G5138 τραχύς
tracuV
Taal: Grieks

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trachys̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

τραχύς, -εῖα, -ύ [in LXX: Is 40:4 (רֶכֶס H7406), etc. ;] rough: ὁδοί (Is, l.c.), Lk 3:5 (LXX); τοποί (i.e. rocky), Ac 27:29.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

τρᾱχ-ύς, εῖα, ύ:
  Epic dialect and Ionic dialect τρηχύς, feminine -εῖα, -εῖαν, -είης, neuter -ύ (Homerus Epicus (see. below), Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 291, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 25.74) ; in Ionic dialect Prose feminine τρηχέᾰ, accusative τρηχέᾰν, genitive τρηχέης, dative τρηχέῃ (imperfectly preserved in codices; in Herodotus Historicus 4.23, 9.122, codices ABCP have τρηχέη, -έην, -έης, RSV have -εῖα, -εῖαν, -είη; for codices Hippocrates Medicus see Kühleweinip. lxxxvi) ; τρηχείην (before consonant) Simonides Lyricus 89 codices, Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 2.375 codices ; τρηχείης (as proper name) Hipponax Iambographus 47 ; genitive plural neuter ἐρίων.. τρηχείων “GDI” 5633.14 (from Teos) ; dual in Trag. τραχεῖ, Ion Trag.67:—jagged, λίθος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.308 ; χαλινοί, opposed to λεῖοι, Xenophon Historicus “de Equitandi ratione” 9.9, compare 10.6; τ. καὶ γωνιοειδής Theophrastus Philosophus “de Sensu” 65 ; prickly, ἄκανθαι, ἄκανθα, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.32e, 138d (both Sup.) ; rugged, ἀκτή, ἀταρπός, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.425, 14.1 ; as epithet of Ithaca, 9.27, 10.417; so γῆ λιθώδης καὶ τρηχέα Herodotus Historicus 4.23; Χερσονήσου τῆς Τρηχέης καλεομένης, of the Crimea, prev. work 99 ; and frequently in Trag. and Attic dialect of rocky districts, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 726, Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 1083 ; τὰ τραχέα, τὰ τραχύτατα, Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 4.10, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Flamininus” 4; τ. καὶ χαλεπὴ ὁδός Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 328e ; also, rough, γλῶσσα Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ νούσων” 2.63 ; ἔρια “GDI” same place, “PCair.Zen.” 287.2 (3rd c.BC); σφόγγοι prev. work 12.56 (3rd c.BC); χῆμαι prev. work 82.12 (3rd c.BC) ; σινδόνες (towels, opposed to μαλακαί) Galenus Medicus 6.418; χερσὶ μὴ πάνυ μαλακαῖς, ὥσπερ αὖ μηδὲ τραχείαις, ἀνατρίβειν τὸ σῶμα prev. work417; τὰ τ. κατὰ τὰς ἀνωμαλίας ἀλλήλοις ἐμπλεκόμενα ἑνοῦται, τὰ δὲ λεῖα κτλ. Diocl.fragment 26; βλέφαρα Soranus Medicus 2.16, “PTeb.” 273 _intransitive_ (2nd-3rd c.AD) ; shaggy, τὰ κάτωθεν τ. καὶ τραγοειδής, of Pan, Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 408d, compare 420e; λάσιον καὶ τ. τὸ κέαρ.. ἔχοντες prev. author “Tht.” 194e ; τ. σώματα, opposed to λεῖα, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.10.1 ; of the voice, harsh, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 67c, etc. ; especially of the voice of boys, when it breaks, μεταβάλλειν ἐπὶ τὸ -ύτερον Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 581a18; τὸ τ. τῆς φωνῆς Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Marius” 14 ; and of a person, τῇ φωνῇ τ. Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.6.9 ; also τραχυτάτη γλῶσσα (compare τραχύστομος) 1st cStrabo Geographus 14.2.28 ; of sounds and their combinations, harsh, opposed to λεῖος, σύνθεσις, διάλεκτος, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Po.Herc.” 994.32,36: —on τραχεῖα ἀρτηρία, see at {ἀρτηρία}.
__2 of battle and conflict, ὑσμίνη Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 119; νιφὰς πολέμοιο Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 4(3).17(35), compare Simonides Lyricus 89; φάλαγγες Tyrtaeus Elegiacus 12.22.
__3 of natural forces, ῥόθιον Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 1048 (anap.); -ύτερα τὰ νοσήματα ἀπεργάζεσθαι Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 84c ; of a river, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Alexander” 60, etc.; ἄελλαι Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 1.1078.
__4 of persons, their acts, feelings, or conditions, rough, harsh, savage, τ. ἔφεδρος Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 4.96 ; οὐ τ. εἰμι καταθέμεν I am not niggardly in paying, prev. work 7.76; Ἡσυχία prev. author “P.” 8.10; ἅπας δὲ τ. ὅστις ἂν νέον κρατῇ Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 35, compare 188 (anap.), 326; δικαστὴς τ. εἶ prev. author “Ag.” 1421; τ. γε.. δῆμος prev. author “Th.” 1049; τ. καὶ τεθηγμένους λόγους prev. author “Pr.” 313; τ. ὀργή Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 447; λεῖον καὶ τ. πάθημα Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 63e; νόμοι τραχύτατοι prev. author “Lg.” 864c ; τὸ τ. τοῦ ἤθους, τοῦ νόμου, prev. author “Cra.” 406a, “R.” 452c; -ύτερα πράγματα Isocrates Orator 7.18 ; εὐνομίη τραχέα λειαίνει smooths the rough places, Solon Lyricus 4.35.
__II adverb τρᾱχέως, Ionic dialect τρηχέως, rare in the literal sense, roughly, τ. ὑλακτεῖν Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Aratus” 8 ; neuter as adverb, τρηχὺ φωνῇ ἠπείλει Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 25.74; θάλασσα τραχὺ βοᾷ “Anthologia Graeca” 5.179 (Meleager Epigrammaticus).
__II.2 of men's acts, τρηχέως περιέπειν τινά handle roughly, Herodotus Historicus 1.73, 114 ; τραχέως ἔχειν to be rough, harshly disposed, Isocrates Orator 3.33 ; τινι Demosthenes Orator 19.45; -ύτερον ἄρχειν Isocrates Orator 3.55; τ. ἀποκρίνεσθαι Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Phocion” 21, etc. ; τ. φέρειν take hardly, prev. author “Lys.” 15 ; rarely τραχυτέρως, Plato Philosophus “Clitopho” 406a; περιέφθησαν τρηχύτατα Herodotus Historicus 6.15. (Prob. cogn. with θράσσω, compare ἐνθράσσω.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ῥήγνυμι G4486 "verscheuren, stukscheuren, vervormen, verwringen, schokken"; Grieks Τραχωνῖτις G5139 "Trachonitis";

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