G5368 φιλέω
liefhebben, beminnen, kussen
Taal: Grieks

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fileo̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

φιλέω, -ῶ (< φίλος), [in LXX: Ge 27:4, 9, al. (אהב H157), ib. 27, al. (נשׁק H5401), La 1:2 (רֵעַ H7453) Wi 8:2, al. ;] 1. to love (with the love of emotion and friendship, Lat, amare; v. SYN.): c. acc. pers., Mt 10:37, Jo 5:20; Jo 11:3, 36 15:19 16:27 20:2 21:15-17, I Co 16:22, Re 3:19; ἐν πίστει, Tit 3:15; c. acc. rei, Mt 23:6, Lk 20:46, Jo 12:25, Re 22:15; c. inf. (Is 56:10; cf. Bl., § 69, 4), Mt 6:5. 2. to kiss: c. acc. pers., Mt 26:48, Mk 14:44, Lk 22:47 (cf. κατα-φιλέω).†

SYN.: ἀγαπάω G25 ω (q.v.), the love of duty and respect

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

φῐλέω,
  Aeolic dialect φίλημμι Sappho Lyrica 79, cf. Ead. “Oxy.” 1787 “fragment” 1 + 2.24 ; 2nd pers. singular φίλησθα Ead.22; late 3rd.pers. plural φίλεισι “epigram Gr.” 990.12 (Balbilla Lyrica) : Boeotian dialect φίλειμι Hdn.Gr. 2.930: Ep. infinitive φιλήμεναι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.265 : Ionic dialect and Epic dialect imperfect φιλέεσκε 3.388, al.: future φιλήσω, Epic dialect infinitive φιλησέμεν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.171 : aorist 1 ἐφίλησα Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 2.16 , etc.: perfect πεφίληκα prev. work 1.13 :—middle, poetical 1 aorist ἐφῑλάμη; 3rd.pers. singular ἐφίλατο, φίλατο, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.61, 20.304, Callias Epigrammaticus “Aet.Oxy.” 2080.55 ; 3rd.pers. plural φίλαντο Lycophron Tragicus 274; imper. φῖλαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.117, 10.280 ; subjunctive φίλωνται “hymnus ad Cererem” 117, Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 97 ; but φίλατο as passive, Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 3.66 ; also participle φιλάμενος “IG” 14.1549 (from Rome): —passive, future middle φιλήσομαι in passive sense, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.123, 15.281, Antipho Orator 1.19 : future 3 πεφιλήσομαι Callimachus Epicus “Hymnus in Delum” 270 : aorist ἐφιλήθην Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 1000, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 253c : Epic dialect 3rd.pers. plural ἐφίληθεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.668 : perfect πεφίλημαι Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 4.45, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.9.28 ; Doric dialect participle πεφιλᾱμένος Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 3.3 . ῐ exceptin the forms ἐφίλατο, φῑλατο, etc.: (φίλος):— love, regard with affection, opposed to μισεῖν, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 334c, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1380b34; φιλήσω τὸν δῆμον τὸν Ἀθηναίων “IG” 12.15.36 ; (on its relation to sexual love see below 3); of the love of gods for men, φ. δέ ἑ μητίετα Ζεύς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.197 ; πέρι γάρ μ᾽ ἐφίλει (of the love of the master for his swineherd) Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.146; (also ὃν περὶ κῆρι φ. Ζεὺς.. παντοίην φιλότητα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.245, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.117); μάλα τούς γε φ. ἑκάεργος Ἀπόλλων Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.94; εἰ.. Ἕκτορά περ φιλέεις καὶ κήδεαι αὐτοῦ 7.204, etc. ; of love for a child reared, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.370; αἰ δὲ μὴ φίλει, ταχέως φιλήσει κωὐκὶ θέλοισα Sappho Lyrica 1.23; λόγοις φιλοῦσαν οὐ στέργω φίλην Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 543; φιλέων φιλέοντα Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 10.66; ὃν δ᾽ ἐχρῆν φιλεῖν στυγεῖς Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 907; μάλιστά σ᾽.. ἤχθηρα κἀφίλησ᾽ ἐν ἡμέρᾳ μιᾷ Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1363; ὃν οἱ θεοὶ φιλοῦσιν ἀποθνῄσκει νέος Menander Comicus 125 ; ὅσα θεοὶ ἀνθρώποις οὓς φιλοῦσιν διδόασιν “SIG” 985.48 (Philadelphia, 1st c.BC) ; οἱ φιλοῦντές τινα his friends, frequently in messages and letters, “OGI” 184.10 (Philae, 1st c.BC), NT.Tit.3.15, “PSI” 8.971.30 (3rd-4th c.AD), etc.; φιλεῖν ἐμαυτήν, αὑτόν, Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 999, “Med.” 86, etc. :—passive, to be beloved by one, ἐκ Διός Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.668; παρ᾽ αὐτῇ 13.627, etc. ; τινι Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 1000.
__2 treat affectionately or kindly, especially welcome, entertain a guest, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.29, 5.135, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.207, etc.; φίλος δ᾽ ἦν ἀνθρώποισιν, πάντας γὰρ φιλέεσκεν ὁδῷ ἔπι οἰκία ναίων Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.15; ξεῖνον ἐνὶ μεγάροισι φ. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.42; ξεῖνον ἄγων ἐν δώμασι.. φιλέειν καὶ τιέμεν 15.543, compare 14.322 ; θεὸς (i. e. Calypso) ἥ με.. ἐφίλει τε καὶ ἔτρεφεν 7.256 ; τίς ἂν φιλέοντι μάχοιτ; who would quarrel with a kind host? 8.208 ; etc.:—passive, παρ᾽ ἄμμι φιλήσεαι welcome shalt thou be in our house, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.123, compare 15.281.
__3 opposed to ἐρᾶν, τούτους μάλιστά φασι φιλεῖν ὧν ἂν ἐρῶσι regard with affection those for whom they have a passion, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 231c; ὥστε οὐ μόνον φιλοῖο ἄν, ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐρῷο ὑπ᾽ ἀνθρώπων Xenophon Historicus “Hiero” 11.11, compare “Smp.” 8.21 ; εἰκὸς τὸ φιλεῖν τοὺς ἐρωμένους Aristoteles Philosophus “Analytica Priora” 70a6 ; but φ. is used of lovers, ἥ γ᾽ Εὐρυμάχῳ μισγέσκετο καὶ φιλέεσκεν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.325; Λυσίθεος Μικίωνα φιλῖν φησι μάλισστα τῶν ἐν τῇ πόλει “IG” 12.924; οὐκ ἔστ᾽ ἐραστὴς ὅστις οὐκ ἀεὶ φιλεῖ Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 1051, compare Herodotus Historicus 4.176 (Pass.), Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 905 ; of the love of man for wife, ὅς τις ἀνὴρ ἀγαθὸς.. τὴν αὐτοῦ φιλέει (cherishes her) καὶ κήδεται ὡς καὶ ἐγὼ τὴν ἐκ θυμοῦ φίλεον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.343, compare 486 ; τὴν αὐτὸς φιλέεσκεν loved and cherished as his wife, prev. work 450 ; but ἐμὲ.. ἀτιμάζει, φιλέει δ᾽ ἀΐδηλον Ἄρηα (Hephaestus speaks of Aphrodite) Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.309: Comedy texts, ὦ Δῆμ᾽, ἐραστής εἰμι σὸς φιλῶ τέ σε καὶ κήδομαί σου Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1341.
__3.b of sexual intercourse, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus see at {βαίνειν}.
__4 show outward signs of love, especially kiss (not in Homerus Epicus), φ. τοῖσι στόμασι kiss on the mouth, opposed to τὰς παρειὰς φιλέονται, Herodotus Historicus 1.134, compare Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.4.27, “Smp.” 9.5; κατὰ τὸ στόμα “Anthologia Graeca” 5.284 (Agathias Historicus et Epigrammaticus); φιλήσω.. τὸ σὸν κάρα Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1131; πατέρα.. περὶ χεῖρε βαλοῦσα φιλήσει Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1559 (anap.), compare Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 671, 674, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 255e, NT.Mark.14.44, etc.: with double acc., τὸ φίλαμα, τὸ.. τὸν Ἄδωνιν.. ἀποθνάσκοντα φίλασεν the kiss wherewith she kissed him, Moschus Bucolicus 3.69: —middle, τὰς παρειάς kiss each other's cheeks, Hdt. prev. cited
__5 of things as objects of love, like, approve, σχέτλια ἔργα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.83; ἀοιδάν Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 3.7; οὔθ᾽ ἱστῶν ἐφίλησεν ὁδοὺς οὔτε δείπνων.. τέρψιας “P.” 9.18, etc.; αἰσχροκέρδειαν Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1056, compare 312 ; τὰς λευκοτάτας μάζας Teleclides Comicus 1.6 (anap.); Πράμνιον οἶνον Ephippus Comicus 28.
__6 of things as the subject, ἡσυχία δὲ φιλεῖ συμπόσιον Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 9.48; ἢ μίτρη μαστοὺς ἐφίλησε Callimachus Epicus “Epigrammata” 39.
__7 in making a request, οἶσθ᾽ ὁτιὴ φιλῶ σ᾽ ἐγώ, κἀμοὶ πιθόμενος ὑπαποκίνει τῆς ὁδοῦ Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 1010 ; so τί πράσσει Φηλικίων ὁ ἀγαθό; φιλῶ σε pray, how goes it with the worthy Felicio? Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 1.19.20; so perhaps in Herodas Mimographus 1.66, πείσθητί μευ, φιλέω σε (but rather 'I speak as a true friend').
__II after Homerus Epicus , with infinitive, love to do, be fond of doing, and so to be wont or used to do, φιλέει ὁ θεὸς τὰ ὑπερέχοντα κολούειν Herodotus Historicus 7.10. ; ἢν ἁμάρτωσι τοῦ πατρικοῦ τύπου.. φιλέουσι διαφθείρεσθαι Democritus Epigrammaticus 228; Μοῖσα μεμνᾶσθαι φ. Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 1.12, compare “P.” 3.18; φιλεῖ δὲ τίκτειν ὕβρις.. ὕβριν Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 763 (Lyric poetry); τοῖς θανοῦσί τοι φιλοῦσι πάντες κειμένοις ἐπεγγελᾶν Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 989, etc. ; rarely with participle for infinitive, φιλεῖς δὲ δρῶσ᾽ αὐτὸ σφόδρα Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 645.
__II.2 of things, events, etc., αὔρη ἀπὸ ψυχροῦ τινος φιλέει πνέειν Herodotus Historicus 2.27; φιλεῖ ὠδῖνα τίκτειν νύξ Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 769; ἐμπόρων ἔπη φ. πλανᾶσθαι Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 304; φιλεῖ γάρ πως τὰ τοιαῦθ᾽ ἑτέρᾳ τρέπεσθαι Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 813 (Lyric poetry); φιλεῖ μεγάλα στρατόπεδα ἐκπλήγνυσθαι Thucydides Historicus 4.125; ὃ δὴ φ. ὁ ἔρως ἐμποιεῖν Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 182c: especially with γίγνεσθαι of what usually happens, ἀπὸ πείρης πάντα ἀνθρώποισι φιλέει γίνεσθαι everything comes to man by experience, Herodotus Historicus 7.9.γ, compare 7.10.ζ, 7.50, Thucydides Historicus 3.42, Isocrates Orator 6.104, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 494c, al.; οἷα φ. γίγνεσθαι Thucydides Historicus 7.79, compare Herodotus Historicus 8.128 ; without γίγνεσθαι, οἷα δὴ φιλεῖ as is wont, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 467b; ὁποῖα φ. Lucianus Sophista “Am.” 9.
__II.3 impersonal, φιλέει δέ κως προσημαίνειν (i.e. ὁ θεός), εὖτ᾽ ἂν.. Herodotus Historicus 6.27 ; ὡς δὴ φιλεῖ.. λόγον ἔχειν ἀνθρώπους as it is usual for.., Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pompeius” 73.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀγαπάω G25 "aangenaam vinden"; Grieks βούλομαι G1014 "wensen, besluiten"; Grieks θέλω G2309 "verlangen, wensen, liefhebben, beminnen, behagen hebben in, welgevallig vinden"; Grieks θυμός G2372 "hartstocht, hitte, toorn, opwelling"; Grieks καταφιλέω G2705 "kussen"; Grieks νοῦς G3563 "denken (het), denkvermogen, verstand, gevoelens, voornemens, verlangens"; Grieks προσφιλής G4375 "lieflijk, aangenaam"; Grieks φίλημα G5370 "kus"; Grieks Φιλήμων G5371 "Filemon"; Grieks Φίλητος G5372 "Filetus"; Grieks φίλος G5384 "vriend, makker, collega";

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