G5453_φύω
verwekken, voortbrengen
Taal: Grieks

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ww, een primair werkwoord, waarschijnlijk oorspronkelijk opblazen, blazen, d.w.z. opzwellen


1) verwekken, voortbrengen
2) geboren worden, opspringen, groeien
3) uitbotten, opgroeien


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

φύω [in LXX: Pr 26:9, Ez 37:8 (עלה H5927), etc. ;] 1. trans., to bring forth, produce (of men, to beget); pass., to spring up, grow: Lk 8:6, 8. 2. Intrans., in 2 aor., pf., plpf., and rarely in pres. (v. LS, s.v., A, II.), to spring up: He 12:15.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

φύω,
   Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.148, etc. ; Aeolic dialect φυίω perhaps to be read in Alcaeus Lyricus 97: imperfect ἔφυον, Epic dialect 3rd.pers. singular φύεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.347: future φύσω ῡ 1.235, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 438 : aorist ἔφῡσα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.393, etc. :—passive and middle, 9.109, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 4.28, etc. : future φύσομαι Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 871, Hippocrates Medicus “Mochl.” 42, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 831a, etc. : similar in sense are the intransitive tenses, perfect πέφῡκα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.114, etc. , Epic dialect 3rd.pers. plural πεφύᾱσι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.484, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.128 ; 3rd.pers. singular subjunctive πεφύῃ (ἐμ-) Theognis Elegiacus 396 ; Epic dialect participle feminine πεφυυῖα (ἐμ-) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.513, acc. pl. πεφυῶτας Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.477 ; Doric dialect infinitive πεφύκειν Epicharmus Comicus 173.3 : pluperfect ἐπεφύκειν Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 5.1.9, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 69e ; Epic dialect πεφύκειν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.109 ; Epic dialect 3rd.pers. plural ἐπέφῡκον Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 152, “Op.” 149: aorist 2 ἔφῡν (as if from φῦμι) Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.397, etc. : Epic dialect 3rd.pers. singular φῦ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.253, etc., 3sg. pl. ἔφυν (for ἔφῡσαν, which is also 3sg. pl. of _aorist_ 1) Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.481, etc. ; subjunctive φύω or φυῶ Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 377.2, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 415c, 597c, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ σαρκῶν” 12 ; 3rd.pers. singular optative φύη Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 15.94, (συμ-) Soranus Medicus 2.89 ; infinitive φῦναι, Epic dialect φύμεναι Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 25.39, φῦν Parmenides Poeta Philosophus 8.10 ; participle φύς Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.410, etc. , Boeotian dialect feminine φοῦσα Corinna Lyrica 21: ἔφυσεν, ={ἔφυ}, uncertain in “IG” 14.2126.5 (from Rome) ; conversely ἔφυ, ={ἔφυσεν}, prev. work3.1350, “Sammelb.” 5883 (from Cyrene) : later, future φυήσω LXX.Isa.37.31 , passive φυήσομαι “Geoponica” 2.37.1, Themistius Sophista “Orationes” 21.248c (in Lucianus Sophista “JTr.” 19 ἀναφύσεσθαι is restored) : aorist 2 passive ἐφύην Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 18.1.1, probably in “BSA” 28.124 (from Didyma), (ἀν-) Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 4.16.2 ; infinitive φυῆναι Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 2.6, (ἀνα-) Diodorus Siculus Historicus 1.7 ; participle φῠείς Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ φύσιος παιδίου” 22, “Tragica Adespota” 529, “PTeb.” 787.30 (2nd c.BC), NT.Luke.8.6 : aorist 1 passive συμ-φυθείς Galenus Medicus 7.725 . Generally ῠ before a vowel, Epic dialect, Trag. (Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 535, Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 910.2) , etc., ῡ before a consonant; but φῡει “Tragica Adespota” 454.2, φῡεται Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 88.4, “Tragica Adespota” 543 (= Menander Comicus 565); φῡομεν Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 106 ; ἐφῡετο probably in Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 680, compare Nicander Epicus “Alexipharmaca” 14, Dionysius Periegeta 941, 1013 ; even in thesi, προσφῡονται Nicander Epicus “Alexipharmaca” 506, φῡουσιν Dionysius Periegeta 1031 ; also in compounds
__A transitive, in present, future, and aorist 1 active:—bring forth, produce, put forth, φύλλα.. ὕλη τηλεθόωσα φύει Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.148; τοῖσι δ᾽ ὑπὸ χθὼν δῖα φύεν νεοθηλέα ποίην 14.347, compare 1.235, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.119, etc.; ἄμπελον φύει βροτοῖς Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 651 ; so τρίχες.., ἃς πρὶν ἔφυσεν φάρμακον made the hair grow, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.393, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 535; φ. χεῖρε, πόδε, ὀφθαλμὰ ἀνθρώποις Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.3.19 ; of a country, καρπόν τε θωμαστὸν φύειν καὶ ἄνδρας ἀγαθούς Herodotus Historicus 9.122; ὅσα γῆ φύει Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 621a, compare Anaxagoras Philosophus 4.
__2 beget, engender, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 869, etc.; Ἄτλας.. θεῶν μιᾶς ἔφυσε Μαῖαν Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 3, compare “Tragica Adespota” 454.2 ; so of God creating man, Antipho Orator 4.1.2, compare Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.1065c ; ὁ φύσας the begetter, father (opposed to ὁ φύς the son, see below Bacchylides Lyricus 1.2), Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1019, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1472 (Lyric poetry); ὁ φ. πατήρ Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 87; ὁ φ. χἠ τεκοῦσα prev. author Alcaeus290; τὴν τεκοῦσαν ἢ τὸν φύσαντα Lysias Orator 10.8 ; of both parents, γονεῦσι οἵ σ᾽ ἔφυσαν Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 436; οἱ φύσαντες Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 34, compare “fragment” 403.2; φ. τε καὶ γεννᾶν Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 274a; ὦ γάμοι γάμοι, ἐφύσαθ᾽ ἡμᾶς Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1404 ; ἥδ᾽ ἡμέρα φύσει σε will bring to light thy birth, prev. work 438; χρόνος φύει τ᾽ ἄδηλα καὶ φανέντα κρύπτεται prev. author “Aj.” 647.
__3 of individuals in reference to the growth of parts of themselves, φ. πώγωνα, γλῶσσαν, κέρεα, grow or get a beard, etc., Herodotus Historicus 8.104, 2.68, 4.29; φ. πτερά Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 106, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 251c; σάρκα prev. author “Ti.” 74e ; φ. τρίχας, πόδας καὶ πτερά, etc., Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 518a33, 554a29, etc.: for the joke in φύειν φράτερας, see at {φράτηρ}.
__4 metaphorically, φρένας φῦσαι get understanding, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 804, “El.” 1463 (but also θεοὶ φύουσιν ἀνθρώποις φρένας prev. author “Ant.” 683): proverbial, ἁλιεὺς πληγεὶς νοῦν φύσει 'once bit, twice shy', Scholia Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 222b; γέροντα τὸν νοῦν σάρκα δ᾽ ἡβῶσαν φύει Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 622 ; δόξαν φῦσαι get glory or to form a high opinion of oneself, Herodotus Historicus 5.91; θεὸς.. αἰτίαν φύει βροτοῖς Aeschylus Tragicus “Niob.” in “PSI” 11.1208.15; αὑτῷ πόνους φῦσαι Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 647.
__II in present seemingly intransitive, put forth shoots, εἰς ἔτος ἄλλο φύοντι Moschus Bucolicus 3.101; δρύες.. φύοντι Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 7.75, compare 4.24: so ἀνδρῶν γενεὴ ἡ μὲν φύει ἡ δ᾽ ἀπολήγει one generation is putting forth scions, the other is ceasing to do so, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.149 ; ἐν στήθεσι φύει (perhaps φυίει) grows up, appears, Alcaeus Lyricus 97; ῥίζα ἄνω φύουσα ἐν χολῇ LXX.Deu.29.18. +7th c.BC+
__B passive, with intransitive tenses of active, aorist 2, perfect and pluperfect, grow, wax, spring up or forth, especially of the vegetable world, θάμνος ἔφυ ἐλαίης Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 23.190, compare 5.481; πρασιαὶ παντοῖαι πεφύασιν 7.128; τά γ᾽ ἄσπαρτα φύονται 9.109, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.483, 14.288, 21.352; φύεται αὐτόματα ῥόδα Herodotus Historicus 8.138, compare 1.193; ὑπὸ φηγῷ πεφυκυίῃ growing there, prev. author 2.56 ; πεφυκότα δένδρα trees growing there, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.3.5; τὰ φυόμενα καὶ τὰ γιγνόμενα Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 410d, compare “Phd.” 110d, “Plt.” 272a ; τοῦ κέρα ἐκ κεφαλῆς ἑκκαιδεκάδωρα πεφύκει from his head grew horns sixteen palms long, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.109, compare Herodotus Historicus 1.108, 3.133; φύονται πολιαί Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 4.28 ; κεφαλαὶ πεφυκυῖαι θριξί grown with hair, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 2.50 (assuming variant); πέφυκε λίθος ἐν αὐτῇ is produced, Xenophon Historicus “de Vectigalibus” 1.4: metaph., νόσημα ἐν ὀλιγαρχίᾳ φυόμενον, φυομένη πόλις, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 564b, “Lg.” 757d ; ὁ σπέρμα παρασχών, οὗτος τῶν φύντων αἴτιος κακῶν of the things produced, Demosthenes Orator 18.159 ; also κατὰ πάντων ἐφύετο waxed great by or upon their depression, prev. work 19. —In this sense aorist 2 is rare (see. above), except in phrases such as ἔν τ᾽ ἄρα οἱ φῦ χειρί (see. ἐμφύω), Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.302.
__B.2 of persons, to be begotten or born, most frequently in aorist 2 and perfect, ὁ λωφήσων οὐ πέφυκέ πω Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 27; τίς ἂν εὔξαιτο βροτὸς ὢν ἀσινεῖ δαίμονι φῦνα; prev. author “Ag.” 1342 (anap.) ; μὴ φῦναι τὸν ἅπαντα νικᾷ λόγον not to be born is best, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1224 (Lyric poetry) ; γονῇ πεφυκὼς.. γεραιτέρᾳ prev. work 1294; οὐχ ὑπὸ θυσιῶν οὐδ᾽ ὑπὸ εὐχῶν φύς Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 461a ; φύς τε καὶ τραφείς prev. work 396c; μήπω φῦναι μηδὲ γενέσθαι Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 5.1.7, compare Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 197a: construed with gen., πεφμκέναι or φῦναί τινος to be born or descended from any one, τὸ κοινὸν σπλάγχνον οὗ πεφύκαμεν Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 1036, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1379, etc.; θνατᾶς ἀπὸ ματρὸς ἔφυ Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 61, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1359 (Lyric poetry), “Ant.” 562; ἀπ᾽ εὐγενοῦς ῥίζης Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 610; ἀπὸ δρυός Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 34d, etc.; φ. ἔκ τινος Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 458, Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 325, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 415c, etc.; ἐκ χώρας τινός Isocrates Orator 4.24, etc. ; οἱ μετ᾽ ἐκείνου φύντες, opposed to οἱ ἐξ ἐκείνου γεγονότες, Isaeus Orator 8.30; ἐκ θεῶν γεγονότι.. διὰ βασιλέων πεφυκότι Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.2.24.
__B.II in present, become, οὐδεὶς ἐχθρὸς οὔτε φύεται πρὸς χρήμαθ᾽ οἵ τε φύντες.. Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 88.4; πιστοὺς φύσει φύεσθαι Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.7.13 ; the perfect and aorist 2 take a present sense, to be so and so by nature, κακός, σοφός πέφυκα (-κώς), etc., Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 558, 1244, etc.; δρᾶν ἔφυν ἀμήχανος prev. author “Ant.” 79 ; φύντ᾽ ἀρετᾷ born for virtue, i.e. brave and good by nature, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 10(11).20 ; so of things, τὸ μὲν εὖ πράσσειν ἀκόρεστον ἔφυ Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1331 (anap.), compare Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 479d, etc.; εὐχροώτεροι ὁρῷντο ἢ πεφύκασιν Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.1.41, compare “Oec.” 10.2; τὸ πῦρ πέφυκε τοιοῦτον prev. author “Cyr.” 5.1.10; τἄλλα ἕκαστος ἡμῶν, ὅπως ἔτυχε, πέφυκεν Demosthenes Orator 37.56: with Advs., ἱκανῶς πεφυκότες of good natural ability, Antipho Orator 2.1.1; δυσκόλως πεφ. Isocrates Orator 9.6; οὕτως πεφ. Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 7.1.7; also οἱ καλῶς πεφυκότες Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 989, compare Lysias Orator 2.20; οἱ βέλτιστα φύντες Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 431c : then, simply, to be so and so, φῦναι Ζηνὶ πιστὸν ἄγγελον Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 969; θεοῦ μήτηρ ἔφυς prev. author “Pers.” 157 (troch.); γυναῖκε.. ἔφυμεν Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 62 ; Ἅιδης ὁ παύσων ἔφυ prev. work 575; ἁπλοῦς ὁ μῦθος τῆς ἀληθείας ἔφυ Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 469 : with participle, νικᾶν.. χρῄζων ἔφυν Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1052; πρέπων ἔφυς.. φωνεῖν prev. author “OT” 9, compare 587; τοῦτο ἴδιον ἔφυμεν ἔχοντες Isocrates Orator 4.48, compare 11.41, Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 4.54.
__B.II.2 with infinitive, to be formed or disposed by nature to do so and so, τὰ δεύτερα πέφυκε κρατεῖν Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 279; πολλῷ γ᾽ ἀμείνων τοὺς πέλας φρενοῦν ἔφυς ἢ σαυτόν Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 337; ἔφυν γὰρ οὐδὲν ἐκ τέχνης πράσσειν κακῆς Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 88, compare “Ant.” 688; φύσει μὴ πεφυκότα τοιαῦτα φωνεῖν prev. author “Ph.” 79; πεφύκασι δ᾽ ἅπαντες.. ἁμαρτάνειν Thucydides Historicus 3.45, compare 2.64, 3.39, 4.61 , etc.; πέφυκε.. τρυφὴ.. ἦθος διαφθείρειν Julianus Imperator “Orationes” 1.15c.
__B.II.3 with Preps., γυνὴ.. ἐπὶ δακρύοις ἔφυ is by nature prone to tears, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 928 ; ἔρως γὰρ ἀργόν, κἀπὶ τοῖς ἀργοῖς ἔφυ is inclined to idleness, prev. author “fragment” 322; also ἐπί τι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 507e; εἴς τι Aeschines Orator 3.132; most frequently πρός τι, οἱ ἄνθρωποι πρὸς τὸ ἀληθὲς πεφύκασι Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1355a16; εὖ πρὸς ἀρετὴν πεφυκότες Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 4.1.2; πρὸς πόλεμον μᾶλλον.. ἢ πρὸς εἰρήνην Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 547e; κάλλιστα φ. πρός τι Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 7.1.3, etc.; also πρός τινι prev. author “Ath.” 2.19 (assuming variant, compare Polybius Historicus 9.29.10); also εὖ πεφ. κατά τι Demosthenes Orator 37.55.
__B.II.4 with dative, fall to one by nature, be one's natural lot, πᾶσι θνατοῖς ἔφυ μόρος Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 860 (Lyric poetry); χαίρειν πέφυκεν οὐχὶ τοῖς αὐτοῖς ἀεί prev. author “Tr.” 440; ἐφύετο κοινὸς πᾶσι κίνδυνος Demosthenes Orator 60.18, compare Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.3.19.
__B.II.5 impersonal, it is natural, it happens naturally, with infinitive, Demosthenes Orator 14.30, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1261b7, “Po.” 1450a1.
__B.II.6 absolutely, ὡς πέφυκε as is natural, Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 6.15, al.; ᾗ πέφυκεν Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 81e ; also expressed personally, τοῖς ἁπλῶς, ὡς πεφυκασι, βαδίζουσι Demosthenes Orator 45.68: also frequently in participle, τὰ φύσει πεφυκότα the order of nature, Lysias Orator 2.29 ; φύντα, opposed to ὁμολογηθέντα, Antipho Sophista 44 A i 32 (“Vorsokr.” 5) ; ἄνθρωπος πεφυκώς man as he is, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.1.3 . (Cf. Sanskrit bhū- 'to be, become', Lithuanian búti 'to be', Latin fui, Eng. be, etc.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἔμφυτος G1721 "aangeboren"; Grieks νεόφυτος G3504 "neofiet, bekeerling, pas geplant"; Grieks σύμφυτος G4854 "verwant, aangeboren"; Grieks συμφύω G4855 "samengroeien, opgroeien met"; Grieks φυλή G5443 ""; Grieks φύραμα G5445 ""; Grieks φύσις G5449 "de natuur"; Grieks φυτεύω G5452 "";

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