G4655 σκότος
duisternis
Taal: Grieks

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skotos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

σκότος, -ου, ὁ the more usual cl. form (cf. σ., τό), darkness: He 12:18, Rec.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

σκότος, ὁ,
  more rarely σκότος, εος, τό (see. entry near the end), darkness, gloom, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.389, Empedocles Poeta Philosophus 121.4, Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 142, etc. ; opposed to φάος, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 319 (Lyric poetry), Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 417, etc. ; opposed to ἡμέρα, Plato Philosophus “Definitiones” 411b.
__2 in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” always of the darkness of death, mostly in phrase τὸν δὲ σ. ὄσσε κάλυψεν 4.461, al.; στυγερὸς δ᾽ ἄρα μιν σ. εἷλεν 5.47, 13.672 ; so in Trag. and Comedy texts, σκότῳ θανεῖν Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 837 (Lyric poetry) ; ἤδη με περιβάλλει σ. prev. author “Ph.” 1453; σ. γίγνεται Pherecrates Comicus 40 ; σκότον εἶναι τεθνηκότος (i.e. Αἰσχύλου) Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 643.
__3 of the nether world, Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 130; σκότον νέμονται Τάρταρόν τε Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 72, compare “Pers.” 223; τὸν ἀεὶ κατὰ γᾶς σ. εἱμένος Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1701 (Lyric poetry) ; παῖδες ἀρχαίου Σκότου prev. work 106; ἰὼ σ., ἐμὸν φάος prev. author “Aj.” 394 (Lyric poetry); γῆς σκότῳ κέκρυπται Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 62; σκότου πύλαι prev. author “Hec.” 1.
__4 the darkness of the womb, φυγόντα μητρόθεν σκότον Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 664: pl., ἐν σκότοισι νηδύος τεθραμμένη prev. author “Eu.” 665.
__5 of blindness, σκότου νέφος Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1313 (Lyric poetry); ὁθούνεκ᾽.. ἐν σκότῳ.. ὀψοίατο, i.e. οὐκέτι ὀψοίατο, prev. work 1273 ; βλέποντα νῦν μὲν ὄρθ᾽, ἔπειτα δὲ σκότον, i.e. μηδέν, prev. work 419; σκότον δεδορκώς Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 377, compare “HF” 563.
__5.b dizziness, vertigo, Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 5.23; σκότοι πρὸ τῶν ὀμμάτων Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 584a3 ; compare σκοτόδινος, -δινιάω.
__6 metaphorically, σκότῳ κρύπτειν hide in darkness, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1396 (Lyric poetry), compare Pindarus Lyricus “Frr.” 42.5, 228 ; σκότον ἔχειν to be in darkness, obscurity, prev. author “N.” 7.13, Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 1052.8 ; ἀπορία καὶ σ. Plato Philosophus “Leges” 837a; περικαλύψαι τοῖσι πράγμασι σκότον Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 1522: with Preps., διὰ σκότους ἡ ὁδός it is dark and uncertain, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.5.9; ἐν σ. καθήμενος Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 1.83; μηδὲν ἐν σ. τεχνωμένων Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 494; κατὰ σκότον prev. author “Ph.” 578; ὑπὸ σκότου prev. author “Ant.” 692, Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 1457 (Lyric poetry), Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.6.4; ὑπὸ σκότῳ Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1030 (Lyric poetry), Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1214.
__7 of a person, Μητρότιμος ὁ σ., like{ὁ σκοτεινός}, the mystery-man, Hipponax Iambographus 78 ; also, darkness, i.e. ignorance, Demosthenes Orator 19.226 ; deceit, σ. καὶ ἀπάτη Plato Philosophus “Leges” 864c.
__8 plural, σκότη shadows in a picture, Pausanias Grammaticus “fragment” 300, 1Suidas Legal icographus see entry {ἀπεσκοτωμένα}, 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 953.51.— Aelius Dionysius Grammaticus “fragment” 217 regarded the masculine as the Attic dialect form: the neuter never occurs in Aristophanes Comicus , and is nowhere required by the metre in Trag., though it sometimes occurs in codices, Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 831, “HF” 1159, “fragment” 534, variant in Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 40, uncertain reading in Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 6 ; it is found, however, without variant, in Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 42.5 and Attic dialect Prose, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 516e, “Cra.” 418c, Demosthenes Orator 18.159, etc.; also in Herodotus Historicus 2.121. έ, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.5.9, 7.4.18 ; the word is always neuter in LXX and “NT.”

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks σκιά G4639 "schaduw, schets, hoofdlijn, afschaduwing"; Grieks σκοτεινός G4652 "duisternis (vol)"; Grieks σκοτία G4653 "duisternis"; Grieks σκοτίζω G4654 "bedekken met duisternis, donker maken"; Grieks σκοτόω G4656 "donker maken";

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