G3173 μέγας
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Taal: Grieks

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megas̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

μέγας, μεγάλη, μέγα, [in LXX chiefly for גָּדוֹל H1419, also for רַב H7227, מַרְבֶּה H4766 (incl. μείζων), רֹב H7230 (μέγιστος);] great 1. of external form, bodily size, measure, extent: λίθος, Mt 2:60; δράκων, Re 12:3; ἰχθῦς, Jo 21:11; πόλις, Re 11:8; μάχαιρα, Re 6:4, al. 2. Of intensity and degree: δύναμις, Ac 4:33; φόβος, Mk 4:41; ἀγάπη, Jo 15:13; ἄνεμος, Jo 6:18; κραυγή, Ac 23:9; φῶς, Mt 4:16; πυρετός, Lk 4:38; θλίψις, Mt 24:21. 3. (a) of persons: θεός (MM, xvi), Tit 2:13; Ἄρτεμις, Ac 19:27; compar. (v. infr.), Mt 18:1 (cf. Dalman, Words, 113 f.); neut. for masc. (Bl., §32, 1), Mt 12:6; (b) of things: ἁμαρτία, Jo 19:11; μυστήριον, Eph 5:32; = μεγίστη (v. infr., and cf. Field, Notes, 16 f.), Mt 22:36; compar. for superl. (M, Pr., 78), I Co 13:13. 4. (a) Compar., μείζων: Mt 11:11 23:17, al.; neut. pl., μείζονα, contr. μείζω, Jo 1:51; double compar., μειζότερος (M, Pr., 236; Bl., § 11, 4), III Jo 4; (b) superl., μέγιστος (Deiss., BS, 365), II Pe 1:4.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

μέγᾰς, μεγάλη ᾰ, μέγα ᾰ,
  genitive μεγάλου, ης, ου, dative μεγάλῳ, ῃ, ῳ, accusative μέγᾰν, μεγάλην, μέγα ᾰ; dual μεγάλω, α, w; plural μεγάλοι, μεγάλαι, μεγάλα, etc.: the stem μεγάλο- is never used in singular nominative and accusative masculine and neuter, and only once in vocative masculine,
__A ὦ μεγάλε Ζεῦ Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 822 (anap.).
__A.I big, of bodily size: frequently of stature, εἶδος.. μ. ἦν ὁράασθαι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.4; κεῖτο μ. μεγαλωστί Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.776; ἠΰς τε μ. τε Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9. 508 ; φῶτα μέγαν καὶ καλόν prev. work 513; καλή τε μεγάλη τε 15.418; κάρτα μεγάλη καὶ εὐειδής Herodotus Historicus 3.1 ; φύσιν τίν᾽ εἶχε φράζ; Answ. μέγας Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 742.
__A.I.b full-grown, of age as shown by stature, νῦν δ᾽ ὅτε δὴ μ. εἰμί Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.314; μήτε μέγαν μήτ᾽ οὖν νεαρῶν τινα Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 358 (anap.) ; later, elder of two persons of the same name, Wilcken “Chr.” 305 (3rd c.BC) ; Σκιπίων ὁ μ. Polybius Historicus 18.35.9.
__A.I.c of animals, μ. ἵπποι, βοῦς, σῦς, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.839, 18.559, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.439; αἰετός Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 6(5).50.
__A.I.2 generally, vast, high, οὐρανός, ὄρος, πύργος, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.497, 16.297, 6.386 ; wide, πέλαγος, λαῖτμα θαλάσσης, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.179, 5.174 ; long, ἠϊών, αἰγιαλός, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.31, 2.210: sometimes opposed to ὀλίγος, κῦμα οὔτε μέγ᾽ οὔτ᾽ ὀ. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.94 ; but usually opposed to μικρός or σμικρός, πρὸς ἑαυτὸ ἕκαστον καὶ μ. καὶ σμικρόν Anaxagoras Philosophus 3; τὸ ἄπειρον ἐκ μεγάλου καὶ μικροῦ Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 987b26, etc.
__A.II of quality or degree, great, mighty, frequently epithet of gods, ὁ μ. Ζεύς Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 1052 (Lyric poetry), etc. ; μεγάλα θεά, of Demeter and Persephone, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 683 (Lyric poetry) ; θεοὶ μεγάλοι, of the Cabiri, “IG” 12(8).71 (from Imbros), etc. ; Μήτηρ μ., of Cybele, “SIG” 1014.83 (Erythrae, 3rd c.BC), 1138.3 (Delos, 2nd c.BC) ; Μήτηρ θεῶν μ. “OGI” 540.6 (from Pessinus), etc. ; Ἴσιδος μ. μητρὸς θεῶν “PStrassb.” 81.14 (2nd c.BC) ; μ. ἡ Ἄρτεμις Ἐφεσίων NT.Act.19.28 ; τίς θεὸς μ. ὡς ὁ θεὸς ἡμῶ; LXX.Psa.76(77).13; ὁ μ. θεός NT.Tit.2.13 +NT; of men, μ. ἠδὲ κραταιός Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.382; ὀλίγος καὶ μ. Callinus Epicus 1.17, etc. ; μέγας ηὐξήθη rose to greatness, Demosthenes Orator 2.5; ἤρθη μ. prev. work8; βασιλεὺς ὁ μ. , i. e. the King of Persia, Herodotus Historicus 1.188, etc. (θεῶν β. ὁ μ., of Zeus, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 7.34); βασιλεὺς μ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 24 (anap.) ; as a title of special monarchs, Ἀρδιαῖος ὁ μ. Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 615c; ὁ μ. Ἀλέξανδρος Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 1.3d; ὁ μ. ἐπικληθεὶς Ἀντίοχος Polybius Historicus 4.2.7, etc.; μ. φίλος Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 549; πλούτῳ τε κἀνδρείᾳ μ. prev. author “Tr.” 674; ἐπὶ μέγα ἦλθεν ἰσχύος Thucydides Historicus 2.97.
__A.II.2 strong, of the elements, etc., ἄνεμος, λαῖλαψ, Ζέφυρος, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.200, 12.408, 14.458 ; of properties, passions, qualities, feelings, etc., of men, θάρσος, πένθος, ποθή, etc., 9.381, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.254, 11.471, etc.; ἀρετή Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.193, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 8.5; θυμός Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.496, Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 702; κλέος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.446; ἄχος 9.9; πυρετός NT.Luke.4.38 (incorrect acc. to Galenus Medicus 7.275); ἡ μ. νοῦσος epilepsy, Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 6.6.5, compare Galenus Medicus 17(2).341.
__A.II.3 of sounds, great, loud, ἀλαλητός, ἰαχή, πάταγος, ὀρυμαγδός, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.138, 15.384, 21.9, 256 ; θόρυβοι, κωκυτός, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 142 (anap.), Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 1176; οὐκ ἔστι ὅκως τι νεῖκος ἔσται ἢ μέγα ἢ σμικρόν Herodotus Historicus 3.62; μὴ φώνει μέγα Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 574.
__A.II.4 generally, great, mighty, ὅρκος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.113 ; ὄλβος, τιμά, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 1.56, “P.” 4.148 ; μ. λόγος, μῦθος, a great story, rumour, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 732, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 226 (Lyric poetry) ; ἐρώτημα a big, i. e. difficult, question, Plato Philosophus “Euthydemus” 275d, “Hp.Ma.” 287b ; weighty, important, τόδε μεῖζον Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.291 ; μέγα ποιέεσθαί τι to esteem of great importance, Herodotus Historicus 3.42, compare 9.111; μέγα γενέσθαι εἴς τι Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 7.5.6; μ. ὑπάρχειν πρός τι prev. author “Mem.” 2.3.4; μέγα διαφέρειν εἴς τι Plato Philosophus “Leges” 78o c ; οὐκ ἂν εἴη παρὰ μέγα τὸ δικολογεῖν not of great importance, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 2.85 Sophocles Tragicus ; τὸ δὲ μέγιστον and what is most important, Thucydides Historicus 4.70, compare 1.142 ; οἱ μέγιστοι καιροί the most pressing emergencies, Demosthenes Orator 20.44 ; μ. ὠνησάμενοι χρημάτων for large sums, Polybius Historicus 4.50.3, etc.
__A.II.5 with a bad sense, over-great, μέγα εἰπεῖν to speak big, and so provoke divine wrath, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 22.288; λίην μέγα εἶπες 3.227, 16.243; μέγα ἔργον 3.261, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 10.64; ἔργων μ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1546 (anap.); ὠμὸν τὸ βούλευμα καὶ μ. Thucydides Historicus 3.36 ; ἔπος μ., μ. λόγοι, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 423 (Lyric poetry), “Ant.” 1350 (anap.); μ. γλῶσσα prev. work 127 (anap.) ; μηδὲν μέγ᾽ εἴπῃς prev. author “Aj.” 386; μὴ μέγα λέγε Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 95b; μὴ μεγάλα λίαν λέγε Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 835; μέγα φρονεῖν Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1078, Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 6; μεγάλα φρονεῖν Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 988 ; μεγάλα, μεῖζον ἢ δικαίως πνεῖν, Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 189, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 376 (Lyric poetry); μέγα τι παθεῖν Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.8.17; μὴ μέγα λέγων μεῖζον πάθῃς Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 1244.
__A.II.6 of style. impressive, Demetrius Phalereus Rhetor “Demetrius on Style” 278 ; μεῖζον more striking, prev. work 103.
__A.II.7 of days, long, Galenus Medicus 12.714.
__B adverb μεγάλως ᾰ greatly, mightily, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.432, Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 429, Herodotus Historicus 1.16, 30, al., Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.2.10, Parthenius Mythographus 28.1, etc.; strengthened, μάλα μ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.723; δμαθέντες μ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 907 (Lyric poetry); with _adjectives_, Herodotus Historicus 1.4, 7.190.
__B.II more frequently neuter singular μέγα as adverb, very much, exceedingly, μ. χαῖρε all hail!, see l. for μάλα in Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.402 ; especially with Verbs expressing strong feeling, μ. κεν κεχαροίατο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.256; μ. κήδεται 2.27, etc.: with Verbs expressing power, might, μ. πάντων.. κρατέει 1.78; ὃς μ. πάντων.. ἤνασσε 10.32; πατρὸς μ. δυναμένοιο Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.276, compare Homerus Epicus “Epigrammata” 15.1, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 950 (anap.), Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 1358 (Lyric poetry), Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 141, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 366a; μ. δύνασθαι παρά τινι Thucydides Historicus 2.29; πλουτέειν μ. Herodotus Historicus 1.32 ; or those expressing sound, loudly, μ. ἰάχειν, ἀῧσαι, βοῆσαι, εὔξασθαι, ἀμβῶσαι, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.333, 14.147, 17.334, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.239, Herodotus Historicus 1.8 (also pl., μεγάλ᾽ εὔχετο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.450 ; μ. αὐδήσαντος, μ. ἤπυεν, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.505, 9.399): strengthened, μάλα μ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.321; μ. δ᾽ ἔβραχε φήγινος ἄξων 5.838, etc.: so in Trag. with all kinds of Verbs, μ. στένειν, σθένειν, χλίειν, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 711 (Lyric poetry), 938, “Ch.” 137 : also in plural, μεγάλα.. δυστυχεῖς prev. author “Eu.” 791 (Lyric poetry).
__B.II.2 of Space, far, μέγα προθορών Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.363 ; ἄνευθε μέγα far away, 22.88; οὐκ ἂν μέγα τι τῆς ἀληθείας παρεξέλθοις Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 66b.
__B.II.3 with adjectives, as μέγ᾽ ἔξοχος, μέγα νήπιος, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.480, 16.46 ; μ. νήπιε Oracle texts cited in Herodotus Historicus 1.85; μ. πλούσιος prev. author 1.32, 7.190; ὦ μέγ᾽ εὔδαιμον κόρη Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 647 : with comparative and superlative, by far, μέγ᾽ ἀμείνονες, ἄριστος, φέρτατος, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.405, 2.82, 16.21.
__C degrees of Comparison (regular μεγαλώτερος, -ώτατος late, “Etymologicum Magnum” 780.1, 2):
__C.1 comparative μείζων, ον, genitive ονος, Epic dialect, Attic dialect (also Delph., “SIG” 246 H 260 (4th c.BC)) ; Ionic dialect, 4th c.AD(?): Arcadius Grammaticus , Doric dialect, Aeolic dialect μέζων, ον, 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 25, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ διαίτης ὀξέων” 44, Herodotus Historicus 1.26, “IG” 7.235.16 (from Oropus), 5(2).3.18 (from Tegea), Epicharmus Comicus 62 (also early Attic dialect, “IG” 12.22.65, but με ίζων prev. work6.93, by analogy of ὀλείζων prev. work76,95) ; dative plural μεζόνεσσι Diotogenes Philosophus cited in Stobaeus, Joannes 4.7.62: written μέσδων in Sappho Lyrica “Papyrus fragments” in E. Diehl, 7.6, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Lycurgus” 19 : compare μέττον· μεῖζον, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus (uncertain); later μειζότερος NT.3JOhn.4 (used as title, elder, POxy. 943.3 (6th c.AD), etc.) ; μειζονώτερος Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 434 :—greater, longer, taller, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.168, 9.202, etc. ; frequently also, too great, γέρας Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 231a ; Μηνόφιλος μείζων M. the elder, Ostr.Bodl. see C 2 (2nd c.AD) ; as title, μειζων κώμης headman of a village, “POxy.” 1626.5 (4th c.AD) , etc.: generally, the higher authority, PLond. 2.214.22 (3rd c.AD), “POxy.” 1204.17 (pl., 3rd c.AD) ; οὔτε μεῖζον οὔτε ἔλαττον, a strong form of denial, nothing whatever, Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Compositione Verborum” 4; οὐδαμὰ προὔφηνεν οὔτε μείζον᾽ οὔτ᾽ ἐλάττονα Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 324 . adverb μειζόνως Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 1121, Thucydides Historicus 1.130, Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 13.3, Isocrates Orator 9.21, etc. ; Ionic dialect μεζόνως Herodotus Historicus 3.128, Herodas Mimographus 4.80, etc. : neuter as adverb, μεῖζον σθένειν Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 456, Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 216; μ. ἰσχύειν Demosthenes Orator “Epistulae” 3.28; ἐπὶ μ. ἔρχεται Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 259.
__C.2 superlative μέγιστος, η, ον, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.412, etc. : neuter as adverb, μέγιστον ἴσχυσε Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 502 ; δυνάμενος μ., with genitive, Herodotus Historicus 7.5, 9.9 : with another superlative, μέγιστον ἐχθίστη Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 1323: in pl., χαῖρ᾽ ὡς μέγιστα Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 462; θάλλει μ. prev. author “OC” 700 (Lyric poetry); τὰ μέγιστ᾽ ἐτιμάθης prev. author “OT” 1203 (Lyric poetry) ; ἐς μέγιστον prev. work 521; ἐς τὰ μ. Herodotus Historicus 8.111 :—late superlative μεγιστότατος “PLond.” 1.130.49 (1st-2nd c.AD) . (Cf. Sanskrit majmán- 'greatness', Latin magnus, Gothic mikils 'great'.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks μεγαλαυχέω G3166 "hoogdravend, snoevend zijn, opscheppen"; Grieks μεγαλεῖος G3167 "groots, prachtig"; Grieks μεγαλοπρεπής G3169 "majesteitelijk, majesteit (vol)"; Grieks μεγαλύνω G3170 "groot maken, vergroten"; Grieks μεγάλως G3171 "ten zeerste"; Grieks μεγαλωσύνη G3172 "majesteit"; Grieks μέγεθος G3174 "grootte, omvang, grootsheid"; Grieks μέγιστος G3176 "grootste"; Grieks μείζων G3187 "groter, ouder, sterker"; Grieks μῆκος G3372 "lengte";

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