G5346 φημί
zijn gedachten bekendmaken, zich uitspreken
Taal: Grieks

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'phemi, ww eigenlijk hetzelfde als de grondvorm van φως G05457 en φαινω G05316;


1) zijn gedachten bekendmaken, zich uitspreken 2) zeggen


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

φημί [in LXX chiefly for נאם H5001, also for אמר H559; freq. in II-IV Mac ;] to declare, say: freq. in quoting the words of another, Mt 13:29 26:61, Lk 7:40 22:58, Jo 1:23, al.; interjected into the recorded words (cl.), Mt 14:8, Ac 23:35, al.; φησί, impersonal (Bl., § 30, 4), I Co 6:16 (Lft., Notes, 217; but cf. Bl., l.c.), II Co 10:10 (WH, mg., φασίν), He 8:5; joined with synon. verb (cf. LS, s.v., II, 2), ἀποκριθεὶς αὐτῷ ἔφη, Lk 23:3; seq. πρός, Lk 22:70, al.; c. acc rei, I Co 10:15 10:19; acc. et inf., Ro 3:8; seq. ὅτι (Bl., § 70, 3), I Co 10:19 15:50 (cf. σύν-φημι)

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

φημί, φῄς, φηις
   “PCair.Zen.” 316.1 (3rd c.BC), “PSI” 7.846.7 (Papyrus of Aristophanes Comicus (?), 2nd-3rd c.AD) , cf. Hdn.Gr.2.147, 419; φησί (apocopation φή Anacreon Lyricus 40) ; plural φᾰμέν, φᾰτέ, φᾱσ; Doric dialect φᾱμί, φᾱσί or φᾱτί (Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 771, Anonymus in “PSI” 9.1091.11, 18) , 3rd.pers. plural φαντ; Aeolic dialect φᾶμι Sappho Lyrica 32 , 2nd pers. singular φαῖσθα Alcaeus Lyricus “Supp.” 20.6, 3sg. sg. φαῖσι prev. work26.5, Sappho Lyrica 66 , 3rd.pers. plural φαῖσι Sappho Lyrica “Papyrus fragments” in E. Diehl, 5.2: aorist 2 ἔφην, Epic dialect φῆν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.326; ἔφησθα 1.397, al., Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 132, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.6.7, Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 438a, Aeschines Orator 3.164, etc. (rarely ἔφης Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.280, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.1.23) , Epic dialect φῆσθα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.186, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.149 (variant{φῇσθα}), φῆς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.473, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.239 (variant) ; ἔφη, Epic dialect φῆ, Doric dialect φᾶ Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 2.11 ; 1st pers. plural ἔφᾰμεν Isocrates Orator 3.26 (ἔφημεν Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Adverbiis;” 184.7, Galenus Medicus 1.158, 3rd c.AD(?): Pappus Mathematicus 524.16, Choeroboscus Grammaticus “Scholia in Theodosii Canones” 2.341 H.) ; 2nd pers. plural ἔφᾰτε Andocides Orator 2.25 ; 3rd.pers. plural ἔφασαν, Epic dialect φάσαν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.278, also ἔφᾰν, φάν, 3.161, 6.108; imper. φαθί (on the accent see Hdn.Gr. 1.431, al., Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 264.4 ; φάθι is found in codices of Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 475e, al.) ; subjunctive φῶ, φῇς, φῇ, Epic dialect φῇσιν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.168, φήῃ 11.128, 23.275 ; Doric dialect 3rd.pers. plural subjunctive φᾶντι “Tab.Heracl.” 1.116 ; optative φαίην, 1st pers. plural φαῖμεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.81, 24.222, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 7.87 , 3rd.pers. plural φαῖεν Thucydides Historicus 3.68, etc. ; infinitive φάναι, Herodotus Historicus 1.27, etc., poetry φάμεν Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 8.19 ; participle φάς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.35, Herodotus Historicus 1.63, 141, “SIG” 279.18 (Zeleia, 4th c.BC), φᾶσα Herodotus Historicus 6.135, pl. φάντες Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.44, 14.126, Plato Philosophus Alcaeus2.139b: future φήσω, Doric dialect φασῶ Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 739, etc. ; 1st pers. plural φασοῦμες Diotogenes Philosophus cited in Stobaeus, Joannes 4.1.133 : aorist 1 ἔφησα Cratinus Comicus in “PSI” 11.1212.9, Herodotus Historicus 3.153, “PCair.Zen.” 19.3 (3rd c.BC) (ἔφασεν is uncertain prev. work 140.7) ; Doric dialect 3rd.pers. singular φᾶσε Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 1.66 ; 2nd pers. singular subjunctive (Doric dialect) φάσῃς ᾱ Simonides Lyricus 32 (φήσῃς etc. codices Stobaeus, Joannes, corr. Bgk.); opt. φήσειε Herodotus Historicus 6.69, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 503 , participle φήσας Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.11.1, Isocrates Orator 12.239 , infinitive φῆσαι Theophrastus Philosophus “Characteres” 2.7: —middle (chiefly poetry in early writers), imperfect and aorist 2 ἐφάμην, ἔφατο (also “SIG” 437.6 (Delph., 3rd c.BC), “PCair.Zen.” 343.8 (3rd c.BC), “PSI” 4.437.8 (3rd c.BC), Parthenius Mythographus 4.5, etc.) , Epic dialect φάτο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.262, φάσθε Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.200, 10.562, ἔφαντο, Epic dialect φάντο 24.460; imper. φάο 16.168, 18.171 , φάσθω, φάσθ; infinitive φάσθα; participle φάμενος (also Archimedes Geometra “Spir. Prooem., Eratosth.Prooem.”, “SIG” 364.83 (Ephesus, 3rd c.BC), “PCair.Zen.” 236.4 (3rd c.BC), “PHamb.” 4.14 (1st c.AD), Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 17.12.2, Galenus Medicus 6.228, etc.): Doric. future φάσομαι ᾱ Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 9.43 :—passive, perfect 3rd.pers. singular πέφαται Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 2.500 ; 3rd.pers. singular imperative πεφάσθω Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 72d ; but participle πεφασμένος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.127, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 843 should be referred to φαίνω: aorist ἐφάθην (ἀπ-, κατ-) Aristoteles Philosophus “de Interpretatione” 18b39. The present indicative φημί is enclitic, except in 2nd pers. singular present φῄς: φαμέν is 1st pers. plural present, φάμεν poetry infinitive: φαντί is 3rd.pers. plural, φάντι participle
__II φάσκω supplied all moods of present except the indicative, also imperfect ἔφασκο; compare ἠμί. ᾰ, except in φᾱσι, and in masculine and feminine participle φάς, φᾶσα: in infinitive φάναι ᾰ always; φᾶναι is corrupt in Eubulus Comicus 119.11 codices Athenaeus Epigrammaticus :—say, affirm, assert, either absolutely, or followed by infinitive, e. g. Λυσίθευς Μικίωνα φιλῖν (={-εῖν}) φησι “IG” 12.924 , compare 57.48, or accusative et infinitive; the infinitive is frequently omitted, σὲ κακὸν καὶ ἀνάλκιδα φήσει (i.e. εἶναι) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.153 ; also Κορινθίους τί φῶμε; what shall we say of them? Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 3.5.12; φ. πρός τινα, πρὸς ξεῖνον φάσθαι ἔπος ἠδ᾽ ἐπακοῦσαι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.584: less frequently with dat., αὐτοῖς NT.Matt.13.28 ; κατά τινος φ. to speak against him, Xenophon Historicus “Apologia Socratis” 25: sometimes followed by ὡς, Lysias Orator 7.19, variant in Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.3.7 ; by ὅτι, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 487d, Cornutus Philosophus “de Natura Deorum” 30 ; by an interrogative clause, μή ποτε φάσῃς ὅ τι γίνεται αὔριον Simonides Lyricus same place; by participle, uncertain in Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 481c (perhaps to be read θῶμεν) ; also parenthetic, τίνες, φῄς, ἦσαν οἱ λόγο; Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 59c.
__II.b since what one says commonly expresses a belief or opinion, think, deem, suppose, φῆ γὰρ ὅ γ᾽ αἱρήσειν Πριάμου πόλιν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.37 ; φαίης κε ζάκοτόν τέ τιν᾽ ἔμμεναι ἄφρονά τε you would say, would think, he was.., 3.220 ; ἶσον ἐμοὶ φάσθαι to say he is (i. e. fancy himself) equal to me, 1.187, 15.167 ; μὴ.. φαθὶ λεύσσειν think not that you see, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 22.56 ; τί φῄ; what say you? i.e. what think you? (see. below 11.5); λέγ᾽ ἀνύσας ὅ τι φῄς Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 349: —so φ. δεῖν, φ. χρῆναι, deem it right, Andocides Orator 3.34, Isocrates Orator 3.48.
__II.c say, i.e. write, of an author, ὡς ἔφημεν Galenus Medicus 1.158, etc. —The middle has all these senses as well as the active
__II Special Phrases:
__II.1 φασί, they say, it is said, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.638, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.42, etc.; parenthetically, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1109a35, Menander Comicus “Ἐπιτρέποντες” 223, etc.: Prose writers use φησί when quoting, Demosthenes Orator 23.89, etc. ; φησίν saith He, NT.1Cor.6.16 ; especially of an opponent's objection, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.112c; even after a plural, ὅ τοίνυν μέγιστον ἔχειν οἴονται.. καὶ αὐτός, φησί, τῶν εἰσιόντων ἦσθα Libanius Sophista “Orationes” 52.39 ; “τὸν δὲ μετ᾽ εἰσενόησα, ἔφη Ὅμηρος as H. said, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 315b.
__II.2 joined with a synonymous Verb, ἔφη λέγων, ἔφησε λέγων, Herodotus Historicus 3.156, 6.137, etc.; ἔλεγε φάς prev. author 1.122 ; λέγει οὐδέν, φαμένη.. prev. author 2.22; τί ἐροῦμεν ἢ τί φήσομε; Demosthenes Orator 8.37, compare 25.100; τί φ; τί λέξ; Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 483.
__II.3 in repeating dialogues the Verb commonly goes before its subject, ἔφην ἐγώ, ἔφη ὁ Σωκράτης, said I, said Sophocles Tragicus, but the order is sometimes inverted, ἐγὼ ἔφην, ὁ Σωκράτης ἔφη, I said, Sophocles Tragicus said.
__II.4 inserted parenthetically, though the sentence has been introduced by λέγει, εἶπεν, etc., ὁ Ἰσχόμαχος.. εἶπεν· ἀλλὰ παίζεις μὲν σύ γε, ἔφη Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 17.10, compare Plato Philosophus “Charmides” 164e; ἡ κρίσις.. διαρρήδην λέγει διότι, φησίν, ἔδοξε τἀληθῆ εἰσαγγεῖλαι Lysias Orator 13.50.
__II.5 τί φημ; Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1471, and τί φῄ; “Ph.” 804, Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 706 (uncertain), are used extra metrum, as exclamations.
__II.6 κυριώτατα φάναι, in parenthesis, strictly speaking, Philo Judaeus 2.374 ; ὡς οὕτω φάναι, ={ὡς εἰπεῖν, ἅπασαι ὡς οὕτω φάναι} practically all, Galenus Medicus “περὶ λεπτυνούσης διαίτης - CMG” 9 ; συνελόντα (variant{-όντι}) φάναι, ={συνελόντι εἰπεῖν}, prev. author 16.502.
__II.7 Οἰδίπουν.. ἂν μόνον φῶ if I only mention Oedipus, Antiphanes Comicus 191.6, compare Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 411a, 435a.
__III like{κατάφημι}, say yes, affirm, assert, καὶ τοὺς φάναι and they said yes, Herodotus Historicus 8.88; καί φημι κἀπόφημι Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 317; ἔγωγέ φημι Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 526c; φάναι τε καὶ ἀπαρνεῖσθαι prev. author “Tht.” 165a : with infinitive, φῂς ἢ καταρνεῖ μὴ δεδρακέναι τάδ; Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 442 ; but οὔ φημι means say no, deny, refuse, with infinitive, ἡ Πυθίη οὐκ ἔφη χρήσειν said she would not.., Herodotus Historicus 1.19, compare 8.2; οὐκ ἔφασαν ἐπιτρέψαι Lysias Orator 13.15, 47 (to be read -τρέψειν) : with accusative et infinitive, οὔ φημ᾽ Ὀρέστην σ᾽ ἐνδίκως ἀνδρηλατεῖν Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 221, compare Herodotus Historicus 2.63: abs., κἂν μὲν μὴ φῇ if he says no, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 555 (anap.) ; ἢ φάθι ἢ μὴ ἃ ἐρωτῶ answer me yes or no, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 475e ; so in answers, φημί or οὕτως φημί yes, prev. author “Phdr.” 270c, al., “Grg.” 500e ; οὐκ ἔφη he said no, prev. author “Phd.” 118a. — In this sense Attic. writers, besides present, mostly use future φήσω and aorist ἔφησα, but in imperfect, infinitive, and participle present, to avoid ambiguity, they prefer ἔφασκον, φάσκειν, φάσκων (see. φάσκω): φάναι is distinguished from φάσκειν, e.g. ἔφη σπουδάζειν he said he was in haste, ἔφασκε σπουδάζειν he alleged he was in haste; but ἔφησθα is found in this sense, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.6.7.
__IV command, order, ἔφην τῷ Ὀρθοβούλῳ ἐξαλεῖψαί με Lysias Orator 16.13 (so ἔφασαν, see l. for ἔφρασαν in Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.6.11).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks λέγω G3004 "zeggen, spreken"; Grieks προφήτης G4396 "profeet"; Grieks σύμφημι G4852 "erkennen"; Grieks φαίνω G5316 "schijnen, verlichten, verschijnen, licht werpen"; Grieks φάσις G5334 "fasiV"; Grieks φάσκω G5335 "faskw"; Grieks φήμη G5345 "fhmh"; Grieks φθέγγομαι G5350 "fqeggomai"; Grieks φῶς G5457 "licht";

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