G2919 κρίνω
scheiden, schiften, onderscheiden, kiezen, goedkeuren, achten, beslissen, besluiten, richten, oordelen
Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κρίνω, [in LXX chiefly for שׁפט H8199, also for דּין H1777, ריב H7378, etc.;] 1. to separate, select, choose (cl.; in LXX: II Mac 13:15). 2. to approve, esteem: Ro 14:5. 3. to be of opinion, judge, think: Lk 7:43, I Co 11:13; seq. τοῦτο ὅτι, II Co 5:14; c. acc. et inf., Ac 16:15; c. acc. et pred., Ac 13:46 26:8. 4. to decide, determine, decree: c. acc., Ac 16:4, Ro 14:13, I Co 7:37, II Co 2:1; c. inf. (Field, Notes, 167), Ac 20:16 25:25, I Co 2:2 5:3, Tit 3:12 (cf. I Mac 11:33, Wi 8:9, al.); c. acc. et inf., Ac 21:25 27:1. 5. to judge, adjudge, pronounce judgment: absol., Jo 8:16, 26; seq. κατά, c. acc., Jo 7:24 8:15; κρίσιν κ., Jo 7:24; τ. δίκαιον, Lk 12:57 (Deiss., LAE, 118); in forensic sense, Jo 18:31, Ac 23:3, al.; pass., Ro 3:4(LXX); of God's judgment, Jo 5:30 8:50, Ro 2:16 3:6, II Ti 4:1, I Pe 4:5, al. 6. = κατακρίνω, to condemn (cl.): Ac 13:27; of God's judgment, Jo 3:18 5:22 12:47, 48, Ac 7:7, Ro 2:12, I Co 11:32, He 10:30(LXX), Ja 5:9, Re 19:2, al. 7. As in LXX (for שׁפט H8199), to rule, govern (IV Ki 15:5, Ps 2:10, al.): Mt 19:28, Lk 22:30, I Co 6:3. 8. to bring to trial (cl.); mid., to go to law: c. dat. pers., Mt 5:40; seq. μετά, c. gen. pers. (of the opponent), ἐπί, c. gen. (of the judge), I Co 6:1, 6 (cf. ἀνα-, ἀπο-, ἀντ-απο- (-μαι), δια-, ἐν-, ἐπι-, κατα-, συν-, ὑπο- (-μαι), συν-υπο- (-μαι)).

SYN.: v.s. δικάστης.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κρίνω ῑ,
  Epic dialect 3rd.person etc for 1st.person, 2nd.person singular indicative κρίνησι (δια-) falsa lectio in Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 25.46 : future κρῐνῶ, Epic dialect, Ionic dialect κρῐνέω (δια-) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.387 : aorist ἔκρῑνα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.264 , etc.: perfect κέκρῐκα Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Leges” 734c , etc.:—middle, future κρῐνοῦμαι Euripides Tragicus “Med.” 609 , but in passive sense, Plato Philosophus “Grg.” 521e : aorist ἐκρῑνάμην Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.521 , etc.:—passive, future κρῐθήσομαι Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Eumenides” 677, Antipho Orator 6.37 , etc.: aorist ἐκρίθην ῐ Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 7.7, etc.; 3rd.pers. etc for 1st.pers., 2nd.pers. pl. κρίθεν prev\. author “P.” 4.168, ἔκριθεν Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 4.1462 ; Epic dialect optative κρινθεῖτε (δια-) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.102 , participle κρινθείς 13.129, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.48 , infinitive κρινθήμεναι Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 2.148 : perfect κέκρῐμαι Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 2.30, Andocides Orator 4.35 , etc.; infinitive κεκρίσθαι (ἀπο-) Plato Philosophus “Men.” 75c: — Aeol. κρίννω uncertain in “IG” 12(2).278 (Mytil.) : aorist ἔκριννε prev. work 6.28(Mytil., ἐπ-); infinitive κρίνναι prev. work 526b15 :—Thess. present infinitive κρεννέμεν prev. work9(2).517.14 (from Larissa) :—separate, put asunder, distinguish, ὅτε τε ξανθὴ Δημήτηρ κρίνῃ.. καρπόν τε καὶ ἄχνας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.501, etc.; κρῖν᾽ ἄνδρας κατὰ φῦλα 2.362. compare 446; ἥλιος ἠὼ καὶ δύσιν ἔκρινεν Empedocles Poeta Philosophus 154.1; κ. τὸ ἀληθές τε καὶ μή Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Theaetetus” 150b; τούς τε ἀγαθοὺς καὶ τοὺς κακούς Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “Memorabilia” 3.1.9 , etc.:—also middle, ἀντία δ᾽ ἐκρίναντο δέμας καὶ σήματ᾽ ἔθεντο χωρὶς ἀπ᾽ ἀλλήλων Parmenides Poeta Philosophus {4-5th c.BC} 8.55 :—passive, κρινόμενον πῦρ Empedocles Poeta Philosophus 62.2 .
__II pick out, choose, ἐν δ᾽ ἐρέτας ἔκρινεν ἐείκοσιν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.309; ἐκ Λυκίης.. φῶτας ἀρίστους 6.188, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.666, 9.90, 195, 14.217, etc.; κ. τινὰ ἐκ πάντων Herodotus Historicus 6.129; κρίνασα δ᾽ ἀστῶν.. τὰ βέλτατα Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Eumenides” 487; δίδωμί σοι κρίναντι χρῆσθαι Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 641 , etc.:—middle, κρίνασθαι ἀρίστους to choose the best, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.521, compare 19.193, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.408, 530, etc.: —passive, to be chosen out, distinguished, ἵνα τε κρίνονται ἄριστοι 24.507 ; especiallyin partt., κεκριμένος picked out, chosen, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.417, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.182, al., Herodotus Historicus 3.31; κρινθείς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.129, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.48; ἀρετᾷ κριθείς distinguished for.., Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 7.7; κριθέντων ἐν τοῖς ἱερέοις approved.. , “GDI” 2049.15 (Delph.); ἀσπίδα.. κεκριμένην ὕδατι καὶ πολέμῳ proved by sea and land, “AP” 9.42 (Leonidas Alexandrinus Epigrammaticus); ἐν ζῶσι κεκριμένα numbered among.., conjecture in Euripides Tragicus “Supp.” 969 (Lyric poetry); εἰς τοὺς ἐφήβους κριθείς Lucianus Sophista “Am.” 2 .
__II.2 decide disputes, κρίνων νείκεα πολλά Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.440; ἔκριναν μέγα νεῖκος.. πολέμοιο 18.264 : c.accusative cognate, οἳ.. σκολιὰς κρίνωσι θέμιστας judge crooked judgements, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.387; κ. δίκας Herodotus Historicus 2.129; κρῖνε δ᾽ εὐθεῖαν δίκην Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Eumenides” 433 , etc.; πρώτας δίκας κρίνοντες αἵματος prev. work 682; κρινεῖ δὲ δὴ τίς ταῦτ; Aristophanes Comicus “Ra.” 805; κ. κρίσιν Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Respublica” 36o e; ἄριστα κ. Thucydides Historicus 6.39 ; κρίνουσι βοῇ καὶ οὐ ψήφῳ they decide the question.., prev\. author 1.87; μίσει πλέον ἢ δίκῃ κ. prev\. author 3.67; τὸ δίκαιον κ. Isocrates Orator {5-6th c.BC} 14.10 ; τῷ τοῦτο κρίνει; by what do you form this judgement? Aristophanes Comicus “Pl.” 48; κ. περί τινος Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 5.40, Plato Philosophus “Ap.” 35d, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rh.” 1391b9, etc.: — passive, ἀγὼν κριθήσεται Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Eumenides” 677 ; κἂν ἰσόψηφος κριθῇ (i.e. ἡ δίκη) prev. work 741: impers., κριθησόμενον a decision being about to be taken, Arrianus Historicus “An.” 3.9.6.
__II.2.b decide a contest, e.g. for a prize, ἀγῶνα κ. Aristophanes Comicus {5-6th c.BC} “Ranae” 873; ἔργον ἐν κύβοις Ἄρης κρινεῖ Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Septem contra Thebas” 414 : with accusative person, κ. τὰς θεάς decide their contest, i.e. judge them, Euripides Tragicus “IA” 72: —passive, prev\. author “Supp.” 601 (Lyric poetry); αἱ μάχαι κρίνονται ταῖς ψυχαῖς Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.3.19 :—middle and passive, of persons, have a contest decided, come to issue, κρινώμεθ᾽ Ἄρηϊ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.385, compare 18.209; ὁπότε μνηστῆρσι καὶ ἡμῖν.. μένος κρίνηται Ἄρηος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.269; βίηφι κ. {8-7th c.BC}: Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 882 ; dispute, contend, Aristophanes Comicus “Nu.” 66; περὶ ἀρετῆς Herodotus Historicus 3.120; οὐ κρινοῦμαι.. σοι τὰ πλείονα Euripides Tragicus “Med.” 609; δίκῃ περί τινος κρίνεσθαι Thucydides Historicus 4.122 ; κρίνεσθαι μετά τινος variant in LXX.Judg.8.1, LXX.Job.9.3; πολλαῖς μάχαις κριθείς Nicolaus Damascenus Historicus 20 Josephus Historicus +1st c.BC+; compete in games, with accusative cognate, κριθέντα Πύθια “JRS” 3.295 (Antioch. Pisid.) : perfect participle, decided, clear, strong, κεκριμένος οὖρος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.19 ; πόνοι κεκρ. decided, ended, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 4.1.
__II.2.c win a battle, τὴν μάχην Ἀννίβας ἔκρινε Polybius Historicus 3.117.11 .
__II.3 adjudge, κράτος τινί Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 443 :—passive, τοῖς οὔτε νόστος.. κρίθη Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 8.84; τὰ κριθησόμενα _the sum adjudged to be paid, PLips. 38.13 (4th c.AD).
__II.3.b absolutely, judge, give judgement, ἄκουσον.. καὶ κρῖνον Aristophanes Comicus {5-6th c.BC} “fragment” 473; ἀδίκως κ. Pherecrates Comicus 96, compare Menander Comicus “Mon.” 287, 576.
__II.3.c in Medicine texts, bring to a crisis, τὸ θερμὸν φίλιόν ἐστι καὶ κρῖνον Hippocrates Medicus “ἀφορισμοί” 5.22; κ. τὰ νοσήματα Galenus Medicus “Nat. Fac.” 1.13 , al.:—passive, of a sick person, come to a crisis, ἐκρίθη εἰκοσταῖος Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 1.15 (also impersonal in active, ἔκρινε τούτοισιν ἑνδεκαταίοισιν the crisis came.., prev. work 18); τοῦ πάθους κριθέντος Diodorus Siculus Historicus 19.24 .
__II.4 judge of, estimate, πρὸς ἐμαυτὸν κρίνων αὐτόν judging of him by myself, Demosthenes Orator 21.154; πρὸς ἀργύριον τὴν εὐδαιμονίαν κ. Isocrates Orator {5-6th c.BC} 4.76 :—passive, ἴσον παρ᾽ ἐμοὶ κέκριται Herodotus Historicus 7.16. α᾽; εὔνοιακαιρῷ κρίνεται Menander Comicus {4-3rd c.BC} 691 .
__II.5 expound, interpret in a particular way, τὸ ἐνύπνιον ταύτῃ ἔκριναν Herodotus Historicus 1.120, compare 7.19, Aeschylus Tragicus “Pr.” 485, etc.: —in middle, ὁ γέρων ἐκρίνατ᾽ ὀνείρους Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.150 .
__II.6 with accusative et infinitive, decide or judge that.., Herodotus Historicus 1.30, 214, Plato Philosophus “Tht.” 17o d, etc.; κρίνω σὲ νικᾶν Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Choephori” 903 ; so, with the infinitive omitted, ἀνδρῶν πρῶτον κ. τινά Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 34; Ἔρωτα δ᾽ ὅστις μὴ θεὸν κρίνει μέγαν Euripides Tragicus “fragment” 269; τὴν πόλιν ἀθλιωτάτην ἔκρινας Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Respublica” 578b; ἐκ τῶν λόγων μὴ κρῖνε.. σοφόν Philemo Comicus {4-3rd c.BC} 228 :—passive, Ἑλλήνων ἕνα κριθέντ᾽ ἄριστον Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1345, compare Thucydides Historicus 2.40, etc.
__II.7 decide in favour of, prefer, choose, κρίνω δ᾽ ἄφθονον ὄλβον Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Agamemnon” 471, compare “Supp.” 396 (both Lyric poetry); τὴν ἐλπίδα τῆς τύχης πάρος Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 724; τινὰ πρό τινος Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Respublica” 399e, compare “Phlb.” 57e; τι πρός τι prev\. author “Phd.” 110a (passive); εἴ σφε κρίνειεν Πάρις Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 928, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Av.” 1103, “Ec.” 1155 ; choose between, δύ᾽ ἔσθ᾽ ἃ κρῖναι τὸν γαμεῖν μέλλοντα δεῖ, ἤτοι προσηνῆ γ᾽ ὄψιν ἢ χρηστὸν τρόπον Menander Comicus {4-3rd c.BC} 584 .
__II.8 c.infinitive only, determine to do a thing, “UPZ” 42.37 (2nd c.BC), NT.Tit.3.12, NT.1Cor.2.2, etc.; ζῆν μεθ᾽ ὧν κρίνῃ τις ἄν (i.e. ζῆν) with whom he chooses to live, Menander Comicus 506; but τὸ βιάζεσθαι οὐκ ἔκρινε Diodorus Siculus Historicus 15.32 .
__II.9 form a judgement of a thing, μὴ κρῖν᾽ ὁρῶν τὸ κάλλος Menander Comicus {4-3rd c.BC} “Μονόστιχοι - Fragmenta Comicorum Graecorum” 333 .
__III in Trag., question, αὐτὸν.. ἅπας λεὼς κρίνει παραστάς Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 195 ; εἴ νιν πρὸς βίαν κρίνειν θέλοις prev. work 388; καὶ κρῖνε κἀξέλεγχ᾽ prev\. author “Ant.” 399; μὴ κρῖνε, μὴ 'ξέταζε prev\. author “Aj.” 586; σέ τοι, σὲ κρίνω prev\. author “El.” 1445 .
__III.2 bring to trial, accuse, Demosthenes Orator 2.29, 18.15, 19.233; κ. θανάτου judge (in matters) of life and death, Xenophon Historicus “Cyr.” 1.2.14; κ. τινὰ προδοσίας Lycurgus Orator 113; περὶ προδοσίας Isocrates Orator {5-6th c.BC} 15.129 ; κ. τινὰ κακώσεως ἐπαρχίας, Latin repetundarum, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Caes.” 4: —passive, to be brought to trial, Thucydides Historicus 6.29; θανάτου (δίκῃ add. codex B) prev\. author 3.57; Λεωκράτους τοῦ κρινομένου Lycurgus Orator 1 ; κρίνομαι πρὸς Σωφρόνη; Menander Comicus “Epit.” 529; τρὶς κρίνεται παρ᾽ ὑμῖν περὶ θανάτου Demosthenes Orator 4.47; ἐκρίνετο τὴν περὶ Ὠρωποῦ κρίσιν θανάτου prev\. author 21.64 : with genitive criminis, κρίνεσθαι δώρων Lysias Orator 27.3: κ. ἐπ᾽ ἀδικήματι Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus {1-2nd c.AD} 2.241e : absolutely, ὁ κεκριμένος Aeschines Orator 2.159 .
__III.3 pass sentence upon, condemn, Demosthenes Orator 19.232: — passive, to be judged, condemned, κακούργου.. ἐστι κριθέντ᾽ ἀποθανεῖν prev\. author 4.47; μὴ κρίνετε, ἵνα μὴ κριθῆτε NT.Matthew.7.1 ; τὰ κεκριμένα the judgement of a court, “PRyl.” 76.8 (2nd c.AD). (κρῐ-ν -yω ἐ-κρῐ-ν-σα, cf. Latin cerno (from *cr icaron-n-), crībrum (from *crei-dhrom).)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀνακρίνω G350 "onderzoeken, beoordelen"; Grieks διακρίνω G1252 "schiften, onderscheid maken, voorkeur geven"; Grieks εἰλικρινής G1506 "zuiver, rein, onberispelijk"; Grieks ἐπικρίνω G1948 "beslissen, uitspraak doen, goedkeuren"; Grieks κατακρίνω G2632 "schuldig achten, veroordelen"; Grieks κρίμα G2917 "beslissing, vonnis, proces"; Grieks κριτής G2923 "scheidsrechter, rechtspreker"; Grieks πρόκριμα G4299 "vooroordeel"; Grieks συγκρίνω G4793 "samenstellen, verbinden, uitleggen, verklaren, vergelijken"; Grieks ὑποκρίνομαι G5271 "upokrinomai";

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