G863 ἀφίημι
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀφ-ίημι, [in LXX for נשׂא H5375, נוח H5117 hi., נתן H5415, סלח H5545 ni., עזב H5800, etc.;] 1. to send forth, send away, let go: of divorce (DB, iii, 274a), τ. γυναῖκα (Hdt.), I Co 7:11-13; of death, τ. πνεῦμα (Ge 35:18, Hdt., al.), Mt 27:50; (φωνήν, to utter a cry, Mk 15:37; of debts, to remit, forgive (cl.), τ. δανεῖον, Mt 18:27; τ. ὀφειλήν, Mt 18:32; esp. of sins (Cremer 296 f.), τ. ἁμαρτίας, ἁμαρτήματα, ἀνομίας, Mt 9:2, Ro 4:7(LXX), I Jo 1:9, al.; punctiliar and iterative pres. (M, Pr., 119), osisRef="Mark.2.5"Mk 2:5, Lk 11:4; Ion. pf., ἀφέωνται (M, Pr., 38), Lk 5:23. 2. to leave alone, leave, neglect: Mt 4:11 5:24 15:14, Mk 1:20, 31, Jo 4:3, 28 al.; τ. ἐντολὴν τ. θεοῦ, Mk 7:8; τὸν τ. ἀρχῆς τ. Χριστοῦ λόγον, He 6:1; τ. ὀγάπην τ. πρώτην, Re 2:4; ptcp., ἀφείς, pleonastic (as in Aram.; M, Pr., 14; Dalman, Words, 21 f.), Mt 13:36 22:22, Mk 8:13, al. 3. to let, suffer, permit: Mt 3:15; c. acc., Mt 3:15, 19:14, al.; c. acc. rei et dat. pers., Mt 5:40; c. inf. pres., Mt 23:14, al.; aor., Mk 5:37, al.; in late Gk. (M, Pr., 175 f.), seq. ἵνα, Mk 11:16, Jo 12:7; c. subjunct. (M, Pr., 175 f.; Bl., § 64, 2), Mt 7:4 27:49, Mk 15:36, Lk 6:42 (see further MM, s.v.).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἀφίημι,
  2nd pers.singular ἀφίης Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 50d, etc., 3sg. sg. ἀφίησι, also ἀφίει, Ionic dialect ἀπίει Herodotus Historicus 2.96 , 1st pers.plural ἀφίεμεν Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1426; imper. ἀφίει prev. author “V.” 428: imperfect ἀφίειν, with double augment ἠφίειν Plato Philosophus “Euthydemus” 293a ; 3rd.pers.singular ἀφίει Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.25, “IG” 22.777.15, Demosthenes Orator 6.20 , Ionic dialect ἀπίει Herodotus Historicus 4.157, ἠφίει Thucydides Historicus 2.49, Plato Philosophus “Lysis” 222b, ἤφιε NT.Mark.11.16 ; 2nd pers.plural ἀφίετε Demosthenes Orator 23.188 ; 3rd.pers.plural ἀφίεσαν Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 821, Thucydides Historicus 2.76, Demosthenes Orator 21.79, etc., ἠφίεσαν Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 4.6.11, ἠφίουν Isaeus Orator 6.40 (uncertain) : future ἀφήσω Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.263, etc. , Ionic dialect ἀπ- Herodotus Historicus 7.193 : perfect ἀφεῖκα Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.3.13, Demosthenes Orator 56.26: aorist I ἀφῆκα, Ionic dialectἀπ-, Epic dialect ἀφέηκα, used in indicative only, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.841, etc.: aorist 2 indicative only in dual and plural, ἀφέτην, ἀφεῖμεν, ἀφεῖτε or ἄφετε, ἀφεῖσαν or ἄφεσα; imperative ἄφες, subjunctive ἀφῶ, optative αφείην (2nd pers.plural ἀφεῖτε Thucydides Historicus 1.139), infinitive ἀφεῖναι, participle ἀφείς:—middle, ἀφίεμαι, Ionic dialect ἀπίεμαι, Herodotus Historicus 3.101, Thucydides Historicus 2.60, etc. : imperfect 3rd.pers.singular ἀφίετο Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 23.240, Demosthenes Orator 25.47 : future ἀφήσομαι Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 1629 : aorist 2 ἀφείμην Xenophon Historicus “Hiero” 7.11 ; imperative ἀφοῦ, ἄφεσθε, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1521, Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 509 ; infinitive -έσθαι Isocrates Orator 6.83 , participle -έμενος Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 354b ; Arc.infinitive ἀφεῶσθαι “SIG” 306.19(Tegea, 4th c.BC) :—passive, perfect ἀφεῖμαι Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1165, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 635a ; infinitive ἀφεῖσθαι “SIG” 577.77 (Milet., 3rd-2nd c.BC) : pluperfect 2nd pers.singular ἀφεῖσο Menander Comicus “Ἐπιτρέποντες” 572 : rarer perfect 3rd.pers.plural ἀφέωνται NT.John.20.23, imper. ἀφεώσθω “IG” 5(2).6.14: aorist ἀφείθην Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1377, ἀφέθην Batrachomyomachia 87 , Ionic dialect ἀπείθην Herodotus Historicus 6.112 ; later Aeolic dialect infinitive ἀφέθην “Milet.” 3 No.152.34 (2nd c.BC) : future ἀφεθήσομαι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 472a, etc. ῐ mostly in Ep. (except in augment tenses) : ῑ always in Attic dialect Homerus Epicus also has ἀφῑετε, for the sake of meter, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.126 :—send forth, discharge, of missiles, ἔγχος, δίσκον ἀφῆκεν, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.372, 23.432; ἀφῆκ᾽ ἀργῆτα κεραυνόν 8.133; ἀπῆκε βέλος Herodotus Historicus 9.18, etc.: hence in various senses, ἀ. ἑαυτὸν ἐπί τι throw oneself upon, give oneself up to it, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 373d; ἀ. αὑτὸν εἰς τὴν πολιτείαν Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Alcibiades” 13 ; ἀ. γλῶσσαν let loose one's tongue, make utterance, Herodotus Historicus 2.15, Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 991 ; ἀ. φθογγήν prev. work 418; ἔπος Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 731; φωνάς Demosthenes Orator 18.218; γόους Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 59 (see. below 11.2); ἀρὰς ἀφῆκας παιδί prev. author “Hipp.” 1324 ; ἀ. θυμὸν ἔς τινας give vent to.. (see. below 11.2), Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1088 ; ὀργὴν εἴς τινα vent upon.., Demosthenes Orator 22.58 ; ἀ. δάκρυα shed tears, Aeschines Orator 3.153 ; ἀ. παντοδαπὰ χρώματα change colour in all ways, Plato Philosophus “Lysis” 222b ; frequently of liquids, etc., emit, ἀ. τὸ ὑγρόν, τὸν θολόν, τὸ σπέρμα, etc., Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 487a18, 524a12, 489a9; ἀ. τὸ ᾠόν, τὸ κύημα, prev. work 568b30, a22 ; of plants, ἄνθος ἀφιεῖσαι putting forth, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.126, compare Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 7.7.3 ; of a spider, ἀ. ἀράχνιον Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 555b5; ἱδρῶτα Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Marius” 26 ; put forth, produce, καρπόν Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 3.4.5; φύλλον prev. work 6.5.1 (but ἀ. σπέρμα leave issue, NT.Mark.12.22):—passive, to be emitted, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.77 (tmesis) ; of troops, to be let go, launched against the enemy, Herodotus Historicus 6.112.
__2 let fall from one's grasp, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.221 ; opposed to κατέχω, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.508d; πόντιον ἀ. τινά Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 797.
__3 give up or hand over to, τὴν Ἰωνίην τοῖσι βαρβάροισι Herodotus Historicus 9.106; ἐχθροῖς αἶαν Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 306; ἀ. τινὰ δημόσια εἶναι Thucydides Historicus 2.13 :—passive, ἡ Ἀττικὴ ἀπεῖτο ἤδη Herodotus Historicus 8.49.
__II send away,
__II.1 of persons, κακῶς ἀφίει Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.25; αὐτὸν δὲ κλαίοντα.. ἀφήσω 2.263.
__II.1.b let go, loose, set free, ζωόν τινα ἀ. 20.464 ; let loose, βοῦς Herodotus Historicus 4.69; περιστεράς Alexander Rhetor 62.3; ἀ. Αἴγιναν αὐτόνομον Thucydides Historicus 1.139 ; ἀ. ἐλεύθερον, ἀζήμιον, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 591a, “Lg.” 765c; τινὰς ἀφορολογήτους Polybius Historicus 18.46.5; ἀφέντ᾽ ἐᾶν τινα Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 754, compare Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 463 ; ἐς οἴκους, ἐκ γῆς, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 320, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 739 : with accusative person et genitive of things, release from a thing, ἀποικίης Herodotus Historicus 4.157 : in legal sense, acquit of a charge or engagement, φόνου τινα Demosthenes Orator 37.59 (abs., ἐὰν αἰδέσηται καὶ ἀφῇ prev. passage) ; συναλλαγμάτων prev. author 33.12 : with accusative only, acquit, Antipho Orator 2.1.2, etc. (see. below 2 c) :—passive, κινδύνου ἀφιέμενοι Thucydides Historicus 4.106 ; τοὺς γέροντας τοὺς ἀφειμένους released from duty, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1275a15; ἐγκλημάτων ἀφεῖσο Menander Comicus “Ἐπιτρέποντες” 572.
__II.1.c let go, dissolve, disband, of an army or fleet, Herodotus Historicus 1.77, etc. ; dismiss, δικαστήρια (opposed to λύειν ἐκκλησίαν) Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 595.
__II.1.d put away, divorce, γυναῖκα Herodotus Historicus 5.39 ; ἀ. γάμους break off a marriage, Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 973 ; ἀ. τὸν υἱόν disown him, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1163b22 (but with metaphorically from releasing a debtor).
__II.1.e dedicate, τὰ νεογνὰ τῷ θεῷ Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 5.14; ἱερὸν.. ἄβατον ἀφεῖτο Plato Philosophus “Critias” 116c.
__II.2 of things, get rid of, ἀφέτην πολυκαγκέα δίψαν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.642 ; ἀφίει μένος ἔγχεος slackened its force, 13.444 ; ἀ. ὀργήν put away wrath (see. above 1.1), Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 317; ὀργήν τινι Arrianus Historicus “Anabasis” 1.10.6 ; γόους (see. above 1.1) Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 1022; νόσημα Hippocrates Medicus “προρρητικόν” 2.39 ; ἀ. πνεῦμα, ψυχήν, give up the ghost, Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 571, “Or.” 1171 : in Prose, give up, leave off, μόχθον Herodotus Historicus 1.206 ; ξυμμαχίαν, σπονδάς, Thucydides Historicus 5.78, 115, etc. :—middle, ἀ. τὸ προλέγειν Diodorus Siculus Historicus 19.1.
__II.2.b ἀ. πλοῖον ἐς.. loose ship for a place, Herodotus Historicus 5.42.
__II.2.c in legal sense (see. supr. Ib), with dative person et accusative of things, ἀ. τινὶ αἰτίην remit him a charge, prev. author 6.30; τὰς ἁμαρτάδας prev. author 8.140.β᾽,cf. NT.Matt.6.12, al.; τὰς δίκας.. ἀφίεσαν τοῖς ἐπιτρόποις Demosthenes Orator 21.79; ἀ. τινὶ εἰς ἐλευθερίαν χιλίας δραχμάς prev. author 59.30, compare “IG” 22.43 A 27; ἀ. πληγάς τινι excuse him a flogging, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1426 ; ἀ. ὅρκον Jusj. in Legal cited in Andocides Orator 1.98; φόρον Polybius Historicus 21.24.8 (Pass.) ; δάνειόν τινι NT.Matt.18.27.
__III leave alone, pass by, Herodotus Historicus 3.95, etc. ; neglect, τὰ θεῖα Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1537; τὸν καιρόν Demosthenes Orator 1.8; λέκτρων εὐνάς Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 544: followed by a predicate, ἀφύλακτον ἀ. τὴν ἑωυτῶν leave unguarded, Herodotus Historicus 8.70 ; ἄτιμον, ἔρημον ἀ. τινά, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1279, “Ant.” 887; ἀ. τινὰς ὀρφανούς NT.John.14.18; ἀ. τι ἀόριστον Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1265a39; leave, περὶ κινήσεως, ὅθεν ὑπάρχει, τοῖς ἄλλοις ἀφεῖσαν prev. author “Metaph.” 985b20, compare 987b14 :—passive, especially in perfect imperative, ἀφείσθω ἐπὶ τοῦ παρόντος missum fiat, prev. author “EN” 1166a34, compare “Pol.” 1286a5, 1289b12.
__III.2 with accusative et infinitive, ἀ. τὸ πλοῖον φέρεσθαι let the boat be carried away, Herodotus Historicus 1.194; μὴ ἀφεῖναί με ἐπὶ ξένης ἀδιαφορηθῆναι “PLond.” 2.144.14(1st c.AD).
__IV with accusative person et infinitive, suffer, permit one to do a thing, ἀ. τινὰ ἀποπλέειν Herodotus Historicus 3.25, compare 6.62, al., etc.: with infinitive understood, ἡνίκα προῖκ᾽ ἀφιᾶσιν (i.e. θεᾶσθαι) οἱ θεατρῶναι Theophrastus Philosophus “Characteres” 30.6 : with subjunctive, ἄφες ἐκβάλω NT.Matt.7.4, compare Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 1.9.15; ἄφες ἐγὼ θρηνήσω “POxy.” 413.184 (1st c.AD); ἄφες ἵνα.. Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 4.13.19 ; οὐκ ἤφιεν ἵνα.. NT.Mark.11.16 :—passive, ἀφείθη σχολάζειν Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 981b24.
__V seemingly intransitive (i.e. στρατόν, ναῦς, etc.), break up, march, sail, etc., Herodotus Historicus 7.193; ἀ. ἐς τὸ πέλαγος Thucydides Historicus 7.19; compare 11.2b.
__V.2 with infinitive, give up doing, ἀφεὶς σκοπεῖν τὰ δίκαια Diphilus Comicus 94.
__B middle, send forth from oneself, much like active; θορήν Herodotus Historicus 3.101.
__B.2 loose something of one's own from, δειρῆς δ᾽ οὔ πω.. ἀφίετο πήχεε λευκώ she loosed not her arms from off my neck, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 23.240.
__B.3 frequently in Attic dialect with genitive only, τέκνων ἀφοῦ let go of the children ! Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1521; τοῦ κοινοῦ τῆς σωτηρίας ἀ. Thucydides Historicus 2.60; λόγων Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 458c, Aeschines Orator 1.178; μὴ ἀφίεσο τοῦ Θεαιτήτου, ἀλλ᾽ ἐρώτα Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 146b, etc.; ἀφεῖσθαι τοῦ δικαίου τούτου Demosthenes Orator 37.1; ἀφέμενος τῆς ἰαμβικῆς ἰδέας Aristoteles Philosophus “Poetica” 1449b8.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀπό G575 "scheiding, van"; Grieks ἄφεσις G859 "vrijlating, vergeving";

Literatuur


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