G970 βία
kracht, geweld
Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

βία, -ας, ἡ, [in LXX for פֶּרֶךְ H6531, etc.;] strength, force, violence: Ac 5:26 21:35 24:7 27:41.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

βία,
  Ionic dialect βίη ῐ, ἡ: Epic dialect dative βίηφι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.6 :—bodily strength, force, Homerus Epicus, etc.; χειρῶν βία Bacchylides Lyricus 10.91:—in Homerus Epicus , periphrastic of strong men, βίη Ἡρακληείη Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.658, where the participle masculine πέρσας follows, compare 11.690 ; βίη Ἐτεοκληείη, Ἰφικλείη, 4.386, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.290, etc.; βίη Διομήδεος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.781; also ἲς.. βίης Ἠρακληείης Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 332 : so in Lyric poetry and Trag., Πέλοπος βία Bacchylides Lyricus 5.181 ; Τυδέως βία, Πολυνείκους β., Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 571, 577; φίλτατ᾽ Αἰγίσθου β. prev. author “Ch.” 893 ; θήρειος β., ={Κένταυροι}, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1059.
__2 personified, Κράτος Βία τε Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 12.
__3 of the mind, οὐκ ἔστι βίη φρεσίν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.45.
__3.b of an argument, βίαν οὐκ ἔχειν πρὸς τὸ ἀποδειξαι Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ σημείων καὶ σημειώσεων” 9.
__II act of violence, ὕβρις τε βίη τε Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.329 : mostly in plural, κείνων γε βίας ἀποτείσεαι 11.117; βίας ὑποδέγμενος ἀνδρῶν 16.189; βίαι ἀνέμων Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.213.
__II.2 βίᾳ τινός against one's will, in spite of him, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 746 (Lyric poetry), Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 79, Thucydides Historicus 1.43, etc.; β. φρενῶν Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 612; β. καρδίας prev. author “Supp.” 798 ; β. alone as adverb, perforce, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.231, Bacchylides Lyricus 17.10, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 74, al.; βίῃ ἐπειρᾶτο Herodotus Historicus 6.5 ; opposed to κατὰ φύσιν, Aristoteles Philosophus “Physica” 215a1; also πρὸς βίαν τινός Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 5; πρὸς βίαν ἄγειν τινά prev. author “Pr.” 210, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 805, Eupolis Comicus 8.10 Demosthenes Orator, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 443, etc. ; opposed to ἑκών, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 236d; ἐκ βίας Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 563, al., Herodas Mimographus 5.58; ὑπὸ βίης Herodotus Historicus 6.107; ἀπὸ βίας Diodorus Siculus Historicus 20.51 ; of Zeus, εὐμενεῖ βία κτίσας Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 1068 (Lyric poetry).
__II.3 in Attic dialect law, rape, βίας δίκη Scholia Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 464e; βίᾳ αἰσχύνεσθαί τινα Lysias Orator 1.32.
__II.4 = Latin vis, βίας γραφή D C.37.31, compare 33; μαρτύρομαι τὴν βίαν “POxy.” 1120.11 (3rd c.AD) . (Cf. Sanskrit jyā´ jiyā´ 'preponderating power', jināti 'oppress'.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks βίαιος G972 "gewelddadig, heftig";

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