G1119 γόνυ
knie, neerknielen
Taal: Grieks

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Knie (lichaamsdeel),

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gony,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

γόνυ, -ατος, τό, [in LXX chiefly for בֶּרֶךְ H1290 ;] the knee: He 12:12; of a suppliant, προσπίπτειν τοῖς γ., Lk 5:8; so also τιθέναι τὰ γ., to kneel: Lk 22:41, Ac 7:60 9:40 20:36 21:5; in mockery, Mk 15:19; κάμπτειν τὰ γ., to bend the knee: Ro 11:4 (LXX) 14:11 (LXX), Eph 3:14, Phl 2:10.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

γόνῠ, τό,
  genitive γόνατος, Epic dialect and Ionic dialect γούνατος (for γόνϝατος) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.591, Herodotus Historicus 2.80 : plural nominative
__A γούνατα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.176, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 587, Herodotus Historicus 1.199, “Schwyzer” 694.7 (Chios, 4th c.BC), gen. γουνάτων Herodotus Historicus 9.76, dat. γούνασι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.455, Herodotus Historicus 4.152 (also Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 2.26), γονάτεσσι Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 16.11, “epigram Gr.” 782 (Halic.) ; also Epic dialect genitive γουνός (explanation as for γόνυος by Hdn.Gr.2.768, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 342.9) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.547: pl. γοῦνα 6.511; γούνων 1.407, al.: dat. γούνεσσι 9.488, al. (variant{γούνασσι}) :—Aeolic dialect accusative plural γόνα Alcaeus Lyricus 39.7 (probably), but γόννα acc. to 5th c.AD(?): Stephanus Byzantius see entry {Γόννοι}, 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 335.39: gen. pl. γόνων Alcaeus Lyricus “Supp.” 10:
__E has γουνάτων “Hec.” 752, 839, γούνασι “Supp.” 285 (Lyric poetry), “Andr.” 529 (Lyric poetry), but not γουνός (γοῦν᾽ accusative plural was read by Scholia in “Ph.” 852): gen. pl. γεύνων, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus :—knee, γόνυ γουνὸς ἀμείβων Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.547, etc. : frequently of clasping the knees in earnest supplication, ἥψατο γούνων 1.512; ἑλεῖν, λαβεῖν γούνων 21.71, 1.407, etc.; τῶν γουνάτων λαβέσθαι Herodotus Historicus 9.76 ; ποτὶ (variant{περὶ}) or ἀμφὶ γούνασί τινος χεῖρας βαλεῖν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.310, 7.142; περὶ γόνυ χέρας ἱκεσίους ἔβαλον Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 1414, compare “Ph.” 1622, etc.; τὰ σὰ γούναθ᾽ ἱκάνομαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.457, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.147, etc.; κιχανόμενοι τὰ σὰ γοῦνα ἱκόμεθ᾽ 9.266; ἀντίος ἤλυθε γούνων Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.463; γόνυ σὸν ἀμπίσχειν χερί Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 165; σοῖς προστίθημι γόνασιν ὠλένας prev. author “Andr.” 895 ; ἐς γούνατά τινι or τινος πεσεῖν Herodotus Historicus 5.86, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1607; ἀμφὶ γόνυ τινὸς πίπτειν Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 787 ; γόνυ τινός or πρὸς γόνυ προσπίπτειν prev. work 339, “HF” 79; γόνασί τινος προσπίπτειν prev. author “Or.” 1332 (but προσπίτνω σε γόνασιν on my knees, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 485) ; πίπτειν πρὸς τὰ γ. τινος, tini, Lysias Orator 1.19, Demosthenes Orator 19.198; also γούνων λίσσεσθαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.451; ἐλλιτανεύειν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.481; γουνάζεσθαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.345; ἄντεσθαι πρὸς τῶν γονάτων Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 710; ἱκετεῦσαι πρὸς τ. γ. Demosthenes Orator 58.70.
__E.2 of a sitting posture, φημί μιν ἀσπασίως γ. κάμψειν will be glad to bend the knee so as to sit down and rest, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.118, compare 19.72 ; but also, bow the knee in submission, ἐμοὶ κάμψει (intransitive) πᾶν γ. LXX.Isa.45.23 ; γ. ὀκλάζειν τινί LXX.1Ki.19.18, see entry κάμπτω: ἐπὶ γούνασι on one's knees, ἐπὶ γούνασι πατρός Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.500; ποτὶ γ. 5.408; γούνασιν ἐφέσσεσθαι φίλον υἱόν 9.455; σ᾽ ἐπ᾽ ἐμοῖσι.. γούνεσσι καθίσσας 9.488; τόν ῥά οἱ.. ἐπὶ γούνασι θῆκεν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.401; ἐν τοῖς γόνασί τινος στρέφεσθαι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 617b ; πέπλον.. θεῖναι Ἀθηναίης ἐπὶ γούνασιν to lay it on her lap (as an offering), Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.92, compare “Schwyzer” same place: hence metaph., θεῶν ἐν γούνασι κεῖται it rests in the lap of.., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.514, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.267, etc. ; but ἐν γούνασιν πίτνοντα Νίκας victorious, Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 2.26.
__E.3 of the knees as the seat of strength, ἐν δὲ βίην ὤμοισι καὶ ἐν γούνεσσιν ἔθηκε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.569 ; of swiftness, λαιψηρά γ. 22.204, etc.; γούνατά τινος λύειν disable, kill him, 5.176 , etc.; ὑπὸ γούνατ᾽ ἔλυσεν 11.579 ; βλάπτειν γ. τινι, κάματος δ᾽ ὑπὸ γ. ἐδάμνα, 7.271, 21.52 :—passive, αὐτοῦ λύτο γούνατα 21.114, etc.
__E.4 metaphorically, ἐς γόνυ βάλλειν bring down upon the knee, i. e. humble, conquer, Herodotus Historicus 6.27 ; ἐς γ. ῥίπτειν, κλίνειν, Appianus Historicus “Bella Civilia” 3.20, 30; ἐς γ. ἐλθεῖν Procopius Caesariensis Historicus “Historia Arcana” 14, “Pers.” 1.17; Ἀσία δὲ χθὼν.. ἐπὶ γόνυ κέκλιται Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 931 (Lyric poetry).
__E.5 proverbial, ἀπωτέρω ἢ γόνυ κνάμα 'blood is thicker than water', 'charity begins at home', Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 16.18; γ. κνήμης ἔγγιον Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1168b8, Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 9.383b.
__E.II joint of grasses or plants, Herodotus Historicus 3.98, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.5.26, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 8.2.4, Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus “de Antro Nympharum - Porphyrii Opuscula” 19 . (Cf. Sanskrit jā´nu, Latin genu, etc.)

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