G591_ἀποδίδωμι
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apodido̱mi,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀπο-δίδωμι, [in LXX for מכר H4376, שׁוּב H7725 hi., נתן H5414, שׁלם H8003 pi., etc.;] to give up or back, restore, return: Mt 27:58, Lk 4:20 9:42 19:8; esp. of wages, debts, oaths, etc. (MM, s.v.), to render what is due, to pay (Deiss., LAE, 334 f.): absol., Mt 18:25, 28, Lk 7:42. c. acc., Mt 5:26 18:29, 30, 34 20:8 21:41 22:21, Mk 12:17, Lk 10:35 12:59 20:25, Ro 13:7, He 12:11, Re 22:2; ὅρκους, Mt 5:33 (cf. Nu 30:3, De 23:21 al.); of conjugal duty, τ. ὀφειλήν, I Co 7:3; ἀμοιβάς, I Ti 5:4; μαρτύριον, to give (as in duty bound) testimony, Ac 4:33; λόγον, to render account, Mt 12:36, Lk 16:2, Ac 19:40, He 13:17, I Pe 4:5; hence of requital, recompense, both in good and bad sense, Mt 6:4, 6, 18 16:27, Ro 2:6, II Ti 4:8, 14, Re 18:6 22:12; κακὸν ἀντὶ κακοῦ, Ro 12:17, I Th 5:15, I Pe 3:9. Mid., to give up of one's own, hence to sell (fr. Hdt. on): c. acc. rei, Ac 5:8, He 12:16; c. acc. pers., Ac 7:9 (cf. ref target="ἀντ-αποδίδωμι"ἀντ-αποδίδωμι).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἀποδίδωμι,
  future -δώσω: aorist 1 ἀπέδωκα: aorist 2 ἀπέδων Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 276.9, shortened infinitive ἀποδοῦν probably in 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus :—give up or back, restore, return, τινί τι Homerus Epicus, etc. : especially render what is due, pay, as debts, penalties, submission, honour, etc., τοκεῦσι θρέπτρα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.478 ; ἀ. τινὶ λώβην give him back his insuit, i.e. make atonement for it, prev. work 9.387 (tmesis) ; τὴν πλημμέλειαν LXX.Num.5.7; εὖ ἔρδοντι κακὴν ἀ. ἀμοιβήν Theognis Elegiacus 1263; ἀ. τὴν ὁμοίην τινί Herodotus Historicus 4.119; ἀμοιβάς Democritus Epigrammaticus 92; κακὸν ἀντ᾽ ἀγαθοῦ prev. author 93+6th c.BC+; ἀ. τὸ μόρσιμον pay the debt of fate, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 7.44; τὸ χρέος Herodotus Historicus 2.136; τὸν ναῦλον Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 270 ; τὴν ζημίαν, τὴν καταδίκην, Thucydides Historicus 3.70, 5.50; τὴν φερνήν “PEleph.” 1.11 (4th c.BC) ; εὐχάς Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.2.10; ἀ. ὀπίσω ἐς Ἡρακλείδας τὴν ἀρχήν Herodotus Historicus 1.13, etc.; πόλεις ἀ. τοῖς παρακαταθεμένοις Aeschines Orator 3.85; ἀ. χάριτας Lysias Orator 31.24; οὐκ ἐς χάριν ἀλλ᾽ ἐς ὀφείλημα τὴν ἀρετὴν ἀ. Thucydides Historicus 2.40; ἀ. χάριν τινός Isocrates Orator 6.73; τὴν πόλιν ἀ. τοῖς ἐπιγιγνομένοις οἵανπερ παρὰ τῶν πατέρων παρελάβομεν Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 7.1.30 :—passive, ἔως κ᾽ ἀπὸ πάντα δοθείη Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.78 ; ἀ. μισθός, χάριτες, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1066, Thucydides Historicus 3.63.
__2 assign, ταῖς γυναιξὶ μουσικὴν καὶ γυμναστικήν Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 456b; τὸ δίκαιον καὶ τὸ συμφέρον Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1354b3, compare 1356a15; τὸ πρὸς ἀλκὴν ὅπλον ἀ. ἡφύσις prev. author “GA” 759b3, etc.
__2.b refer to one, as belonging to his department, εἰς τοὺς κριτὰς τὴν κρίσιν Plato Philosophus “Leges” 765b ; ἀ. εἰς τὴν βουλὴν περὶ αὐτῶν refer their case to the Council, Isocrates Orator 18.6, compare Lysias Orator 22.2, etc.
__3 render, yield, of land, ἐπὶ διηκόσια ἀποδοῦναι (i.e. καρπόν) yield fruit two hundred-fold, Herodotus Historicus 1.193; τἅλλα δ᾽ ἅν τις καταβάλη ἀπέδωκεν ὀρθεῶς Menander Comicus “Γεωργός” 38 ; ἤν ἡ χώρη κατὰ λόγον ἐπιδιδοῖ ἐς ὕψος καὶ τὸ ὅμοιον ἀποδιδοῖ ἐς αὔξησιν renders, makes a like increase in extent, Herodotus Historicus 2.13:—hence perhaps metaph., τὸ ἔργον ἀ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1106a16; ἀ. δάκρυ Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 489.
__4 concede, allow, with infinitive, suffer or allow a person to do, ἀ. τισὶ αὐτονομεῖσθαι Thucydides Historicus 1.144, compare 3.36; εἰ δὲ τοῖς μὲν.. ἐπιτάττειν ἀποδώσετε Demosthenes Orator 2.30; ἀ. κολάζειν prev. author 23.56; τῷ δικαστηρίῳ ἀποδίδοται τοῦ φόνου τὰς δίκας δικάζειν Lysias Orator 1.30; ἀ. τινὶ ζητεῖν Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1341b30, compare “Po.” 1454b5; also οὔτε ἀπολογίας ἀποδοθείσης Andocides Orator 4.3 ; ἐπειδὰν αὐτοῖς ὁ λόγος ἀποδοθῆ when right of speech is allowed them, Aeschines Orator 3.54.
__5 ἀ. τινά with an adjective, render or make so and so, like{ἀποδείκνυμι}, ἀ. τὴν τέρψιν βεβαιοτέραν Isocrates Orator 1.46; τέλειον ἀ. τὸ τέκνον Aristoteles Philosophus “de Generatione Animalium” 733b1; δεῖ τὰς ἐνεργείας ποιὰς ἀ. prev. author “EN” 1103b22; μετριωτέραν τὴν ὑπερηφανίαν Dionysius Halicarnassensis 7.16.
__5.b exhibit, display, τὴν ὑπάρχουσαν ἀρετήν Andocides Orator 1.109 ; ἀ. τὴν ἰδίαν μορφήν render, express it, Aristoteles Philosophus “Poetica” 1454b10 ; ἀ. φαντασίαν τινός present appearance of, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Ir.” p.71 W., al.
__6 deliver over, give up, e.g. as a slave, Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 239; ἀ. τὸν μιαρὸν τῶ χρόνῳ φῆναι Antipho Orator 4.4.11.
__7 ἀ. ἐπιστολήν deliver a letter, Thucydides Historicus 7.10, compare Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 745.
__8 ἀ. τὸν ἀγῶνα ὀρθῶς καὶ καλῶς bring it to a conclusion, Lycurgus Orator 149.
__9 λόγον ἀ. render an account, Demosthenes Orator 27.48: —passive, μαρτυρίαι ἀ. Test. cited in Demosthenes Orator 18.137.
__10 ἀ. ὅρκον, see at {ὅρκος}.
__11 give an account or definition of a thing, explain it, Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 150; ἀ. τί ἐστί τι Aristoteles Philosophus “Categoriae” 2b8, compare 1a10, “Metaph.” 1040b30, al.; ἑπομένως τούτοις ἀ. τὴν ψυχήν prev. author de.An. 405a4, compare “Ph.” 194b34, al. ; also, use by way of definition, ὁ μὲν τὴν ὕλην ἀποδίδωσιν, ὁ δὲ τὸ εἶδος prev. author “de An.” 403b1 ; simply, define, τὸν ἄνθρωπον Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 7.272 ; expound, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “D.” 3.14, compare Epicurus Philosophus “De rerum natura - Wien. Stud.” 14.3, 119G., 143 G. ; render, interpret one word by another, ἀ. τὴν κοτύλην ἄλεισον Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 11.479c ; explain, interpret, τὸ φωνὴν αἵματος βοᾶν Philo Judaeus 1.209 :—passive, βέλτιον ἀποδοθήσεται Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 1 P. 15 U.; ἀκριβεστέρως ἀποδοθήσεται Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 45.21; ἀ. τι πρός τι use with reference to, Olympiodorus Philosophus “in Aristotelis Meteora commentaria - pars” 281.10, cf. Scholia Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 538.
__12 attach or append, make dependent upon, τί τινι or εἴς τι 2nd-1st c.BC(?): Hero Mechanicus “Automatopoetica” 24.5, 6, 2.
__13 ἀ. τί τινος assign a property to a thing, Aristoteles Philosophus “Topica” 128b28.
__II intransitive, return, recur, prev. author “GA” 722a8, “HA” 585b32.
__II.2 Rhet. and Grammars, introduce a clause answering to the πρότασις, prev. author “Rh.” 1407a20; διὰ μακροῦ ἀ. Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Demosthene” 9, etc.; compare ἀπόδοσις 11.2 ; οὐκ ἀποδίδωσι τὸ ἐπεί has no apodosis, Scholia Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.103 ; especially in similes, complete the comparison, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1413a11.
__II.3 in Tactics, turn back to face the enemy, εἰς ὀρθόν Asclepiodotus Tacticus “Tact.” 10.12, etc.
__II.4 in Medicine texts in passive, to be evacuated, σὺν τοῖς περιττώμασιν Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 4.82.
__III middle, give away of one's own will, sell, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 585, Herodotus Historicus 1.70, etc. ; ἀ. τι ἐς τὴν Ἑλλάδα take to Greece and sell it there, prev. author 2.56: with gen. pretii, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 830, “Pax” 1237; οὐκ ἄν ἀπεδόμην πολλοῦ τὰς ἐλπίδας Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 98b ; ἀ. τῆς ἀξίας, τοῦ εὑρίσκοντος, sell for its worth, for what it will fetch, Aeschines Orator 1.96 ; ὅταν τις οἰκέτην πονηρὸν πωλῆ (= offer for sale) καὶ ἀποδῶται τοῦ εὑρόντος Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.5.5, compare Theophrastus Philosophus “Characteres” 15.4; διδοῦσι τὰς νέας πενταδράχμους ἀποδόμενοι Herodotus Historicus 6.89 ; ἀ. εἰσαγγελίαν sell, i.e. take a bribe to forgo, the information, Demosthenes Orator 25.47; οἱ δραχμῆς ἄν ἀποδόμενοι τὴν πόλιν Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 2.3.48 ; at Athens, especially farm out the public taxes, Demosthenes Orator 20.60, opposed to ὠνέομαι : metaphorically, οἷον πρὸς ἄργυρον τὴν δόξαν τὰς ψυχάς Julianus Imperator “Orationes” 1.42b :—active and middle are distinguished in Legal cited in Andocides Orator 1.97 πάντα ἀποδόμενος τὰ ἡμίσεα ἀποδώσω τῷ ἀποκτείναντι : but active is used in middle sense in Thucydides Historicus 6.62 (assuming variant), compare “Foed.Delph.Pell.” 2 A 22, and possibly in Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 239, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1235 : middle for active in Antipho Orator “fragment” 54 :—passive, to be sold, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀνταποδίδωμι G467 "terugbetalen, vergelden"; Grieks ἀπό G575 "scheiding, van"; Grieks δίδωμι G1325 "geven, schenken"; Grieks μισθαποδότης G3406 "vergelder";

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