G2537 καινός
nieuw
Taal: Grieks

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kainos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

καινός, -ή, -όν, [in LXX (Ez 11:19, al.) for חָדָשׁ H2319, exc. Is 65:15 (אַחֵר H312);] of that which is unused or unaccustomed, new in respect to form or quality, fresh, unused, novel: opp. to παλαιός, ἀρχαῖος, Mt 9:17 13:52, Mk 2:21, 22, Lk 5:36, 38, II Co 5:17, Eph 4:24; πλήρωμα, Mk 2:21; μνημεῖον, Mt 27:60, Jo 19:41; διαθήκη (T, WH, R, txt., omit), Lk 22:20, I Co 11:25, II Co 3:6, He 8:8(LXX), 13 9:15; οὐρανοί, γῆ, II Pe 3:13, Re 21:1(LXX) Ἰερουσαλήμ, Re 3:12 21:2; ἄνθρωπος, Eph 2:15 (cf. Ez 18:31); πάντα, Re 21:5; γέννημα τ. ἀμπέλου, Mt 26:29, Mk 14:25; διδαχή, Mk 1:27, Ac 17:19; ἐντολή, Jo 13:34, I Jn 2:7, 8, II Jn 5; ὄνομα, Re 2:17(LXX); ᾠδή, Re 5:9 14:3 (cf. Ps 143 (144):9); κτίσις, II Co 5:17, Ga 6:15; γλῶσσαι, Mk 16:[17]; compar., Ac 17:21.†

SYN.: νέος G3501, "the new primarily in reference to time, the young, recent; κ. . . . the new primarily in reference to quality, the fresh, unworn". Cf. Tr., Syn., § lx (the distinction, however, is less marked in late Gk.; cf. He 12:24 with He 8:8(LXX), 13 9:15 12:24 supr., and v. MM, Exp., xv).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

καινός, ή, όν,
  new, fresh, ἔργα οὔτ᾽ ὦν κ. οὔτε παλαιά Herodotus Historicus 9.26; κ. ὁμιλία Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 406 ; κ. λόγους φέρειν to bring news, prev. author “Ch.” 659 ; τίδ᾽ ἐστὶ κ.; Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 722, compare “Ph.” 52; τὰ κ. τοῖς πάλαι τεκμαίρεται prev. author “OT” 916; θυτῆρα καινῷ καινὸν ἐν πεπλώματι prev. author “Tr.” 613 ; ἢ βούλεσθε περιιόντες πυνθάνεσθαι, “λέγεταί τι κ.;” Demosthenes Orator 4.10; γένοιτ᾽ ἄν τι -ότερον ἤ.. prev. passage; ἐκ καινῆς (i.e. ἀρχῆς) anew, afresh, Thucydides Historicus 3.92, Theophrastus Philosophus “de Causis Plantarum” 5.1.11, “Jahresh.” 23 “Beibl.” 91 (Pamphyl., 1st c.AD) , etc. (also ἐκ καινοῦ “CPR” 244.14 (3rd c.AD)) ; especially of new dramas, τραγῳδῶν γιγνομένων καινῶν Aeschines Orator 3.34 ; briefly τραγῳδοῖς κ. at the representation of the new tragedies, Docum. cited in Demosthenes Orator 18.54; τραγῳδῶν τῇ κ. ἐπιδείξει prev. work55; καινῇ κωμῳδῶν, τραγῳδῶν, “CIG” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” 2759iii (from Aphrodisias) ; but κ. κωμῳδία, τραγῳδία, of a new style of drama, “IG” 7.1773 (Thebes, 2nd c.AD).
__2 newly-made, κύλικες, τριήρης, ὀθόνια, οἶνος, “SIG” 1026.26 (Cos, 4th-3rd c.BC), “IG” 22.1623.289, “PLond.” 2.402v12 (2nd c.BC), “Ostr.” 1142.4 (3rd c.AD).
__3 adverb -νῶς newly, afresh, Alexander Rhetor 240.4.
__II newly-invented, novel, καινότεραι τέχναι Batrachomyomachia 116; κ. προσφέρειν σοφά Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 298; ἔνθα τι κ. ἐλέχθη Philoxenus Epigrammaticus 3.23; οὐκ ἀείδω τὰ παλαιά, καινὰ γὰρ ἀμὰ κρείσσω Timotheus Lyricus “Fragmenta” 21 ; κ. θεοί strange gods, Plato Philosophus “Euthyphro” 3b; κ. δαιμόνια prev. author “Ap.” 24c; κ. τινες σοφισταί prev. author “Euthd.” 271b; κ. καὶ ἄτοπα ὀνόματα prev. author “R.” 405d ; καινὰ ἐπιμηχανᾶσθαι innovations, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.8.16 ; οὐδὲν -ότερον εἰσέφερε τῶν ἄλλων he introduced as little of anything new as others, prev. author “Mem.” 1.1.3, compare Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 115b; πεπόνθαμεν -ότατον Demosthenes Orator 35.26 ; τὸ κ. τοῦ πολέμου probably falsa lectio for{κενόν} (see. κενός), Thucydides Historicus 3.30 ; οὐ καινόν nothing to be surprised at, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ τῶν ἐντὸς παθῶν” 17 ; τὸ -ότατον what is strangest, parenthetically, Lucianus Sophista “Nigr.” 22, al.; εἰ Χρὴ -ότατα μᾶλλον ἢ κακουργότατα εἰπεῖν Antipho Orator 2.4.2. adverb, μὴ σὺ -νῶς μοι λάλει in new, strange style, Alexander Rhetor 144, compare Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 267b : comparative -οτέρως, νοῆσαι περί τινος Aristoteles Philosophus “de Caelo” 308b31 ; without precedent, -νῶς κατακριθῆναι “OGI” 669.46,49 (Egypt, 1st c.AD).
__III κ. ἄνθρωπος, = Latin novus homo, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Cat.Ma.” 1 ; πράγματακ., = res novae, prev. author “Cic.” 14, compare 2.212c.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀνακαινίζω G340 "vernieuwen"; Grieks ἀνακαινόω G341 "nieuw maken"; Grieks καινότης G2538 "nieuwheid"; Grieks νέος G3501 "pasgeboren, jong, jeugdig, nieuw";

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