G5532 χρεία
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

χρεία, -ας, ἡ [in LXX: II Ch 2:16 (15) (צֹרֶךְ H6878), II Es 7:20 (חַשְׁחוּת H2819) freq. in Si, I-II Mac ;] 1. need, necessity: Ac 28:10, Tit 3:14; πρὸς οἰκοδομὴν τῆς χ. (RV, txt., for edifying as the need may be; but v. Field, Notes, 192), Eph 4:29; ἕστι χ., Lk 10:42, He 7:11; χ. ἔχειν, c. gen., Mt 6:8 21:3, Mk 11:3, Lk 9:11 15:7 19:31, 34 22:71, Jo 13:29, I Co 12:21, 24, I Th 4:12, He 10:36, Re 21:23 22:5; seq. τοῦ, c. inf. (Bl., § 71, 3), He 5:12; absol. (sc. gen.), Ac 2:45 4:35; c. gen. pers., Mt 9:12 26:65, Mk 2:17 14:63, Lk 5:31; c. inf. (Bl., § 69, 5), Mt 3:14 14:16, Jo 13:10 , I Th 1:8 4:9; seq. ἵνα, Jo 2:25 16:30, I Jo 2:27; absol., Mk 2:25, Eph 4:28, I Jo 3:17; οὐδὲν χ. ἔχειν, Re 3:17; ἡ χ., c. gen. subjc., Phl 2:25 4:16, 19; pl., Ac 20:34, Ro 12:13. 2. matter, business (so esp. in late writers, Polyb., al.; I Mac 12:45, al.): Ac 6:3.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

χρεία
  (written χρέα “PCair.Zen.” 25.2, 148 (3rd c.BC)) , Ionic dialect χρείη Callias Epigrammaticus in “PSI” 11.1216.43 , ἡ: (χράομαι, κέχρημαι):— need, want, χρείας ὕπο Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 287 ; ἵν᾽ ἕσταμεν χρείας considering in what great need we are, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1443 ; χρείᾳ πολεμεῖν to war with necessity, prev. author “OC” 191 (anap.) : with genitive, want of.., φαρμάκων χρείᾳ κατεσκέλλοντο Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 481; ἐν χρείᾳ τύχης prev. author “Th.” 506 ; ἐν χρείᾳ δορός in the need or stress of war, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 963; φορβῆς χρείᾳ prev. author “Ph.” 162 (anap.), compare 1004: ἵππων ἡμῖν χρεία μὲν οὔτε τις πολλῶν οὔτε πολλή ἐστιν Plato Philosophus “Leges” 834b ; ἦ μὴν ἔτ᾽ ἐμοῦ χρείαν ἕξει will have need of my help, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 170 (anap.) , cf. Call. same place; ἀφίκοντο εἰς χρείαν τῆς πόλεως came to feel the need of its assistance, Plato Philosophus “Menexenus” 244d ; ἰατρῶν ἐν χρείαις ἐσόμεθα, ἐν χρείᾳ ἡγεμόνος εἶναι, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 373d, 566e; ὅτου σε χ. ἔχει Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 646 ; so τίς χ. σ᾽ ἐμοῦ ἔχει; Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 976, compare χρεώ 1.2: χρείαν ἔχω, with infinitive, NT.Matt.3.14 (followed by (ίνα, NT.John.2.25); significations 1.1 and 111 in the same sentence, οὐχ οὕτως χ. ἔχομεν τῆς χ. παρὰ τῶν φίλων ὡς.. Epicurus Philosophus “Gnomologium Vaticanum - Kleine Schriften” 34: proverbial, χ. διδάσκει, κἂν βραδύς τις ᾖ, σοφόν 'necessity is the mother of invention', Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 715, compare “El.” 376, Menander Comicus 263: pl., αἱ χρεῖαι τολμᾶν βιάζονται Antipho Orator 3.2.1; αἱ τοῦ σώματος χ. Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.12.5; πρώτη γε καὶ μεγίστη τῶν χ. ἡ τῆς τροφῆς παρασκευή Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 369d; αἱ ἀναγκαῖαι χ. Demosthenes Orator 23.148, compare 45.67 (sg.); πολεμικαὶ χ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1328b11.
__2 want, poverty, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 175 (Lyric poetry), Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 420, etc.; διὰ τὴν χ. καὶ τὴν πενίαν Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 534 (anap.).
__3 a request of necessity, opposed to ἀξίωσις (a claim of merit), Thucydides Historicus 1.37, compare 33 : generally, request, τὴν πρίν γε χ. ἠνύσασθ᾽ ἐμοῦ πάρα Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 700 ; κἀγὼ.. τοιάνδε σου χ. ἔχω make such a request of or to thee, prev. author “Ch.” 481.
__II business, ὡς πρὸς τί χρεία; for what purpose? Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1174, compare 1435; χρῆσθαί τινι χρείαν ἣν ἂν ἐθέλωσι Plato Philosophus “Leges” 868b; δοῦναι ἑαυτὸν εἰς τὴν χ. Polybius Historicus 8.16.11.
__II.b especially military or naval service, ἡ πολεμικὴ χ. καὶ ἡ εἰρηνική the employments of war and of peace, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1254b32 ; αἱ κατὰ θάλατταν χ., ἡ ἐν τῇ γῇ χ., Polybius Historicus 6.52.1, 31.21.3 ; οἱ ἐπὶ τῶν χ. Aristeas 110, LXX.1Mac.12.45; οἱ πρὸς ταῖς χ. LXX.Jdt.12.10; οἱ ἐπὶ χρειῶν τεταγμένοι “BGU” 543.1 (1st c.BC)+1st c.BC+; in military sense, action, engagement, αἱ κατὰ μέρος χ. Polybius Historicus 1.84.7, al.
__II.c generally, business, employment, function, prev. author 3.45.2, etc. ; ἡ ἐγκεχειρισμένη χ. the duty assigned, “PTeb.” 741.11 (2nd c.BC) ; οὓς καταστήσομεν ἐπὶ τῆς χ. ταύτης NT.Act.6.3; χ. πολιτικαί Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Marius” 32, etc.
__II.d a business, affair, matter, like{χρέος}, Polybius Historicus 2.49.9, al. ; τὴν ὑπὲρ τούτων χ. the study of these things, Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 1p.29U.
__II.e χ. ἀναγκαία need of nature, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 4.33; τροφῆς χ. Philo Judaeus 2.472.
__III use,
__III.1 as a property, use, advantage, service, χρείης εἵνεκα μηδεμιῆς Theognis Elegiacus 62; τῆς χ. τοῦ παιδὸς ἀποστερηθῆναι Antipho Orator 3.3.4; ἡ χ. τῆς ῥητορικῆς Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 480a; πωλοῦντες τὴν τῆς ἰσχύος χ. prev. author “R.” 371e ; χρείαν ἔχειν τοῖς ἀνθρώποις to be of service to mankind, prev. author “Smp.” 204c ; τὰ οὐδὲν εἰς χρείαν things of no use or service, Demosthenes Orator “Prooemia” 56.3 ; χρείαν ἔχει εἴς τι is of service towards.., 3rd c.BC(?): Sosipater Comicus 1.41; for Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 725, see at {ἐρευνάω} 1: pl., χρεῖαι.. φίλων ἀνδρῶν services rendered by them, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 8.42 ; χρείας παρέχεσθαι render services, Decrees cited in Demosthenes Orator 18.84, “IG” 22.654.15, compare Polybius Historicus 1.16.8 (sg.) ; ἵνα σοι τὰς χ. παρέσχωμαι (sic) “PCair.Zen.” 498 (3rd c.BC) ; μεγάλην παρεῖχε χ. τοῖς κοινοῖς πράγμασιν Polybius Historicus 3.97.4 ; παρέχειν χ. to be serviceable, useful, Aristo Stoic. 1.79; ἑξήκοντα καὶ τριακόσια χρειῶν γένη παρέχον δένδρον Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.724e; χ. ναυτικαί equipments, Aelianus “Varia Historia” 2.10.
__III.2 as an action, using, use, κτῆσις καὶ χ. Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.4.1, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 451c ; ἐν χρείᾳ εἶναι in use, prev. author “Phd.” 87c ; κατὰ τὴν χ. for use, prev. author “R.” 330c; πρὸς τὴν ἀνθρωπίνην χ. Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 4.2.25 ; ἡ χ. τῶν λόγων the employment of words, Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 239d, compare “Plt.” 272d: pl., λάμπει γὰρ ἐν χρείαισιν ὥσπερ.. χαλκός is made bright by constant use, Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 864.
__IV of persons, familiarity, intimacy, τινος with one, Antipho Orator 5.63 : generally, any relation of business or intercourse, ἐν χρείᾳ τινὶ τῇ πρὸς ἀλλήλους Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 372a; ἡ πρὸς ἀλλήλους χ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1376b13; Νικόμαχος συνεβίω Ἀμυντᾳ.. ἰατροῦ καὶ φίλου χρείᾳ in the relationship, capacity, 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 5.1.
__V Rhet., pregnant sentence, maxim, frequently illustrated by an anecdote, Sen. “Ep.” 33.7, Hermogenes Rhetor “προγυμνάσματα” 3, Aphthon, “Prog.” 3, 1st-2nd c.AD(?): Theon Rhetor “Progymnasmata - Rhet.” 5, etc. : plural, title of works by Zeno (3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 6.91), Aristippus Philosophus, etc.; by Macho Comicus , a collection of sayings of courtesans, Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 13.577d; ἡ τοῦ Κλεομένους χ. Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.218a; χρεῖαι καὶ ἱστορίαι prev. work78f.

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Grieks χράομαι G5530 ""; Grieks χρή G5534 ""; Grieks χρῄζω G5535 "";

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