Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

χράομαι, χρῶμαι (< χρή), [in LXX for עשׂה H6213, etc. ;] to use, make use of: c. dat. (cf. M, Pr., 64, 158), Ac 27:17, I Co 9:12, 15, I Ti 1:8 5:23; μᾶλλον χρῆσαι (i.e. the opportunity; v. M, Pr., 247), I Co 7:21; as some­times in late writers (cf. M, Pr., 64; Lft., Notes, 233), c. acc., I Co 7:31; of feelings, etc., to exercise, shew: II Co 1:17 3:12; c. adv., ἀποτόμως, to deal sharply, II Co 13:10; c. dat. pers. (cl.), to treat, deal with, Ac 27:3.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

__B Aeschylus Tragicus FORMS: contraction χρῇ Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 35 , Ionic dialect χρᾷ Herodotus Historicus 1.62 (also Lucianus Sophista “DMort.” 3.2) ; infinitive χρᾶν Herodotus Historicus 8.135 (also Lucianus Sophista “Alex.” 19) ; Ionic dialect participle χρέων “hymnus ad Apollinem” 253, fem. χρέωσα Herodotus Historicus 7.111 ; Epic dialect χρείων Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.79, “hymnus ad Apollinem” 396 : imperfect ἔχραον Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 7.92 (variant{ἔχρεον}), Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 2.454 ; 3rd.pers. singular ἔχρη Tyrtaeus Elegiacus 3.3, Hermesianax Elegiacus 7.89, (ἐξ-) Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 87 : future χρήσω “hymnus ad Apollinem” 132, Herodotus Historicus 1.19, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1083 : aorist ἔχρησα Herodotus Historicus 4.156, etc. :—passive, aorist ἐχρήσθην prev. author 1.49 , etc.: perfect κέχρησμαι (variant{κέχρημαι}) prev. author 4.164, 7.141 : pluperfect ἐκέχρηστο (variant{ἐκέχρητο}) prev. author 2.147, 151, 3.64, etc. :—middle, χρῶμαι Thucydides Historicus 1.126, etc. , Ionic dialect χρέομαι Herodotus Historicus , infinitive χρέεσθαι 1.157 (χρᾶσθαι prev. work 172) ; participle χρεώμενος 4.151: imperfect 3rd.pers. plural ἐχρέωντο (variant{ἐχρέοντο}) 4.157, 5.82 : future χρήσομαι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.492, etc.
__B.I in active of the gods and their oracles, proclaim, absolutely, χρείων μυθήσατο Φοῖβος 8.79: χρείων ἐκ δάφνης γυάλων ὕπο Παρνησοῖο “hymnus ad Apollinem” 396: with acc. rei, χρήσω ἀνθρώποισι Διὸς βουλήν prev. work 132, compare Theognis Elegiacus 807, Pi. same place, Plotinus Philosophus 2.9.9; ἡ Πυθίη οἱ χρᾷ τάδε Herodotus Historicus 1.55, compare 4.155 ; χρῆσεν οἰκιστῆρα Βάττον proclaimed him the colonizer, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.6 ; also in Trag., ὁ χρήσας Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 798; χρήσειν ἔοικεν ἀμφὶ τῶν αὑτῆς κακῶν prev. author “Ag.” 1083; χρῇ μοι τοιαῦθ᾽ ὁ Φοῖβος Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 35; σοὶ δ᾽ οὐκ ἔχρησεν οὐδέν Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 1268; χ. φόνον prev. author “El.” 1267: also with acc. cogn., χ. χρησμόν prev. author “Ph.” 409; ὑμνῳδίαν prev. author “Ion” 681 (Lyric poetry) : with infinitive, warn or direct by oracle, ἔχρησας ὥστε τὸν ξένον μητροκτονεῖν Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 202; without ὥστε, prev. work 203 ; χρήσαντ᾽ ἐμοὶ.. ἐκτὸς αἰτίας κακῆς εἶναι that I should be.., prev. author “Ch.” 1030 ; with infinitive aorist, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 159 : rare in Attic dialect Prose, τάδε ὁ Ἀπόλλων ἔχρησεν “IG” 12.80.10; τὸν Ἀπόλλω ταύτην τὴν γῆν χρῆσαι οἰκεῖν Thucydides Historicus 2.102; τοῦ θεοῦ χρήσαντος prev. author 5.32, compare Lycurgus Orator 99; ἔχρησεν ὁ θεός “SIG” 1044.5 (Halic., 4th-3rd c.BC) ; ὁ θεὸς ἔχρησε “IG” 42(1).122.78 (Epid., 4th c.BC).
__B.II passive, to be declared, proclaimed by an oracle, τίς οὖν ἐχρήσθ; Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 792 ; mostly of the oracle delivered, τὰ ἐκ Δελφῶν οὕτω τῷ Κροίσῳ ἐχρήσθη Herodotus Historicus 1.49; τὰ χρηστήρια ταῦτά σφι ἐχρήσθη prev. author 9.94; ἠπίως χρησθῆναι prev. author 7.143 ; τὸ χρησθέν, τὰ χρησθέντα, the response, prev. author 1.63, 7.178; ἐν Πυθῶνι χρησθὲν παλαίφατον Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 2.39; πεύθου τὰ χρησθέντ᾽ Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 604 ; χρησθὲν αὐτῷ ἐν Νεμέᾳ τοῦτο παθεῖν since it was foretold him by an oracle that.. Thucydides Historicus 3.96 ; ἃ τοῦδ᾽ ἐχρήσθη σώματος which were declared about it, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 355; τὸν κεχρησμένον θάνατον Herodotus Historicus 4.164 (-χρημ- codices) ; τοῦ κακοῦ τοῦ κεχρησμένου prev. author 7.141 (variant{-χρημ-}): impers., with infinitive, καί σφι ἐχρήσθη ἀνέμοισι εὔχεσθαι prev. work 178 : with accusative et infinitive, ἐκέχρηστό σφι.. τοῦτον βασιλεύσειν prev. author 2.147 ; with infinitive aorist, prev. author 7.220.
__B.III middle, of the person to whom the response is given, consult a god or oracle, with dative, ψυχῇ χρησόμενος Θηβαίου Τειρεσίαο Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.492, 565 ; χ. θεῷ, χρηστηρίοισι, μαντηΐῳ, Herodotus Historicus 1.47, 53, 157; τῷ θεῷ Aeschines Orator 3.124; χ. μάντεσι Μούσαις Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 724 (anap.), compare Plato Philosophus “Leges” 686a; ὅσοι μαντικὴν νομίζοντες οἰωνοῖς χρῶνται Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.1.3 ; χ. χρηστηρίῳ εἰ.. inquire at the oracle whether.., Herodotus Historicus 3.57: abs., ὑπέρβη λάϊνον οὐδὸν χρησόμενος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.81, compare “hymnus ad Apollinem” 252, 292; ἀπέστειλε ἄλλους χρησομένους Herodotus Historicus 1.46 ; οἱ χρώμενοι the consulters, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 957; χρωμένῳ ἐν Δελφοῖς Thucydides Historicus 1.126; also χ. περὶ τοῦ πολέμου Herodotus Historicus 7.220, compare 1.85, 4.150, 155, etc. ; κεχρημένος having inquired of an oracle, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1398b33: with infinitive, σωφρονεῖν κεχρημένον being divinely warned to be temperate, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 829, compare 4th c.AD(?): Marcellinus Biographus “Vita Thucydidis” 6 : later simply, receive a divine revelation, Plotinus Philosophus 5.3.14.— Homerus Epicus has the word in this sense only in Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey”: the active only in present participle χρείων (future χρήσω “hymnus ad Apollinem” 132): the middle only in participle future χρησόμενος.
__B furnish with a thing, in which sense the present was κίχρημι, Demosthenes Orator 53.12, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pompeius” 29 ; Cretan dialect 3rd.pers. singular κίγχρητι “Inscription Cretan dialect” 1 xxiii 3 (Phaestus, 2nd c.BC) ; Delph. 3rd.pers. singular present subjunctive κιχρῇ “Schwyzer” 324.17 (4th c.BC): aorist χρέη prev. work13 ; present participle κιχρέντε prev. workadn. (rarely χρηννύναι, χρηννύω, Theophrastus Philosophus “Characteres” 5.10, 10.13 : middle, χρηννυόμεθα “PCair.Zen.” 304.4 (3rd c.BC)) : future χρήσω Herodotus Historicus 3.58: aorist ἔχρησα prev. passage, 6.89, Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 219, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.11.18, Lysias Orator 19.24, “IG” 12.108.16, etc. (3rd.pers. singular written ἔκχρησεν “IG” 12(3).1350.4 (from Thera)) ; imperative χρῆσον Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1159, Plato Philosophus Comedy texts 205: perfect κέχρηκα Menander Comicus 461, 598, Polybius Historicus 29.21.6 (= Diodorus Siculus Historicus 31.10) : pluperfect ἐκεχρήκει Appianus Historicus “Bella Civilia” 2.29: —passive, perfect κέχρημαι (δια-) Demosthenes Orator 27.11 :—middle, present κίχρᾰμαι Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.534b ; infinitive κίχρασθαι Theophrastus Philosophus “Characteres” 30.20 : imperfect ἐκιχράμην “Anthologia Graeca” 9.584.10 : aorist ἐχρησάμην, imperative χρῆσαι Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 191 (Lyric poetry) , etc.:—furnish the use of a thing, i.e. lend, usually in a friendly way, δανείζω being the word applied to usurers (but χ. ={δανείζω} in Antipho Sophista 54), same places; οὐ δεδωκώς, ἀλλὰ χρήσας Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1162b33, cf. LXX.Exo.11.3; ἡ πειρατικὴ δύναμις χρήσασα ταῖς βασιλικαῖς ὑπηρεσίαις ἑαυτήν Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pompeius” 24; χ. τὴν ἑαυτοῦ σχολήν τισι prev. author “Phil.” 13 +5th c.BC+; χ. τὰν χέρα, in the formula of manumission, “IG” 9(1).189, 194 (from Tithora) :—middle, borrow, τι Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 191 (Lyric poetry), Theophrastus Philosophus “Characteres” 30.20: abs., χρησαμένη γὰρ ἔνησα καὶ οὐκ ἔχω ἀνταποδοῦναι Batrachomyomachia 186 ; πόδας χρήσας, ὄμματα χρησάμενος having lent feet and borrowed eyes, of a blind man carrying a lame one, “Anthologia Graeca” 9.13 (Plato Junior Epigrammaticus), compare Plato Philosophus “Demodocus” 384b, 384c.
__B.II ={χρηματίζω} 111, τοῦ χρέοντος γραμματέως “CIG” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” 2562.18 (assuming variant, Hierapytna).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀπόχρησις G671 "misbruik"; Grieks καταχράομαι G2710 " misbruik maken van"; Grieks συγχράομαι G4798 "gezamenlijk gebruiken"; Grieks χείρ G5495 "arm, pols, hand"; Grieks χράω G5531 ""; Grieks χρεία G5532 ""; Grieks χρή G5534 ""; Grieks χρῆσις G5540 "gebruik, intimiteit"; Grieks χρηστός G5543 ""; Grieks χρίω G5548 ""; Grieks χρυσός G5557 ""; Grieks χρώς G5559 "";


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