G1473 ἐγώ
ik, mij
Taal: Grieks

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egō,
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Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἐγώ,
   I: pronoun of the first person:—Epic dialect mostly ἐγών before vowels (so in Doric dialect, before consonants, Epicharmus Comicus 85, Sophron Comicus 81, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 748, 754), rarely in Trag., Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 932 (Lyric poetry) ; Boeotian dialect ἱών Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Pronominibus;” 51.4 :— strengthened ἔγωγε, I at least, for my part, indeed, for myself (more frequently in Attic dialect than in Homerus Epicus) : Doric dialect ἐγώνγα Alcman Lyricus 51, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 736, “Lys.” 986, dat. ἐμίνγα “IG” 22.1126.7 (Amphict. Delph.) : Boeotian dialect ἱώνγα Corinna Lyrica 21 ; ἱώνει Ead. 10 ; ἰώγα Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 898 : Laconian dialect and Tarentum dialect ἐγώνη, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Conjunctionibus;” 255.29.
__II oblique cases from a different root, genitive ἐμοῦ, enclitic μο; Ionic dialect and Epic dialect ἐμέο, ἐμεῦ, μευ, also ἐμέθεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.525, Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 177 (Lyric poetry) ; Aeolic dialect ἔμεθεν Sappho Lyrica “Papyrus fragments” in E. Diehl, 23.7; ἐμεῖο “IG” 3.1337; μεθέν Sophron Comicus 20 ; Doric dialect ἐμέος, ἐμεῦς, Epicharmus Comicus 144 ; Boeotian dialect ἐμοῦς Corinna Lyrica 37; also ἐμῶς, ἐμίο, ἐμίω, ἐμίως Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Pronominibus;” 74.17: — dat. ἐμοί, enclitic μοι (which may be compared with Sanskrit genitive me in κλῦθί μοι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.115, al.); ὅ μοι πόσις “Schwyzer” 683 (Cypria) ; Doric dialect ἐμίν Epicharmus Comicus 99, “AJA” 29.461 (Rhodian, 5th c.BC), Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 733, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 4.30 ; Tarentum dialect ἐμίνη Rhinthon Comicus 13: acc. ἐμέ , enclitic μ; Cypria μι “Inscription Cyprian dialect” 59,60 H.
__III dual, nominative and accusative, νῶι, we two, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.34, etc. ; accusative νῶιν Zenod.ad Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.377 ; Attic dialect νώ Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 278b (also Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.219, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.475); νῶε Antimachus Colophonius Elegiacus et Epicus 39, Corinna Lyrica 5: gen., dat. νῶι; νῷν Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 3 ; νῶι dative, Orphica “Lithica” 773 ; νῶιν, ={ἡμῖν}, 4th c.AD(?): Quintus Smyrnaeus Epicus 1.213, etc.
__IV plural, nominative ἡμεῖς (ἡμέες falsa lectio in Herodotus Historicus 2.6, al., rejected by Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Pronominibus;” 93.1) ; Aeolic dialect ἄμμες Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.303, Alcaeus Lyricus 18.3, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.144 ; Doric dialect ἁμές Alcman Lyricus 65, Epicharmus Comicus 42, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 168:— gen. ἡμῶν (also ἥμων Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 130.23) ; Ionic dialect ἡμέων Herodotus Historicus 1.112, etc.; ἡμείων Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.170, Herodas Mimographus 1.46 ; Aeolic dialect ἀμμέων Alcaeus Lyricus 88, “Milet.” 3 No.152.29 ; ἄμμων prev. work74, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Pronominibus;” 95.3 ; Doric dialect ἁμέων Alcman Lyricus 66 ; ἁμῶν Epicharmus Comicus 266, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 168, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 2.158 ; Cretan dialect, Boeotian dialect ἁμίων “SIG” 528.5, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Pronominibus;” 95.21:— dat. ἡμῖν, in Sophocles Tragicus also ἡμίν (ῐ) (or ἧμιν Aristarch.ad Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.214, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Pronominibus;” 95.3) ; also rarely in Comedy texts, Phrynichus Comicus 37, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 386 (uncertain) ; Aeolic dialect ἄμμῐν, ἄμμῐ, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.384, Alcaeus Lyricus 80, al., Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.155, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 156 (Lyric poetry), “Milet.” 3 No.152; ἄμμεσιν Alcaeus Lyricus 100 ; Doric dialect also ἁμίν or ἇμιν, Alcman Lyricus 77, 78, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 347 (Lyric poetry), Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 1081 ; with ῑ, prev. author “Ach.” 821, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 7.145:— acc. ἡμᾶς (also ἧμᾰς Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.372) ; Ionic dialect ἡμέας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.211, “SIG” 273.25 (Milet., 4th c.BC) ; ἥμεας Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.294 (cf. Hdn.Gr. 2.140) ; Aeolic dialect ἄμμε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.59, Sappho Lyrica 115 , Theocr.8.25; Doric dialect ἁμέ “SIG” 1 (Abu Simbel, 6th c.BC), Epicharmus Comicus 173, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 759 codices, “Lys.” 95. —On these dialectic varieties, see Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Pronominibus;” 50 ff. (Cf. Sanskrit ahám (ἐγών), accusative plural asmā´n; for νώ cf. Sanskrit nau):—frequently in answers, as an affirmative, especially in form ἔγωγε, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1248, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 149b, etc. ; οὗτος ἐ. here am I, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 4.26; ὅδ᾽ ἐκεῖνος ἐ. Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 138 (Lyric poetry) ; rarely with Article, τὸν ἐμέ myself, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 166a, “Sph.” 239b (but ὁ ἐ. the Self, the Ego, Damascius Philosophus “de Principiis” 444) ; τίς ὢν οὗτος ὁ ἐγὼ τυγχάν; Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.1119a; τί ἐστι φίλο; ἄλλος ἐ. Pythagoras Philosophus cited in Hermias Alexandrinus Philosophus “in Platonis Phaedrum scholia” p.166 Aeschylus Tragicus ; τί τοῦτ᾽ ἐμο; ἡμῖν τί τοῦτ᾽ ἔστ; Latin quid mea hoc refert ? Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 498, etc. ; ἐγ; in a question, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1336, al. ; ἡμεῖς the self, ἔνθα δὴ ἡμεῖς μάλιστα Plotinus Philosophus 1.1.7.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἡμᾶς G2248 " ons, wij, onze"; Grieks ἡμεῖς G2249 "ons, wij"; Grieks ἡμῖν G2254 "ons, wij, onze"; Grieks ἡμῶν G2257 "onze, wij, ons"; Grieks κἀγώ G2504 "ik ook, ik evengoed, en ik";

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