G4442 πῦρ
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pýr,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πῦρ, gen., πυρός, τό, [in LXX chiefly and very freq. for אֵשׁ H784;] fire: Mk 9:22, Lk 3:9, Jo 15:6, Ac 2:19, I Co 3:13, Ja 3:5, Re 8:5, al; π. καὶ θεῖον, Lk 17:29; κατακαίειν (ἐν) π., Mt 13:40, Re 17:16 18:8; καίεσθαι πυρί, He 12:18, Re 8:8 21:8; φλὸξ πυρός, Ac 7:30, II Th 1:8, He 1:7, Re 1:14 2:18 19:12; λαμπάδες πυρός, Re 4:5; στῦλοι πυρός, Re 10:1; ἄνθρακες πυρός, Ro 12:20(LXX); γλῶσσαι ὡσεὶ πυρός, Ac 2:3; δοκιμάζειν (πυροῦσθαι) διὰ πυρός, I Pe 1:7, Re 3:18; ὡς διὰ. π. (Lft., Notes, 193), I Co 3:15. Of the fire of hell (cf. Dalman, Words,161): Mk 9:48(LXX); τὸ π. τὸ αἰώνιον, Mt 18:8 25:41 (cf. IV Mac 12:12); ἄσβεστον, Mk 9:43; πυρὸς αἰωνίου δίκην ὑπέχειν, Ju 7; γέεννα τοῦ π., Mt 5:22 18:9; κάμινος τοῦ π., Mt 13:42, 50; ἡ λίμνη τοῦ π., Re 19:20 20:10, 14, 15; πυρὶ τηρεῖσθαι, II Pe 3:7; βασανισθῆναι ἐν π., Re 14:10. Metaph.: βαπτίζειν πυρί, Mt 3:11, Lk 3:16; of the tongue, Ja 3:5; of strife and discord, Lk 12:49; ἐκ π. ἁρπάζειν, Ju 23; πυρὶ ἁλίζεσθαι, Mk 9:49; ζῆλος πυρός, He 10:27; of God, π. καταναλίσκον, He 12:29(LXX).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πῦρ
  (once πύυρ ?~X ¯ ?~X by 'distraction', Simonides Lyricus 59 codices Hdn.Gr. (“Rh.Mus.” 35.101, 38.378)), τό, gen. πῠρός ; not used in plural, see at {πυρά},{τά}:—fire, π. καίειν or δαίειν to kindle fire, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.521, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.7, etc. ; π. ἀνακαίειν, ἅπτειν, ἐξάπτειν, αἴθειν, ἐναύειν, (see entry).; π. ποιεῖν, ποιήσασθαι, Anaxippus Comicus 1.12, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.2.27; οἴσετε π. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.718; π. προσέφερον Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.2.14 ; π. ἐμβαλεῖν νηυσί, κλισίῃσι, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.597, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.501 (tmesis) ; π. φυσητέον, ῥιπίζειν, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 293, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Flamininus” 21; as exclamation, πῦρ βοᾷ Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 208.
__b π. τεχνικόν, see at {τεχνικός}.
__2 funeral-fire (compare πυρά), ὄφρα πυρός με.. λελάχωσι θανόντα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.79, 22.342, compare 15.350, 23.76 ; ζῶντα διδόναι τινὰ πυρί burn one alive, Herodotus Historicus 1.86.
__3 sacrificial fire, ἐν πυρὶ βάλλε θυηλάς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.220, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.341, 446; κατὰ τοῦ π. σπένδειν Plato Philosophus “Critias” 120a; διὰ τοῦ π. ὀμνύναι Demosthenes Orator 54.40.
__4 hearthfire, πυρὸς ἐσχάραι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.418, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.59; ἕως ἂν αἴθῃ πῦρ ἐφ᾽ ἑστίας ἐμῆς Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1435; πυρὶ δέχεσθαί τινα Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 47 ; τὸ π. τὸ ἀθάνατον the fire of Vesta, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Numa” 9, etc.; deified, Πῦρ ἀθάνατον “SIG” 826 ii 14 (Delph., 2nd c.BC).
__5 lightning, κεραυνὸς ἀενάου πυρός Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 1.6; πῦρ πνέοντος κεραυνοῦ prev. author “fragment” 146; πυρὸς ἀμφήκης βόστρυχος Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 1044 (anap.); πυρὶ καὶ στεροπαῖς Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 470 (anap.); παλτῷ ῥιπτεῖ πυρί prev. author “Ant.” 131 (anap.); θείῳ πυρὶ παμφαής prev. author “Ph.” 728 (Lyric poetry).
__5.b fire, light, or heat of the sun, θερινὸν π., opposed to χειμών, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 3.50, compare Plato Philosophus “Leges” 865b ; of the stars, π. πνείοντα ἄστρα Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1146 (Lyric poetry) ; summer solstice, Alcman Lyricus 79, Paulus Alexandrinus Astrologus “A.” 3.
__6 flame of torches, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 964 (Lyric poetry), etc. ; π. εὐάγγελον, ἄγγαρον, πομπόν, of the beacon fire, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 21, 282, 299.
__7 fever heat, violent fever, πῦρ ἔλαβέν τινα Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 1.26.ή, al. ; ὁ δ᾽ ἔχων θέρμαν καὶ π. ἧκεν Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 690; τεταρταίῳ πυρί Callimachus Epicus “Aetia” 3.1.17; π. ἄγριον Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 7.20 (of erysipelas acc. to Galenus Medicus 19.134).
__II phrases, ἐν πυρὶ γενέσθαι to be consumed, come to nothing, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.340 ; φεύγων καπνὸν εἰς πῦρ δεσποτείας ἐμπεπτωκώς 'out of the frying pan into the fire, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 569b, cf. Prov. cited in Simplicius Philosophus “in Epictetum commentaria” p.72 Demosthenes Orator; ἦν ἄρα πυρός γ᾽ ἕτερα θερμότερα Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 382 ; πῦρ ἐπὶ πῦρ ἐγχεῖν, ἄγειν, φέρειν, ἐπεισφέρειν, Cratinus Comicus 18, Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 453, Aristoteles Philosophus “Problemata” 880a21, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.61a ; εἰς π. ξαίνειν 'plough the sands', Plato Philosophus “Leges” 780c; βασανίζειν χρυσὸν ἐν πυρί prev. author “R.” 413e, compare Polybius Historicus 21.20.7 : as a type of things irresistible or terrible, ἀντίος εἶμι, καὶ εἰ πυρὶ χεῖρας ἔοικε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.371; μάρναντο δέμας πυρὸς αἰθομένοιο 11.596, al.; Ἕκτωρ πυρὸς αἰνὸν ἔχει μένος 17.565, compare 6.182; so τὸ πεπρωμένον οὐ π. σχήσει Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 232; κρεῖσσον ἀμαιμακέτου πυρός Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 177; οὐδὲν θηρίον γυναικὸς ἀμαχώτερον, οὐδὲ π. Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 1015; ἀναρχία κρείσσων πυρός Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 608; ἐχίδνης καὶ πυρὸς περαιτέρω prev. author “Andr.” 271 ; so διὰ πυρὸς ἰέναι (as we say) to go through fire and water, dash through any danger, Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 4.16, compare “Oec.” 21.7, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 133 ; but διὰ πυρὸς ἦλθε ἑτέρῳ λέχεϊ she raged furiously against the other partner of the bed, Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 487 (Lyric poetry); διὰ πυρὸς ἔμολον ματρί prev. author “El.” 1183 (Lyric poetry); σωθήσεται οὕτω δὲ ὡς διὰ πυρός NT.1Cor.3.15; εἰς π. ἅλλεσθαι Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.3.9; κἂν εἰς π. ἐμβαῖεν Libanius Sophista “Epistulae” 314.3; π. διέρπειν Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 265 ; of persons, ὦ π. σύ.. prev. author “Ph.” 927 ; of Hannibal, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Flamininus” 21 : metaphorically of anxious hope, θάλπει τῷδ᾽ ἀνηκέστῳ πυρί Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 888 ; of love, ἀρσενικῷ θέρεται π. Callimachus Epicus “Epigrammata” 27.5, compare 45.2 . (Cf. Armenian hur, O Euripides Tragicus fyr 'fire', etc.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀναζωπυρέω G329 "aansteken, ontvlammen, ijver aanwakkeren"; Grieks πυρά G4443 "vuur"; Grieks πυρόω G4448 "vuur verbranden (in), brand steken (in)"; Grieks πυῤῥός G4450 "rood, vuurrood";

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