G915_βάρβαρος
barbaars, vreemdeling
Taal: Grieks

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Allochtoon / Vreemdeling,

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Komt 6x voor in 4 Bijbelboeken.

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Woordstudie

barbaros̱,
Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

βάρβαρος, -ον (prob. onomatop., descriptive of unintelligible sounds), [in LXX: Ps 113 (114):1 (לעז H3937), Ez 21:31 (36) (בּער H1197), II Mac 2:21 4:25 10:4, III Mac 3:24*;] barbarous, barbarian, strange to Greek language and culture (and also, after the Persian war, with the added sense of brutal, rude): Ac 28:2, 4, Ro 1:14, I Co 14:11, Col 3:11 (v. Lft., in l., and Notes, 249).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

βάρβᾰρος, ον,
  barbarous, i.e. non-Greek, foreign, not in Homerus Epicus (but compare βαρβαρόφωνος); β. ψυχαί 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 107 ; especially as substantive βάρβαροι, οἱ, originally all non-Greek-speaking peoples, then specially of the Medes and Persians, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 255, Herodotus Historicus 1.58, etc.: generally, opposed to Ἕλληνες, Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 262d, compare Thucydides Historicus 1.3, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1252b5, 1st cStrabo Geographus 14.2.28; βαρβάρων Ἕλληνας ἄρχειν εἰκός Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 1400; β. καὶ δοῦλον ταὐτὸ φύσει Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1252b9; οἱ β. δουλικώτεροι τὰ ἤθη φύσει τῶν Ἑλλήνων prev. work 1285a20 ; β. πόλεμον war with the barbarians, Thucydides Historicus 2.36 codices ; ἡ βάρβαρος (i.e. γῆ), opposed to αἱ Ἑλληνίδες πόλεις, Thucydides Historicus 2.97, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 187, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.5.16. adverb -ρως, opposed to Ἑλληνικῶς, Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus “de Abstinentia - Porphyrii Opuscula” 3.3.
__2 especially of language, φωνὴ β. Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1051, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 341c; γλῶσσα β. Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1263, compare Herodotus Historicus 2.57, 1st cStrabo Geographus prev. cited above, etc. ; συλλραφαί Hippias 6 Demosthenes Orator ; of birds, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 199. adverb, βαρβάρως, ὠνόμασται have foreign names, 1st cStrabo Geographus 10.3.17.
__3 Grammars, of bad Greek, Gellius, Aulus Grammaticus Latinus 5.20.5 ; τὸ β., of style, opposed to Ἑλληνικόν, Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 1.64.
__II after the Persian war, brutal, rude, ἀμαθὴς καὶ β. Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 492; τὸ τῆς φύσεως β. καὶ θεοῖς ἐχθρόν Demosthenes Orator 21.150; σκαιὸς καὶ β. τὸν τρόπον prev. author 26.17; β. ἀνηλεής τε Menander Comicus “Ἐπιτρέποντες” 477 : comparative -ώτερος Xenophon Historicus Eph.2.4: superlative, πάντων βαρβαρώτατος θεῶν Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 1573, compare Thucydides Historicus 8.98, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.4.34.
__III used by Jews of Greeks, LXX.2Mac.2.21.
__IV name for various plasters, Andromachus Poeta Medicus and Herasap. Galenus Medicus 13.555. (Onomatopoeic acc. to 1st cStrabo Geographus 14.2.28.)

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