G2523 καθίζω
zitten (doen), neerzetten
Taal: Grieks

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kathizo̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

καθ-ίζω, [in LXX chiefly for ישׁב H3427;] 1. causal, to make to sit down, set, appoint: Ac 2:30, I Co 6:4, Eph 1:20. 2. Intrans., to sit down, be seated, sit: Mt 5:1, Mk 9:35, Lk 7:15, Jo 8:2, al.; c. inf. tel., I Co 10:7; seq. εἰς, II Th 2:4; ἐπί, c. acc., Mk 11:2, Jo 12:14; id. c. gen., Jo 19:13, Ac 12:21; ὧδε, Mk 14:32; αὐτοῦ, Mt 26:36; ἐν δεξιᾷ, He 1:3; ἐκ δεξιῶν, Mt 20:21, 23; ἐν, Re 3:21; καθίσας pleonastic (M, Pr., 14; Dalman, Words, 22), Mt 13:48, Lk 5:3 14:31 16:6; of settling in a place (ἐς χωρίον, Thuc., iv, 93), seq. ἐν, Lk 24:49 (cf. ἀνα-, ἐπι-, παρα-, περι-, συν-καθίζω).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

καθίζω,
  Ionic dialect κατ-, imperfect κάθιζον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.426, al.; in Prose ἐκάθιζον Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.4.6, Dinarchus Orator 2.13 : future καθέσω Eupolis Comicus 12.11 Demosthenes Orator ; καθίσω (intransitive) Apollodorus Damascenus Mechanicus Comedy texts 5 ; Ionic dialect κατίσω (transitive) Herodotus Historicus 4.190 ; Attic dialect also καθιῶ Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2. 1.4, Demosthenes Orator 24.25, 39.11, “IG” 22.778.13 (3rd c.BC) ; Doric dialect καθιξῶ Bion Bucolicus “fragment” 10.16 : aorist 1 καθεῖσα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.389, al., subjunctive καθέσω “hymnus ad Apollinem” cited in Thucydides Historicus 3.104 ; infinitive καθέσαι “IG” 22.46 aB*21, 25 (5th-4th c.BC) ; poetry κάθεσσα Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 5.42 codices; this aorist καθεῖσα has Ms. authority in Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 31 (ἐγκαθ-, Med.), “Ph.” 1188, Herodotus Historicus 1.88, 4.79, Thucydides Historicus 7.82, but we also find Ep. κάθῐσα, Ion. κάτ- (for which κάθεσα, κάτεσον, etc., should perhaps be restored), Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.280 (variant{κάθεσαν}), al., Herodotus Historicus 1.89, 2.126, καθῖσα Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 911, Thucydides Historicus 6.66 (to be read καθεῖσα), later ἐκάθῐσα Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6.1.23, Menander Comicus 544, etc., compare 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 3.89 ; also Epic dialect participle καθίσσας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.488 ; Doric dialect καθίξας Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 1.12, subjunctive καθίξῃ prev. work 51 ; late participle καθιζήσας, subjunctive -ζήσῃ, Dio Cassius Historicus 54.30, 37.27 : perfect κεκάθῐκα Diodorus Siculus Historicus 17.115, NT.Heb.12.2, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 323.23 :—middle, imperfect ἐκαθιζόμην Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 824, κὰδ.. ἵζ- Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.50 : future καθιζήσομαι Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 229a, “Euthd.” 278b, (προσ-) Aeschines Orator 3.167, later καθίσομαι NT.Matt.19.28, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.583f, -ιοῦμαι LXX.Mal.3.3, al.: aorist 1 καθεσσάμην Anacreon Lyricus 111; also ἐκαθισάμην “SIG” 975.6 (Delos, 3rd c.BC), 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus, (ἐπ-, παρ-) Thucydides Historicus 4.130 codices, Demosthenes Orator 33.14 ; Epic dialect ἐκαθισσάμην Callimachus Epicus “Hymnus in Dianam” 233, καθισσάμην Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 4.278, 1219 :—passive, aorist 1 participle καθιζηθείς Dio Cassius Historicus 63.5:
__I causal, make to sit down, seat, ἄλλους μὲν κάθισον Τρῶας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.68; μή με κάθιζ᾽ 6.360; σ᾽ ἐπ᾽ ἐμοῖσιν ἐγὼ γούνεσσι καθίσσας 9.488; κὰδ δ᾽ εἷσ᾽ ἐν θαλάμῳ 3.382; τὴν μὲν.. καθεῖσεν ἐπὶ θρόνου 18.389; κατίσαι τινὰ ἐπ᾽ οἰκήματος Herodotus Historicus 2.121 .; καθιεῖν τινα εἰς τὸν θρόνον, i.e. to make him king, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.1.4; ἐπὶ θρόνον Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ κακιῶν ί” p.22 Josephus Historicus
__I.2 set, place, τὸν μὲν.. καθεῖσεν ἐπ᾽ ἠϊόεντι Σκαμάνδρῳ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.36; κὰδ δ᾽ ἐν Ἀθήνῃς εἷσεν 2.549; Κρόνον.. Ζεὺς γαίης νέρθε καθεῖσε 14.204; καθίζειν τινὰ εἰς δόμον Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 1541 ; κ. στρατόν encamp it, prev. author “Heracl.” 664, compare Thucydides Historicus 4.90; κ. τὸ στράτευμα ἐς Χωρίον ἐπιτήδειον prev. author 6.66; σύλλογον εἰς Χωρίον κ., Χωρὶς μὲν τοὺς ὁπλίτας, Χωρὶς δὲ τοὺς ἱππέας Plato Philosophus “Leges” 755e.
__I.2.b post watchers, guards, etc., σκοπὸς ὅν ῥα καθεῖσεν Αἴγισθος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.524 ; κατίσαι φυλάκους set guards, Herodotus Historicus 1.89, compare Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.2.14; ἄλλους κάτισον ἀγαγὼν κατὰ τὰς.. πύλας Herodotus Historicus 3.155; κ. ἐνέδραν Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Publicola” 19 : rarely of things, τι ἐπὶ τηγάνοις Pherecrates Comicus 127.
__I.3 set up, ἀνδριάντα κάθεσσαν Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 5.42 codices:—middle, καθέσσασθαι Anacreon Lyricus 111, Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 4.1219.
__I.4 cause an assembly, court, etc., to take their seats, convene, ἀγορὰς ἠμὲν λύει ἠδὲ καθίζει Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.69 ; ὅταν καθέσωσιν ἀγῶνα “hymnus ad Apollinem” cited in Thucydides Historicus 3.104; κ. τὸ δικαστήριον Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 305, compare Demosthenes Orator 39.11, “IG” 22.778.13; νομοθέτας Demosthenes Orator 24.25, probably in prev. author 3.10 ; but κ. τινὶ δικαστήν appoint a judge to try a person, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 874a; ἐάν τε Χιλίους ἐάν θ᾽ ὁποσουσοῦν ἡ πόλις καθίσῃ Demosthenes Orator 21.223 ; constitute, establish, δικαστήρια Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 298e; βουλὴν ἐπίσκοπον πάντων Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Solon” 19.
__I.5 put into a certain condition, especially in the phrase κλαίοντά τινα κ set him aweeping, κλάοντα καθέσω ς᾽ Eupolis Comicus same place, compare Plato Philosophus “Ion” 535e, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.2.15; but prev. work 14 κλαίειν τινὰ κ . to make him weep: for Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 1.51, see at {ἀκράτιστος}.
__I.6 marry, γυναῖκας ἀλλοτρίας LXX.Neh.13.27, compare 23.
__II intransitive, take one's seat, sit, absolutely, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.394, etc. ; μετ᾽ ἀθανάτοισι, ἐν θρόνοισι καθίζειν, 15.50, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.422 ; ἐν θώκοισι Herodotus Historicus 1.181 ; ἐπὶ τοῖς ἐργαστηρίοις or τῶν -ίων, Isocrates Orator 18.9, 7.15; ἐπὶ σκίμποδα Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 254; ἐπὶ δένδρου Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 614a34 (but κ. ἐπὶ κώπην , of rowers, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 197) ; of suppliants, κ. ἐπὶ τὸν βωμόν Thucydides Historicus 1.126, Lysias Orator 13.24; εἰς γόνυ Diodorus Siculus Historicus 17.115: in Poets also with acc., κ. τρίποδα Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 366, “El.” 980 ; βωμόν, ὀμφαλόν, ἱερά, prev. author “HF” 48, “Ion” 6, 1317.
__II.2 sit, recline at meals, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.4.2.
__II.3 sit as judge, Herodotus Historicus 1.97, 5.25, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 659b, Philo Judaeus 1.382 ; hold a session, of the πρόεδροι, Demosthenes Orator 24.89, compare “Hermes” 17.5 (from Delos).
__II.4 reside, μετά τινος LXX.Ruth.2.23 (3.1); ἐν πόλει LXX.Neh.11.1.
__II.5 settle, sink down, ἐπὶ τὰ ἰσχία καθίσαι τὼ ἵππω Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 254c; καθίσας ὁ φελλὸς ἀνοίξει τὸν κρουνόν 2nd-1st c.BC(?): Hero Mechanicus “(Spiritalia) Pneumatica” 1.20.
__II.6 of ships, run aground, be stranded, Polybius Historicus 1.39.3, 1st cStrabo Geographus 2.3.4.
__III middle in intransitive sense, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.50 (in tmesi), Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 15.3, etc.; εἰς τὸν αὐτὸν θᾶκον Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 516e ; ἐὰν δὲ καθίζεσθαι κελεύσῃ if he order them to take their seats (among the spectators in the theatre), Demosthenes Orator 21.56 (nisi to be read καθέζεσθαι, as also prev. work162, both readings are found prev. work119) ; καθίζεσθαι ἢ κατακλινῆναι Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 228e.
__III.2 of birds, settle, alight, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 614b23.
__III.3 leave goods purchased in a market, “SIG” 975.6 (Delos, 3rd c.BC) .--Attic dialect in this signification accusative to 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀνακαθίζω G339 "rechtop zitten"; Grieks ἐπικαθίζω G1940 "zitten (gaan)"; Grieks καθέζομαι G2516 "zitten, zitten (gaan)"; Grieks παρακαθίζω G3869 "zitten naast"; Grieks συγκαθίζω G4776 "samenplaatsen";

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