; ἵνα μὴ διασπασθείη ἡ τ. Thucydides Historicus 5.70 ; of ships, ἀποπλῶσαι ἐκ τῆς τάξιος Herodotus Historicus 6.14.
__I.3 a single rank or line of soldiers, ἐπὶ τάξιας ὀλίγας γίγνεσθαι to be drawn up a few lines deep, prev. work 111, compare 9.31; ἐλύθησαν αἱ τ. τῶν Περσῶν Plato Philosophus “Laches” 191c.
__I.4 body of soldiers, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 298, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1311 ; especially at Athens, the quota of infantry furnished by each φυλή compare (ταξίαρχος 11), Lysias Orator 16.16 ; but frequently of smaller bodies, company, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.2.16, 6.5.11, etc.; ἱππέων τ. prev. work 1.8.21 ; so of ships, squadron, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 380 : generally, band, company, φιλία γὰρ ἥδε τ., of the chorus, prev. author “Pr.” 128 (Lyric poetry); ἐμφανίσας μοι ἐν ᾗ ἔσομαι τάξει “PCair.Zen.” 409.6 (3rd c.BC).
__I.4.b especially a contingent of 128 men, Asclepiodotus Tacticus “Tact.” 2.8, Arrianus Historicus “Tactica” 10.2, Aelianus “Tactica - Griechische Kriegsschriftsteller” 9.3.
__I.4.c in late Gr., membership of the militia palatina (compare ταξεώτης), Libanius Sophista “Orationes” 27.17.
__I.5 post or place in the line of battle, ἀξιεύμεθα ταύτης τῆς τ. Herodotus Historicus 9.26, compare 27; ἐν τῇ τ. εἶχε ἑωυτόν prev. author 1.82 ; μένειν ἐν τῇ ἑωυτοῦ τ. prev. author 3.158; τ. φυλάξων Euripides Tragicus “Rhesus” 664; ἡ τ. φυλακτέα Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 5.3.43; ᾗ ἕκαστος τὴν τ. εἶχεν prev. author “An.” 4.3.29; τῆς πρώτης τ. τεταγμένος Lysias Orator 14.11, compare Thucydides Historicus 5.68 (near the end) ; ἐκλιπόντας τὴν τ. Herodotus Historicus 5.75, compare 9.21 ; λείπειν τὴν τ. Andocides Orator 1.74, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 29a, Demosthenes Orator 13.34, 15.32, Aeschines Orator 3.159, etc.; παραχωρεῖν τῆς τάξεως Demosthenes Orator 3.36, etc. ; but ἡγεμὼν ἔξω τάξεων officer on the unattached list, Arch.Papyrus 3.188, compare “Sammelb.” 599, “OGI” 69 (from Coptos) ; so οἱ ἔξω τάξεως staff-officers, aides-de-camp, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 19.22.
__II generally, arrangement, order, ἡμερῶν τ. εἰς μηνῶν περιόδους Plato Philosophus “Leges” 809d ; ἡ τῶν ὅλων τ. Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.7.22 ; disposition, τῆς ψυχῆς Gorgias Rhetor et Sophista “Hel.” 14 : Rhet., disposition, opposed to λέξις, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1414a29; ἡ τ. τοῦ λόγου Aeschines Orator 3.205, compare Demosthenes Orator 18.2, Soranus Medicus 1.18, Galenus Medicus “περὶ τῆς τάξεως τῶν ἰδίων βιβλίων” 1 ; ὕστερον τῇ τ. Demosthenes Orator 3.15, compare Galenus Medicus 6.68, 16.533 ; ἐν τ. εἶναι, ={μένειν}, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 153e; τ. καὶ ἠρεμία Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Eudemia” 1218a23; εἰ τὰ γυμνάσια ἔχοι τὴν τ. ἐνταῦθα prev. author “Pol.” 1331a37 ; different from θέσις or mere position, prev. author “Ph.” 188a24, Theophrastus Philosophus “de Sensu” 60 (θέσεως τ. Galenus Medicus 6.194 ; τ. θέσεως is uncertain reading in 16.709); ἡ κατὰ τ. τινὰ βασιλεία, opposed to ἀόριστος τυραννίς, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1366a2 ; καὶ τοῦτο κατὰ τ., ἕως.. and so on, until.., Soranus Medicus 2.62.
__II.2 order, regularity, εἰς τ. ἄγειν ἐκ τῆς ἀταξίας Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 30a; τ. καὶ κόσμος prev. author “Grg.” 504a ; οὔτε νόμος οὔτε τ. prev. author “Lg.” 875c, compare “R.” 587a; τ. περιόδου Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 2p.42U.; διὰ τάξεως γίγνεσθαι Plato Philosophus “Leges” 780a ; τάξιν ἔχειν to be regular, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 3.9.6 ; ἐν τάξει in an orderly manner, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 637e; so τάξει “SIG” 741.12 (Nysa, 1st c.BC , rendering of Latin ordine).
__II.3 ordinance, κατὰ τὴν τ. τοῦ νόμου Plato Philosophus “Leges” 925b ; παρὰ τὴν τοῦ νομοθέτου τ. prev. author “Plt.” 305c, etc.
__II.3.b prescription, τὴν τοῦ λυσιτελοῦντος τοῖς σώμασι ποιεῖσθαι τ. prev. author “Plt.” 294e ; recipe, conjecture in “PHolm.” 2.2.
__II.4 τ. τοῦ φόρου assessment of tribute, Xenophon Historicus “Respublica Atheniensium” 3.5, compare “IG” 12.63.2, al. ; τῶν ὀφειλημάτων περὶ τῆς πράξεως prev. work57.13, cf. Legal cited in Demosthenes Orator 24.45 ; τ. τῆς ὑδρείας a ration of water, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 844b.
__II.5 political order, constitution, τ. Κρητική, Λακωνική, etc., Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1271b40, compare “Ath.” 3.1, al.
__III metaphorically from 1.5 , post, rank, position, station, ὑπὸ χθόνα τάξιν ἔχουσα Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 396 (Lyric poetry) ; ἡ τῶν ἀκοντιζόντων τ. Antipho Orator 3.2.7 ; ἰδία τοῦ βίου τ. Isocrates Orator 6.2 ; ἀνὴρ τῆς πρώτης τ. “CIG” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” 2767.4 (from Aphrodisias) ; οἰκέτου τ. Demosthenes Orator 18.258, compare “PGnom.” 43, 196 (2nd c.AD), Mitteis “Chr.” 372 see 18 (2nd c.AD) ; τ. ἔχοντος ἐν τῷ Μουσείῳ “Sammelb.” 6674.10 (2nd c.AD) ; ἐν τῇ Θετταλῶν τάξει ranging herself with the T., Demosthenes Orator 18.63 ; ἐν ἐχθροῦ τ. as an enemy, prev. author 20.81, etc. ; ἐν ἐπηρείας τάξει by way of insult, prev. author 18.13 ; ἀδύνατον εἶχεν τ. occupied an impossible position, i.e. was unthinkable, Hyperides Orator (?) “Oxy.” 1607.60 ; τὴν ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν ἑλόμενον τάξιν πολιτεύεσθαι championship of your cause, Demosthenes Orator 18.138, compare “Ep.” 3.15 ; ἐγὼ τὴν τῆς εὐνοίας τ... οὐκ ἔλιπον post of patriotism, prev. author 18.173.
__IV order, class of men, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.1.7 ; function, Demosthenes Orator 13.19.
__IV.2 list, register, ὅπως ταγῇ αὐτοῦ τὸ ὄνομα ἐν τῇ τῶν τετελευτηκότων τ. “Sammelb.” 7359.15, compare 7404.6, “PSI” 9.1064.38, 10.1141.10 (all 2nd c.AD) ; ἡ τ. τῶν κατοχίμων “PTeb.” 318.21 (2nd c.AD) ; τ. λαογράφων “PLond.” 2.182b2 (2nd c.AD).
__IV.3 account, ἰδίας τάξεως “POxy.” 61.8 (3rd c.AD),compare “PLond.” 3.1107.26, 30 (3rd c.AD).
__IV.4 payment, prev. work 966.3 (4th c.AD,compare “Arch.Papyrus” 4.533).
__IV.5 category of land, κατοικικὴ τ. “BGU” 379.12 (1st c.AD) , cf. Wilcken “Chr.” 341.15 (2nd c.AD), etc.
__V reduction of hernia by manipulation, Galenus Medicus 14.781.
__VI degree of heating power in drugs, prev. author 11.571,787, compare Gorgias Rhetor et Sophista “Hel.” 14.
__VII treatise, ἐν τῇ ὑστέρᾳ τ. Pseudo-Democritus Alchemista cited in Zos.Alch. p.153 Bacchylides Lyricus
__VIII fixed point of time, term, κατ᾽ ἐνιαυτὸν ἢ κατά τινα ἄλλην τ. ἢ χρόνον Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1261a34 ; end (or perhaps date fixed for the end), μέχρι τάξεως αὐτῆς τῆς τρύγης “Sammelb.” 5810.15 (4th c.AD).

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