G5401 φόβος
vrees, schrik
Taal: Grieks

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fobos̱, zn. m, van φέβομαι phebomai "vluchten uit vrees" (LSJ); TDNT - 9:189,1272;


1) vrees, schrik, angst; 1a) dat wat schrik inboezemt; 2) eerbied voor iemands echtgenoot;


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

φόβος, -ου, ὁ [in LXX chiefly for יִרְאָה H3374, also for פַּחַד H6343, אֵימָה H367, etc. ;] 1. in Hom., flight. 2. That which causes flight, fear, dread, terror: Lk 1:12, Ac 5:5, I Ti 5:20. I Jn 4:18, al.; cogn. acc., φοβεῖσθαι φ., Mk 4:41, Lk 2:9; c. gen. obj., Jo 7:13 19:33 20:19, He 2:5, I Pe 3:14 (but cf. ICC, in l.);ἀπὸ (τοῦ) φ., Mt 14:26, Lk 21:26; εἰς φ., Ro 8:15; μετὰ φόβου, Mt 28:8; φ. καὶ τρόμος (Lft., Notes, 172), I Co 2:3, II Co 7:15, Eph 6:5, Phl 2:12; by meton., of that which causes fear, Ro 13:3; of reverential fear, Ro 13:7, I Pe 1:17 2:18 3:2, 15; τ. κυρίου, Ac 9:31, II Co 5:11 (v. Field, Notes, 183); Χριστοῦ, Eph 5:21; θεοῦ, Ro 3:18, II Co 7:1

SYN.: v.s. δειλία G1167 (and of. DCG, i, 381)

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

φόβος, ὁ,
  (φέβομαι) panic flight, the usual sense in Homerus Epicus, cf. Scholia Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.71 (but compare φύζα, φόβου κρυόεντος ἑταίρη Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.2); once in Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey”, οἱ δ᾽ ἔσχοντο φόβου 24.57; frequently in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad”, Δαναῶν γένετο ἰαχή τε φ. τε 15.396; πρῶτος Πηνέλεως.. ἦρχε φόβοιο 17.597; ἐς φόβον ἀνδρῶν 15.310; φόβονδε ={φύγαδε}, ἑστάμεναι κρατερῶς, μηδὲ τρωπᾶσθε φόβονδε prev. work 666 ; φόβονδ᾽ ἔχε μώνυχας ἵππους 8.139 ; μή τι φόβονδ᾽ ἀγόρευε counsel not to flight, 5.252; ἀΐξαντα φόβονδε 17.579; ὦρσαν φόβον Δαναοῖς Bacchylides Lyricus 12.145.
__2 Φόβος personified, as son of Ares, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.299; Δεῖμός τε Φ. τε 11.37, compare 4.440, 15.119, Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 934, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 45 ; worshipped at Selinus, “IG” 14.268.2.
__II panic fear, στρατῷ φ. ἐμβάλλειν Herodotus Historicus 7.10. ; ἐν τῷ γινομένῳ φ. prev. author 9.69 ; generally, fear, terror (distinguished from δέος (which see)), τορὸς ὀρθόθριξ φ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 32 (Lyric poetry); διάτορος φ. prev. author “Pr.” 183 (Lyric poetry); ταρβόσυνος prev. author “Th.” 240 (Lyric poetry); νεανικός Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1204 ; joined with δέος and δεῖμα, (see entry).; opposed to θάρρος, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 644c ; sometimes in milder sense, doubt, scruple, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 101b ; ἔχει πολλὴν ὑποψίαν καὶ φ. ὡς.. prev. author “Sph.” 268a : also, awe, reverence, for a ruler or divine being, τοῦ ἡγεμόνος “POxy.” 1642.17 (3rd c.AD) ; θεοῦ LXX.Psa.35(36).1, “PLond.” 2.418.4 (4th c.AD): τοῦκυρίου NT.Act.931 +4th c.AD+.—Construction, a. with genitive object, fear or dread of.., Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 116 (Lyric poetry), Thucydides Historicus 3.54, etc.; φ. τοῦ στρατεῦσαι Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 3.1.18: with double gen., ὀμμάτων εἰληφότας φόβον.. τῆς ἐμῆς ἐπεισόδου Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 730: with Preps., φ. ἀπό τινος Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.2.37 codices; ὁ ἀπὸ τῶν πολεμίων φ. prev. author “Cyr.” 3.3.53; οὑξ ὀνειράτων φ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 929; πρός τινος Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 783; πρός τινας Demosthenes Orator 16.10, 25.93 ; φ. περὶ τοῦ καρποῦ fear for or concerning.., Thucydides Historicus 4.88; φ. ἑκάστων πέρι Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 20b; ὑπὲρ τοῦ μέλλοντος Thucydides Historicus 7.41; τὸν ἐκ τῶν Ἑλλήνων εἰς τοὺς βαρβάρους φ. Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.2.18 ; τῷ καθ᾽ ἑαντὸν φ. from personal fear, Demosthenes Orator 19.2: with infinitive, φόβῳ εἰσορᾶν from fear to see, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 1342:—for τεθνάναι τῷ φόβῳ τινά, see at {θνῄσκω} I.2.
__II.b with Verbs, τεύχειν φόβον Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 1090 (anap.); κλάζουσι κώδωνες φ. prev. author “Th.” 386; φ. ποιεῖν τοῖς ἵπποις Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.8.18; παρασχεῖν Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 1113, etc.; παρασκευάζειν Demosthenes Orator 59.86 ; φόβους ἐμβάλλειν, φόβον ἐνθεῖναί τινι, to strike terror into one, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.7.18, “An.” 7.4.1; ἐνεργάσασθαί τινι Isocrates Orator 7.38, 11.25; ἔδωκ᾽ Ἀπόλλων θῆρας φόβῳ Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 5.61 ; of the person who feels fear, φόβον λαβεῖν, ἔχειν, Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 39, Xenophon Historicus “Hiero” 11.11; ἐκ φόβου φ. τρέφω Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 28: acc. cogn., φόβους φοβεῖσθαι, δεδοικέναι, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 360b, Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 548 ; τὸν σὸν οὐ ταρβῶ φ. I fear not with thy fear, i.e. not like thee, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1251 ; Ταντάλου φ. φοβεῖσθαι Scholia Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 6; ἐς φ. κατιστέατο Herodotus Historicus 8.12, compare Thucydides Historicus 2.81; ἐν φ. γενέσθαι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 578e; φ. μ᾽ ἔχει Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1243, compare Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 1255 ; μοι φ. τις εἰσελήλυθ᾽, μ᾽ ὑπῆλθέ τις φ., prev. work 1324, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1231; τοῖς Ἕλλησι φ. ἐμπίπτει Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.2.19, etc. ; διὰ φόβου ἔρχομαι, διὰ φόβων γίγνομαι, Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 757 (troch.), Plato Philosophus “Leges” 791b: opposed to φόβον λύειν Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 270, Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 104; διαλῦσαι Plato Philosophus “Menexenus” 241b; φόβους ἐξαίρει τῶν πολιτῶν Isocrates Orator 2.23; ἀπεληλακέναι τινί Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.2.10 ; φόβου ἀπαλλάξεσθαι to get rid of it, prev. work 5.2.32; φόβου ἐκλύσασθαί τινα Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1002; φόβους ἀπολύεσθαι Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1415b18 ; φόβου μεθεῖσα (Valck. φόβον) Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 555; φόβου ἔξωθεν εἶναι prev. author “El.” 901; ἵνα φόβος εἴη στρατεύειν Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.4.3 ; οὐ φ. μὴ.. prev. author “Mem.” 2.1.25 ; φ. ἐστὶν ὅπως μὴ.. Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 193a ; but φόβος εἰ πείσω I fear I shall not persuade.., Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 184 (anap.) ; ἡμέας ἔχειφ. τε καὶ δέος ὅκως χρὴ.. Herodotus Historicus 4.115 (φόβος ἦν ὥστε μὴ τέγξαι is corrupt in Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 1380): adverbial usages, φόβῳ by or through fear, Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 786 (Lyric poetry), “Th.” 240 (Lyric poetry), etc.; ἀνάγκῃ καὶ φ. Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 554d: with Preps., διὰ φόβον, διὰ τὸν φ., Democritus Epigrammaticus 41, Xenophon Historicus “Hiero” 1.38, “Cyr.” 3.1.24; ἐκ τίνος φόβο; Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 887; μετὰ φόβων Isocrates Orator 2.26; ἄρχειν ξὺν φόβοισι Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 585; προαποθνῄσκειν ὑπὸ τοῦ φ. Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.1.25; poetical, ἀμφὶ φόβῳ Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 825 (Lyric poetry) : plural, not only in Poets, as Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 9.27, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 134 (probable reading), Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 531, etc. , but also in Prose, φόβους καὶ δείματα Thucydides Historicus 7.80; πόνους καὶ φ. Plato Philosophus “Leges” 635c; κινδύνους καὶ φ. prev. author “Tht.” 173a.
__II.2 object or cause of terror, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1652 ; φόβος ἀκοῦσαι a terror to hear, Herodotus Historicus 6.112: pl., ἢν φόβους λέγῃ Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 917; πολλῶν φ. προσαγομένων Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.1.23.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀφόβως G870 "vrees (zonder), onbeschroomd"; Grieks ἔμφοβος G1719 "bevreesd, verschrikt"; Grieks φοβερός G5398 "foberoV"; Grieks φοβέω G5399 "vrezen";

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