G3004 λέγω
zeggen, spreken
Taal: Grieks

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'lego, ww een grondwoord; TDNT - 4:69,505;


1) zeggen, spreken 1a) verklaren, handhaven 1b) onderwijzen 1c) aansporen, aanraden, bevelen, aanwijzing geven 1d) met woorden naar voren brengen, bedoelen, willen zeggen 1e) bij name roepen, roepen, noemen 1f) hardop spreken, praten over


Bronnen

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

λέγω,
  
__B pick up, etc.: tenses for signification 1 and 11, future λέξω Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.224 : aorist ἔλεξα Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 292 :—middle, future in passive sense λέξομαι Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 322 : aorist ἐλεξάμην Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.27 (_transitive_) ; Epic dialect ἐλέγμην Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.335; λέκτο 4.451 :—passive, aorist ἐλέχθην Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.188: also post- Homerus Epicus in these senses, but only in _composition_, especially with ἀπο-, ἐκ-, κατα-, συν -; post- Homerus Epicus perfect εἴλοχα (κατ-, συν-), passive εἴλεγμαι, in these senses rarely λέλεγμαι (see. the compounds); also future λεγήσομαι (συλ-): aorist 2 ἐλέγην (κατ-, συν-):—gather, pick up, ὀστέα.. λέγωμεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.239, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24. 72, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 8.53 ; αἱμασιάς τε λέγων picking out stones for building walls, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.359 (ubi see Scholia, compare λογάς 2), compare 24.224 :—middle, gather for oneself, ἐπὶ δὲ ξύλα πολλὰ λέγεσθε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.507; ὀστέα λευκὰ λέγοντο 24.793; φάρμακα λέξασθαι Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 3.807.
__B.2 middle, choose for oneself, pick out, λέξαιτο.. ἄνδρας ἀρίστους Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.108; κούρους Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.27 :—passive, to be chosen, εἰ.. λεγοίμεθα πάντες ἄριστοι 13.276.
__B.II count, tell, ἐν δ᾽ ἡμέας λέγε κήτεσιν he counted us among the seals, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.452 ; and in aorist middle, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.125 ; ἐγὼ πέμπτος μετὰ τοῖσιν ἐλέγμην I reckoned myself.., Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.335 ; λέκτο δ᾽ ἀριθμόν he told him over the number, 4.451 :—passive, μετὰ τοῖσιν ἐλέχθην I was counted among these, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.188.
__B.II.b so, but not frequently, after Homerus Epicus, λ. ποντιᾶν ψάφων ἀριθμόν Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 13.46, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 570; καθ᾽ ἓν ἕκαστον λ. Isocrates Orator 2.45 ; also καὶ σὲ δ᾽ ἐν τούτοις λέγω count you among.., Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 973 ; λ. τινὰ οὐδαμοῦ count him as naught, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 183 ; κέρδος λ., εἰ.. count it gain, that.., prev. work 462 :—middle, λέξατο πάντας ναύτας Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.189 :—passive, λέγεσθαι ἐν τοῖς ἱππικωτάτοις Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 11.20; ἐνὶ πρώτῃσι λέγεσθαι Callimachus Epicus “Hymnus in Delum” 16 : future middle in passive sense, ἐν τοῖς οὐκέτ᾽ οὖσι λέξομαι Euripides Tragicus prev. cited
__B.II.2 recount, tell over, οὔ τι διαπρήξαιμι λέγων ἐμὰ κήδεα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.197; σὺ δέ μοι λέγε θέσκελα ἔργα 11.374; τὰ ἕκαστα λέγων 12.165; ὅσα τ᾽ αὐτὸς.. ἐμόγησε, πάντ᾽ ἔλεγ᾽ 23.308: so in Trag., λ. τύχας, πάθη, μόχθους, etc., Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 633, “Pers.” 292, “Ag.” 555, etc. ; also Ἀγαμέμνονι.. λέγ᾽ ὀνείδεα repeated reproaches against him, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.222; so perhaps ψεύδεα πολλὰ λ. Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 27 (but see below 111): —middle, τί σε χρὴ ταῦτα λέγεσθα; why need'st thou tell the tale thereof? Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.275 ; and so, μηκέτι ταῦτα λεγώμεθα νηπύτιοι ὥς prev. work 292, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.240, 13.296; μηκέτι νῦν δήθ᾽ αὖθι λεγώμεθα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.435.
__B.III say, speak, first in Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 27 (see. above 11.2) : future λέξω Empedocles Poeta Philosophus 38.1, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 859, Herodotus Historicus 4.14, Thucydides Historicus 2.48, Antipho Orator 6.33, etc. : aorist ἔλεξα Anacreon Lyricus 45, Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 217e, Antipho Orator 1.15 (rare in Plato Philosophus and the Orators, common in some dialects, as Boeotian, “IG” 7.504.2 (from Tanagra), Thessalian, prev. work9(2).461.21, Ionic, variant in Hippocrates Medicus “Aër.” 12): perfect λέλεχα Galenus Medicus 16.249, λέλεγα and λέλογας 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus (εἴρηκα in correct writers) :—passive, future λεχθήσομαι Thucydides Historicus 5.86, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 67c, etc. : also future middle in passive sense, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1186, Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 906 (Lyric poetry), etc.; and λελέξομαι Thucydides Historicus 3.53 (variant{λέξεται}), Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 457b: aorist ἐλέχθην (never ἐλέγην in this sense) Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1442, Thucydides Historicus 6.32, etc. : perfect λέλεγμαι Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 8.20, Herodotus Historicus 2.21, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 389, etc. (εἴλεγμαι in this sense only in compound δι-): rare in compounds (only ἀντιλέγω, ἐπιλέγω, καταλέγω, προλέγω), the present in most compounds being supplied by ἀγορεύω, the future by ἐρῶ, the aorist by εἶπον, the perfect by εἴρηκα:
__B.III.1 say, speak, never in Homerus Epicus, first in Hesiodus Epicus same place, frequently from Herodotus Historicus and Trag. downwards; of all kinds of oral communications, ἐκέλευε λέγειν εἴ τι θέλοι Herodotus Historicus 8.58 ; so λέγοις ἄν speak, say on, Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 268e, etc.; λ. μῦθον Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 698 (troch.); ψευδῆ λ. prev. author “Ag.” 625; ἀληθῆ λ. Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 12b (so in passive, λόγος λέλεκται πᾶς Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 389) ; of oracles, say, declare, Herodotus Historicus 8.136 ; ὥσπερ τοὔνομα λέγει indicates, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 312c: with Preps., λ. ἀμφί τινος Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 1017, Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 580; περί τινος Xenophanes Poeta Philosophus 34.2, Democritus Epigrammaticus 165, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 151 (anap.), Thucydides Historicus 2.48 ; ὑπέρ τινος in his defence, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 555, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.7.16 ; κατά τινος against him, Theognis Elegiacus 1240a, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.5.2 ; λ. ἐπί τισι εὐχὰς ἀγαθάς express good wishes for them, Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 625 (anap.) ; λ. τά τινος take his part, Demosthenes Orator 8.64 ; λ. πρός τι in reference or in answer to.., Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 753, etc.; εἴς τι Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.5.1.
__B.III.2 with accusative et infinitive, say that.., Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 2.59, etc.: with neg. οὐ, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 348c, etc., but μή prev. work 346e, Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 4.5 (Pass.) , and usually in later Gr., LXX.Gen.38.22; λ. μὴ εἶναι ἀνάστασιν NT.Matt.22.23: frequently also followed by ὡς, ὅτι (generally so in the Act. voice) when the subject of the relative clause may become the object of the principal Verb, γυναῖκα λέγουσιν, ὡς κάθηται.. Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.3.5, etc.: rarely with +NT+5th c.BC+participle, λ. Οἰδίπουν ὀλωλότα speak of him as dead, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1580; λέγουσιν ἡμᾶς ὡς ὀλωλότας Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 672; λέξασ᾽ ἀδελφῷ σ᾽ ἐνθάδ᾽ ὄντα Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 888 :—passive, λέξεται ἔχων prev. author “IT” 1047, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 170 (conjecture).
__B.III.3 λέγειν τινά τι say something of another, especially κακὰ λ. τινά speak ill of him, revile him, Herodotus Historicus 8.61; ἀγαθὰ λ. τινάς Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 435 ; τὰ ἔσχατα, τὰ ἀπόρρητα λ. ἀλλήλους, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.2.9, Demosthenes Orator 18.123 ; also εὖ or κακῶς λ. τινά, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 445 (Lyric poetry), Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 524, compare 1028; εὖ λ. τὸν εὖ λέγοντα Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.3.8.
__B.III.4 call by name, ἃς τρέμομεν λ. Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 128 (Lyric poetry) : with double accusative, call so and so, λέγοιμ᾽ ἂν ἄνδρα τόνδε τῶν σταθμῶν κύνα Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 896, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 939 codices, Herodotus Historicus 1.32, etc.
__B.III.5 λ. τινὰ ποιεῖν τι tell, command one to do, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 553, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 101, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.1.22, etc. : so with τινι, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 840, Demosthenes Orator 19.150 (no object expressed in Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 925, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 856) ; λέγε τὸν ἐρωτῶντα ἵνα.. εἴπῃ σοι.. Astrampsychus Onirocriticus “Oracula” p.1 H.; ὡς ὁ νόμος λέγει Demosthenes Orator 22.20; ὁ λέγων μὴ μοιχεύειν NT.Rom.2.22.
__B.III.6 λ. τι say something, i.e. speak to the point or purpose, βούλῃ λέγειν τι, καὶ λέγων μηδὲν κλύει; Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 757 ; λέγω τ; am I right? the answer being λέγεις, prev. author “OT” 1475; κινδυνεύεις τι λέγειν Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 404a; ἴσως ἄν τι λέγοις Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.1.12, compare “Cyr.” 1.4.20 ; opposed to οὐδὲν λέγει has no meaning, no authority, οὐδὲν λ. τὸ σωφρόνως τραφῆναι Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 334, compare “V.” 75 ; οὐδὲν λέγεις nonsense! prev. author “Th.” 625 ; but οὐδὲν λέγειν, also, say what is not, lie, prev. author “Av.” 66, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 30b ; also εὖ γε λέγεις, εὖ λέγεις, εὖ ἂν λέγοις, good news!, that is well!, prev. work 24e, “Grg.” 447b, “Prt.” 310b ; καλῶς, ὀρθῶς λ., you are right, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.3.4, 3.6.8 ; κοὔπω λέγω and what is more, Herodas Mimographus 7.44 ; τί λέγει; τὸν ἔποπα παῖ καλεῖ; Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 57, compare “Ec.” 298 (Lyric poetry).
__B.III.7 pleonastic, ἔφη λέγων Herodotus Historicus 3.156, 5.36; ἔλεγε φάς prev. author 1.122; ἔφασκε λέγων Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 472; ἦ δ᾽ ὃς λέγων prev. author “V.” 795; ὡς ἔφη λέγων Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 757; καὶ λέγων εἶπεν οὕτω πως Demosthenes Orator 8.74, etc.
__B.III.8 at the beginning of letters or documents, Ἄμασις Πολυκράτεϊ ὧδε λέγει.., Μαρδόνιος τάδε λέγει.., etc., Herodotus Historicus 3.40, 8.140 . ά, etc.; τὰ γράμματα ἔλεγε τάδε prev. author 1.124, etc. ; γράμμασι λέγον τάδε, of an inscription, Thucydides Historicus 6.54 : in roman edicts, Μάρκος Μέττιος Ῥοῦφος.. λέγει “POxy.” 237 viii 28 (1st c.AD).
__B.III.9 wish to say, mean, οὔτοι γυναῖκας ἀλλὰ Γοργόνας λέγω Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 48 ; τί τοῦτο λέγει, πρὸ Πύλοι; what does πρὸ Πύλοιο mean? Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1059, compare 1021, 1375, “Ec.” 989, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 60e: frequently in Platonic dialogue, πῶς λέγεις ; how do you mean? in what sense do you say this? Ap. 24e, al. ; ἢ πῶς λέγομε; or what do we mean to say? Grg. 480b ; πῶς δὴ οὖν αὐτὸ λέγει; “Phdr.” 265c ; ποῖόν τί ποτε ἄρα λέγοντές φασι.. what they can possibly mean by saying.., “Tht.” 181c, al.: with double acc., τοιοῦτόν τι σὲ λέγειν τὸ κρεῖττον “Grg.” 489d, al.: frequently (especially in Trag.) to explain more fully, εἴσω κομίζου καὶ σύ, Κασάνδραν λέγω you, I mean Cassandra, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1035; ὁ μάντις, υἱὸν Οἰκλέους λ. prev. author “Th.” 609, compare 658 (variant), “Pr.” 946; ποταμός, Ἀχελῷον λέγω Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 9, compare 1220, “Ph.” 1261, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 987 ; ἐμὲ λέγων meaning me, Isocrates Orator 12.215; τὸ δ᾽ ὑμεῖς ὅταν λέγω, τὴν πόλιν λ. Demosthenes Orator 18.88: sometimes, however, the word after λέγω is put in apposition with the word to be explained, Ἀντικλείας.., τῆς σῆς λέγω τοι μητρός Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 175, compare “Th.” 658 codex M; περὶ τῶνδε.., λέγω δὲ Φωκέων Demosthenes Orator 19.152; παρ᾽ ὧν.., τούτων τῶν τὴν Ἀσίαν οἰκούντων λέγω prev. author 8.24, compare Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 202b: abs., μηδενὸς ὄντος ἐν τῇ χώρᾳ λέγω Demosthenes Orator 1.27.
__B.III.9.b περὶ ἃς (i.e. ἀπολαύσεις) λέγομεν τὸν σώφρονα in regard to which we use the term 'temperate', Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1148a5, compare Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 494b.
__B.III.10 ὡς λέγουσι as they say, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 23, etc.; ὡς λ. μοι prev. author “OC” 1161: —passive, λέγεται it is said, c.accusative et infinitive, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.2.30, al. ; but also πατρὸς λέγεται γενέσθαι.. prev. author “Cyr.” 1.2.1 ; θανεῖν ἐλέχθη he was said to have been killed, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 292; so λεγόμενον ἐρέω Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 5.108: τὸ λεγόμενον absolutely, as the saying goes, Thucydides Historicus 7.68, compare Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 447a, “Smp.” 217e, etc.; τὸ λ. δὴ τοῦτο prev. author “Grg.” 514e: ὁ λεγόμενος γραῶν ὕθλος the so-called.., prev. author “Tht.” 176b; οἱ λ. αὐτόνομοι εἶναι Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.3.8 ; οἱ λ. ὅτι.. of whom it is said that.., prev. author “Cyr.” 8.6.16.
__B.III.11 of orators, speak (emphatically), λέγειν δεινός Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 545, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.5.9, etc.; λέγειν ἠσκηκότες Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 963, compare Eupolis Comicus 95 (see. λαλέω); λ. τε καὶ πράσσειν δυνατώτατος Thucydides Historicus 1.139; οἱ ἐν τῷ πλήθει λέγειν δυνάμενοι Isocrates Orator 3.8, compare Demosthenes Orator 19.286 ; plead one's cause in a court of law, prev. author 23.78 ; δίκας λέγειν ὑπέρ τινος speak as an advocate for.., Dinarchus Orator 1.111.
__B.III.12 boast of, tell of, τὴν ἑαυτοῦ ῥώμην Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.3.10 ; in Poets, sing of, θέλω λ. Ἀτρείδας “Anacreontea” 23.1.
__B.III.13 recite what is written, λαβὲ τὸ βιβλίον καὶ λέγε Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 143c; and frequently in Oratt., as λέγε τὸν νόμον Demosthenes Orator 21.8 and 10, etc.; of lectures, ἀκούσατέ μου σχόλια λέγοντος Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 3.21.6, compare 15.8 (the sense of Latin lego, read, occurs only in the compounds ἀναλέγομαι, ἐπιλέγομαι).
__B.III.14 say or send word by another, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.9.25, 7.4.5.
__B.III.15 maintain as a thesis, οἱ τὰς ἰδέας λέγοντες Aristoteles Philosophus “Physica” 193b36, “Metaph.” 1036b14.
__B.III.16 nominate, Latin dicere dictatorem, Dio Cassius Historicus “fragment” 36.26 (Pass.) . (Cf. Latin lègo, legio, legulus ('olivegatherer').)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀντιλέγω G483 "tegensprekenm betwisten"; Grieks διαλέγομαι G1256 "spreken met, argumenteren, discussieren"; Grieks ἐκλέγομαι G1586 "uitlezen, uitkiezen"; Grieks ἐπιλέγομαι G1951 "noemen, uitkiezen"; Grieks ἔπω G2036 "spreken, zeggen"; Grieks καταλέγω G2639 "neerleggen, terneerleggen"; Grieks λαλέω G2980 "geluid maken, spreken, praten, babbelen, vertellen"; Grieks λόγος G3056 "woord, toespraak, rede, rekening, beschouwing, leerstelling, onderwijs"; Grieks ματαιολόγος G3151 "ijdele zwetser"; Grieks μωρολογία G3473 "dwaas, dom, onnozel geklets"; Grieks παραλέγομαι G3881 "voorbij varen, langs varen"; Grieks προλέγω G4302 "voorspellen"; Grieks ῥέω G4483 "spreken (zullen)"; Grieks σπερμολόγος G4691 "zaad of graan pikkend"; Grieks στρατολογέω G4758 "soldaten aanwerven"; Grieks συλλέγω G4816 "verzamelen, inzamelen"; Grieks συναρμολογέω G4883 "samenstellen"; Grieks φημί G5346 "zijn gedachten bekendmaken, zich uitspreken"; Grieks χρηστολογία G5542 ""; Grieks ψευδολόγος G5573 "";

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