G5559_χρώς
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chrōs̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

χρώς, gen., χρωτός, ὁ [in LXX chiefly for בָּשָׂר H1320 ;] in cl. rare in prose, the surface of the body, skin: Ac 19:12.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

χρώς, ὁ,
  genitive χρωτός, dative χρωτί, accusative χρῶτα (Attic dialect χρώ only in Choeroboscus Grammaticus “Scholia in Theodosii Canones” 1.248H.): Ep. and Ion.gen. χροός, dat. χροΐ, acc. χρόα (also in Lesbian, Sappho Lyrica “Papyrus fragments” in E. Diehl, 10.6, al.) , as always in Hom.and Hesiodus Epicus, except gen. χρωτός in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.575 , accusative χρῶτα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.172, 179, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 556; Empedocles Poeta Philosophus uses χρωτός, 76.3 (but χροΐ 100.17); Pindarus Lyricus uses χρωτί, χρῶτα, “P.” 1.55, “I.” 4(3).23(41) ; these forms are frequently in Trag., but Ionic dialect dative χροΐ occurs in Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 605, and χροός, χροΐ, χρόα are frequently in Euripides Tragicus, “Hec.” 548, “Med.” 1175, “Ph.” 264, al.:— dat. χρῷ occurs in the phrase ἐν χρῷ see below 1.2 and in Sappho Lyrica 2.10. —rare in Comedy texts and Attic. Prose.
__I of the human body, skin or flesh, οὔ σφι λίθος χρὼς οὐδὲ σίδηρος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.510; καὶ γάρ θην τούτῳ τρωτὸς χρώς 21.568; χρῶτ᾽ ἀπονιψαμένη Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.172; ἀκρότατον δ᾽ ἄρ᾽ ὀϊστὸς ἐπέγραψε χρόα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.139; ταμέειν χρόα νηλέϊ χαλκῷ 13.501 ; λιλαιοένη χροὸς ἆσαι, of a spear, 21.168; κακὰ χροΐ εἵματ᾽ ἔχοντα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.506; χρῷ πῦρ ὐπαδεδρόμακεν Sappho Lyrica 2.10; μύροις χρῶτα λιπαίνων Anaxilas Comicus 18.1 (anap.) : especially flesh, opposed to bone, φθινύθει δ᾽ ἀμφ᾽ ὀστεόφι χρώς Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.145; οὐδέ τί οἱ χρὼς σήπεται Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.414, compare 19.33 (which usage is said by Galenus Medicus to have been Ionic, 18(2) .435, with reference to Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀγμῶν” 9); τὸ δέρμα τοῦ χρωτός LXX.Lev.13.11, etc.; τοῦ χρωτὸς ἥδιστον ἀπέπνει Aristoxenus Musicus “Fragmenta Historica” 84 +5th c.BC+: generally, one's body, frame, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 1.55, Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 192.6 (anap.); χριμφθῆναι χροΐ prev. author “Supp.” 790 (Lyric poetry); στεῖλαί νυν ἀμφὶ χρωτὶ.. πέπλους Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 821, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 605: pl., διὰ τί.. οἱ χρῶτες ὄζουσ; Aristoteles Philosophus “Problemata” 877b21; also κατεδήσαντο.. τοὺς ὑγιεῖς χρῶτας, ὡς τραυματίαι Dionysius Halicarnassensis 9.50.
__I.2 ἐν χροΐ, or ἐν χρῷ, close to the skin, ἐν χροΐ κείρειν to shave close, Herodotus Historicus 4.175; ἐν χρῷ κεκαρμένοι Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.7.8; ἐν χρῷ κουριῶντας Pherecrates Comicus 30 :—metaphorically, to the quick, ξυρεῖ γὰρ ἐν χρῷ τοῦτο Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 786 ; ἐν χρῷ παραπλεῖν sail past so as to shave or graze, Thucydides Historicus 2.84 ; τὴν μάχην συνάψαι ἐν χρῷ to fight at close quarters, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Theseus” 27 ; ἡ ἐν χρῷ συνουσία close acquaintance, Lucianus Sophista “Ind.” 3: with gen., ἐν χρῷ τινος close to, hard by a person or thing, τοῦ θώρακος (variant{σώματος}) Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.345a ; τῆς γῆς prev. work 925b, Lucianus Sophista “Herm.” 5: abs., ἐν χρῷ near at hand, prev. author “Hist.Conscr.” 24, al.; compare “Etymologicum Magnum” 313.53, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus
__II the colour of the skin, complexion, μελαίνετο δὲ χρόα καλόν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.354 ; τρέπεται χ. his colour changes, i. e. he turns pale, 13.279, compare 17.733; ὠχρήσαντα χρόα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.529; χρόα.. ἀμείβειν Parmenides Poeta Philosophus 8.41; μεθίστη χρωτὸς.. φύσιν Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 174; μεταλλακτῆρα πουλύπουν χροός Ion Trag. 36 ; τί χρὼς τέτραπτα; (paratragoedia) Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 127; φεῦγε δ᾽ ἀπὸ χρώς Theocr. 23.13 ; rare in Attic dialect Prose, ἐπὶ τῷ χρωτὶ μέγα φρονεῖν Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 4.54, compare “Oec.” 10.5 : in Ionic dialect Prose, of the colour of a finger, χροΐ δῆλα Pherecydes Syrius Philosophus cited in 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 1.118 (variant{χρωΐ},compare “Vorsokr.” 5i.44).
__II.2 generally, colour, ἀμείβων χρῶτα πορφυρᾷ βαφῇ Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 317; τὸν χρῶτα μεταβάλλει ὁ χαμαιλέων Aristoteles Philosophus “Mirabilia” 832b14; χρὼς αἵματος Orphica “Lithica” 660.

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