G4248 πρηνής
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Taal: Grieks

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pri̱nēs̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

** πρηνής, -ές (in Att. also πρανής), [in LXX: Wi 4:19, III Mac 5:43, 50 6:23*;] headlong, prone: Ac 1:18.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πρᾱν-ής, ές,
  Ionic dialect πρηνής (also in Aristoteles Philosophus “Meteorologica” 350a11, “Spir.” 484b29, “fragment” 106, Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 18.3.1, 19.8.2, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.680a, “Tim.” 11, Galenus Medicus “de Usu Partium” 2.2, 7.22, “PMag.Par.” 1.194, etc.) , genitive έος, Attic dialect contraction οῦς:—of posture, with the face downwards, lying on the front, falling forwards, opposed to ὕπτιος, πρηνεῖς τε καὶ ὕπτιοι ἔκπεσον ἵππων Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.179; ἐκ δίφροιο.. ἐξεκυλίσθη πρηνὴς ἐν κονίῃσιν ἐπὶ στόμα 6.43, compare 2.418, 4.544, Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 365; πρηνὴς ἐπὶ γαίῃ κεῖτο ταθείς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.118; mostly with Verbs of falling, πρηνὴς κάππεσε, ἤριπε, ἐλιάσθη, 16.413, 5.58, 15.543 ; πρηνέα.. τανύσσας Ἕκτορα 23.25; κατὰ πρηνὲς βαλέειν Πριάμοιο μέλαθρον headlong down, 2.414; π. γενόμενος NT.Act.1.18 (perhaps ={πρησθείς} becoming distended); ἐπὶ τὸ πρηνὲς ῥέπειν incline towards pronation, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀγμῶν” 1; ἐς τὸ π. prev. author “Mochl.” 8 ; of the arm and hand, with the palm downwards, variant in “Fract.” 2 ; opposed to ὕπτιος, Aristoteles Philosophus “Spir.” same place, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Timoleon” 11 ; of ἀστράγαλοι, ὀρθοὶ πίπτοντες ἢ πρηνεῖς prev. author 2.680a, compare 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 7.204 ; of seeds, hollow side downwards, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 2.6.1 ; of a ship, bottom upwards, implied in Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Tim.” prev. cited
__II of parts of animals or man, that part which is uppermost and visible when the animal or man is in the πρανής position (the normal one for a quadruped), the back part, τὰ τετράποδα.. ἐν τοῖς ὑπτίοις οὐκ ἔ χει τὰς τρίχας, ἀλλ᾽ ἐν τοῖς πρανέσι μᾶλλον· οἱ δ᾽ ἄνθρωποι τοὐναντίον ἐν τοῖς ὑπτίοις μᾶλλον ἢ ἐν τοῖς πρανέσιν Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 658a17, compare “HA” 498b20, 519a21, 540a2, “GA” 717b30.
__II.2 of leaves and of the hand, the back or 'wrong' side, τὰς ἶνας καὶ τὰς φλέβας ἐν τοῖς π. ἔχουσιν ὥσπερ ἡ χείρ Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 1.10.2 (misunderstood as the opposite by Plinius Rerum Naturalium Scriptor “Historia Naturalis” 16.88), compare 3.14.2.
__III of the sides of hills, πρὸς ἄναντες καὶ κατὰ πρανοῦς καὶ πλάγια ἐλαύνειν down hill, Xenophon Historicus “de Equitandi ratione” 3.7, compare “An.” 1.5.8, 4.8.28, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Sulla” 18; κατὰ τὰ π. Xenophon Historicus “de Equitandi ratione” 8.6 ; τὸ π., opposed to τὸ ὄρθιον, prev. passage,compare “Cyr.” 2.2.24.
__III.2 convex, Aristoteles Philosophus “Meteorologica” 350a11.

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