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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ψῆφος, -ου, ἡ (< ψάω, to rub) [in LXX: Ex 4:25 (צֹר H6864), La 3:16 (חָצָץ H2687), Ec 7:26 (25) (חֶשְׁבּוֺך H2808), IV Ki 12:4 (5) A, Si 18:10, IV Mac 15:26 * ;] 1. a small smooth stone, a pebble: ψ. λευκή (for suggestions as to the meaning, v. Swete, in l.), Re 2:17. 2. From the use of pebbles in voting, a vote: Ac 26:10.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

  Doric dialect ψᾶφος, Aeolic dialect ψᾶφαξ, ἡ, genitive plural ψηφάων 4th c.AD(?): Manetho Astrologus 4.448 : (ψάω):—a small round worn stone, pebble, ψᾶφος ἑλισσομένα Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 10(11).9; οὐκ ἂν εἰδείην λέγειν ποντιᾶν ψάφων ἀριθμόν prev. work 13.46 ; ψήφῳ μούνῃ διατετρανέεις, opposed to μόγις ἂν λίθῳ παίσας διαρρήξειας, Herodotus Historicus 3.12 ; ψ. ἄμμου a grain of sand, LXX.Sir.18.10.
__2 precious stone, gem, Philostratus Sophista “Vita Apollonii” 3.27 ; especially worn in a ring, Lucianus Sophista “DMeretr.” 9.
__II accusative to the various uses made of such pebbles:
__II.1 pebble used for reckoning, counter, λογίζεσθαι ψήφοις calculate or reckon by abacus, cipher, Herodotus Historicus 2.36, etc. : hence to reckon exactly or accurately, opposed to ἀπὸ χειρὸς λ., Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 656 (anap.); οὐ τιθεὶς ψήφους Demosthenes Orator 18.229; ἐν ψήφῳ λέγειν Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 570; ἐν ψήφου λόγῳ θέσθαι Euripides Tragicus “Rhesus” 309: metaph., ταῖς τοῦ συμφέροντος ψήφοις μετρεῖν τὰς ἔχθρας καὶ τὰς φιλίας Polybius Historicus 2.47.5: hence ψῆφος itself for a cipher, number, πὸτ ἄρτιον (i.e. ἀριθμὸν) ποτθέμειν.. ψᾶφον Epicharmus Comicus 170 : plural, accounts, καθαραὶ ψ., where there is an exact balance, Demosthenes Orator 18.227; οἱ περὶ τὰς ψ. calculators, Alciphro Epistolographus 1.26; ψήφων ἄπειρος Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.812e ; δακτυλικὴ ψ. reckoning on the fingers, “Anthologia Graeca” 11.290 (Palladas Epigrammaticus) ; of astrological calculations, Vettius Valens Astrologus 10.15, al.
__II.1.b in Magic, κατέχων τὴν ψ. (i. e. the object on which the number is written) λέγε.. “PMag.Par.” 1.1048, compare 937.
__II.2 pebble used for a draughts- or chess-man, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 487c; κύβος ἐν παιδιᾷ ψήφων Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.427f.
__II.2.b pebble used by jugglers, ψηφάων παῖκται 4th c.AD(?): Manetho Astrologus 4.448.
__II.3 pebble used in divination, ἡ διὰ ψήφων μαντική Apollodorus Damascenus Mechanicus 3.10.2.
__II.4 cube used in mosaic pavements, Galenus Medicus “προτρεπτικός - Scripta Minora” 8.
__II.5 pebble used in voting, ψήφῳ ψηφίζεσθαι Herodotus Historicus 9.55; ἐὰν μὴ τῇ ψ... ψηφίσωνται κρύβδην ψηφιζόμενοι Demosthenes Orator 59.89 : hence, the vote itself, ψῆφον φέρειν give one's vote, ἐν καρδίᾳ ψ. φέροντες Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 680, compare Andocides Orator 1.2, Demosthenes Orator 57.61, etc.; ὑπέρ τινος Lycurgus Orator 7; περί τινος prev. author 11, etc.; ψήφου φορά Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 484 ; ψῆφον τίθεσθαι, ={ψηφίζεσθαι}, Herodotus Historicus 8.123, compare 6.57; εἰς τεῦχος.. ψήφους ἔθεντο Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 816 ; with infinitive, Herodotus Historicus 3.73; ψ. προσθέσθαι Thucydides Historicus 1.40 ; ψήφῳ διαιρεῖν to determine by vote, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 630 ; ψήφῳ κρίνειν, Thucydides Historicus 1.87, etc.; μεταλαβὼν τὸ πέμπτον μέρος τῶν ψ. Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 36b, cf. Legal cited in Demosthenes Orator 21.47: in _collective_ sense, ἐχρῆν.. ψ. περὶ αὐτοῦ γενέσθαι a vote is taken, Antipho Orator 5.47; ἡ καθαιροῦσα ψ. Lysias Orator 13.37; ἡ σῴζουσα ψ. Demosthenes Orator 19.66 ; οἷς ἂν πλείστη γένηται ψ. a majority of votes, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 759d: τὴν ψῆφον ἐπάγειν to put the vote or question, of the president, Thucydides Historicus 1.119, 125; ψῆφον δοῦναι περί τινος “IG” 22.222.24, compare Demosthenes Orator 21.188; ψ. ἀναδοὺς περί τινος Appianus Historicus “Bella Civilia” 1.100; so ψ. περὶ ἡμῶν ὑπὲρ ἀνδραποδισμοῦ προτεθεῖσαν Demosthenes Orator 19.65 ; διένεμον (variants διενέμοντο, ἔφερον) τὰς ψ. were casting their votes, Herodotus Historicus 8.123 ; ὑπὸ ψήφου μιᾶς with one accord, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 270 ; ψ. φανερά open voting, ψ. φανερὰν διενεγκεῖν Thucydides Historicus 4.74; τὴν ψ. οὐκ εἰς καδίσκους ἀλλὰ φανερὰν ἐπὶ τὰς τραπέζας τίθεσθαι Lysias Orator 13.37, compare Plato Philosophus “Leges” 767d, 855d ; opposed to ψ. ἀφανής voting by ballot, Aeschines Orator 3.233; κρύβδην τὴν ψ. φέρειν Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica ad Alexandrum” 1433a23, compare 1424b2, “Ath.” 69.1.
__II.5.b that which is carried by vote, a vote, ψ. καταγνώσεως a vote of condemnation, Thucydides Historicus 3.82 ; ψῆφος αὐτῷ ἐπῆκτο περὶ φυγῆς a vote of banishment was moved for against him, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.7.57, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 198; ψήφῳ πόλεως γνωσθεῖσαι prev. author “Supp.” 7 (anap.): —hence,
__II.5.c any resolve or decree, ψ. τυράννων Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 60 ; λιθίνα ψᾶφος a decree written on stone, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 7.87 ; διδοῖ ψᾶφον περ᾽ αὐτᾶς the oak gives judgement of itself, prev. author “P.” 4.265 ; ψ. φλεγυρὰ βροτῶν, i. e. public opinion, Cratinus Comicus 57 (Lyric poetry) ; τίν᾽ ἂν ψῆφον θεῖ; what judgment.. ? Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 330c, compare “R.” 450a; ἡ ἐμὴ ψ. prev. author “Phlb.” 57a.
__II.5.d Ἀθηνᾶς ψ., calculus Minervae, proverbial phrase to express acquittal, when the votes were even, Philostratus Sophista “Vitae Sophistarum” 2.3.
__II.5.e ψ. is sometimes omitted, κἂν ἴσαι γένωνται Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 685 (Lyric poetry); πάσαις κρατεῖν Lucianus Sophista “Bis Acc.” 18, compare 22.
__II.5.f Διὸς ψῆφος (ψῆφοι 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus), proverbial ἐπὶ τῶν ἱερῶν καὶ ἀθίκτων, of the scene of contest betw. Athena and Poseidon, 1Suidas Legal icographus, etc.
__II.5.g Κόννου ψ., negligible quantity, cipher, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 675 (anap.), compare Κοννᾶς.
__II.6 place of voting, tribunal, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 945, “El.” 1263.
__II.7 metaphorically, influence, πόλις μεγάλην ψ. ἔχουσα Libanius Sophista “Orationes” 18.13.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ψηλαφάω G5584 ""; Grieks ψηφίζω G5585 "";


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