G5101 τίς
wie, welke, wat
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wie, welke, wat


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

τίς, neut., τί, gen., τίνος, interrog. pron., [in LXX for מָה ,מִי H4100,H4310 ;] in masc. and fem., who, which, what?; in neut., which, what? I. 1. masc., fem.: τίς; who, what?, Mt 3:7 26:68; Mk 11:28, Lk 9:9, al. mult.; c. gen. partit., Ac 7:52, He 1:5, al; seq. ἐκ (= gen. partit.), Mt 6:27, Lk 14:28, Jo 8:46; = ποῖος, Mk 4:41 6:2, Lk 19:3, Ac 17:19, al.; = πότερος (M, Pr., 77), Mt 21:31 27:17, Lk 22:27, al.; = ὅς or ὅστις (rare in cl.; cf. Bl., §50, 5; M, Pr., 93), Ac 13:25. 2. Neut.: τί; what?, Mt 5:47 11:7, Mk 10:3, al.; χάριν τίνος, I Jo 3:12; διὰ τί, Mt 9:11, al.; εἰς τί, Mt 14:31, al.; elliptically, ἵνα τί (sc. γένηται), why, Mt 9:5, al.; τί οὖν, Ro 3:9 6:1, 15 I Co 14:15, al.; τί γάρ, Ro 3:3, Phl 1:18; τί ἐμοὶ (ὑμῖν) καὶ σοί, v.s. ἔγω. II. As adj.: who? what? which?, Mt 5:46, Lk 14:31, Jo 2:18, al. III. As adv.: = διὰ τι (τί ὅτι), why, Mt 6:28, Mk 4:40, Lk 6:46, Jo 18:23, al.; in rhet. questions, = a negation, Mt 27:4, Jo 21:22, 23 I Co 5:12 7:16, al. in exclamations (like Heb. מָה H4100), how (II Ki 6:20, Ps 3:2, al.), Lk 12:49.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

τίς
  
__B Interrog. pronoun τίς, Elean and Laconian dialect τίρ (which see), τί:—genitive Epic dialect and Ionic dialect τέο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.225, Herodas Mimographus 8.1, etc., or τεῦ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.509, Herodotus Historicus 5.106, etc. ; Trag. and Attic dialect τοῦ Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 614, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1223, etc. ; Ionic dialect, Trag., and Attic dialect τίνος Simonides Lyricus 154, Herodotus Historicus 6.80, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 563 (anap.), Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 892, Ar “Ach.” 588, etc. ; dative Ionic dialect τέῳ Herodotus Historicus 1.11, al. (as fem., 4.155) ; no dative in Homerus Epicus or Hesiodus Epicus ; Trag. and Attic dialect τῷ Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 401, Demosthenes Orator 19.60, etc. ; Aeolic dialect τίῳ Sappho Lyrica 104 ; τίνι first in Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 7.57, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 715 (troch.), Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 10, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 919, Herodotus Historicus 3.38, Thucydides Historicus 1.80, Demosthenes Orator 20.115, etc.; acc. τίνα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.703, etc.; neut. τί 1.362, etc.: dual τίνε (elided) Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 107: pl.. nom. τίνες Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.172, etc.; neut. τίνα Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 102a, Aeschines Orator 2.81, Hipparchus Astronomicus 1.1.4, Geminus Astronomicus 17.12, NT.Heb.5.12 ; genitive Epic dialect τέων Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.387, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.192 , and as monosyllable 6.119, 13.200 ; Trag. and Attic dialect τίνων Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1476, “OC” 2, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1089, etc. ; dative τίσι first in Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1126, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1455, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 332d, etc. (no dat. in Homerus Epicus or Hesiodus Epicus); also τοῖσι Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 984 (anap.) ; Ionic dialect τέοισι Herodotus Historicus 1.37, compare 2.82 (variant{ὁτέοισι}) ; Aeolic dialect τίοισι Sappho Lyrica 168; acc. τίνας Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 115, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 370 (troch.); neut. τίνα Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 1.30.3 ; Boeotian dialect τά Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 1.82 (_adverb_) ; Megarian dialect σά Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 757, 784 (_adverb_) : of the plural Homerus Epicus uses only nom. τίνες with genitive τέω; ποῖος (what? which?) is sometimes preferred (especially in neuter plural) to the adjective τίς, e.g. τὰ ποῖα ταῦτα χρήματ; Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1270, compare 1337, “Th.” 621, Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 391e, 395d, 406d; see at {ποῖος} I.3 and IV:
__B.I in direct questions, who? which? neuter what? which? ὦ ξεῖνοι, τίνες ἐστ; Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.252; τί νύ μοι μήκιστα γένητα; 5.299; τίς δαίμων τόδε πῆμα προσήγαγ; 17.446 ; τίς ἀχώ, τίς ὀδμὰ προσέπτα μ᾽ ἀφεγγή; Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 115 (Lyric poetry), compare 561 (anap.), etc. ; properly at the beginning of the sentence; but this position may be varied,
__B.I.a for grammatical reasons, as between the Article and participle or noun, τοὺς τί ποιοῦντας τὸ ὄνομα τοῦτο ἀποκαλοῦσι; Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.2.1, compare Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 206b ; τῆς περὶ τί πειθοῦς ἡ ῥητορική ἐστιν τέχν; prev. author “Grg.” 454a ; ὁ σοφιστὴς τῶν τί σοφῶν ἐστι; prev. author “Prt.” 312d.
__B.I.b for emphasis, ἃ δ᾽ ἐννέπεις, κλύουσα τοῦ λέγει; Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 412, compare “El.” 1191 ; πόλις τε ἀφισταμένη τίς πω.. τούτῳ ἐπεχείρησ; Thucydides Historicus 3.45 ; especially when the Verb begins the sentence, δράσεις δὲ δὴ τ; Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 1246 ; ἦλθες δὲ κατὰ τ; Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 239 ; διαφέρει δὲ τ; Demosthenes Orator 18.205.--The person frequently follows in gen. pl., as τίς θεῶ; Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.182, etc. ; and of things or conditions, τί is frequently with the genitive singular, of all genders, πρὸς τί χρεία; Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1174 ; ἐλπίδων ἐς τ; prev. author “OC” 1749 codices (Lyric poetry); κἀνήρετ᾽ ἐν τῷ πράγματος κυροῖ ποτε prev. author “Aj.” 314, etc.
__B.I.2 sometimes as the predicate, τίς ὀνομάζετα; what is he named? Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 123 ; so also may be explained the union of τίς with a demonstrative or possessive pronoun, or with a Noun preceded by the Article, τί τοῦτ᾽ ἔλεξα; Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1173 (Lyric poetry) ; τί ἐστι τουτ; τίς ὁ τρόπος τοῦ τάγματο; prev. author “Ichn.” 114 ; also with pronoun in plural, τί ταῦτ; Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 382, “Andr.” 548, etc. ; τί γὰρ τάδ᾽ ἐστί; Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 200 ; τί ποτ᾽ ἐστίν, ἂ διανοούμεθ; Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 154e ; τί ποτ᾽ ἐστὶ ταῦτα ; prev. work 155c; σκεπτέον τί τὰ συμβαίνοντα prev. author “Grg.” 508b ; so τί is used as predicate of a masculine or feminine subject, τί νιν προσείπ; Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 983(997) ; τί σοι φαίνεται ὁ νεανίσκο; Plato Philosophus “Charmides” 154d: —also τίς δ᾽ ὅδε Ναυσικάᾳ ἕπεται; who is this that follows N.? Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.276 ; τίς δ᾽ οὗτος ἔρχεα; Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.82, compare Alcaeus Lyricus 84.1, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 328, 388, “Ant.” 7, 218, Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 501, Plato Philosophus “Crito” 43c ; and in the reverse order, τήνδε τίνα λεύσσω..; who is this I see? Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 821 ; τίνι οὖν τοιούτῳ φίλους ἂν θηρῴη; with what means of such kind.. ? Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.11.9 ; τί τοσοῦτον νομίζοντες ἠδικῆσθα; prev. author “Smp.” 4.53 ; τί με τὸ δεινὸν ἐργάσ; what is the dreadful thing which.. ? Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 492, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 598, 1488, etc. ; τίν᾽ ὄψιν σὴν προσδέρκομα; what face is this I see of thine? Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 557 ; παρὰ τίνας τοὺς ὑμᾶ; who are 'you' to whom I am to come? Plato Philosophus “Lysis” 203b: —the Art. is exceptionally added to τίς, when it leads up to a word which requires the Article, ληφθήσει.. Πανήμου εἰκάδι· καὶ Λῴου τῇ--τίν; τῇ δεκάτῃ on the twentieth of the month Panemus and of Loüs on the --what day? the tenth, Callimachus Epicus “Epigrammata” 46: —in Comedy texts also τὸ τί; what is that? Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 775, “Pax” 696, “Av.” 1039, “Pl.” 902, etc. ; τοῦ τίνος χάρι; “UPZ” 6.29 (2nd c.BC) ; and with plural Article, τὰ τ; Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 693.
__B.I.3 with properly names treated as appellatives (see. τις indefinite 11.6b), τίς ἆρα Κύπρις ἢ τίς Ἵμερο; Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 874 ; τίς σε Θηρικλῆς ποτε ἔτευξ; Eubulus Comicus 43 ; τίς.. Χίμαιρα πύρπνοο; Anaxilas Comicus 22.3.
__B.I.4 τίς ἂν θεῶν.. δοί; like{πῶς ἄν}, would that some one.. , Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1100, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1448 (Lyric poetry).
__B.I.5 a question with τίς often amounts to a strong negation, τῶν δ᾽ ἄλλων τίς κεν οὐνόματ᾽ εἴπο; Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.260 ; τίς ἂν ἐξεύροι ποτ᾽ ἄμεινο; Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 498 ; τίνες ἂν δικαιότερον.. μισοῖντ; Thucydides Historicus 3.64, etc.
__B.I.6 sometimes two questions are asked in one clause by different cases of τί; ἡ τίσιν τί ἀποδιδοῦσα τέχνη δικαιοσύνη ἂν καλοῖτ; Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 332d; τί λαβόντα τί δεῖ ποιεῖν Demosthenes Orator 4.36:—a like doubling of the question lies in the union of τίς with other _interrogative_ words, τίς πόθεν εἰς (εἶς codices) ἀνδρῶ; Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.170, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 421.
__B.I.7 τίς with Particles:—τίς γά; why who? who possibly? τίς γάρ σε θεῶν.. ἧκε; Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.182; see below 8 f.
__B.I.7.b τίς δ; ὦ κοῦραι, τίς δ᾽ ὔμμιν.. πωλεῖτα; “hymnus ad Apollinem” 169.
__B.I.7.c τίς δ; who then? τίς δή κεν βροτὸς.. ἅζοιτ᾽ ἀθανάτους Theognis Elegiacus 747 ; τίς δῆτ; Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 518.
__B.I.7.d τίς ποτ; who in the world? who ever? τίς ποτ᾽ ὢν γενεὰν καὶ ποίαν τινὰ φύσιν ἔχω; Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.1.6, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 975 ; τίς δήποτ; prev. author “fragment” 106 (but τίς ἄν ποτε is probably conjecture).
__B.I.8 the usages of the neuter τ; are very various:
__B.I.8.a τ; alone, as a simple question, what? τί γά; Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 336 (Lyric poetry) :—on ὅτι τ; ὅτι τί δ; ὅτι δὴ τ; see at {ὅτι} Bacchylides Lyricus 1b ; on ὡς τ; see {ὡς} F.1.
__B.I.8.b τί τοῦτ; τί ταῦτ; see above 2.
__B.I.8.c τί μο; τί σο; what is it to me? to thee? Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 753, etc. ; with genitive, τί μοι ἔριδος καὶ ἀρωγῆ; what have I to do with.. ? Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.360 ; τί δέ σοι ταῦτ; Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 514, compare “Ec.” 521 (where the answerer repeats the question in indirect form, ὅ τί μοι τοῦτ᾽ ἔστι;); ἀλλὰ δὴ τί τοῦτ᾽ ἐμο; Diphilus Comicus 32.18 ; τί ἐμοὶ καὶ σο; what have I to do with thee? LXX.Judg.11.12, Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 2.19.19, NT.John.2.4 +2nd c.AD+; τί σοὶ καὶ εἰρήν; LXX.4Ki.9.18, cf. LXX.Hos.14.9 ; τί πρὸσσ; Marcus Antoninus Imperator 8.44, cf. NT.Matt.27.4 ; σοὶ δὲ καὶ τούτοισι τοῖσι πρήγμασι τί ἐστ; what have you to do with these matters? Herodotus Historicus 5.33 ; τί τῷ νόμῳ καὶ τῇ βασάν; Demosthenes Orator 29.36:—followed by a clause, τί δὲ τίν, εἰ κωτίλαι εἰμέ; Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 15.89 ; or with infinitive, τί γάρ μοι τοὺς ἔξω κρίνει; NT.1Cor.5.12:—see. εἰμί with 111.2.
__B.I.8.d τίμαθώ; τί παθώ; see at {μανθάνω} see, πάσχω 111.4.
__B.I.8.e τ; also often stands absolutely as adverb how? why? wherefore? Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.362, etc. ; so too in Attic dialect, Plato Philosophus “Crito” 43c, etc. ; δόμων γὰρ ζῶσι τῶνδε δεσπόται. Answ. τί ζῶσι; how do you mean ζῶσι ζῶσι forsooth! Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 806 ; Κιθαιρὼν--Answ. τί Κιθαιρώ; what aboutK.? prev. author “Ba.” 1177 codices, compare 1182 (both Lyric poetry) ; compare τίη.
__B.I.8.f τί with Particles: -τί γά; why not? how else? and so it came to mean of course, no doubt, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1239, “Ch.” 880, “Eu.” 678, etc. ; used in affirmative answers, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 258d, “Tht.” 209b, al. ; to introduce an argument, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1281a14; see at {γάρ} I.4: —τί δαί; see at {δαί}:—τί δ; serving to pass on quickly to a fresh point, Plato Philosophus “Hp.Ma.” 288c, al. ; τί δέ, εἰ..; but what, if.. ? Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 1043 ; τί δ᾽ ἄν, εἰ..; Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 773 ; τί δ᾽ ἢν..; prev. author “Nu.” 1444 ; τί δέ, εἰ μὴ..; what else but.. ? Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 9.1, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 941, “Ph.” 421 ; so τί δὲ δ; τί δ; τί δή ποτ; why ever? why in the world? what do you mean? Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 470e, “Grg.” 469a, “Sph.” 241d, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1184: —so also τί δῆτα; how, pray? τί δῆτ᾽ ἄν, εἰ..; Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 154: — (τί μή; falsa lectio in Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 668): —τί μήν; i.e. yes certainly, much like{τί γάρ}; Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 162e, etc., probably in Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 668: —τί μὴν οὔ; in reply to a question, prev. author “El.” 1280 (Lyric poetry): —τί νυ; why now? Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.414, etc.: —τί δ᾽ οὔ; parenthetic, why not? as an affirmative answer, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 460 ; τί οὐ καλοῦμε; i.e. let us call, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 1103 ; τί οὐ βαδίζομε; etc., Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 310e, etc.: —τί οὖν; how so? making an objection, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 208; but τί οὖν ἔτ᾽ ἂν σαίνοιμεν.. μόρο; prev. work 704 ; τί οὖν οὐκ ἐρωτᾷ; Plato Philosophus “Lysis” 211d: —τί ποτε; see at {τίπτε};
__B.I.8.g with Conjunctions following:—τί ὅτι..; why is it that.. ? Strattis Comicus 62 (f.l.), LXX.Gen.3.1, NT.Luke.2.49, etc.:—with Conjunctions preceding, ἵνα τί; see at {ἵνα} Bacchylides Lyricus 11.3 with
__B.I.8.h with Preps.:—διὰ τ; wherefore? Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 1111, etc.: —ἐκ τίνος; from what cause? Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.8.4: —ἐς τί; to what point? how long? Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.465 ; but also, to what end? Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 403, compare “OC” 524 (Lyric poetry): —κατὰ τί; for what purpose? Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 239: —πρὸς τί; wherefore? Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 766, 1027, etc.
__B.II τίς is sometimes used for ὅστις in indirect questions, εἰρώτα δὴ ἔπειτα τίς εἴη καὶ πόθεν ἔλθοι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.423, compare 17.368; δεῖξον τίς ἔσται τῇ ταλαιπώρῳ χρόνος Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 623; οὐδ᾽ ἔχω τίς ἂν γενοίμαν prev. work 905 (Lyric poetry) ; οὐκ ἔχω τί φῶ prev. author “Ch.” 91, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 48, etc.; ἐπισκεψώμεθα τίνες πέπανται σφενδόνας Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 3.3.18; εἰπὲ τίνα γνώμην ἔχεις prev. work 2.2.10 ; frequently in later Gr., where ὅστις is very rare, εἰς τὸ λογιστήριον γράφων.. τί ὀφείλεται “PHib.” 1.29.42 (3rd c.BC),compare “PCair.Zen.” 21.40, al. (3rd c.BC) ; οὐθεὶς ἐσήμηνεν παρὰ τί ἂν τοῖς προστεταγμένοις.. οὐ κατηκολούθησαν nobody indicated why they should not have obeyed orders, “PTeb.” 72.160, compare 61 (b). 227 (2nd c.BC) ; ὅστις and τίς are sometimes combined, ὡς πύθοιθ᾽ ὅ τι δρῶν ἢ τί φωνῶν ῥυσαίμην Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 71, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 489f, 617, 623: —later with infinitive, τί πράττειν οὐκ ἔχω I do not know what to do, Aesopus Fabularum Scriptor 67, cf. Ps.- Lucianus Sophista “Philopatr.” 29.
__B.II.b sometimes not in indirect questions, whoever, whatever, αἰτοῦ τί χρῄζεις ἕν Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 773.2 ; ταῦτα οὐκ ἀπέστελλον πάντα, ἀλλ᾽ ἐκλεγόμενοι τίνων αἱ τιμαὶ ἐπετέταντο whatever things had risen in price, Demosthenes Orator 56.24 ; τίνα δ᾽ ἁ Κύπρις οὐκ ἐφίλησεν whomsoever K. has not loved, “Anthologia Graeca” 5.169 (3rd c.BC(?): Nossis Epigrammatica) ; τίνι ἡ τύχη δίδωσι, λαβέτω Antiochusap. Ptolemaeus Euergetes II Historicus 3 Josephus Historicus; λαμβανέτω τί θέλει “Anthologia Graeca” 12.219 (Strato Epigrammaticus); τὰν ὀνάλαν κίς κε γινύειτει “IG” 9(2).517.22 (Larissa, 3rd c.BC); καὶ τί ἂν εἶ (={ᾖ}) λοιπόν prev. work5(1).1390.50 (Andania, 1st c.BC, nisi to be read καἴ τι ἂν , see above Aeschylus Tragicus 111.2e); τίς ἂν δὲ χεῖρα προσαγάγῃ “epigram Gr.” 376a (from Aezani) ; τίς σοφός, αὐτῷ προσκολλήθητι LXX.Sir.6.34; οὐ τί ἐγὼ θίλω, ἀλλὰ τί σύ NT.Mark.14.36 +NT; τίς σοφίῃ πάντων πρῶτος, τούτου τρίποδ᾽ αὐδῶ Oracle texts cited in Diodorus Siculus Historicus 9.3 et cited in 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 1.28 codices (ὃς Cobet from Scholia Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 9); χαῖρε καὶ σύ, τίς ποτ᾽ εἶ “IG” 9 (2).953 (from Larissa), compare “CIG” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” 1982 (from Thessalonica) ; in other places, as Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1176, “Tr.” 339, “OT” 1144, Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 324, this constr. cannot be admitted.
__B.II.c τίς ={ὅστις} after a negative, μή τίς ἐστιν ἐν ὑμῖν ἀνὴρ ἢ γυνὴ.., τίνος ἡ διάνοια ἐξέκλινεν κτλ.; LXX.Deu.29.18.
__B.II.d = {ὅς} or ὅσπερ, τέων.. Ζεὺς ἐπὶ σαλπίγγων ἱρὰ βοῇ δέχεται Κᾶρες ὁμοῦ Λελέγεσσι Callimachus Epicus “Aetia” 3.1.60, compare “Del.” 185, “epigram” 30.2, Nicander Epicus “Alexipharmaca” 2; Δωροθέαν, τίς τὸν ἐμὸν ἄνδρα εἶχε “Tab.Defix.Aud.” 10.4 (Cnidus, 2nd-1st c.BC) , compare 5.2,8; τίνας ἱερεωσύνας εἶχον ἐπενεγύων “SIG” 705.43, compare 56 (Senatus consultum, Delph., 2nd c.BC) ; τίνα με ὑπονοεῖτε εἶναι, οὐκ εἰμὶ ἐγώ NT.Act.13.25 ; τίς ἔζησεν ἔτη β who lived.., “IG” 14.1560 (from Rome), compare 1391 ( prev. passage) ; εὗρον γεωργόν, τίς αὐτὰ ἑλκύσῃ “BGU” 822.5 (2nd-3rd c.AD).
__B.II.2 τί; τ; in direct or indirect questions may be construed with a participle, σὺ δὲ τίς ὢν ταῦτα λέγει; being who, i.e. who are you that.. ? Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 452a; ἐπειρέσθαι.. τίνες ἐόντες ἄνθρωποι.. ταῦτα προαγορεύουσι Herodotus Historicus 1.153 ; καταμεμάθηκας.. τοὺς τί ποιοῦντας τὸ ὄνομα τοῦτο ἀποκαλοῦσ; Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.2.1; or in a subordinate clause, ἀλλ᾽ ὅταν τί ποιήσωσι, νομιεῖς αὐτοὺς σοῦ φροντίζει; prev. work 1.4.14 ; νῦν δ᾽ ἐπειδὴ τίνος τέχνης ἐπιστήμων ἐστί, τίνα ἂν καλοῦντες αὐτὸν ὀρθῶς καλοῖμε; Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 448c.
__B.III = {πότερος}; Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.3.17, Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 52d, NT.Matt.27.21, NT.Luke.5.23.
__B.IV τί as exclamatory adverb, how.. ! τί ὡραιώθησαν σιαγόνες σου ὡς τρυγόνες LXX.Cant.1.10, compare 4.10 ; τί θέλω how I wish! NT.Luke.12.49 ; τί στενή variant in NT.Matt.7.14.
__C Prosody: τις and τίς keep ῐ in all cases (digamma operates in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.462, etc.).
__C.II τί was never elided; but hiatus is allowed after τί in Epic dialect τί ἢ (see. τίη), also in Comedy texts, as τί ο; Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 149 ; τί οὖ; prev. author “Pl.” 94 ; τί ἔστ; prev. author “Nu.” 82, “Av.” 1036 ; τί, ὦ πάτε; prev. author “Nu.” 80:—a licence which is rarer in Trag., τί ἔστι; Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 733 ; τί οὖ; Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 208, 704, “Eu.” 902, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 873 (Lyric poetry), “Ph.” 100, etc. ; τί εἶπα; prev. author “Tr.” 1203, “Ph.” 917.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks διατί G1302 "door, daarom, aangezien, derhalve"; Grieks ἱνατί G2444 "waarom, waartoe"; Grieks τὶς G5100 "enige, enige tijd, een poosje, zeker iemand, een zekere";

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