G4272 προδίδωμι
verraden
Taal: Grieks

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prodido̱mi,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

προ-δίδωμι, [in LXX: Ez 16:34 A (נתן H5414), IV Mac 4:1, al.;] 1. to give before, give first: Ro 11:35 (Jb 41:2 (11) LXX, al.). 2. to betray (IV Mac 4:1).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

προδίδωμι,
  give beforehand, pay in advance, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.5.7, “IG” 22.1304.34 ; προεδίδου conjecture for προσ- in Polybius Historicus 8.15.7 ; προδιδούς, opposed to ἐπιδιδούς, Galenus Medicus 12.174 ; give first, NT.Rom.11.35:—passive, Aristoteles Philosophus “Oeconomica” 1350a36; τῶν -δεδομένων τιμῶν “Inscription Prien.” 107.17, compare “GDI” 5181.34 (from Crete) ; of a menu-tablet, Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 2.49d.
__II give up, κλῆρον “PPetr.” 3p.96 (3rd c.BC) ; deliver up, τοὺς ὁμοκωμήτας ἡμῖν “PThead.” 17.16 (4th c.AD) : most frequently, give up to the enemy, betray, τοὺς λοιποὺς τοῖσι Σαμίοισι Herodotus Historicus 6.23; τὸ σὸν θνητοῖσι π. γέρας Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 38, etc.; π. τὴν Ποτείδαιαν Herodotus Historicus 8.128; τὰν φυγάδα Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 420 (Lyric poetry); ἱκέτας Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 246; πυργώματα Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 251 ; τὰς πύλας, φρούριον, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 766, “Ra.” 362 ; of a woman, π. τὸ σῶμα Lysias Orator “Fragmenta” 90 : with infinitive, ὃν σὺ προὔδωκας θανεῖν Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 1588, cf. Alcaeus659 :—passive, προδοθέντες ὑπὸ Σιτάλκεω ἥλωσαν Herodotus Historicus 7.137; ἀπόλωλα τλήμων, προδέδομαι Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 923.
__II.2 forsake, abandon, οἵ με φίλοι προὔδωκαν Theognis Elegiacus 813; π. τὴν Ἑλλάδα Herodotus Historicus 9.7.β, Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 408; μηδαμῶς.. προδῷς με prev. author “Th.” 229; τὴν μητέρα π. Antipho Orator 1.5; τὴν πολιτείαν Plato Philosophus “Leges” 762c; σαυτόν prev. author “Cri.” 45c :—passive, προδεδόμεθα ὑπὸ τῶν συμμάχων Herodotus Historicus 9.60, compare Vettius Valens Astrologus 78.19.
__II.3 absolutely, play false, desert, Herodotus Historicus 5.113, 6.15, etc. ; οὔτοι προδώσει χρησμός will not prove traitor, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 269; χάρις.. προδοῦσ᾽ ἁλίσκεται Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1267 ; ἢν προδιδῶσι πρὸς τοὺς κατιόντας treat treasonably with them, Herodotus Historicus 3.45: with acc. cogn., προδοσίαν π. to be guilty of treachery, Dinarchus Orator 1.10.
__II.4 with a thing as subject, betray, fail one, αἱ κάτω πλίνθοι π. τὰς ἄνω Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.2.5; ὁ ὀφθαλμὸς π. τινά Demosthenes Orator 52.13 : intransitive,fail, of wine, Xenophanes Poeta Philosophus 1.5 ; of a river, run dry, Herodotus Historicus 7.187 ; of a barricade that has proved useless, prev. author 8.52.
__II.5 with a thing as object, surrender, give up, προδέδοται τὰ κρυπτά Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 1140 ; χάριν π. to be thankless, prev. author “Heracl.” 1036; τὰ πράγματα Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 241; τὸ δοκοῦν ἀληθὲς οὐχ ὅσιον προδιδόναι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 607c; τὸ δίκαιον prev. author “Lg.” 907a ; ἑτέροισι τὴν νίκην prev. work 906e; καιρὸν τοῖς ἐναντίοις Demosthenes Orator 19.6 ; to be false to, fail to uphold, ὅρκους Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 5.1.22; τὴν καταχειροτονίαν Demosthenes Orator 21.120 ; give up as lost, bid adieu to, ἡδονάς Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1166; τὰς ἐλπίδας Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1500; τὴν ἐκείνου προαίρεσιν Demosthenes Orator 60.28; τὸν ἀγῶνα Aeschines Orator 1.115.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks δίδωμι G1325 "geven, schenken"; Grieks πρό G4253 "pro, voor"; Grieks προδότης G4273 "verrader";

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