G3729 ὁρμάω
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Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ὁρμάω, -ῶ (< ὁρμή), [in LXX for שׁוּב H7725, etc.;] 1. causal, to set in motion, urge on. 2. Intrans., to hasten on, rush: seq. εἰς, Mt 8:32, Mk 5:13, Lk 8:33, Ac 19:29; ἐπί, c. acc., Ac 7:57.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ὁρμάω,
  future -ήσω Plato Philosophus “Leges” 875b : aorist ὥρμησα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.338, Plato Philosophus “Ion” 534c ; Laconian dialect imperative ὅρμᾱον, i.e. ὅρμαὁν, ={ὅρμησον}, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 1247 : perfect ὥρμηκα Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 265a :—middle and passive, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 1.5, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 339, Herodotus Historicus 1.17, etc. : Epic dialect imperfect ὡρμᾶτο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.142 : future ὁρμήσομαι Herodotus Historicus 5.34, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.1.9, ὁρμηθήσομαι Galenus Medicus 5.85 : aorist ὡρμησάμην Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.595, variant in Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 127 (ἐφ-), never in Prose, except ἐξ- Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.5.20 codices: more frequently in Pass. form ὡρμήθην Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.12, al., Thucydides Historicus 3.98, etc. : perfect ὥρμημαι Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 70, Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 340, Thucydides Historicus 6.33, etc.: Ion. 3sg. pl. perfect and pluperfect ὁρμέαται and -έατο (with variants ὡρμ-) Herodotus Historicus 5.121, 8.35; in Homerus Epicus codices usually have the augment, but Aristarchus Grammaticus read ὁρμήθησαν in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.359 : (ὁρμή):
__A active,
__I causal, set in motion, urge on, cheer on, τινὰ εἰς πόλεμον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.338, Thucydides Historicus 1.127; τινὰ ποτὶ κλέος Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 10(11).21; τὸ στράτευμα ὁ. ἐπὶ τὰς Ἀθήνας Herodotus Historicus 8.106, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 174 (Lyric poetry), Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 352 (anap.); ἡ φύσις ὁρμήσει τινὰ ἐπὶ πλεονεξίαν Plato Philosophus “Leges” 875b, compare “Ion” 534c; τὰ ὁρμῶντα σώματα Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 6.8.7; μέριμναν ὁρμήσασ᾽ ἐπ᾽ ἔργον Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1064 (Lyric poetry) ; ὁ. τινὰ ἐκ χερός tear from one's arms, prev. author “Hec.” 143 (anap.): —passive, ὁρμηθεὶς θεοῦ ἄρχετο inspired by the god he began, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.499; πρὸς θεῶν ὡρμημένος Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 70; ὑπὸ ἔρωτος Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 181d ; ἵπποι.. ὁρμηθέντες ὑπὸ πληγῇσιν ἱμάσθλης urged on by.., Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.82.
__I.2 with a thing as the object, stir up, πόλεμον 18.376 : with accusative et infinitive, τὰς διόδους τῶν πτερῶν.. ὥρμησε πτεροφυεῖν Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 255d :—passive, ὡρμάθη πλαγά was sped, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 196 (Lyric poetry).
__II more frequently intransitive, start,
__II.1 with infinitive, ἴρηξ ὃς ὁρμήσῃ διώκειν ὄρνεον ἄλλο starts in chase of.., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.64 ; ὁσσάκι δ᾽ ὁρμήσειε πυλάων.. ἀντίον ἀΐξασθαι whenever he started to rush for the gates, 22.194; ὁσσάκι δ᾽ ὁρμήσειε.. στῆναι ἐναντίβιον 21.265 ; ἐξελαύνειν ὁρμῆσαι τὸν στρατόν began to lead out.., Herodotus Historicus 1.76, compare 7.150; νίκην ὁρμῶντ᾽ ἀλαλάξαι eager to.., Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 133 (Lyric poetry); ὥρμα ἀντιλαμβάνεσθαι τοῦ λόγου Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 336b.
__II.2 with genitive, rush headlong at one, Τρώων Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.335: more frequently with Preps., ὁ. ἐπί τινα Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 403, Herodotus Historicus 1.1, etc.; πύργωμα Καδμείων ἔπι Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 1220; εἴς τινας Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.1.17; καθ᾽ αὑτούς prev. author “An.” 5.7.25 ; also ὁ. ἐς μάχην hasten to battle, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 394; εἰς ἀγῶνα Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 259 (Lyric poetry); εἰς τὸ διώκειν Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.8.25; ἐπὶ ἁρπαγάς Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 391d; ἐπὶ τοὺς Ἀθηναίους Thucydides Historicus 7.34 ; ὥρμασε (Doric dialect) ἐπὶ τὰ βασίλεια τῶν Σκυθᾶν “SIG” 709.19 (Chersonesus, 2nd c.BC) : without any sense of hostility, rush, τᾶσδ᾽ ἀπὸ πέτρας πηδήσασα πυρὸς ἔσω Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 1015 (Lyric poetry); ἐς πατρὸς δόμους prev. author “Med.” 1178 ; set out, ἀπὸ τῆς Οἰνόης Thucydides Historicus 2.19; ἐς φυγήν Herodotus Historicus 7.179, etc.; εἰς τὸ ἐπ᾽ ἐκεῖνα τῆς γῆς Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 112b; ἐπ᾽ ἄλλον λόγον Antipho Orator 3.4.5; ἐπὶ τὸ σκοπεῖν Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.7.9 ; ἐπὶ τραγῳδίαν ὥρμηκε has turned to tragedy, Alexander Rhetor 135.14 ; δηλώσεις.. τὴν φύσιν ἐπὶ τί μάλισθ᾽ ὥρμηκε, i. e. what your natural bent is, prev. work 8; φυσικῶς ἐπὶ τὴν ὀργὴν ὁρμᾶν Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Ir.” 93 W.; πρὸς τὰς πράξεις prev. author “Mus.” p.71 K.; ἐπὶ φιλοσοφίαν prev. author “Acad.Ind.” p.64 M.; πρὸς τὰς ὀχείας Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 546a15: with acc. cogn., ὁδόν Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 3.1.8; στρατείαν prev. author “Cyr.” 8.6.20.
__II.3 absolutely, start, begin, ὥσπερ ὡρμήσαμεν, ἴωμεν Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 314b, compare “R.” 425c ; αἱ μάλιστα ὁρμήσασαι νῆες the ships that were hottest in pursuit, Thucydides Historicus 8.34.
__B middle and passive, like the intransitive active, Aeschylus Tragicus II:
__B.1 with infinitive, μὴ φεύγειν ὁρμήσωνται that they put not themselves in motion, set not themselves to flee, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.511; so διώκειν ὁρμήθησαν 10.359, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.282 ; ὡρμήθη κόρυθα κρατὸς ἀφαρπάξαι he rushed to snatch.., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.188, compare 182 ; ἦτορ ὡρμᾶτο πτολεμίζειν ἠδὲ μάχεσθαι was eager to.., 21.572 ; μᾶλλον ὅρμητο στρατεύεσθαι was eager to march, Herodotus Historicus 7.1, compare 19, al., Thucydides Historicus 3.45 ; ὅδε ὁ λόγος ὅρμηται λέγεσθαι this account has begun to be given, Herodotus Historicus 4.16, compare 6.86.δ᾽ (λέγεσθαι is restored for λέγεται in 3.56) ; but λόγον, τὸν ὅρμητο λέγειν which he purposed to make, prev. author 5.50.
__B.2 the object for or after which one goes is sometimes in genitive, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.488, 21.595 : a case with a preposition, ὡρμήθησαν ἐπ᾽ ἀνδράσιν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.214; ἐπί τινα Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 47, etc.; εἴς τινα Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.1.9 ; μετά τινα after one, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.605; so ὁ. ἐπὶ τὸ ἱρόν Herodotus Historicus 8.35; ἐς πύλας Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 31; πρὸς δόμους Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1152; ἐπ᾽ ἀλήθειαν Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 228c; ἐς φυγήν Thucydides Historicus 4.14; πρὸς τίσιν Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1328; πρὸς τὸ κρατεῖν Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 581a; ἡ ποίησις πρὸς ἡδονὴν ὥρμηται prev. author “Grg.” 502c ; οἱ περὶ λόγον ἢ παιδείαν ὁρμώμενοι persons keen about.., Vettius Valens Astrologus 199.5: rarely with acc. loci, νερτέρας πλάκας Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1576 (Lyric poetry).
__B.2.b the starting-point is expressed by ἐκ, ὡρμᾶτ᾽ ἐκ θαλάμοιο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.142, compare 9.178 , etc.; or ἀπό, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 156, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 101d, etc.; ἀπὸ φιλοσοφίας Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 1.357 Sophocles Tragicus ; or by a form in -θεν, σέθεν.. ὕμνος ὁρμᾶται θέμεν αἶνον Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 1.5: in historical Prose, ὁρμᾶσθαι ἐκ.. start from, begin from, especially of the place where one carries on any regular operations, ἐνθεῦτεν ὁρμώμενοι living there and going out from thence to do their daily work, Herodotus Historicus 1.17 ; of fishers, ἐκ πλοίων ὁρμώμενοι prev. author 3.98 ; of a general, making that place his head-quarters or base of operations, prev. author 8.133, compare 5.125, al., Thucydides Historicus 1.64, 2.69, al. ; ἀπ᾽ ἐλασσόνων ὁρμώμενος setting out, beginning with smaller means, prev. work 65, compare 1.144 ; of rivers, ἐκ τῆς Ἴδης ὁ. rising.., Plato Philosophus “Leges” 682b.
__B.3 absolutely, rush, dart, attack, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.12, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.126, al., Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1068 (Lyric poetry) ; also with ἔγχεϊ, ξιφέεσσι, etc., added, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.855, 17.530, 13.496, al.
__B.3.b generally, hasten, be eager, ὁρμώμενον δὲ μηδαμῶς μ᾽ ἀντισπάσῃς Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 339, compare 395; ἀλλ᾽ ἥδε.. ὁρμᾶται comes forth, prev. author “Pers.” 151 (anap.); τὸ φέγγος ὁρμάσθω πυρός prev. author “Eu.” 1029 ; ὕβρις ἀτάρβητα ὁρμᾶται insolence goes fearless forth, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 197 (Lyric poetry).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀφορμή G874 " uitgangspunt, operatiebasis"; Grieks ὁρμή G3730 "heftige beweging, aandrift, aanval, vijandige beweging";

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