G685 ἀρά
gebed, smeekbede, vloek, verwensing
Taal: Grieks

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Vloeken,

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ara,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀρά, -ᾶς, ἡ, [in LXX chiefly for אלה H422]; 1. a prayer (MM, s.v.). 2. (as in Homer) a curse, malediction: Ro 3:14(LXX).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἀρά,
  Ionic dialect ἀρή, ἡ, prayer, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.378, 598, 23.199, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 726, Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 6(5).43 ; ἀρὴν ἐποιήσαντο παῖδα γενέσθαι Ἀρίστωνι offered prayers that a child should be born, Herodotus Historicus 6.63.
__2 vow, Inscription Cyprian dialect 83, 147H.
__3 curse, imprecation, ἐξ ἀρέων μητρὸς.. ἥ ῥα θεοῖσι πόλλ᾽ ἀχέουσ᾽ ἠρᾶτο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.566 ; frequently in Trag., mostly in plural, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 910, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 295 ; ἀρὰς ἀρᾶσθαι,προστιθέναι, ἐξανιέναι, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 67, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 952, 154(Lyric poetry), 1375; ἐπεύχεσθαι Plato Philosophus “Critias” 119e; θέσθαι ἐπί τινας Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Camillus” 13 : also in singular, πατρὸς δ᾽ ἀ. κρανθήσεται Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 910, compare “Ag.” 457 (Lyric poetry), etc.; ἡ τοῦ νόμου ἀ. Plato Philosophus “Leges” 871b; ἀρᾷ.. ἔνοχος ἔστω prev. work 742b , etc.: in plural, imprecations, frequently in Inscrr. on those who shall mutilate or remove them, “Inscription Magn.” 105.53 (2nd c.BC), “IG” 3.1417ff
__II Ἀρά personified as the goddess of destruction and revenge, ὦ πότνι᾽ Ἀρὰ σεμναί τε θεῶν παῖδες Ἐρινύες Sophocles Tragicus “El.” III; δεινόπους Ἀρά prev. author “OT” 418; but in Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 417 the Erinyes say that Ἀραί is their own name γῆς ὑπα; Ἀρά τ᾽ Ἐρινὺς πατρὸς ἡ μεγασθενής prev. author “Th.” 70; Ἀρᾶς ἱερόν Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 575. (Hence the Verb ἀράομαι.) Epic dialect always ᾱρ, Attic dialect always ᾰρ. (From ἀρϝᾱ, compare κάταρ ϝος.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks αἴρω G142 "opheffen, optillen"; Grieks κατάρα G2671 "vloek, vervloeking";

Literatuur


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