G73 ἀγών
bijeenkomst, vergadering, conflict
Taal: Grieks

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Woordstudie

a'goon, zn m van ἄγω G00071; TDNT - 1:135,20;


1) bijeenkomst, vergadering 1a) plaats van bijeenkomst, vooral om spelen bij te wonen 1b) de plaats van de wedstrijd, arena of stadion 2) de bijeenkomst van de Grieken voor hun nationale spelen 2a) vandaar de wedstrijd om een prijs in hun spelen 2b) algemeen, iedere strijd of worsteling 2c) een veldslag 2d) een proces in rechte


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀγών, -ῶνος, ὁ (< ἄγω), [in LXX: Is 7:13 (לאה H3811), Es 4:17, Wi 4:2 10:12, II Mac6, IV Mac5*;] 1. a gathering, esp. for games. 2. a place of assembly. 3. a contest, struggle, trial; metaph. (MM, VGT (a) of the Christian life as a contest and struggle: Phl 1:30, I Th 2:2, I Ti 6:12, II Ti 4:7 He 12:1; (b) solicitude, anxiety: Col 2:1.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἀγών ᾰ, ῶνος, ὁ,
  Aeolic dialect ἄγωνος, ου, ὁ, Alcaeus Lyricus 121 (also E.cited in Scholia Il. “Oxy.” 1087.60) ; Elean dative plural ἀγώνοιρ “GDI” 1172.26 : (ἄγω):—gathering, assembly, ἵζανεν εὐρὺν ἀ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.258; λῦτο δ᾽ ἀ. 24.1, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.200; νεῶν ἐν ἀγῶνι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.428, compare 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 1335.57 : especially assembly met to see games, frequently in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23 ; Ὑπερβορέων ἀ. Pi “P.” 10.30; κοινοὺς ἀ. θέντες Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 845.
__2 place of contest, lists, course, βήτην ἐς μέσσον ἀ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.685, compare 531, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.260, Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 312, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 9.114, and especially Thucydides Historicus 5.50: proverbial, ἔξω ἀγῶνος out of the lists or course, i.e. beside the mark, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 1.44, Lucianus Sophista “Anach.” 21: pl., κατ᾽ ἀγῶνας Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.259.
__II assembly of the Greeks at the national games, ὁ ἐν Ὀλυμπίῃ ἀ. Herodotus Historicus 6.127; ὁ Ὀλυμπικὸς ἀ. Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 583; Ἑλλάδος πρόσχημ᾽ ἀ. Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 682, compare 699 :— hence, contest for a prize at the games, ἀ. γυμνικός, ἱππικός, μουσικός, Herodotus Historicus 2.91, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 658a, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 1163, compare Thucydides Historicus 3.104; οἱ τῶν λαμπάδων ἀ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 57.1 ; ἀ. τῶν ἀνδρῶν contest in which the chorus was composed of men, opposed to to παίδων or ἀγενείων (which see), Demosthenes Orator 21.18, etc. ; ἀ. στεφανηφόρος or στεφανίτης contest where the prize is a crown, Herodotus Historicus 5.102, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1357a19 ; ἀ. χάλκεος, where it is a shield of brass, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 10.22; ἀ. θεματικός “IG” 14.739 (from Naples) ; ἀργυρίτης δωρίτης Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.820d: —hence many phrases, ἀγῶνα καταστῆσαι establish a contest, Isocrates Orator 4.1; τιθέναι Herodotus Historicus 5.8; ποιεῖν Thucydides Historicus 3.104; οὐ λόγων τοὺς ἀ. προθήσοντες prev. author 3.67; προηγόρευέ τε ἀγῶνας καὶ ἆθλα προυτίθει Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.2.26; προκαλούμενος ἑαυτὸν εἰς ἀ. prev. author “Mem.” 2.3.17 ; τοὺς ἀ. νικᾶν prev. work 3.7.1; ἐν τοῖς ἀγῶσι Isocrates Orator 15.301 ; of contests in general, εἰς ἀ. λόγων ἀφικέσθαι τινί Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 335a ; πρὸς τίν᾽ ἀγῶνας τιθέμεσθ᾽ ἀρετῆ; Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 863 (Lyric poetry); ἀ. σοφίας Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 883.
__III generally, struggle, πολλοὺς ἀ. ἐξιών, of Hercules, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 159; ξιφηφόρος ἀ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 584; εἰς ἀ. τῷδε συμπεσὼν μάχης Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 20, etc; ὁ Φίλιππος, πρὸς ὀν ἦν ἡμῖν ὁ ἀ. Demosthenes Orator 18.67; ποιέειν ἢ παθεῖν πρόκειται ἀ. Herodotus Historicus 7.11; ἀληθείην ἀσκέειν ἀ. μέγιστος prev. work 209: pl., πραγμάτων ἀγῶνας κεκτημένων Epicurus Philosophus “Sententiae” 21; ἄπορος ἀ. Lysias Orator 7.2; ὅπλων ἔκειτ᾽ ἀ. πέρι Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 936; and without περί, τῶν Ἀχιλλείων ὅπλων ἀ. prev. work 1240 ; ψυχῆς ἀ. τὸν προκείμενον πέρι struggle for life and death, Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 847, compare “Ph.” 1330; πολλοὺς ἀ. δραμέονται περὶ σφέων αὐτῶν Herodotus Historicus 8.102; λόγων γὰρ οὐ.. ἁγών, ἀλλὰ σῆς ψυχῆς πέρι Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1492, compareinfr. 5.
__III.2 battle, action, Thucydides Historicus 2.89, etc.
__III.3 action at law, trial, Antipho Orator 6.21, etc., compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 677, 744; εἰς ἀγῶνα καθιστάναι ἀνθρώπους Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 24c, “R.” 494e; περὶ τῆς ψυχῆς εἰς ἀγῶνα καταστῆσαί τινα Xenophon Historicus “Respublica Lacedaemoniorum” 8.4.
__III.4 speech delivered in court or before an assembly or ruler, πρεσβευτικοὶ ἀ. Polybius Historicus 9.32.4; τοὺς ἐπιφανεστάτους εἰρηκότος ἀ. τούς τε δικανικοὺς καὶ τοὺς δημηγορικούς Dionysius Halicarnassensis “Amm.” 1.3, compare “OGI” 567 (Attalia, 2nd c.AD) ; ἀ. ἐσχηματισμένοι Dionysius Halicarnassensis “Ars Rhetorica” 8.1, al.
__III.4.b Rhet., main argument of a speech (opposed to προοίμιον, ἐπίλογος), in plural, Syr. “in Hermog.” 2.111, 170R., compare “Proll. Hermog.” cited in Rhetores Graeci 4.12 W.
__III.5 metaphorically, οὐ λόγων ἔθ᾽ ἁγών now is not the time for words, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 588 ; οὐχ ἕδρας ἀ. 'tis no time for sitting still, prev. author “Or.” 1291 ; ἀ. πρόφασιν οὐ δέχεται the crisis admits no dallying, Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 331, compare Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 421d, “Lg.” 751d ; μέγας ὁ ἀ... τὸ χρηστὸν ἢ κακὸν γενέσθαι the issue is great.., prev. author “R.” 608b, compare Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 235 ; οὐ περί τινος ὁ ἀ. the question is not about.., Thucydides Historicus 3.44.
__III.6 mental struggle, anxiety, Thucydides Historicus 7.71, Polybius Historicus 4.56.4, NT.Col.2.1: in pl., τρόμοι καὶ ἀ. Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Solon” 7.
__III.6.b of speakers, vehemence, power, Longinus Rhetor 15.1 compare 26.3.
__IV personified, Ἀγών, divinity of the contest, Pausanias Periegeta 5.26.3.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἄγω G71 "leiden, meenemen, aanvoeren, feest vieren (een), gaan, weggaan, vertrekken"; Grieks ἀγωνία G74 "sportwedstrijd, worsteling, agonie"; Grieks ἀγωνίζομαι G75 "deelnemen aan een sportwedstrijd, vechten, inspanning nastreven (met)";

Literatuur


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