Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

φοβερός, -ά, -όν (< φοβέω), [in LXX chiefly for נוֺרָא H3372, also for דְּחַל H1763, אָיֹם H366 ;] fearful, whether act, or pass.; 1. act., = δεινός, causing fear, terrible (LXX): He 10:27, 31 12:21 2. Pass., = δειλός, feeling fear, timid (cl. in both senses).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

φοβερός, ά, όν,
  (φόβος) fearful, whether active or passive:
__I active, causing fear, terrible, χρηστήρια φ. Herodotus Historicus 7.139, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 127 (anap.), “Th.” 78 (Lyric poetry) , etc.; ὅμιλος πλήθει -ώτατος formidable only from numbers, Thucydides Historicus 2.98 (but τὰ τῷ πλήθει φ. things which are fearful to the multitude, Isocrates Orator 1.7, compare Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 67e): with infinitive, φ. ἰδεῖν, φ. προσιδέσθαι, fearful to behold, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 27 (anap.), 48 (anap.); φ. εἰσιδεῖν Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 127 (Lyric poetry); φ. προσπολεμῆσαι Demosthenes Orator 2.22; φ. Πολυδεύκεα πὺξ ἐρεθίζειν Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 22.2.
__I.2 regarded with fear, especially with respect to consequences, οὔτε ὅρκος φ. Thucydides Historicus 3.83 ; ἵππος φ. μὴ ἀνήκεστόν τι ποιήσῃ a horse that makes one fear he will do some mischief, Xenophon Historicus “Hiero” 6.15; σεμνότερος εἶναι καὶ φοβερώτερος δοκεῖ Andocides Orator 4.18; φοβεροὶ ἦσαν μὴ ποιήσειαν Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.7.2; τοῖς πολεμίοις φοβερώτεροι prev. author “Eq.Mag.” 4.11, compare “Ages.” 11.10 (Sup.): τριήρης φοβερὸν πολεμίοις prev. author “Oec.” 8.8; τὸ πρὸ τῶν λυπηρῶν προσδόκημα φ. Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 32c; φοβερώτατον ἐρημία Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.5.9; τὸ φ. terror, danger, prev. author “Lac.” 9.1 ; τῶν φοβερῶν ὄντων τῇ πόλει γενέσθαι the things which were dreaded as like ly to happen.., prev. author “HG” 1.4.17 ; φοβερόν ἐστι μὴ.. there is reason to dread that.., prev. author “Hier.” 1.12, compare “Cyr.” 7.5.22 ; ἀγγέλλεσθαι ἐπὶ τὸ φοβερώτατον to be fearfully exaggerated, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 1.57.
__I.3 Rhet., of style, impressive, awe-inspiring, τὸ κάλλος τὸ Θουκυδίδου φ. prev. author “Pomp.” 3; τὸ φ. prev. author “Lys.” 13; Ὅμηρος παίζων -ώτερος Demetrius Phalereus Rhetor “Demetrius on Style” 130.
__II passive, afraid, timid, ἐκτέταμαι φοβερὰν φρένα Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 153 (Lyric poetry), compare Alcaeus Lyricus 97, Pherecrates Comicus 245; ὄμμα Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 620: opposed to θαρσαλέος, Thucydides Historicus 2.3, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.3 19 (Comp.) ; φ. τὴν ψυχήν prev. author “Oec.” 7.25 ; σκοπεῖν εἰ φοβεροί (i.e. οἱ πῶλοι) Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 413d; φ. ποιεῖν τινα prev. author “Lg.” 647c; φ. εἰς τὸ τολμᾶν prev. work 649d.
__II.2 caused by fear, troubled, panic, ἀναχώρησις Thucydides Historicus 4.128; φοβερὰ ὄσσοις ὁμίχλα προσῇξε Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 144 (Lyric poetry) ; φ. φροντίδες anxious thoughts, Plato Philosophus “Theages” 127b.
__III adverb -ρῶς threateningly, in a terrifying manner, Lysias Orator 24.15, cf. LXX.3Mac.5.45, etc.+5th c.BC+: comparative, -ώτερον φθέγγεσθαι Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 1.10 : superlative, -ώτατα ἰδεῖν prev. author “Cyr.” 8.3.5.
__III.2 timidly, -ώτατα ἔχειν prev. author “Eq.Mag.” 8.20.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks φόβος G5401 "vrees, schrik";


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