Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

τοὐναντίον by crasis for τὸ ἐνανίον, neut. acc, used adverbially, on the contrary, contrariwise: II Co 2:7, Ga 2:7, I Pe 3:9.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

Included with: ἐναντίος, α, ον,
  opposite, ={ἀντίος} (which is rare in Prose):
__1 of Place, on the opposite side, opposite, c.dative, ἀκταὶ ἐναντίαι ἀλλήλῃσιν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.89; Πάτροκλος δέ οἱ.. ἐ. ἧστο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.190, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 23.89 : hence, fronting, face to face, αὐτῳ οὔ πω φαίνετ᾽ ἐναντίη 6.329; ὄττις ἐ. τοι ἰσδάνει Sappho Lyrica 2.2 ; δεῖξον.. τὸ σὸν πρόσωπον δεῦρ᾽ ἐ. πατρί before him, Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 947 ; τὰναντία τινί things open to one's sight, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.3.345: abs., ἐ. στάνθ᾽ Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1078 (but ἐ. κεῖσθαι look opposite ways, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 190a).
__1.b with Verbs of motion, in the opposite direction, ἔνθα οἱ.. ἐναντίη ἤλυθε μήτηρ came to meet him, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.251; ἐναντίοι ἀλλήλοισιν ὄγμον ἐλαύνωσιν 11.67; δύο ἅμαξαι ἐ. ἀλλήλαις Thucydides Historicus 1.93; ἄνεμος ἐ. ἔπνει Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.5.3.
__1.c Astrology texts, in diametrical aspect, Vettius Valens Astrologus 70.16, 4th c.AD(?): Manetho Astrologus 3.360.
__2 in hostile sense, opposing, facing in fight, with genitive, ἐναντίοι ἔσταν Ἀχαιῶν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.497, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1284, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.3.28, etc.: with dat., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.12, Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 856, “IT” 1415 ; οἱ ἐ. one's adversaries, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 375, Gorgias Rhetor et Sophista “fragment” 12 Demosthenes Orator, etc. ; the enemy, Herodotus Historicus 7.225, Thucydides Historicus 4.64, etc.
__2.b generally, opposed to, τινί Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 3.2.10 ; τὸ ἐ. the opposite party, prev. author “Ath.” 1.4 ; presenting obstacles, hindering, τινί Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 642.
__2.c ὁ δι ἐναντίας the opponent in a alawsuit, “PFlor.” 1.58.15 (3rd c.AD), etc.
__3 of qualities, acts, etc., opposite, contrary, reverse, τἀναντί᾽ εἰπεῖν Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1373; δίκαια καὶ τἀναντία Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 667: mostly with gen., τὰ ἐ. τούτων the very reverse of these things, Herodotus Historicus 1.82, compare Thucydides Historicus 7.75, etc. ; δείξας.. ἄστρων τὴν ἐ. ὁδόν, i.e. τὴν τοῦ ἡλίου ὁδὸν ἐ. οὖσαν τοῖς ἄστροις Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 861: also with dat., Ὀρφεῖ δὲ γλῶσσαν τὴν ἐναντίαν ἔχεις Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1629 ; τἀναντία πρήσσειν τῇ ὑγιείῃ Democritus Epigrammaticus 234; δύο τὰ -ώτατα εὐβουλίᾳ Thucydides Historicus 3.42; ἀγαθῷ κακὸν -ώτερον ἢ τῷ μὴ ἀγαθῷ Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 491d; ἐναντία λέγει αὐτὸς αὑτῷ prev. author “Prt.” 339b, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 493; τἀναντία τούτοις Plato Philosophus “Prt” 323d ; ἐναντία γνῶναι ταῖς πλείσταις πόλεσιν Xenophon Historicus “Respublica Lacedaemoniorum” 1.2; τὴν ἐ. τινὶ ψῆφον θέσθαι Demosthenes Orator 19.65; simply τὴν ἐ. θέσθαι τινί Plato Philosophus “Laches” 184d: followed by ἤ, τοὺς ἐ. λόγους ἢ ὡς αὐτὸς κατεδόκεε Herodotus Historicus 1.22; τοὐ. δρῶν ἢ προσῆκ᾽ αὐτῷ ποιεῖν Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 14; τοὐ. ἔπαθεν ἢ τὸ προσδοκώμενον Plato Philosophus “Leges” 966e, compare “R.” 567c, etc.: frequently strengthened, πᾶν τοὐ., πάντα τἀ ., quite the contrary, Lg. 967a, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.12.4 ; πολὺ τοὐ. Strattis Comicus 57; τὸ δὲ πολὺ ἐναντίον ἀποβήσεται Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 39c.
__3.b τὰ ἐ. opposites in Philos., Pherecydes Syrius Philosophus 3, Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 986b3, etc.
__4 in the Philos. of Aristoteles Philosophus, τἀναντία (distinct from other ἀντικείμενα, “Metaph.” 1018a25) are contraries, especially the two attributes within the same genus which differ most widely from each other (as hot and cold), “Cat.” 6a18, al.
__4.b ἐ. ἀποφάνσεις, προτάσεις, contrary propositions (All B is A, No B is A) , opposed to contradictory (see. ἀντιφατικῶς), prev. author “Int.” 17b4, “APr.” 63b28.
__II frequently in adverb usages:
__II.1 from Homerus Epicus downwards, neut. ἐναντίον as adverb, opposite, facing, ἐ. ὧδε κάλεσσον here to my face, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.544 ; εἰς ὦπα ἰδέσθαι ἐ. to look one in the face, 23.107; ἐ. προσβλέπειν τινά Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 968, etc.; γυναῖκας ἀνδρῶν μὴ βλέπειν ἐ. prev. work 975: abs., Demosthenes Orator 4.40, etc. : hence, like a preposition with genitive, in the presence of, τῆς βουλῆς “IG” 12.91 ; τῶνδ᾽ ἐ. Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1002 ; μαρτύρων ἐ. Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 448; ἐ. τοῦ παιδίου prev. author “Lys.” 907; ἐ. ἁπάντων λέγειν Thucydides Historicus 6.25; ἐ. Διός Polybius Historicus 7.9.2; also neut. pl., “IG” 7.1779 (from Thespiae).
__II.1.b in hostile sense, against, with genitive, ἀνέσταν.. σφοῦ πατρὸς ἐ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.534; ἐ. ἰέναι τινός 21.574; ἐ. μάχεσθαί τινος 20.97; ἐ. ἵστασ᾽ ἐμεῖο 13.448: abs., ἐ. μίμνειν stand one's ground against, prev. work 106: with dat., νεικεῖν ἀλλήλοισιν ἐ. 20.252; ἐ. θεοῖς Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 624; ἐ. τῷ ὅρκῳ πράττειν “IG” 22.1258.2.
__II.1.c contrariwise, in Attic dialect also with the Article, τοὐναντίον on the other hand, τοὐ. δέ.. Antiphanes Comicus 80.4 ; ἢ πάλιν τοὐ. Menander Comicus 460.5 ; conversely, Plato Philosophus “Meno” 89e.
__II.1.d neuter plural ἐναντία as adverb, with dative, Herodotus Historicus 6.32, Thucydides Historicus 1.29, etc.
__II.2 with Preps., ἐκ τοῦ ἐ. over against, opposite, opposed to ἐκ πλαγίου, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 4.5.15, etc. ; ἐξ ἐναντίας, Ionic dialect -ίης, Herodotus Historicus 7.225, Thucydides Historicus 4.33 (οἱ ἐξ ἐ . the opposing parties, probably in “PGrenf.” 2.78.26 (4th c.AD)) ; ἐκ τῶν ἐ. on the contrary, Polybius Historicus 5.9.9; ἀπ᾽ ἐναντίας Asclepiodotus Tacticus “Tact.” 1.2; ἀπ᾽ ἐ. Χωρεῖν Procopius Caesariensis Historicus “Historia Arcana” 4 ; κατὰ τὰ ἐ. Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 39a: Geometry texts, αἱ κατ᾽ ἐναντίον τοῦ παραλληλογράμμου πλευραί the opposite sides of the parallelogram, Archimedes Geometra “περὶ ἰσορροπιῶν” 1.9 ; αἱ κατ᾽ ἐ. τομαί opposite sections (i. e. branches) of the hyperbola, Apollonius Pergaeus Geometra “Conica” 3.23.
__II.3 regular adverb -ίως contrariwise, with dative, τούτοις οὐκ ἐ. λέγεις Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 642; ἐ. διακεῖσθαί τινι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 361c; ἐ. ἀντικεῖσθαι Aristoteles Philosophus “de Interpretatione” 17b20 ; πικρῶς καὶ ἐ. like an enemy, Demosthenes Orator 19.339; ἐ. ἢ ὡς ἀνδραπόδοις τραφεῖσι Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 175d ; ἐ. ἔχειν to be exactly opposed, prev. author “Euthd.” 278a ; πρός τι to be contrary in respect of.., Demosthenes Orator 1.4 ; in the Logic of Aristoteles Philosophus, “Metaph.” 1057b11, al., compare Proclus Philosophus “in Platonis Alcibiadem” p.268C.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἐναντίον G1726 "tegenovergesteld, tegen"; Grieks ὁ, ἡ, τό G3588 "de, het, dit, dat, deze";


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