G874 ἀφορμή
uitgangspunt, operatiebasis
Taal: Grieks

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aformē,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀφ-ορμή, -ῆς, ἡ, [in LXX: Ez 5:7 (הָמַן H1995), Pr 9:9, III Mac 3:2*;] prop., a starting point; in war, a base of operations; metaph., an occasion, incentive, opportunity (MM, s.v.): II Co 11:12, Ga 5:13; ἀφ. λαμβάνειν, Lk 11:24, WH, mg., Ro 7:8, 11; ἀφ. διδόναι, II Co 5:12, I Ti 5:14.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἀφορμ-ή, ἡ,
  starting-point, especially in war, base of operations, ἀναχώρησίς τε καὶ ἀ. Thucydides Historicus 1.90, compare Polybius Historicus 1.41.6, etc. ; place of safety, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 342.
__2 generally, starting-point, origin, occasion or pretext, ἀφορμαὶ λόγων prev. author “Hec.” 1239, “Ph.” 199; ἀφορμὴν παρέχειν Demosthenes Orator 18.156; δεδωκέναι prev. author 21.98, cf. NT.2Cor.5.12; λαβεῖν ἀ. Isocrates Orator 4.61, NT.Rom.7.8; εὑρεῖν “BGU” 615.6(2nd c.AD), 923.22 (1st-2nd c.AD); ἵνα ἀ. γένοιτο τιμῆς “Inscription Prien.” 105.16 (1st c.BC) ; ἀ. καὶ πρόφασις Polybius Historicus 2.52.3 ; occasion, origin of an illness, Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 2.1.11, Soranus Medicus 1.29 ; εἰδέ τις οἴεται μικρὰν ἀ. εἶναι σιτηρέσιον τοῖς στρατευομένοις ὑπάρχειν a small inducement, Demosthenes Orator 4.29; τὸ γὰρ εὖ πράττειν παρὰ τὴν ἀξίαν ἀ. τοῦ κακὼς φρονεῖν prev. author 1.23 ; instigation, incitement, POxy. 237 vii 21 (2nd c.AD).
__3 means with which one begins a thing, resources, ἀ. τοῦ βίου Lysias Orator 24.24; εἰς τὸν βίον Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.12.4; τίνας εἶχεν ἀφορμὰς ἡ πόλι; Demosthenes Orator 18.233; ἀφελεῖν τὴν ἀ. δι᾽ ἣν ὑβρίζει prev. author 21.98 ; πίστις ἀ. μεγίστη πρὸς χρηματισμόν good faith is the best asset for business, prev. author 36.44, compare 11.16 ; ἀ. ἐπί.. prev. author 3.33 ; especially means of war, Andocides Orator 1.109; ἀ. εἰς ξένους χιλίους means for levying 1000 mercenaries, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 4.8.33 ; ἀ. ἔργων means for undertaking.., prev. author “Mem.” 2.7.11, compare 3.5.11; πρὸς ἀφορμὴν ἐμπορίας ἢ γεωργίας Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1320a39; πάντων ἀ. τῶν καλῶν Philemo Comicus 110.
__4 capital of a banker, etc., Lysias Orator “Fragmenta” 1.2, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.7.12, Lycurgus Orator 26, Demosthenes Orator 14.30, 36.11 ; ἀφορμῆς δίκη suit for restitution of capital, Arg. Demosthenes Orator 36.
__5 Rhet., food for argument, material, subject, ὑποθέσεις καὶ ἀφορμαὶ λόγων Lucianus Sophista “Rh.Pr.” 18, cf. Men.Rh. p.334S., Aps. p.264H.
__6 aptitude, inclination, εἰς φιλανθρωπίαν Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Ir.” p.53 W. (pl.).
__II Stoic term for repulsion (opposed to ὁρμή), Chrysippus Stoicus 3.42, compare 40, Simplicius Philosophus “in Epictetum commentaria” p.22D.
__III release of water from sluice, “PAmh.” 2.143.17 (4th c.AD).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀπό G575 "scheiding, van"; Grieks ὁρμάω G3729 "aandrijven, rennen";

Literatuur


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