G1651 ἐλέγχω
overtuigen (van dwaling), weerleggen
Taal: Grieks

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elegcho̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἐλέγχω [in LXX chiefly for יָכַח H3198 hi. ;] 1. in Hom., to treat with contempt. 2. to convict: c. acc, Mt 18:15 (RV, show him his fault), Tit 1:9; seq. περί, Jo 8:46 16:8, Ju 15; pass., Ja 2:9. 3. to reprove, rebuke: I Ti 5:20, II Ti 4:2, Tit 1:13 2:15, Re 3:19; pass., seq. περί, Lk 3:19; ὑπό, He 12:5 (LXX). 4. to expose: Eph 5:11; pass., Jo 3:20, I Co 14:24 (RV reprove, mg. convict), Eph 5:13 (RV, as 1 Co, l.c., of. AR on Eph 5:11; MM, Exp., xii; cf. ἐξ-, δια-κατ-ελέγχομαι).†

SYN.: ἐπιτιμῶ G2008, expressing simply rebuke, which may be un­deserved (Mt 16:22) or ineffectual (Lk 23:40), while ἐλ. implies rebuke which brings conviction (v. Tr., Syn., § iv)

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἐλέγχω,
   Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.424, etc. : future ἐλέγξω Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1043, etc. : aorist ἤλεγξα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.522, etc. :—passive, future ἐλεγχθήσομαι Antipho Orator 2.4.10, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.7.2 : aorist ἠλέγχθην Antipho Orator same place, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 458a, etc. : perfect ἐλήλεγμαι prev. author “Lg.” 805c: 3sg. sg. ἐλήλεγκται Antipho prev. cited (ἐξ-ηλεγμένοι is falsa lectio in Lysias Orator 6.44) : pluperfect ἐξ-ελήλεγκτο Demosthenes Orator 32.27 :—disgrace, put to shame, μῦθον ἐ. treat a speech with contempt, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.522 ; ἐ. τινά put one to shame, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.424. —This usage is only Ep.
__II cross-examine, question, Herodotus Historicus 2.115, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 18d, etc.; μὴ 'λεγχε τὸν πονοῦντα Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 919; φύλαξ ἐλέγχων φύλακα Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 260; τί ταῦτ᾽ ἄλλως ἐλέγχει; prev. author “OT” 333, compare 783; ἔλεγχ᾽, ἐλέγχου Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 857; ἐ. τινὰ περί τινος prev. author “Pl.” 574; ἕνεκά τινος Antiphanes Comicus 207.10; τὰς ἀρχὰς βασάνοις χρώμενοι ἐλεγχόντων Plato Philosophus “Leges” 946c : with accusative et infinitive, accuse one of doing, Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 1058 :—passive, to be convicted, Herodotus Historicus 1.24, 117; ἐλεγχόμενοι εἴ τι περιγένοιτο τῶν χρημάτων Demosthenes Orator 35.36, compare Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 331c, 331d : with participle, ἐλεγχθεὶς διαφθείρας Antipho Orator 2.3.9, compare 2.4.10; ἐλεγχθήσεται γελοῖος ὤν Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.7.2.
__II.2 test, bring to the proof, ἀνδρῶν ἀρετὰν παγκρατὴς ἐλέγχει ἀλάθεια Bacchylides Lyricus “fragment” 10.2 ; πρᾶγμ᾽ ἐ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1351 (passive, τὸ πρᾶγμ᾽ ἐλεγχθέν Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 485); λόγον Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 242b (passive, prev. author “Tht.” 161e): with subject. clause, ἐ. τινά, εἰ.., Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 851, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1232.
__II.3 prove, τοῦτο ἐ. ὡς.. Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 273b, compare “Sph.” 256c : absolutely, bring convincing proof, ὡς ἡ ἀνάγκη ἐ. Herodotus Historicus 2.22 ; αὐτὸ τὸ ἔργον ἐ. Thucydides Historicus 6.86; περί τινος Demosthenes Orator 21.5.
__II.4 refute, confute, τινά or τι, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 470c, al., Demosthenes Orator 28.2, Lucianus Sophista “Nigr.” 4 :—passive, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 162a ; χρυσὸς κληῖδας ἐλέγχει proves that they avail not, Anthologia Graeca 5.216 (Paul. Sil.).
__II.4.b put right, correct, prove by a reductio ad impossibile, ὅσα ἔστιν ἀποδεῖξαι, ἔστι καὶ ἐλέγξαι τὸν θέμενον τὴν ἀντίφασιν τοῦ ἀληθοῦς Aristoteles Philosophus “Sophistici Elenchi” 170a24 ; παράδοξα ἐ. prev. author “EN” 1146a23.
__II.5 get the better of, στρατιὰν ὠκύτατι ἐ. Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 11.49, compare Dionysius Periegeta 750, Himerius Sophista “Orationes” 1.16.
__II.6 expose, τινὰ ληροῦντα Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 171d, compare Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.7.2, Marcus Antoninus Imperator 1.17 ; betray a weakness, Democritus Epigrammaticus 222.
__II.7 decide a dispute, ἀνὰ μέσον τῶν δύο LXX.Gen.31.37.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀπελεγμός G557 "berisping"; Grieks διακατελέγχομαι G1246 "weerleggen (volkomen)";

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