G3973 παύω
doen ophouden, ophouden (met)
Taal: Grieks

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Woordstudie

'pauo, ww een grondwerkwoord ("pauze")


1) doen ophouden 2) iemand of iets ergens van weerhouden 3) ophouden (met) 4) bevrijd zijn van de zonde 4a) niet langer door de verleidingen ervan geprikkeld worden


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

παύω, [in LXX for כּלה H3615 pi., etc.;] to make to cease, restrain, hinder: c. acc. rei, seq. ἀπό, I Pe 3:10(LXX). Mid., to cease, leave off: Lk 8:24 11:1, Ac 20:1, I Co 13:8; c. ptcp., Lk 5:4, Ac 5:42 6:13 13:10 20:31 21:32, Eph 1:16, Col 1:9, He 10:2; c. gen., ἀμαρτίας, I Pe 4:1 (WH, mg., R, txt.); c. dat., I Pe 4:1 (WH, txt., R, mg.).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

παύω,
   Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.67, etc. : Ionic dialect imperfect παύεσκον Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 22.315, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 963 (Lyric poetry) : future παύσω Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.207, etc. ; Epic dialect infinitive παυσέμεν (κατα-) 7.36: aorist ἔπαυσα 15.15, etc. , Epic dialect παῦσα 17.602 : perfect πέπαυκα Demosthenes Orator 20.70, Antisthenes Rhetor “Ὀδυσσεύς” 10 :—middle and passive, Ionic dialect imperfect παυέσκετο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.17 : future παύσομαι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.198, Herodotus Historicus 1.56, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1040, “Ph.” 1424, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 93, etc. ; πεπαύσομαι only Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 91, “Tr.” 587 (though held to be the true Attic. form by Moer. p.293 P.) ; παυσθήσομαι (variant παυθ-) Thucydides Historicus 1.81 ; later παήσομαι (ἀνα-) NT.Rev.14.13 : aorist ἐπαυσάμην Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.260 ; ἐπαύθην, Epic dialect παύθην, Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 533, Thucydides Historicus 5.91 (variant{παυσθῇ}) , etc.; ἐπαύσθην Herodotus Historicus 5.94, etc.; later ἐπάην Choeroboscus Grammaticus “Scholia in Theodosii Canones” 2.141 H.: perfect πέπαυμαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.125, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 615, Herodotus Historicus 1.84, Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 29, etc. (πεπάσθαι is f.l. in Vett. Val. 359.31):
__I causal, make to end,
__I.1 with accusative only, bring to an end, check, sometimes of persons, ἵνα παύσομεν ἄγριον ἄνδρα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.314, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 963 (Lyric poetry), Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 330 ; stop or silence by death, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.274, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 397 :—passive and middle, take one's rest, ἐνὶ κλισίῃ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.17, compare Herodotus Historicus 9.52, etc. ; cease, have done, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.295, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.103, etc. ; of one singing or speaking, 17.359, Herodotus Historicus 7.8.δ : generally, middle denotes willing, passive forced, cessation.
__I.1.b mostly of things, make an end of, stop, abate, χόλον, μένος, νεῖκος πολέμοιο, ῥόον, ὀδύνας, etc., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.67, 1.282, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.543, 5.451, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.528, etc.; μέριμναν Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 8(7).13 (assuming variant) ; λύπας ᾠδαῖς π. Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 197 (anap.) , etc.; π. τόξον let the bow rest, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.279; π. τοὺς γάμους Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 575; πόντου σάλον Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 1242 ; π. τὸν νόμον annul it, prev. author “Or.” 571 ; π. τὸν λόγον close it, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.6.7; τυραννίδα καταλύσαντα πεπαυκέναι Demosthenes Orator 20.70 ; π. τείχη raze them, Dio Cassius Historicus 69.9 :—passive, Thucydides Historicus 5.91, etc.
__I.2 with accusative person et genitive of things, hinder, keep back, or give one rest, from a thing, π. Ἕκτορα μάχης, πόνοιο Ἀχιλῆα, Θάμυριν ἀοιδῆς, Πηνελόπειαν κλαυθμοῖο, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.15, 21.137, 2.595, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.801 ; π. τινὰ ἀλκῆς, ἄλης, καμάτοιο, ὀδυνάων, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.250, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.342, 5.492, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.191; so π. χεῖρας πολέμοιο 21.294; ὀρχηθμοῖο πόδας Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 23.298; π. τινὰ τῆς βοῆς Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 798; τῆς ὕβρεως Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 1259; τῆς λυγγός Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 185d ; τῆς ἁμαρτίας καὶ ἀμα θίας prev. author “Lg.” 784c; τῶν ἐπιθυμιῶν Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.2.5 ; τῆς νόσου “IG” 42(1).121.71 (Epid., 4th c.BC) ; π. τινὰ τῆς βασιληΐης depose one from being king, Herodotus Historicus 1.123 ; τινὰ τῆς ἀρχῆς, τῆς στρατηγίας, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.6.3, “HG” 6.2.13; τῆς ἔξω ξυμμαχίας τινάς Thucydides Historicus 3.65; also π. τινὰ ἐκ κακῶν Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 987; τινὰ ἀπὸ παιδαγωγῶν Xenophon Historicus “Respublica Lacedaemoniorum” 3.1; with acc. unexpressed, αἴ κέ ποθι Ζεὺς.. παύσῃ ὀϊζύος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.35; φάρμαχ᾽ ἅ κεν παύσῃσι.. ὀδυνάων Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.191 :—passive and middle, rest or cease from a thing, πολέμοιο, μάχης, ἔργων, πόνου, γόοιο, κλαυθμοῦ, ὀδυνάων, κλαγγῆς, etc., 21.432, 467, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.683, 24.384, 9.540, 17.7, 4.812, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.100, etc. ; τῆς μάχης, τοῦ δρόμου, Herodotus Historicus 1.74, 4.124; γόων Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 1211; τῆς ὀργῆς Lysias Orator 19.6; φιλανθρώπου τρόπου Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 11 ; παύεσθαι ἀρχῆς to be deposed from, or reach the term of, office, Herodotus Historicus 1.56, compare 6.66, “IG” 12.114.46; ἐκ μεγάλων ἀχέων παυσαίμεθ᾽ ἄν Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1531 (Lyric poetry); ἐκ τρόχων πεπαυμένοι Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 46, compare “El.” 1108.
__I.3 with present participle, stop a person from.., π. τινὰ ἀριστεύοντα stop him from doing bravely, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.506; τὸν ἄνδρα παῦσον ταῦτα ποιεῦντα Herodotus Historicus 5.23 ; γελῶντας ἐχθροὺς π. Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1295; παύσω δέ σ᾽ ὄντ᾽ ἄπαιδα Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 717 :—passive and middle, leave off doing.., ὅθ᾽ ὕπνος ἕλοι, παύσαιτό τε νηπιαχεύων when he stopped playing, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.502, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 615, “Ag.” 1047, Herodotus Historicus 1.133, etc. ; of things, ἄνεμος μὲν ἐπαύσατο.. θύων Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.400: the participle is frequently to be supplied, αἷμα, φλόξ, ἄνεμος ἐπαύσατο, the blood stopped flowing, the fire burning, the wind blowing, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.267, 23.228, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.168, etc. ; so Ῥοδώπιος πέρι πέπαυμαι (i.e. λέγων) Herodotus Historicus 2.135, compare 7.10.
__I.4 less frequently with infinitive, stop a person from.., ἔμ᾽ ἔπαυσας ἐπὶ Τρώεσσι μάχεσθαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.442; ῥαψῳδοὺς ἔπαυσε ἀγωνίζεσθαι Herodotus Historicus 5.67, compare 7.54: sometimes with μή inserted, θνητούς γ᾽ ἔπαυσα μὴ προδέρκεσθαι μόρον Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 250; παύσας ὑμᾶς μὴ λίαν ἐξαπατᾶσθαι Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 634; also π. τὸ μὴ προσελθεῖν.. τὴν ὁλκάδα Thucydides Historicus 7.53; π. τοῦ.. εἶναι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 416c.
__I.4.b middle with infinitive, Batrachomyomachia 193, “Anthologia Graeca” 6.21.8, and later Prose, as Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.216d.
__I.5 middle, yield, give, of timber, opposed to ἵστασθαι, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 5.6.3.
__II intransitive in imperative παῦε, cease, leave off (παύου is rare, Sophocles Tragicus “Ichn.” 359, Ephippus Comicus 5.20, Lucianus Sophista “Im.” 2), παῦε μάχης Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 449 codices, compare “hymnus ad Cererem” 351; παῦε γόοιο “epigram Gr.” 320.5 (from Thyatira): mostly abs., παῦε stop! have done! be quiet! παῦε, μὴ λέξῃς πέρα Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1275, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1208, “Ra.” 122, 269, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 228e; παῦε, παῦε, μὴ βόα Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 1504, compare “V.” 1194; also παῦε, παῦε τοῦ λόγου prev. author “Ra.” 580; παῦε, παῦ᾽ ὀρχούμενος prev. author “Pax” 326; παῦ᾽ ἐς κόρακας prev. author “Ach.” 864 , where the other Verbs are plural; παῦ, apocalyptic for παῦε, παῦ, μηδὲν ὄμνυ᾽ Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 96, compare Aelius Dionysius Grammaticus “fragment” 275, etc. : also imperative middle, παῦσαι λέγουσα Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 706; παῦσαι φαρμακοπωλῶν Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 28; π. μελῳδοῦσ᾽ “Comica Adespota” 601; π. δυσωνῶν Plato Comicus 224, compare Theopompus Comicus 62, {5-6th c.BC}: Philetaerus Comicus 6, Philemo Comicus 213.1 ; παύσασθε νοῦν ἔχοντες (to be read λέγοντες) Menander Comicus 482.1.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀναπαύω G373 "rust geven, verfrissen"; Grieks καταπαύω G2664 "rusr geven, ophouden, uitrusten"; Grieks Παῦλος G3972 "Paulus";

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