G5424_φρήν
Taal: Grieks

Statistieken

Komt 2x voor in 1 Bijbelboeken.

Zie hier voor een verklaring van de gebruikte coderingen.

Woordstudie

frēn,
Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

φρήν gen., φρενός, ἡ, [in LXX most freq. in Pr (6:32, al.) and chiefly for לֵב H3820; also III Mac 4:16 5:47 ;] chiefly in Hom. and Trag., but also in Plat., al., both sing. and pl.; 1. in physical sense, the parts about the heart, midriff. 2. heart, mind, thought: pl., I Co 14:20 (v. Edwards, Eng.-Gr. Lex., App., 1).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

φρήν, ἡ,
  genitive φρενός, plural φρένες, genitive φρενῶν, dative φρεσί: older dative plural φρασί (ν) “IG” 12.971 (6th c.BC), Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 3.62, “BMus.Inscription” 909 (Halic., 1st c.BC): (see. entry near the end) :
__I midriff, κραδία φρένα λακτίζει Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 881 (anap.) ; elsewhere always in plural, ἔνθα φρένες ἔρχαται ἀμφ᾽ ἁδινὸν κῆρ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.481, compare Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 22, “Art.” 41 ; τὰς φρένας διάφραγμα εἰς τὸ μέσον αὐτῶν (i.e. τοῦ θώρακος καὶ τοῦ κύτους) τιθέντες Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 70a; τοῦτο δὲ τὸ διάζωμα καλοῦσί τινες φρένας, ὃ διορίζει τόν τε πλεύμονα καὶ τὴν καρδίαν Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 672b11, compare “HA” 496b11, 506a6; also, in Homerus Epicus, more vaguely, πρὸς στῆθος ὅθι φρένες ἧπαρ ἔχουσι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.301; μένεος φρένες ἀμφὶ μέλαιναι πίμπλαντ᾽ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.103, al.; φρένας.. εἰς αὐτὰς τυπείς Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 363, compare “Eu.” 159 (Lyric poetry).
__I.2 heart, as seat of the passions, e.g. of fear, τρομέοντο δέ οἱ φρένες ἐντός Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.10 ; of joy and grief, φρένα τέρπεσθαι φόρμιγγι 9.186; γάνυται φρένα ποιμήν 13.493; τί σε φρένας ἵκετοπένθο; 1.362; ἄχος πύκασε φρένας 8.124; ἔρως φρένας ἀμφεκάλυψε 3.442 ; of anger, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.147 ; of courage, ἕνα φρεσὶ θυμὸν ἔχοντες Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.487; ἐς φρένα θυμὸς ἀγέρθη 22.475, compare 8.202 , etc.; of bodily appetites, such as hunger, etc., 11.89 : the shades of the dead are without it, ψυχὴ καὶ εἴδωλον, ἀτὰρ φρένες οὐκ ἔνι πάμπαν 23.104 (except the shade of Teiresias, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.493) : so generally in Poets, φρενὸς ἔνδοθεν ἄλγεα κεῖται Solon Lyricus cited in Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 5.2; κῆλα δαιμόνων θέλγει φρένας Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 1.12; φόβος μ᾽ ἔχει φρένας Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 379; μαινομένα φρενί prev. author “Th.” 484 (Lyric poetry); στυγεῖν μιᾷ φρενί prev. author “Eu.” 986 (Lyric poetry); Διὸς γὰρ δυσπαραίτητοι φ. prev. author “Pr.” 34 ; ἐκ φρενός from one's very heart, ὁ ἐκ φρενὸς λόγος a sincere speech, prev. author “Ch.” 107; ἐτύμως δακρυχέων ἐκ φρενός prev. author “Th.” 919 (Lyric poetry) ; οὐκ ἀπ᾽ ἄκρας φρενός not superficially and carelessly, prev. author “Ag.” 805 (anap.); φρενὸς ἐκ φιλίας prev. work 1515 (anap.), compare 546 ; φῦσαι φρένας to produce a haughty spirit, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1463.
__I.3 mind, as seat of the mental faculties, perception, thought, ἔγνω ᾗσιν ἐνὶ φ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.296; μή μοι ταῦτα νόει φρεσί 9.600 ; μετὰ φρεσὶ μερμηρίξαι, βάλλεσθαι, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.438, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.434; ἴδμεν ἐνὶ φρεσίν 2.301 ; τῷ γὰρ ἐπὶ φρεσί θῆκε put in his mind, suggested it, 1.55; σφῶϊν δ᾽ ὧδε θεῶν τις ἐνὶ φρεσὶ ποιήσειεν 13.55; ἐν φρεσὶ θέσθε ἕκαστος prev. work 121, compare 1.297, etc.; φρένας παραπεῖσαι, πείθειν, 7.120, 16.842 ; ἐπιγνάμπτει φρένας (variant for{νόον}) ἐσθλῶν 9.514; Διὸς ἐτράπετο φρήν 10.45 ; ἀνὴρ φρένας ἀφνειός rich (only) in his imagination, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 455 ; ὀρθᾷ, ἐλευθέρᾳ φρενί, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 8.24, “P.” 2.57; φρένες γὰρ αὐτοῦ θυμὸν ᾠακοστρόφουν Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 767; ἡ γλῶσσ᾽ ὀμώμοχ᾽, ἡ δὲ φ. ἀνώμοτος Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 612; κατὰ φρένα καὶ κατὰ θυμόν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.193, al. : plural, wits, Κύκλωπα περὶ φρένας ἤλυθε οἶνος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.362, compare 454, 18.331; πλήγη φρένας ἂς πάρος εἶχεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.394; ἐκ γὰρ πλήγη φρένας 16.403; βλάπτε φρένας Ζεὺς ἡμετέρας 15.724; ἐξ... τοι θεοὶ φρένας ὤλεσαν 7.360; φρένας ἄφρων, φρένας ἠλέ or ἠλεέ, 4.104, 15.128, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.243 : of losing one's wits, φρενῶν ἀφεστάναι, ἐκστῆναι, μεθεστάναι, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 865, Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 1021, “Ba.” 944; τὰς φ. ἐκβάλλειν Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 648; ἔξω φρενῶν Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 7.47; φρενῶν οὐκ ἔνδον ὤν Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 709; φρενῶν κεκομμένος Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 479 (Lyric poetry); κενός Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 754; τητώμενοι prev. author “El.” 1326 ; ἔξεδροι, παράκοποι, Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 935, “Ba.” 33; ποῦ ποτ᾽ εἶ φρενῶ; Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 390; φρένες διάστροφοι Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 673, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 447; μαργότης φρενῶν prev. author “fragment” 846; ἀνακίνησις φρενῶν prev. author “OT” 727, etc. ; of persons in their senses, ἐπήβολος φρενῶν prev. author “Ant.” 492; ἀνδρὸς νοῦν ἔχοντος καὶ φρένας Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 535 (Lyric poetry) (so in later Prose, οἱ φρένας ἔχοντες Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ ποιημάτων” 5.19, “Rh.” 1.240S.; οἱ τῶν σοφιστῶν τὰς κοινὰς φ. ἔχοντες prev. work202S.); also ἔσω φρενῶν λέγειν Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1052; γράφου φρενῶν ἔσω Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1325; τῆς λεπτότητος τῶν φ. Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 153 ; φρένες, opposed to σῶμα, Herodotus Historicus 3.134; so αἱ σάρκες αἱ κεναὶ φρενῶν Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 387 ; attributed to animals, μετὰ φρεσὶ γίγνεται ἀλκή Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.245, compare 16.157, etc. —The word is not common in early Prose, τίς αὐτῶν νόος ἢ φρή; 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 104 ; συμφορὰ τῶν φ., i.e. madness, Andocides Orator 2.7; παραλλάττει τῶν φ. Lysias Orator “Fragmenta” 90; καρποῦ μὲν ἀφθονία φρενῶν δὲ ἀφορία Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 4.55; νοῦς καὶ φρένες Demosthenes Orator 18.324, compare 25.33.
__I.4 will, purpose, οὔ τι Διὸς βέομαι φρεσίν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.194; σῆς ἀπεστάτουν φ. Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 993, compare “OC” 1182 .—In usage there is little or no distinction observable between singular and plural, but the singular is not found in Prose (except 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus same place) or Comedy texts (except in _paratragoedia_, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 886).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἄφρων G878 "onverstandig, dwaas, ondoordacht, dolzinnig"; Grieks εὐφραίνω G2165 "verheugen, blij maken"; Grieks ὁμόφρων G3675 "gelijkgezind, eendrachtig"; Grieks σώφρων G4998 "gematigd, zelfbeheersing (vol), ingetogen, verstandig, bezonnen"; Grieks ταπεινοφροσύνη G5012 "deemoedigheid, bescheidenheid, nederigheid"; Grieks ὑψηλοφρονέω G5309 "hoogmoedig, trots zijn"; Grieks φιλόφρων G5391 "vriendelijk, welwillend"; Grieks φράσσω G5420 ""; Grieks φρεναπάτης G5423 ""; Grieks φρονέω G5426 "Gevoelen, eensgezind zijn"; Grieks φρόνιμος G5429 ""; Grieks φροντίζω G5431 "";

Mede mogelijk dankzij