G5550 χρόνος
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ [in LXX chiefly for יוֹם H3117, also for עֵת H6256, etc. ;] time (a space of time, whether long or short; cf. Lft., Notes, 70): Mt 2:7, Mk 9:21, Lk 1:57, Ac 3:21 7:17, 23 13:18 17:30 27:9, He 11:32, I Pe 1:17 4:3, Re 10:6; στιγμὴ χρόνου, Lk 4:5; πλήρωμα τοῦ χ., Ga 4:4; ποιεῖν χ., Ac 15:33 18:23; βιῶσαι, I Pe 4:2; διδόναι, Re 2:21; pl., χ. καὶ () καιροί (Lft., l.c.), Ac 1:7, I Th 5:1; ἐπ’ ἐσχάτου τῶν χ. (χρόνου), I Pe 1:20, Ju 18; c. prep., ἄχρι, Ac 3:21; διὰ τὸν χ., He 5:12; ἐν χ., Ac 1:6, 21; ἐπὶ (πλείονα) χ., Lk 18:4, Ac 18:20; ἐφ’ ὅσον χ., Ro 7:1, I Co 7:39, Ga 4:1; κατὰ τὸν χ., Mt 2:16; μετὰ τολὺν (τοσοῦτον) χ., Mt 25:19, He 4:7; πρὸ χ. αἰωςίων, II Ti 1:9, Tit 1:2, instr. dat. of extension of time (v. M, Pr., 75, 148; Deiss., LAE, 206), Lk 8:27, 29 Jo 14:9, Ac 8:11, Ro 16:25; acc, of duration of time, Mk 2:19, Lk 20:9, Jo 5:6 7:33 12:35 14:9, Ac 14:3, 28 19:22 20:18, I Co 16:7, Re 6:11.†

SYN.: v.s. καιρός G2540

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

χρόνος, ὁ,
  time, Homerus Epicus (see. below), etc.: distinct from καιρός, Demosthenes Orator 59.35, compare Ammonius Grammaticus “περὶ ὁμοίων καὶ διαφόρων λέξεων” p.79 V. ; τῶν δὲ πεπραγμένων ἀποίητον οὐδ᾽ ἂν χ. δύναιτο θέμεν τέλος P. “O.” 2.17; μυρίος χ. prev. author “I.” 5(4).28, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 618; μακρὸς κἀναρίθμητος χ. prev. author “Aj.” 646; ὁ πᾶς χ. Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 1.46, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 484; πρόπας χ. prev. work 898; ἐς τὸ πᾶν χρόνου prev. work 670 ; but in Prose, τοῦ χ. τὸν πλεῖστον Thucydides Historicus 1.30, compare Isocrates Orator 9.41; τὸν πρῶτον τοῦ χ. Xenophon Historicus “Respublica Lacedaemoniorum” 1.5; τὸν δι᾽ αἰῶνος χ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 554 ; χρόνου πολλοῦ δέονται take a long time, Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 2.4, etc.; δότε τι τῷ χ. Antipho Orator 5.86.
__b time in the abstract, ἀμερὴς χ. Timo 76; τριμερής Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 10.197, compare Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.153b; defined by Zeno Citieus Stoicus 1.26, Apollodorus Damascenus Mechanicus prev. work 3.260.
__2 a definite time, period, δεκέτης, τρίμηνος, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 715 (Lyric poetry), “Tr.” 164 ; χ. βίου, ἥβης χ., Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 670, “El.” 20; πολὺν ἀριθμὸν χρόνου γεγονότες Aeschines Orator 1.49: pl., of points or periods of time, τοῖς χ. ἀκριβῶς with chronological accuracy, Thucydides Historicus 1.97 ; τοῖς χ. by the dates, Isocrates Orator 11.36 ; μετενεγκόντα τοὺς χ. altering the dates, Demosthenes Orator 18.225; μακρῶν καὶ πολλῶν χρόνων Plato Philosophus “Leges” 798b; τεσσαράκοντα χρόνους ἐνιαυτῶν “IG” 5(1).728.7 (from Sparta), compare 14.1747.3 (from Rome) ; χρόνων μῆκος (uncertain, to be read χρόνου) Choricius Rhetor 35.51 p.403 F.-R.
__2.b date, term of payment due, “Leg.Gort.” 1.10, al.
__2.c year, Ἑλληνικά 1.233 (Rhamnus, 1st c.BC), “PLond.” 2.417.14 (4th c.AD), “App.Anth.” 6.154.1 (to be read εἷς ἔτι), Ps.- Ptolemaeus Epigrammaticus “Centil.” 24, compare “Etymologicum Magnum” 254.13.
__2.d equatorial degree, Ptolemaeus Mathematicus “Tetrabiblos” 44, Paulus Alexandrinus Astrologus “A.” 2, al., “Catalogus Codicum Astrologorum” 5(1).240.
__3 Special phrases:
__3.a accusative, χρόνον for a while, for a long or short time, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.599, 6.295, Herodotus Historicus 1.175, 7.223, etc. ; πολὺν χρόνον for a long time, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.161; δηρὸν χ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.206; οὐκ ὀλίγον χ. 19.157; τοῦτον τὸν χ. Herodotus Historicus 1.75 ; ἐς τὸν αἰὲν χ. for ever, Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 207 (Lyric poetry) ; οὐ πολὺς χ. ἐξ οὗ .. Pl.R. 452c; παλαιὸς ἀφ᾽ οὗ χρόνος Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 600 (Lyric poetry) ; ἦν χρόνος ἐν ᾧ.., or ὅτε.., Linusap. 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius “Prooem.” 4, Critias Philosophus, Tragicus, Elegiacus 25.1 Demosthenes Orator; ἕνα χ. once for all, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.511.
__3.b genitive, χρόνου περιιόντος as time came round, Herodotus Historicus 4.155 ; so χ. ἐπιγενομένου, διεξελθόντος, προβαίνοντος, prev. author 1.28, 2.52, 3.53 ; χρόνου γενομένου after a time, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 20.109 ; ὀλίγου χρόνου in a short time, Herodotus Historicus 3.134; πολλοῦ.. οὐχ ἑόρακά πω χρόνου Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 98 ; οὐ μακροῦ χ., τοῦ λοιποῦ χ., Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 478 (Lyric poetry), 817; βαιοῦ κοὐχὶ μυρίου χ. prev. author “OC” 397; ποίου χρόνο; Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 278 ; πόσου χ.; after how long? Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 83.
__3.c dative, χρόνῳ in process of time, Xenophanes Poeta Philosophus 18, Herodotus Historicus 1.80, 176, al.: frequently in Trag., as Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 126, 463, “Ch.” 650 (all Lyric poetry); also χρόνῳ κοτέ Herodotus Historicus 9.62; τῷ χ. ποτέ Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 865 ; χρόνῳ, χρόνοις ὕστερον, long after, Thucydides Historicus 1.8, Lysias Orator 3.39 ; οὐ χρόνῳ immediately, Ps.Democr.Alch.p.49B.: also with Article, τῷ χ. Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 66, 1242.
__3.d ὁ ἄλλος χ., in Attic dialect, of past time, Demosthenes Orator 20.16, ὁ λοιπὸς χ., of future, see at {λοιπός} 3; so χ. ἐφέρπων, ἐπαντέλλων, μέλλων, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 6.97, 8.28, 10(11).7 ; also κατὰ χ. ἱκνούμενον or κατὰ χ. τὸν ἱ. at a later (or the fitting) time, 2nd c.AD(?): Antoninus Liberalis Mythographus 27.4 (compare ἱκνέομαι 111.2).
__4 with Preps.:—ἀνὰ χρόνον in course of time, after a time, Herodotus Historicus 1.173, 2.151, 5.27, al.
__4.b ἀφ᾽ οὗ χρόνου from such time as.., Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.2.13.
__4.c διὰ χρόνου after a time, after an interval, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 758, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 904, “Pl.” 1055, Thucydides Historicus 2.94; διὰ χρόνου πολλοῦ Herodotus Historicus 3.27; διὰ π. χ. Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1476; διὰ μακρῶν χρόνων Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 22d: but χρόνος.. διὰ χρόνου προὔβαινέ μοι means one space of time after another, day after day, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 285.
__4.d ἐκ πολλοῦ τευ χ. a long time since, long ago, Herodotus Historicus 2.58.
__4.e ἐν χρόνῳ, like{χρόνῳ}, in course of time, at length, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 1000 (Lyric poetry) ; for a long time, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 278d; ἐν πολλῷ χρόνῳ prev. work 228a ; ἐν χρόνοισι perhaps formerly, Empedocles Poeta Philosophus “Sphaer.” 108 (to be read Κάρπιμος).
__4.f ἐντὸς χρόνου within a certain time, Herodotus Historicus 8.104.
__4.g ἐπὶ χρόνον for a time, for a while, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.299, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.193, Herodotus Historicus 1.116; πολλὸν ἐπὶ χ. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.407; χρόνον ἐπὶ μακρόν Herodotus Historicus 1.81 ; παυρίδιον or παῦρον ἐπὶ χ., Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 133, 326.
__4.h ἐς χρόνον hereafter, Herodotus Historicus 3.72, 9.89.

__i μετὰ χρόνον after a time, prev. author 2.52, etc. ; μέχρι τοῦ αὐτοῦ χ. up to the same time, Thucydides Historicus 1.13.
__k πρὸ τοῦ καθήκοντος χ. Aeschines Orator 3.126; so τοῦ χρόνου πρόσθεν Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 461.
__l σὺν (ξὺν) χρόνῳ, like{χρόνῳ} or διὰ χρόνου, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1378, “Eu.” 555 (Lyric poetry).
__m ὑπὸ χρόνου by lapse of time, Thucydides Historicus 1.21: but ὑπὸ αὐτὸν τὸν χ. about the same time, Herodotus Historicus 7.165, compare Thucydides Historicus 1.100 (pl.).
__II lifetime, age, ὁ μακρὸς ἀνθρώπων χρόνος Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 306; χρόνῳ παλαιοί prev. author “OC” 112; χρόνῳ μείων prev. work 374 ; τοσόσδε τῷ χ. so far gone in years, Plato Philosophus “Axiochus” 365b; χρόνῳ βραδύς Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 875.
__III season or portion of the year, περιγράψαι τοῦ ἔτους χρόνον Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.4.12.
__IV delay, οὐδ᾽ ἐποίησαν (perhaps ἐνεποίησαν) χ. οὐδένα Demosthenes Orator 19.163; χρόνον δ᾽ αἱ νύκτες ἔχοντι linger, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 21.25 ; χρόνους ἐμποιεῖν to interpose delays, Demosthenes Orator 23.93.
__V Grammars,
__V.1 tense of a verb, Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Thucydide” 24, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Adverbiis;” 123.17, Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus 638.3.
__V.2 time or quantity of a syllable, Longinus Rhetor 39.4, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 130.4, al.: βραχὺς χ. a short syllable, prev. work 309.23 ; of the augment, prev. work 237.10.
__V.3 in Rhythmic and Music, time, διαιρεῖται ὁ χ. ὑπὸ τῶν ῥυθμιζομένων Aristoxenus Musicus “Rhythmica” p.79 W., etc.; ὁ πρῶτος χ. time-unit, prev. passage, Aristides Rhetor Quintilianus Rhetor Latinus 1.14, etc. ; χρόνος κενός prev. work18: frequently in pl., λέξις εἰς χρόνους τεθεῖσα διαφέροντας Aristoxenus Musicus “Rhythmica” p.77 W., cf. Anonymus Rhythmicus “POxy.” 9ii6; μέτρα προχωρεῖ ἕως λ χρόνων 3rd c.AD(?): Aristides Quintilianus Musicus 1.23.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks αἰών G165 "werelden, heelal, universum, eeuw, tijdsperiode, eeuwigheid"; Grieks καιρός G2540 "tijdsduur"; Grieks μακροχρόνιος G3118 "lang levend"; Grieks χρονίζω G5549 ""; Grieks χρονοτριβέω G5551 "";

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