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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἆρα, interrog. particle, implying anxiety or impatience, "quite rare and only in Luke and Paul, therefore a literary word" (Bl., §77, 2). 1. (num igitur) expecting a neg. reply, Lk 18:8; ἆρά γε, Ac 8:30. 2. (ergone) in apodosis, expecting an affirm. reply, Ga 2:17 (Bl., §77, 2; Lft., Ga., in l.; MM, s.v.).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

  interrogative Particle, implying anxiety or impatience, = Epic dialect and Lyric poetry ἦ ῥα:
__1 alone, it simply marks the question, the nature of which is determined by the context: e.g. in Demosthenes Orator 35.44 a negative answer is implied in the question ἆρ᾽ ἂν οἴεσθε..; but an affirmative in Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.6.4 ἆ. βέβληκα δὶς ἐφεξῆ; compare ἆρ᾽ εὐτυχεῖς.. ἢ δυστυχεῖ; Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 424.—To make it plainly neg., we have ἆ. μή..; Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 208, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 64c ; and to make it plainly affirmative, ἆρ᾽ ο; ἆρ᾽ οὐχ; Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 791, “OT” 540 ; ἆρ᾽ οὐχ οὕτω; Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 11d.
__2 ἆ. οὖ; is used to draw an affirmative inference, prev. author “Grg.” 477a, “La.” 190b ; also when a negative answer is expected, prev. author “Chrm.” 159b ; with a negative, ἆρ᾽ οὖν οὐ..; prev. author “Phdr.” 263a, etc.
__3 in ἆρά γε, each Particle retains its force, γε serving to make the question more definite, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 546, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.5.4, etc.
__4 less frequently with τίς interrogative, τίνος ποτ᾽ ἆρ᾽ ἔπραξε χειρί Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 905 ; τίδ᾽ ἆρ᾽ ἐγὼ σ; Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 1228; τίς ἆρ᾽ ὁ φεύγω; Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 893 ; with ἤν, Euripides Tragicus “Rhesus” 118.
__5 in indirect questions, σκεψώμεθα τοῦτο ἆ... Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 70e, compare “R.” 526c, al., Aristoteles Philosophus “Physica” 204b3, etc.
__II in Poets sometimes like{ἄρα}, Archilochus Lyricus 86, 89, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.78, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 3; τοιοῖσδε χρησμοῖς ἆ. χρὴ πεποιθένα; Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 297, compare 435; τῷ δὲ ξιφήρης ἆρ᾽ ὑφειστήκει λόχος Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 1114: in exclamations, βραδεῖαν ἡμᾶς ἆρ᾽ ὁ τήνδε τὴν ὁδὸν πέμπων ἔπεμψεν Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 738; ὀδυνηρὸς ἆρ᾽ ὁ πλοῦτος Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 566, compare “El.” 1229, “Hipp.” 1086; ἦ δεινὸν ἆρ᾽ ἦν prev. author “fragment” 931; ἔμελλόν σ᾽ ἆ. κινήσειν Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1301, compare “Ach.” 347.
__B In Prose, ἆ. almost always stands first in the sentence, but compare Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 467e ; καὶ ὑπὲρ τούτων ἆ... Julianus Imperator “Orationes” 2.61c: in Poetry greater licence is taken, see above 1.4, 11.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἄρα G686 "dus, immers, natuurlijk, dan, nu, voorts";



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