G455_ἀνοίγω
openen
Taal: Grieks

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anoigo̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀν-οίγω (ἀνά, οἴγω = οἴγνυμι), [in LXX chiefly for פָּתַח H6605;] to open 1. trans., c. acc.; a door or gate, Ac 5:19 12:14, Re 4:1; pass., Ac 12:10 16:26, 27; metaph. of opportunity or welcome, Ac 14:27, Col 4:3, Re 3:20; pass., I Co 16:9, II Co 2:12, Re 3:8; absol. (sc. θύραν), Ac 5:23 12:16; c. dat. pers., Lk 12:36, Jo 10:3; metaph., Mt 7:7, 8 25:11, Lk 11:9, 10 13:25, Re 3:7; θησαυρούς (Si 43:14), Mt 2:11; τ. μνημεῖα, Mt 27:52; τάφος, Ro 3:13; τ. φρέαρ, Re 9:2; of heaven, Mt 3:16, Lk 3:21, Ac 10:11, Re 11:19 15:5 19:11; σφραγῖδα, Re 5:9 6:1 ff. 8:1; βιβλίον, βιβλαρίδιον, Lk 4:17, Re 5:2-5 10:2, 8 20:12; τ. στόμα, Mt 17:27; id. Hebraistically (Nu 22:28, Jb 3:1, Is 50:5, al.), of beginning to speak, Mt 5:2, Ac 8:32, 35 10:34 18:14; seq. εἰς βλαιφημίας, Re 13:6; ἐν παραβολαῖς (Ps 77 (78):2), Mt 13:35; of recovering speech, Lk 1:64; of the earth opening, Re 12:16; τ. ὀφθαλμούς, Ac 9:8, 40; id. c. gen. pers., of restoring sight, Mt 9:30 20:33, Jo 9:10 ff. 10:21 11:37; metaph., Ac 26:18; ἀκοάς, c. gen. pers., of restoring hearing, Mk 7:35. 2. Intrans. in 2 pf., ἀνέῳγα (M, Pr., 154); heaven, Jo 1:51; τ. στόμα, seq. πρός, of speaking freely, II Co 6:11 (cf. δι-ανοίγω and v. MM, VGT, 45).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

Included with: ἀνοίγ-νῡμι
   Lysias Orator 12.10 ; ἀνοίγω Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 5.88, Herodotus Historicus 3.37, 117 , and Attic dialect as “IG” 1.32 (συν-), al.: later ἀνοιγνύω Demetrius Phalereus Rhetor “Demetrius on Style” 122, Pausanias Periegeta 8.41.4 : imperfect ἀνἔῳγον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.221, al., Herodotus Historicus 1.187, etc.; also ἀνῷγον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.168; rarely ἤνοιγον Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.1.2 and 6.21 ; Ionic dialect and Epic dialect ἀναοίγεσκον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.455; late ἀνεῴγνυον Appianus Historicus “Bella Civilia” 4.81, etc. : future ἀνοίξω Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 179 : aorist ἀνέῳξα prev. author “V.” 768, Thucydides Historicus 2.2, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ διαίτης” 2.56, participle ἀνεῴξας “CIG” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” (add.) (from Antiphellus) ; also ἤνοιξα Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.5.13 and in late Prose; Ionic dialect ἄνοιξα Herodotus Historicus 1.68 (best codices ἀνῷξα), 4.143, 9.118 ; poetry ἀνῷξα Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 14.15, κἀνῷξε Philodemus Philosophus “Academicorum Index” p.103 M.: perfect ἀνέῳχα Demosthenes Orator 42.30, Menander Comicus 229; ἀνέῳγα Aristaenetus Rhetor 2.22 (see. below) : pluperfect ἀνεῴγει Pherecrates Comicus 86(Pors.) :—passive, ἀνοίγνῠμαι Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 923, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1326 : late future ἀνοιχθήσομαι LXX.Isa.60.11, Epictetus Philosophus “Enchiridion” 33.13 (variant); ἀνοιγήσομαι LXX.Neh.7.3, “PMag.Par.” 1.358; ἀνεῴξομαι Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.1.14+5th c.BC+: perfect ἀνέῳγμαι Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 56, Thucydides Historicus 2.4, etc.; ἀνῷγμαι Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 14.47 ; later ἤνοιγμαι (δι-) best reading in Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 7.80, compare Josephus Historicus “contra Apionem” 2.9 ; pluperfect ἀνέῳκτο Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.1.14 (perfect 2 ἀνέῳγα is used in passive sense in Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ νούσων” 4.39, “Cord.” 7 , and later Prose, as Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.693d, NT.John.1.51, NT.2Cor.6.11, Lucianus Sophista “Nav.” 4 (though he condemns it “Sol.” 8) ; but in Attic dialect, only Dinarchus Orator “Fragmenta - Orat.” Attic. 81) : aorist ἀνεῴχθην Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 1563 , subjunctive ἀνοιχθῆ Demosthenes Orator 44.37, opt. ἀνοιχθείην Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 59d , participle ἀνοιχθείς Thucydides Historicus 4.130, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 216d; later ἠνοίχθην Pausanias Periegeta 2.35.7, LXX.Psa.105(106).17+5th c.BC+; and aorist 2 ἠνοίγην NT.Mark.7.35, Lucianus Sophista “Am.” 14, etc.—In late Gr., very irregular forms occur, ἠνέῳξα LXX.Gen.8.6; ἠνέωχα “PMag.Par.” 1.2261; ἠνέῳγμαι NT.Rev.10.8, Heliodorus Scriptor Eroticus 9.9; ἠνεῴχθην LXX.Gen.7.11; also aorist 1 infinitive ἀνωίξαι 4th c.AD(?): Quintus Smyrnaeus Epicus 12.331; ἀνωίχθην 4th-5th c.AD(?): Nonnus Epicus “Dionysiaca” 7.317 :—open, of doors, etc., ἀναοίγεσκον μεγάλην κληῗδα they tried to put back the bolt so as to open the door, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.455, compare 14.168; πύλας ἀνοῖξαι Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 604; θύραν Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 768; also without θύραν, ἐπειδὴ αὐτῷ ἀνέῳξέ τις Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 310b, compare 314d ; χηλοῦ δ᾽ ἀπὸ πῶμ᾽ ἀνέῳγε took off the cover and opened it, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.221; φωριαμῶν ἐπιθήματα κάλ᾽ ἀνέῳγεν 24.228 ; so ἀ. σορόν, θήκας, Herodotus Historicus 1.68, 187; κιβωτόν Lysias Orator 12.10 ; ἀ. σήμαντρα, σημεῖα, διαθήκην, open seals, etc., Xenophon Historicus “Respublica Lacedaemoniorum” 6.4, Demosthenes Orator 42.30, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Caesar” 68; and metaph., καθαρὰν ἀνοίξαντι κλῇδα φρενῶν Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 660 ; ἀ. βίβλινον (i.e. οἶνον) tap it, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 14.15 ; γῆρυν ἀνοίξας, for στόμα, Tryphiodorus Epicus 477 ; ἀ. φιλήματα kiss with open mouths, 3rd c.AD(?): Achilles Tatius Astronomus 2.37.
__b throw open for use, γυμνάσιον “OGI” 529.11 ; κἀνῷξε σχολὰς opened school, Philodemus Philosophus “Academicorum Index” p.103M. ; εἰ ἀνοίξω ἐργαστήριο; shall I open a shop? Astrampsychus Onirocriticus “Oracula” 43p.5H.
__2 metaphorically, lay open, unfold, disclose, ὄνομα Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 322; ἔργ᾽ ἀναιδῆ Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 515, compare Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 326; λανθάνουσαν ἀτυχίαν Menander Comicus 674.
__3 as nautical term, absolutely, get into the open sea, get clear of land, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.1.2, 5.13, 6.21; but ἁλὸς κέλευθον ἀ. Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 5.88 is to open or first show the way over the sea.
__II passive, to be open, stand open, lie open, ὄπισθε τῆς ἀνοιγομένης θύρης Herodotus Historicus 1.9; ἀνεῳγμένην καταλαμβάνειν τὴν θύραν Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 174e; ἀνεῳγμένας πύλας Ἅιδου Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 56; δικαστήρια ἀνοίγεται Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 405a; παρέξει τἀμπόρι᾽ ἀνεῳγμένα Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 1523; ἀνέῳκται τὸ δεσμωτήριον Demosthenes Orator 24.208; λέων τὰ ἐντὸς ἀνοιχθείς cut open, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 497b17 ; κόλποι δι᾽ ἀλλήλων ἀνοιγόμενοι opening one into another, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Crassus” 4: metaph., θησαυρὸς ὡς ἀνοίγνυται κακῶν Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 923.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀνά G303 "onder, tussen, midden (naar het)"; Grieks ἄνοιξις G457 "openen (het)"; Grieks διανοίγω G1272 "openen (door verdeling of scheuring), eerstgeborene, uitleggen";

Literatuur


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