G622 ἀπόλλυμι
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Taal: Grieks

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apollymi,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀπ-όλλυμι and ἀπολλύω, [in LXX for אבד H6, etc. (38 words in all)]. 1. (1) to destroy utterly, destroy, kill: Mk 1:24, 9:22, al.; τ. ψνχήν, Mt 10:28, al.; (2) to lose utterly: Mt 10:42, al.; metaph., of failing to save, Jo 6:39 18:9. 2. (1) to perish (a) of things: Mt 5:29, Jo 6:12, He 1:11(LXX), al.; (b) of persons: Mt 8:26, al. Metaph., of loss of eternal life, Jo 3:15, 16 10:28 17:12, Ro 2:12, I Co 8:11 15:18, II Pe 3:9. In οἱ ἀπολλύμενοι, the perishing, contrasted in I Co 1:18, al., with οἱ σωζόμενοι, the "perfective" force of the verb, wh. "implies the completion of the process of destruction," is illustrated (v. M, Pr., 114 f.; M, Th., ii, 2:10); (2) to be lost: Lk 15:4 21:18. Metaph., on the basis of the relation between shepherd and flock, of spiritual destitution and alienation from God: Mt 10:6 15:24, Lk 19:10 (MM, s.v.; DCG, i, 191 f., ii, 76, 554; Cremer, 451).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

Included with: ἀπόλλῡμι
  or ἀπολλύω (Thucydides Historicus 4.25, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 608e, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1297a12, but f.l. in Menander Comicus 580 ; the form is rejected by Phrynichus Atticista “Praeparatio Sophistica” p.10 Bacchylides Lyricus, Moeris Grammaticus 12) , imperfect ἀπώλλυν Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 652(Lyric poetry), Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1360, ἀπώλλυον Andocides Orator 1.58: future ἀπολέσω, Epic dialect ἀπολέσσω, Attic dialect ἀπολῶ, Ionic dialect ἀπολέω Herodotus Historicus 1.34, al.: aorist ἀπώλεσα, Epic dialect ἀπόλεσσα: perfect ἀπολώλεκα:—frequently in tmesi in Epic dialect; preposition postponed in Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.534: —stronger form of ὄλλυμι, destroy utterly, kill, in Homerus Epicus mostly of death in battle, ἀπώλεσε λαὸν Ἀχαιῶν 11.5.758, al.; ἐκπάγλως ἀπόλεσσαν prev. work 1.268 ; also of things, demolish, lay waste, ἀπώλεσεν Ἴλιον ἱρήν prev. work 5.648 , etc.; generally, βίοτον δ᾽ ἀπὸ πάμπαν ὀλέσσει will waste my substance, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.49 ; οἵ μ᾽ ἀπωλλύτην sought to destroy me (imperfect sense), Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1454 ; in pregnant sense, ἐπεί με γᾶς ἐκ πατρίας ἀπώλεσε drove me ruined from.., Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 946 ; τῆς παρ᾽ ἡμέραν χάριτος τὰ μέγιστα τῆς πόλεως ἀ. for the sake of.., Demosthenes Orator 8.70.
__2 λόγοις or λέγων ἀ. τινά talk or bore one to death, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1360, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 892 (Lyric poetry) : hence, alone, in future ἀπολεῖς με prev. author “Ach.” 470; οἴμ᾽ ὡς ἀπολεῖς με Pherecrates Comicus 108.20 ; ἀπολεῖ μ᾽ οὑτοσί by his questions, Antiphanes Comicus 222.8, etc.
__3 ruin a woman, Lysias Orator 1.8.
__II lose, πατέρ᾽ ἐσθλὸν ἀπώλεσα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.46, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.82, Democritus Epigrammaticus 272; ἀπώλεσε νόστιμον ἦμαρ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.354 ; ἀπὸ θυμὸν ὀλέσσαι lose one's life, 11.16.861, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.350 ; θυμὸν οὐκ ἀπώλεσεν loses not his spirit, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 26; ἔλεον ἀπώλεσεν 11.24.44 ; frequently of things, ἡ τοῦ πλέονος ἐπιθυμίη τὸ παρεὸν ἀπόλλυσι Democritus Epigrammaticus 224; ἵππους ἑβδομήκοντα ἀπολλύασι Thucydides Historicus 7.51; ἀπώλεσαν τὴν ἀρχὴν ὑπὸ Περσῶν Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 3.4.11, compare 7.2.22; μηδὲν ἀπολλὺς τοῦ ὄγκου Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 155c ; ἀ. οὐσίαν, ={ἀπόλλυσθαι}, prev. author “Prm.” 163d.
__B middle, ἀπόλλῠμαι: future -ολοῦμαι, Ionic dialect -ολέομαι Herodotus Historicus 7.218: aorist 2 -ωλόμην: perfect -όλωλα, whence the barbarous imperfect ἀπόλωλο Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 1212: pluperfect in Attic dialect Prose sometimes written ἀπωλώλειν in codices, as Thucydides Historicus 4.133, 7.27 :—perish, die, 11.1.117 , etc.; cease to exist, opposed to γίγνεσθαι, Melissus Philosophus 8, Plato Philosophus “Parmenides” 156b, etc.: sometimes with acc. cogn., ἀπόλωλε κακὸν μόρον Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.166; ἀπωλόμεθ᾽ αἰπὺν ὄλεθρον prev. work 9.303: with dat. modi, ἀπώλετο λυγρῷ ὀλέθρῳ (variant{λυγρὸν ὄλεθρον}) prev. work 3.87; ἀ. ὑπό τινος Herodotus Historicus 5.126 ; simply, to be undone, αὐτῶν.. ἀπωλόμεθ᾽ ἀφραδίῃσιν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.27; ἀπωλώλει τῷ φόβῳ μή.. Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6.1.2: frequently in Attic., especially in perfect, ἀπόλωλας you are lost, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1077; ἀπωλόμεθ᾽ ἂν εἰ μὴ ἀπολώλειμεν Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.185f; ἱκανὸν χρόνον ἀπολλύμεθα καὶ κατατετρίμμεθα Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 355; βλέπειν ἀπολωλός Philostratus Junior Sophista “Imagines” 2:—as an imprecation, κάκιστ᾽ ἀπολοίμην εἰ.. Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 151, al.; κακὸς κακῶς ἀπόλοιθ᾽ ὅστις.. Eubulus Comicus 116; ἐξώλης ἀπόλοιθ᾽ ὅστις.. Menander Comicus 154 ; ἀπολλύμενος, opposed to σῳζόμενος, Isocrates Orator 6.36, compare Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.469d: frequently in participle future, κάκιστ᾽ ἀπολούμενε o destined to a miserable end! i.e. o thou villain, scoundrel, knave! Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 713, compare 456, “Ach.” 865, “Pax” 2; ὁ κάκιστ᾽ ἀνέμων ἀ. Lucianus Sophista “DDeor.” 14.2.
__B.2 in <; οἱ ἀπολλύμενοι, opposed to οἱ σῳζόμενοι, NT.1Cor.1.18.
__B.II to be lost, ὕδωρ ἀπολέσκετ᾽ (of the water eluding Tantalus) Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.586 ; οὔποτε καρπὸς ἀπόλλυται never falls untimely, prev. work 7.117; ἀπό τέ σφισιν ὕπνος ὄλωλεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.186; γέλως ἐξ ἀνθρώπων ἀπόλωλεν Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 1.15; ἀπολόμενον ἀργύριον Antipho Sophista 54; ἀπώλοντο οἱ ὄνοι LXX.1Ki.9.3.+8th c.BC+

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀπό G575 "scheiding, van"; Grieks Ἀπολλύων G623 "Apollyon"; Grieks ἀπώλεια G684 "vernietiging, volslagen ondergang"; Grieks ὄλεθρος G3639 "ondergang, verderf, dood"; Grieks συναπόλλυμι G4881 "vernietigen (tegelijkertijd)";

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