G5521 χολή
gal, bitter
Taal: Grieks

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Gal (lichaamsdeel),

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cholē,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

χολή, -ῆς, ἡ [in LXX for רֹאשׁ H7218, לַעֲנָה H3939, מְרֵרָה H4845 ;] gall: Mt 27:34 (here prob. = myrrh, cf. Mk 15:23, v. Swete, in l.; DCG, i, 634a); metaph., Ac 8:23.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

χολή, ἡ,
  gall, bile, Archilochus Lyricus 131, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 184, Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 682, Thucydides Historicus 2.49, etc. ; χ. μέλαινα black, i. e. diseased, bile, Hippocrates Medicus “ἀφορισμοί” 4.23, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 83c (but, ={μελαγχολία}, Menander Comicus “Ἐπιτρέποντες” 459); ξανθὴ χ. Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 19; πυρρά Galenus Medicus 15.658 ; χολὴν ἐμεῖν, βῆξαι, Nicopho Comicus 12, Herodas Mimographus 3.70 (probable reading): proverbial, πικρῷ πικρὰν κλύζουσι φαρμάκῳ χολήν Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 854; πικρότερ᾽ αὐτῆς τῆς χ. Alexander Rhetor 16.12 ; χολῇ ἀλείφειν, proverbial of giving one a disgust for a thing, from the custom of mothers putting gall to the nipple when the child was to be weaned, Diphilus Comicus 74.
__2 plural χολαί, gall-bladder, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1010 ; called δοχαὶ χολῆς, Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 828 ; also in singular, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 495; χολὴν τῶν ζῴων τὰ μὲν ἔχει τὰ δ᾽ οὐκ ἔχει Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 506a20, compare “PA” 677b11.
__3 metaphorically (mostly in Poets) like{χόλος} (which see), bile, gall, i. e. bitter anger, wrath, Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 66; ἢ γυναιξὶν οὐκ οἴει χολὴν ἐνεῖνα; prev. author “Lys.” 465; οὐδεὶς χολὴν οὐδ᾽ ὀργὴν ἔχων φανήσεται Demosthenes Orator 25.27 ; πάνυ ἐστ᾽ ἤδη χ. stirs my bile, makes me sick, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 4 ; ἐπιζεῖ χ. the bile boils over, prev. author “Th.” 468; χολὴν κινεῖν prev. author “V.” 403, compare Pherecrates Comicus 69.
__II ink of the cuttle-fish, Nicander Epicus “Alexipharmaca” 473, “Th.” 561.
__III in LXX = Hebrew rôsh, a poisonous plant, variously called hemlock or poppy, LXX.Psa.68(69).22, LXX.Jer. 8.14.
__IV serpent's venom, χ. ἀσπίδος LXX.Job.20.14 ; of the hydra's venom, Apollodorus Damascenus Mechanicus 2.5.2, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 4.11.
__V bitter drink, NT.Matt.27.34. (With χολή, χόλος, cf. Latin fel, ONorse gall, etc., 'bile, gall':—probably the name is derived from the colour of bile, and is cognate with Latin (h) olus, helvus, \{1st c.BC-1st c.AD\}: Germanicus Caesar Epigrammaticus gelb 'yellow', perhaps also χλόη.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks Χλόη G5514 "Chloe"; Grieks χολάω G5520 "";

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