G5258 ὕπνος
slaap
Taal: Grieks

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Hypnose,

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ýpnos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ὕπνος, -ου, ὁ [in LXX for שֵׁנָה H8142, חֲלוֹם H2472, etc. ;] sleep: Mt 1:24, Lk 9:32, Jo 11:13, Ac 20:9; metaph., Ro 13:11.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ὕπνος, ὁ,
  sleep, slumber, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.245, al. (see. below) ; of the sleep of death, κοιμήσατο χάλκεον ὕ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.241; Κάλχανθ᾽ ὕ. θανάτοιο κάλυψεν Hesiodus Epicus “Fragmenta” 160 codices 1st cStrabo Geographus; ὕπνῳ καὶ καμάτῳ ἀρημένος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.2, compare 12.281; τάπητες μαλακώτεροι ὕπνω Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 15.125, compare 5.51. — Special phrases:
__I of going to sleep, μιν ἐπήλυθε.. ὕ. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.793; ἐπὶ.. ὕ. ὄρουσεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.232; ἱκάνει 1.610; ἔχει 10.4, etc.; τὸν ὕ. ἔμαρπτε 23.62, al.; ᾕρει 24.4, al.; λαμβάνει Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 767; opposed to ὕπνος ἀνῆκέ τινα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.71, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.551, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 310d: of persons, ὕπνον ἀωτεῖν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.159, etc.; ὕπνου δῶρον ἕλοντο Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.481, etc.; λαβεῖν Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 223b; κοιμᾶσθαι Xenophon Historicus “Hiero” 6.7; ἡδὺν ὕπνον καθεύδειν Menander Comicus “Kith.fragment” 1.5; ὕπνου τυχεῖν Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 713; μικρὸν ὕπνου λαχών Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 3.1.11; ὕπνου λαχεῖν μέρος Cratinus Comicus 218 ; ἐν ὕπνῳ or ὕπνῳ πεσεῖν to fall a-sleep, Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 4(3).23(41), Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 68; εἰς ὕπνον πεσεῖν Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 826 ; οὐχ ὕπνῳ γ᾽ ἐνδόντα (so Badham for εὕδοντά) μ᾽ ἐξεγείρετε prev. author “OT” 65 ; also ὕπνῳ δεδμημένος, δαμείς, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.2, 14.353, etc. ; νικώμενος, κρατηθεῖσ᾽, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 290, “Eu.” 148 (Lyric poetry); κάτοχος Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 978 (Lyric poetry); σκεδάσαι.. ἀπὸ βλεφάρων ὕπνον prev. work 991 (Lyric poetry).
__I.2 of waking from sleep, ἐγεῖραί τινα ἐξ ὕπνου Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.44, etc. : of the sleeper, ἀνόρουσε, ἔγρετο, ἐξ ὕ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.162, 2.41; ἐξ ὕ. στῆναι Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 277; ἀπολακτίσασ᾽ ὕπνον Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 141; ἀποσείσασθαι Lucianus Sophista “Tim.” 6.
__I.3 with Preps., when the plural also is not uncommon, ἐν ὕπνῳ in sleep, in a dream, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 44, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 476c ; ἐν τοῖς ὕ. prev. work 572b, “Sph.” 266b, Isocrates Orator 9.21, “PCair.Zen.” 34.5 (3rd c.BC) ; καθ᾽ ὕπνον ὄντα Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 970 (Lyric poetry), compare Plato Philosophus “Leges” 800a ; καθ᾽ ὕπνον, κατὰ τοὺς ὕπνους, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.717e,555b, “Alex.” 50 ; περὶ πρῶτον ὕ. about one's first sleep, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 31, Thucydides Historicus 2.2; περὶ πρώτους ὕ. Eubulus Comicus 13; ἀπὸ πρώτου ὕ. Thucydides Historicus 7.43; διὰ μέσων τῶν ὕ. Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Themistocles” 28; ἐκ τῶν ὕ. ἐγείρεσθαι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 330e : plural, dreams, ὕ. ἀγένητοι Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “D.” 1.22.
__II Sleep, as a god, twinbrother of Death, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.231, 16.672, 682; acc. to Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 212 , son of Night without father. ῠ by nature, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 3, “Ag.” 14, 912, etc. ; ῡ by position in Epic dialect, etc. (Cf. Sanskrit svápati 'sleep', substantive svápnas 'sleep, dream'; Latin somnus, sopor, etc.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀγρυπνέω G69 "voorzichtig, aandachtig, klaar zijn"; Grieks ἀφυπνόω G879 "inslapen, slaap vallen (in)"; Grieks ἐνύπνιον G1798 "droom"; Grieks ὑπό G5259 "door, onder";

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