G4229 πρᾶγμα
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Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πρᾶγμα, -τος, τό (< πράσσω), [in LXX chiefly for דָּבָר H1697;] 1. that which has been done, a deed, act: Lk 1:1, Ac 5:4, II Co 7:11, He 6:18. 2. That which is being done (like Lat. res), hence, a thing, matter, affair: Mt 18:19, Ro 16:2, I Th 4:6 (v. M, Th., in l.), He 10:1 11:1, Ja 3:16; in forensic sense (as freq. in π., v. Deiss., BS, 233), a law-suit: I Co 6:1.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πρᾶγμα, ατος, τό,
  Ionic dialect πρῆχμα “Schwyzer” 688 B 16, C 5 (Chios, 5th c.BC), “GDI” 5598.4 (from Ephesus) ; also πρῆγμα Herodotus Historicus 5.33, al., but Herodotus Historicus perhaps wrote πρῆχμα, which is see l. in 1.133 cited in Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 4.144a (codex A), and in 3.49, 57 (“POxy.” 1619.326, 379) ; compare πρήχματος οὐχ ὁσίου imitated from Herodotus Historicus in “epigram Gr.” 1092 (from Erechtheum) : (πράσσω):— deed, act, the concrete of πρᾶξις, but frequently approaching to the abstract sense, Theognis Elegiacus 116, al. ; opposed to λόγοι, Demosthenes Orator 2.12, etc.; πραγμάτων ὀρθὰν ὁδόν Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 7.46 ; γυναίου π. ἐποίει did the act of a woman, Demosthenes Orator 25.57, compare 18.24, etc.
__II occurrence, matter, affair, πᾶσαν τελευτὰν πράγματος Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 13.75, compare “P.” 4.278; τί τοῦδε σοὶ μέτεστι π. λέγε Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 575, compare 584; π. τοιόνδε συνηνείχθη γενέσθαι Herodotus Historicus 5.33, compare 9.92, Thucydides Historicus 2.64; ἐς μέσον σφι προετίθεε τὸ π. Herodotus Historicus 1.206; τί δ᾽ εἰδὼς τοῦδε π. πέρ; Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 747 codices; τὸ π. εἰς ὑπέρδεινόν μοι περιέστη Demosthenes Orator 21.111 ; ὁρᾶτε τὸ π., οἷ προελήλυθε κτλ., prev. author 4.9, compare 8.7.
__II.2 thing, concrete reality, ἆρ᾽ ἔστιν αὔλησίς τι π.; Epicharmus Comicus 171.1 ; opposed to ὄνομα, Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 391b, 436a, Andocides Orator 4.27; δύο π... τοιάδε, οἷον Κρατύλος καὶ Κρατύλου εἰκών Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 432b ; ὡς ἀργαλέον π. ἐστίν with infinitive, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 1; οὐδὲ π. οὐθέν ἐστι παρὰ τὰ μεγέθη.. τὰ αἰσθητὰ κεχωρισμένον Aristoteles Philosophus “de Anima” 432a3, compare “Mete.” 379a32, “Ph.” 226b30, 227b28; διαμάχονται περὶ τοῦ λευκὸν ἢ μὴ λευκὸν εἶναι τὸ π. Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.1109d, compare 1112d; ἐξ ἀζωΐας καὶ ζωῆς συγκείμενον π. Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus “Sententiae ad intelligibilia ducentes” 21: pl., τῶν π. ἀΐδιος ἔσσα Philolaus Philosophus 6, compare Democritus Epigrammaticus 164, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Xenophane” 974a25, “Pol.” 1252a24; τὰ μετέωρα π. Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 228, compare 250, 741 ; opposed to ὀνόματα, Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 39o e, Demosthenes Orator 9.15.
__II.2.b contemptuously, thing, creature, κακῷ πράγματι wretched creature, i.e. the sophist, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 312c ; τούτῳ τῷ π., i.e. the demos, prev. author “Grg.” 520b; ὁ δῆμος ἀσταθμητότατον π. Demosthenes Orator 19.136 ; ἄμαχον π., of a woman, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6.1.36.
__II.3 like{πρᾶξις} 1.2, ὄφελος 1, in Herodotus Historicus, πρῆγμά ἐστι or ἐστί μοι, with infinitive, it is advantageous for me, εὕρισκε π. οἱ εἶναι ἐλαύνειν 1.79, compare 4.11 : with a negative, εὕρισκέ οἱ οὐ π. εἶναι στρατεύεσθαι prev. author 7.12: also with acc. et infinitive, οὐδὲν ἂν εἴη π. γνώμας ἐμὲ σοὶ ἀποφαίνεσθαι there will be no advantage or need, prev. author 1.207 ; π. ἂν ἦν μοῦνον the only thing needful, prev. author 7.130.
__II.4 thing of consequence or importance, π. ποιήσασθαι τι prev. work 150; π. οὐδὲν ἐποιήσαντο prev. author 6.63 ; οὐδὲν π., ὦ Σώκρατες no matter, Sophocles Tragicus, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 447b, compare Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 451; ὡς.. οὐδὲν ὂν π., εἰ καὶ ἀποθάνοι Plato Philosophus “Euthyphro” 4d ; δῆλον ἦν ὅτι π. τι εἴη that there was something the matter, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.1.17.
__II.4.b π. ἐστί μοι it concerns me, σφίσι τε καὶ Ἀθηναίοισι εἶναι οὐδὲν π. they had nothing to do with the Aeschylus Tragicus, Herodotus Historicus 5.84, compare Demosthenes Orator 18.283 ; ᾧ μὴ π. μὴ εἰσίναι no admittance except on business, Sammelb. 6152.22 (1st c.BC): with genitive rei, οἷς μηδὲν ἦν π. τοῦ πολέμου who were not concerned in the war, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pompeius” 65 ; τὸ σὸν τί ἐστι π.; what is your pursuit or business, what are you about? Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 20c, cf. Alcaeus1.104d.
__II.4.c μέγα π. a man of consequence, Demosthenes Orator 35.15; τὸ μέγα π. ἐν τῇ πόλει Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 175 ; ἦν μέγιστον π. Δημοκήδης παρὰ βασιλέϊ he was made much of by the king, Herodotus Historicus 3.132 ; π. μέγα φρέατος a fine large tank, Alexander Rhetor 179.
__II.5 used of a battle, action, affair, ὡς οἱ σωθέντες ἐκ τοῦ π. ἀπέφυγον Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 7.1.17.
__II.6 τὸ π. the love-affair of Harmodius and Aristogeiton, Aeschines Orator 1.132.
__II.7 fact, opposed to λόγος, ὄνομα, Aristoteles Philosophus “Topica” 146a3, “SE” 175a8; πρὸς τὸ π. καὶ τὴν ἀλήθειαν prev. author “Ph.” 263a17: pl., οὐκ ἐχρῆν τῶν π. τὴν γλῶσσαν ἰσχύειν πλέον Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 1188.
__II.8 matter in hand, question, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ διαίτης ὀξέων” 39; πρὸς τὸ π. Plato Philosophus “Meno” 87a, Aristoteles Philosophus “Analytica Priora” 70a32, Demosthenes Orator 54.26; διαιρεῖν κατὰ τὸ π. Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1299b18; ἔξω τοῦ π., see at {ἔξω} 1.2b.
__III in plural, πράγματα,
__III.1 circumstances, affairs, τὰ ἀνθρωπήϊα π. Herodotus Historicus 1.207; ἐν εἰρήνῃ καὶ ἀγαθοῖς π. Thucydides Historicus 3.82, compare 1.89 ; τοῖς π. τέθνηκα τοῖς δ᾽ ἔργοισιν οὔ by circumstances, not by acts, Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 286; ἐν τοιούτοις π. Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.7.2, “An.” 2.1.16, etc.; δεινὸς πράγμασι χρῆσθαι Demosthenes Orator 1.3, compare Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 3.5.1; τύχη τὰ θνητῶν πράγματ᾽, οὐκ εὐβουλία Chaeremon Tragicus 2 ; ἀποτυγχάνειν τῶν π. fail to prosper, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 4.2.28 ; the condition of a patient, τὰ τῶν νοσεύντων π. Hippocrates Medicus “προγνωστικόν” 1 (also in sg., ἐξαπίνης ὅλῳ τῷ π. μεταβάλλειν prev. author “Acut.” 35 ; so also poetry, ποῦ ποτ᾽ εἰμὶ πράγματο; Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 375, compare “Aj.” 314).
__III.2 state-affairs, τὰ πολιτικὰ π. Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 31d ; ἔστ᾽ ἐν ἡμῖν τῆς πόλεως τὰ π. the fortunes of the state, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 32 ; a state or empire, τὰ Περσικὰ π. the Persian power, Herodotus Historicus 3.137; τὰ Περσέων π. prev. author 7.50, etc.; διαπεπόρθηται τὰ Περσῶν π. Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 714; ἐν ταῖς ναυσὶ τῶν Ἑλλήνων τὰ π. ἐγένετο Thucydides Historicus 1.74; μὴ ὥσπερ θεῷ νομίζετ᾽ ἐκείνῳ τὰ παρόντα πεπηγέναι π. ἀθάνατα Demosthenes Orator 4.8, compare 44, etc.; παρασπάσασθαί τι τῶν ὅλων π. prev. author 1.3 ; of government, καταλαμβάνειν τὰ π. Herodotus Historicus 6.39, compare Thucydides Historicus 3.30 (Pass.); ἔχειν τὰ π. prev. work 62, 72,compare Herodotus Historicus 6.83; κατέχειν τὰ π. Thucydides Historicus 4.2; ἐς μέσον Πέρσῃσι καταθεῖναι τὰ π. Herodotus Historicus 3.80 ; οἱ ἐν τοῖς π. those who are in power or office, Thucydides Historicus 3.28, Demosthenes Orator 9.56, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1307b10; οἱ ἐπὶ τοῖς π. ὄντες Demosthenes Orator 9.2; οἱ ἐπὶ τῶν π. prev. author 18.247, compare Polybius Historicus 3.69.4, LXX.1Mac.3.32 +5th c.BC+; ἐν τυραννίδι καὶ πλούτῳ καὶ πράγμασι Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.150c ; τριῶν ἀνδρῶν δημοσίων π. ἀποκαταστάσεως, = Latin triumvir reipublicae constituendae, Sammelb. 4224.2 (1st c.BC) ; κοινωνοὶ τῶν π. Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 2.3.17; νεώτερα π. innovations, Lysias Orator 13.6, Isocrates Orator 7.59, etc., compare Herodotus Historicus 5.19 ; but εὐνούστατος τοῖς π. a friend to things as they are, Lysias Orator 12.65.
__III.3 fortunes, cause, circumstances, Herodotus Historicus 7.236, 237; κοινὰ π. Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 1062; τέρας γὰρ ὁ βίος καὶ τὰ π. ἐστί μου prev. author “Hel.” 260; ἔρρει τἀμὰ π. Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 1.15, compare Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 280: τὰ π. alone, one's all, one's fortunes, ἐν ᾧπέρ ἐστι πάντα μοι τὰ π. Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 474 ; ={κτήματα}, Hippocrates Medicus (“Legal” 5 ?) cited in Erotianus Grammaticus: in sg., φαῦλον γὰρ ἂν εἴη τὸ ἐμὸν π. Plato Philosophus “Hp.Ma.” 286e, compare “Cri.” 53d, “Ap.” 42a.
__III.4 business, especially lawbusiness, πρός τινα Antipho Orator 6.12, Thucydides Historicus 1.128; οὔτε ἐμαυτοῦ οὔτε ἀλλότρια π. πράξας Lysias Orator 12.3; δικῶν γὰρ οὐ δέομ᾽ οὐδὲ πραγμάτων Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1426; πράγματα κἀντιγραφάς prev. author “Nu.” 471: metaph. in sg., πονηρὸν τὸ π. ἔχειν to have a bad case, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1415b22.
__III.5 in bad sense, trouble, annoyance, ἁπάντων αἰτίους τῶν π. Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 310 ; πρήγματα ἔχειν, with participle, to have trouble about a thing, Herodotus Historicus 7.147, compare Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 174b, etc.; π. ἔχειν ἐν τῷ δείπνῳ Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.3.4, etc.; π. λαμβάνειν prev. author “Lac.” 2.9 ; π. παρέχειν τινί to cause one trouble, Herodotus Historicus 1.155, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 20, al. : with infinitive, cause one the trouble of doing, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 115a, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.5.46, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 313; πραγμάτων.. ἀπαλλαγείς prev. author “Ach.” 269 (Lyric poetry), compare Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 41d, “R.” 406e ; ἄνευ πραγμάτων, σὺν πράγμασι, Demosthenes Orator 1.20, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 6.3.6: less frequently in sg., μηδὲν πρῆγμα παρέχειν Herodotus Historicus 7.239.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks πραγματεύομαι G4231 "zaak, bedrijf hebben"; Grieks πράσσω G4238 "uitoefenen, praktiseren, ondernemen, staatszaken beheren";

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