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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀπο-κρίνω, [in LXX chiefly for ענה H6030;] in cl., 1. to separate, distinguish. 2. to choose. Mid., to answer: Mt 27:12, Mk 14:61, Lk 3:16 23:9, Jo 5:17, 19, Ac 3:12. In late Gk. the pass, also is used in this sense, and pass. forms are the more freq. in NT (M, Pr. (a) in general sense: absol., Mk 12:34; c. acc. rei, Mt 22:46; c. dat. pers., Mt 12:38; seq. πρός, Ac 25:16; (b) (i) like ענה H6030, to begin to speak, take up the conversation (Kennedy, Sources, 124 f.): Mt 11:25, al., (ii) redundant, as in the Heb. phrase וַיַּעַן וַיּאֹמֶר H3282,H559 (Dalman, Words, 24 f., 38; M, Pr., 14; Bl., § 58, 4; 74, 2; Cremer, 374): ἀποκριθεὶς εἶπε, Mt 4:4; ἔφη, 8:8; λέγει, Mk 3:33; in Jo most freq. (ἀπεκ. κ. εἶπε, 1:49.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἀποκρίνω ῑ,
  future -κρῐνῶ, set apart, probably in Alcaeus Lyricus “Supp.” 5.7, Pherecrates Comicus 23, Aelianus “Varia Historia” 12.8; χωρὶς ἀ. Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 302c, al. :—passive, to be parted or separated, ἀποκρινθέντε parted from the throng (of two πρόμαχοι), Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.12 (nowhere else in Homerus Epicus); πίθηκος ᾔει θηρίων ἀποκριθείς Archilochus Lyricus 89.3 ; of the elements in cosmogony, Empedocles Poeta Philosophus 9.4, Anaxagoras Philosophus 2, Democritus Epigrammaticus 167; ἀπεκρίθη.. τοῦ βαρβάρου ἔθνεος τὸ Ἑλληνικόν Herodotus Historicus 1.60; χωρίς θηρίων ἡ δίαιτα ἀποκέκριται prev. author 2.36 ; ἀποκεκρίσθαι εἰς ἓν ὄνομα to be separated and brought under one name, Thucydides Historicus 1.3 ; οὐ βεβαίως ἀπεκρίθησαν, of combatants, separated without decisive result, prev. author 4.72.
__2 in Medicine texts in passive, to be distinctly formed, Hippocrates Medicus “προγνωστικόν” 23 ; of the embryo, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 561a17 ; τὰ ἐν τῷ σώματι -όμενα bodily secretions, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 14; τὰ ἐς τὴν κοιλίην ἀ. prev. author “Vict.” 4.89 ; but ἐς τοῦτο πάντα ἀπεκρίθη all illnesses determined or ended in this alone, Thucydides Historicus 2.49; also ᾗ τὰ περιττώματα ἀποκρίνεται are voided, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 665b24, compare “GA” 773b35.
__3 mark by a distinctive form, distinguish, πρύμνην Herodotus Historicus 1.194; νόσημά τι ἀποκεκριμένον specific, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 407d, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Meteorologica” 369b29.
__II choose, ἕνα ὑμῶν ἀ. ἐξαίρετον Herodotus Historicus 6.130 ; ἀ. τοῦ πεζοῦ, τοῦ στρατοῦ, choose from.., Herodotus Historicus 3.17, 25 ; δυοῖν ἀποκρίνας κακοῖν having set apart, i.e. decreed, one of two, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 640.
__II.2 exclude, πλήθει τῶν ψήφων Plato Philosophus “Leges” 946a.
__III reject on examination, κρίνειν καὶ ἀ. prev. work 751d; ἐγκρίνειν καὶ ἀ. prev. work 936a ; ἀ. τινὰ τῆς νίκης decide that one has lost the victory, decide it against one, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1315b18 :—middle, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 966d.
__IV middle, ἀποκρίνομαι, future -κρῐνοῦμαι, etc.: Plato Philosophus uses perfect and pluperfect passive in middle sense, “Prt.” 358a, “Grg.” 463c , etc., but also in passive sense (see. below):—give answer to, reply to question, uncertain 1. in Herodotus Historicus 5.49, 8.101 (elsewhere ὑποκρ-),compare Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 1271, “IA” 1354; ἀ. τινί Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1245, etc.: metaph., ἀ. τοῖς πράγμασιν ὡς ἐπὶ τῶν ἐρωτημάτων Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 2.16.2 ; ἀ. πρός τινα, πρὸς τὸ ἐρωτώμενον, to a questioner or question, Thucydides Historicus 5.42, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 338d; ἀ. εἰ.. Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 964; ἀ. ὅτι.. Thucydides Historicus 1.90: with acc., ἀποκρίνεσθαι τὸ ἐρωτηθέν to answer the question, prev. author 3.61, compare Plato Philosophus “Crito” 49a, “Hp.Ma.” 287b, Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1007a9: with acc. cogn., ἀ. οὐδὲ γρῦ Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 17; οὐδὲν ξυμβατικόν Thucydides Historicus 8.71; ἀ. ἀπόκρισιν Plato Philosophus “Leges” 658c: —passive, τοῦτό μοι ἀποκεκρίσθω let this be my answer, prev. author “Tht.” 187b ; καλῶς ἄν σοι ἀπεκέκριτο your answer would have been sufficient, prev. author “Grg.” 453d, compare “Men.” 75c, “Euthd.” 299d.
__IV.2 answer charges, defend oneself, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 632; ὁ ἀποκρινόμενος the defendant, Antipho Orator 6.18, compare 2.4.3 ; ἀπεκρινάμην frequently in legal documents, “PHib.” 1.31.24 (3rd c.BC), etc.
__IV.3 aorist passive ἀπεκρίθη, ={ἀπεκρίνατο}, he answered, condemned by Phrynichus Atticista 86 , is unknown in earlier Attic dialect, except in Pherecrates Comicus 51, Plato Philosophus Alcaeus2.149b; but occurs in Machoap. Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 8.349d, “UPZ” 6.30 (2nd c.BC), “SIG” 674.61 (Narthacium, 2nd c.BC), “IG” 4.679 (Hermione, 2nd c.BC), Polybius Historicus 4.30.7, etc.; once in Josephus Historicus, “AJ” 9.3.1, twice in Lucianus Sophista, “Sol.” 5, “Demon.” 26; regular in LXX (but sometimes ἀπεκρινάμην+5th c.BC+ in solemn language, as “3 Ki.” 2.1) and prevails in “NT” especially in the phrase ἀποκριθεὶς εἶπεν NT.Matt.3.15; ἀ. λέγει NT.Mark.8.20, al., compare Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.1.22 codices: future ἀποκριθήσομαι in same sense, LXX.Isa.14.32, al., NT.Matt.25.45, Hermogenes Rhetor “περὶ εὑρέσεως” 4.6.+NT+2nd c.AD+

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀνταποκρίνομαι G470 "tegenspreken"; Grieks ἀπό G575 "scheiding, van"; Grieks ἀπόκριμα G610 "antwoord (een)"; Grieks ἀπόκρισις G612 "antwoorden"; Hebreeuws עָנָה H6030 "cry, testify, speak, bear, answer, , sing, hear";



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