G859 ἄφεσις
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Taal: Grieks

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áfesis̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἄφεσις, -εως, ἡ (< ἀφίημι), [in LXX for יוֹבֵל H3104, דְּרוֹר H1865, etc. (v. Deiss., BS, 98 ff.; MM, s.v.);] 1. dismissal, release: Lk 4:18. 2. Metaph., of sins (never in LXX), pardon, remission of penalty: ἁμαρτιῶν, Mt 26:28, Mk 1:4, Lk 1:77 3:3 24:47, Ac 2:38 5:31 10:43 13:38 26:18, Col 1:14; παραπτωμάτων, Eph 1:7; absol., Mk 3:29, He 9:22 10:18 (cf. DB, ii, 56; DCG, i, 437, ii, 605; Cremer, 297 f.).†

SYN.: πάρεσις G3929, q.v. (and cf. Tr., § xxxiii).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἄφεσις, εως, ἡ,
  (ἀφίημι) letting go, release, περὶ τῆς τῶν πλοίων ἀφέσεως Philipp. cited in Demosthenes Orator 18.77, compare Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 273c; καρπῶν “PAmh.” 2.43.9 (2nd c.BC) ; γῆ ἐν ἀφέσει land in private hands, opposed to βασιλική, “PTeb.” 5.37 (2nd c.BC), etc.
__b of persons, dismissal: in ritual, λαοῖς ἄ. 4th c.AD(?): Apuleius Scriptor Botanicus “Met.” 11.17 ; release, Polybius Historicus 1.79.12, “IG” 2.314.21, NT.Luke.4.18.
__2 with genitive, ἀ. φόνου quittance from murder, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 869d: so abs., Hermogenes Rhetor “περὶ τῶν στάσεων” 8 ; discharge from a bond, Demosthenes Orator 33.3; ἄ. ἐναντίον μαρτύρων ποιήσασθαι prev. author 45.41 ; opposed to ἀπόδοσις χρημάτων, Isocrates Orator 17.29 ; exemption from attendance, leave of absence, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 30.6 ; ἀ. τῆς στρατείας exemption from service, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Agesilaus” 24 ; remission of a debt, ταλάντου “Michel” 1340B7 (Cnidus, 2nd c.BC) ; χρημάτων “IPE” 12.32 B 70 (Olbia, 3rd c.BC) ; i.e. καταδίκης, “Inscription Magn.” 93c16.
__2.b forgiveness, NT.Mark.3.29; ἁμαρτιῶν NT.Matt.26.28.
__3 relaxation, exhaustion, Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 3.6.
__4 divorce, τινὶ πέμπειν Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pompeius” 42.
__5 starting of horses in a race, ἵππων ἄ. ποιεῖν Diodorus Siculus Historicus 4.73 : hence, starting-post itself, ἰσώσας τἀφέσει (Musgr. for τῇ φύσει) τὰ τέρματα having made the winning-post one with the starting-post, i.e. having completed the δίαυλος and come back to the starting-post, uncertain conjecture in Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 686, compare Pausanias Periegeta 5.15.5, 6.20.9 : metaphorically, the first start, beginning of anything, 4th c.AD(?): Manetho Astrologus 3.405, etc.
__6 discharge, emission, ὕδατος Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 697a24; βέλους Diodorus Siculus Historicus 17.41; τοῦ θοροῦ, τοῦ ᾠοῦ Aristoteles Philosophus “de Generatione Animalium” 756a12; τοῦ κυήματος prev. author “HA” 608a1 ; the dropping of a foal, prev. work 576a25.
__6.b discharge, release of an engine, Philo Mechanicus “(Belopoeica) Excerpte aus Philons Mechanik - Ath. Berl. Akad.” 58.24.
__7 ={ἀφεσμός}, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 625a20 (pl.).
__8 release, ὕδατος “PPetr.” 2p.34 (3rd c.BC) : hence, in concrete sense, conduit, sluice, prev. work 3p.88, “PFlor.” 388.44 (3rd c.AD): pl., ἀφέσεις θαλάσσης channels, LXX.2Ki.22.16.
__9 Astrology texts, reckoning of the vital quadrant, Ptolemaeus Mathematicus “Tetrabiblos” 127, compare Vettius Valens Astrologus 136.2 (but ἀπὸ Λέοντος τὴν ἄφεσιν ποιούμενοι, simply, starting from.., prev. author 31.8).

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