G5355_φθόνος
afgunst, nijd
Taal: Grieks

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fthonos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

** φθόνος, -ου, ὁ [in LXX: Wi 2:24 6:23, I Mac 8:16, III Mac 6:7 * ;] envy: Ro 1:29, Ga 5:21, I Ti 6:4, Tit 3:3, I Pe 2:1; διὰ φθόνον, Mt 27:18, Mk 15:10, Phl 1:15; πρὸς φθόνον ἐπιποθεῖ τ. πνεῦμα (on the meaning, v. R, txt., mg. 1, 2; Hort, Ja., 93 f.), Ja 4:5.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

φθόνος, ὁ,
  ill-will or malice, especially envy or jealousy of the good fortune of others (Plato Philosophus “Definitiones” 416b, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1387b22), Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 8.55, etc.; φθόνῳ through envy, Herodotus Historicus 3.30, 9.71 ; opposed to εὔνοια, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 635b ; opposed to ἔπαινος, Lysias Orator 24.1 ; ἴσχει ὄλβος φθόνον incurs envy, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 11.29, compare Isocrates Orator 5.68; φθόνον πρὸς ἀστῶν ἀλφάνουσι Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 297; φθόνῳ χρῆσθαι πρὸς τὰ παιδικά Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 253b ; κρέσσων οἰκτιρμοῦ φθόνος better to be envied than pitied ! Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 1.85, compare Andocides Orator 2.6; πρὸς γὰρ τὸν ἔχονθ᾽ ὁ φ. ἕρπει Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 157 (anap.), compare “OT” 382; ἐς τἀπίσημα δ᾽ ὁ φ. πηδᾶν φιλεῖ Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 294 ; φ. συνεστιώμενος, of wealth, Secundus Gnomologus “Sententiae - FPG” 9; φ. ἐστὶ τοῖς ζῶσι πρὸς τὸ ἀντίπαλον Thucydides Historicus 2.45; κατὰ φθόνον Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 686, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 457d; σὺν φθόνῳ Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 780 (Lyric poetry); διὰ φθόνον NT.Phil.1.15 : with genitive objecti, envy for, jealousy of, τῶν πεπραγμένων Lysias Orator 2.48 ; φθόνον δὲ σωμάτων ἕξει θεός i.e. will grudge, deny, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 859 : with genitive subjunctive, envy or jealousy felt by another, Plato Philosophus “Hp.Ma.” 282a; also φ. ἐφ᾽ ἑτέροις Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.39e, etc.; εἴς τινα “Anthologia Graeca” 6.257 (Antiphilus Epigrammaticus); πρός τινα Lucianus Sophista “Rh.Pr.” 22 : plural, envyings, jealousies, heartburnings, Isocrates Orator 15.163, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 679c, 801e, etc.
__b a cause for indignation, a reproach, ἀποκτείνειν φθόνος ἐστὶ γυναῖκας Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 288.
__2 especially jealousy of the gods compare (φθονερός 1.2), θεῶν φ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 362, “Ag.” 947; φ. μὴ γένοιτό τις θεῶν Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 1135: hence abs., τὸν φ. δὲ πρόσκυσον Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 776; εὐλαβούμενος φθόνον Demosthenes Orator 18.305.
__II refusal from feelings of ill-will or envy, grudging, φθόνος μὲν οὐδεὶς.. Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 628 ; οὐδεὶς φ. or φ. οὐδείς, with infinitive, said in granting a request willingly, ἃ τυγχάνω ἀκηκοώς, φ. οὐδεὶς λέγειν Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 61d; οὐδεὶς.. φ. αὐτῷ διελθεῖν αὐτά prev. author “Sph.” 217a, compare b. “Lg.” 641d, 664a.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks φθείρω G5351 "fqeirw"; Grieks φθονέω G5354 "fqonew";

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