inderdaad, zeker, tenminste, zelfs, aangezien
Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

γε, enclitic postpositive particle, rarer in κοινή than in cl., giving special prominence to the word to which it is attached, distinguishing it as the least or the most important (Thayer, s.v.), indeed, at least, even 1. used alone: Lk 11:8 18:5 Ro 8:32. 2. More freq. with other particles: αλλά γε, Lk 24:21, I Co 9:2; ἄρα γε, Mt 7:20 17:26, Ac 17:27; ἆρά γε, Ac 8:30; εἴ γε (Rec. εἴγε), II Co 5:3, Ga 3:4, Eph 3:2 4:21, Col 1:23 (v. Meyer, Ellic., on Ga, Eph, ll. c.; Lft., on Ga, Col, ll. c.); εἰ δὲ μήγε, following an affirmation, Mt 6:1, Lk 10:6 13:9; a negation, Mt 9:17, Lk 5:36, 37 14:32, II Co 11:16; καί γε (Rec. καίγε, cl. καὶ . . . γε), Lk 19:42 (WH om.), Ac 2:18 17:27; καίτοιγε (L καίτοι γε, Tr. καί τοι γε), Jo 4:2; μενοῦνγε (v. s.v.); μήτι γε, v.s. μήτι; ὄφελόν, I Co 4:8.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

  Doric dialect and Boeotian dialect γα, enclitic Particle, giving emphasis to the word or words which it follows.
__I with single words, at least, at any rate, but often only to be rendered by italics in writing, or emphasis in pronunciation: τὸ γὰρ.. σιδήρου γε κράτος ἐστίν such is the power of iron, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.393 ; εἴ που πτωχῶν γε θεοὶ.. εἰσίν if the poor have any gods to care for them, 17.475; μάλιστά γε 4.366 ; ὅ γ᾽ ἐνθάδε λεώς at any rate the people here, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 42, etc.: with negatives, οὐ δύο γε not even two, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.303, 20.286 ; οὔκουν φθόγγος γε not the least sound, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 9.
__I.2 with Pronouns: with pronoun of 1st pers. Perses Epigrammaticus so closely joined, that the accent is changed, in ἔγωγε, ἔμοιγε (also ἔγωγα _Laconian dialect_, but ἐγώνγα, ἰώνγα Boeot.): in Homerus Epicus frequently with Art. used as Pron., see at {ὅ γε}: with _demonstrative_ Pronouns, κεῖνός γε, τοῦτό γε, etc.: in Comedy texts coalescing with -ί final, αὑτηγί Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 784 ; τουτογί, ταυταγί, etc., prev. author “V.” 781, “Pax” 1057, etc. (but ἐνγεταυθί “Th.” 646): after possess. Pronouns, ἐμόν γε θυμόν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.425, etc.: frequently after relat. Pronouns, ὅς γε, οἵ γε, etc., οἵ γέ σου καθύβρισαν Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1364; ὅς γ᾽ ἐξέλυσας δασμόν prev. author “OT” 35, etc. ; ὅσον γε χρῄζεις even as much as.., prev. work 365; οἷόν γέ μοι φαίνεται Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 329a : rarely with interrogative Pronouns, τίνα γε.. εἶπας ; Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 241 ; ποίου γε τούτου πλήν γ᾽ Ὀδυσσέως ἐρεῖς ; Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 441.
__I.3 after Conjunctions, to emphasize the modification or condition introduced by the subjoined clause, πρίν γε, before at least, sometimes repeated, οὐ μὲν.. ὀΐω πρίν γ᾽ ἀποπαύσεσθαι, πρίν γε.. αἵματος ἆσαι Ἀρῆα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.288, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.127 ; πρὶν ἄν γε or πρίν γ᾽ ἄν, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 961, “Ra.” 78, etc.; ὅτε γε Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 84e; ὁπότε γε Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1699; ἐπεί γε Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.3.9; ἐπειδή γε Thucydides Historicus 6.18; ὅπου γε Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.3.11 ; εἴ γε, ἐάν γε, if that is to say, if really, Thucydides Historicus 6.18, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 252c ; also simply to lay stress on the condition, κἄν γε μὴ λέγω and if I do not.., Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 317 ; εἴπερ γε if at any rate, Herodotus Historicus 7.16.γ, 143 , etc.; ὥστε γε (variant{ὥς γε}), with infinitive, so far at least as to.., Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 230b; ὥς γ᾽ ἐμοὶ χρῆσθαι κριτῇ Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 801 ; ὥς γε or ὥσπερ γε as at least, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 570, “OT” 715, etc. :—γε may follow τε, when τε is closely attached to the preceding word, ὡς οἷόν τέ γε μάλιστα Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 4.5.2, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 412b; ἐάντε γε prev. author “Plt.” 293d; οἵ τέ γε prev. author “Grg.” 454e:—for its use in opposed or disjunctive clauses, see below 11.3.
__I.4 after other Particles, καὶ μὴν.. γε, οὐ μὴν.. γε, with words intervening, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.4.12, Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 518, etc. ; after ἄν in apodosi, when preceded by οὐ or καί, prev. author “Ph.” 1215, “Or.” 784 ; ἄταρ.. γε but yet, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 448 ; καίτοι γε, see at {καί το; ἀλλά γε} (without intervening words) is falsa lectio in Plato Philosophus “Hp.Ma.” 287b (to be read ἀλλ᾽ ἄγε), “R.” 331b (ἀλλά γε ἕν codices, ἀλλὰ ἕν γε Stobaeus, Joannes) ; ἀλλά γε δή uncertain in prev. author “Phdr.” 262a; later, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.394c, Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 10.49 codices: but,
__I.5 when preceding other Particles, γε commonly refers to the preceding word, while the Particle retains its own force: but sometimes modifies the sense of the following Particle, γε μήν nevertheless, πάντως γε μήν Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 232, compare Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 754, Xenophon Historicus, etc. ; Epic dialect and Ionic dialect γε μέν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.703, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.195, Herodotus Historicus 7.152; γε μὲν δή Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 661, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 484; γε μέντοι Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 164a, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.3.9, etc.: γε δή frequently strengthens an assertion, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 42, Thucydides Historicus 2.62, etc.; οἰόμεθά γε δή Plato Philosophus “Euthydemus” 275a (compare also 11.1) ; γέ τοι, implying that the assertion is the least that one can say, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 934, “Pl.” 424, 1041, etc.; γέ τοι Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 447b; γέ τοι δή Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1171, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 264b; γέ τοί που prev. author “Lg.” 888e; γε δήπου prev. author “Phd.” 94a, etc. ; γέ που at all events, any how, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 896, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 607d, 478a, etc. ; for γε οὖν, see at {γοῦν}.
__II exercising an influence over the whole clause:
__II.1 epexegetic, namely, that is, Διός γε διδόντος that is if God grant it, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.390 ; κλῦθι, Ποσείδαον.., εἰ ἐτεόν γε σός εἰμι if indeed I am really thine, 9.529: hence to limit, strengthen or amplify a general assertion, ἀνὴρ.. ὅστις πινυτός γε any man—at least any wise man, 1.229 ; frequently preceded by καί, usually with words intervening, ἦ μὴν κελεύσω κἀπιθωΰξω γε πρός ay and besides that.., Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 73 ; παρῆσάν τινες καὶ πολλοί γε some, ay and a great many, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 58d; καὶ γελοίως γε prev. author “R.” 531a ; frequently with the last term in an enumeration, ταύτῃ ἄρα.. πρακτέον καὶ γυμναστέον καὶ ἐδεστέον γε καὶ ποτέον prev. author “Cri.” 47b; ὄψεις τε καὶ ἀκοαὶ καὶ.. καὶ ἡδοναί γε δή prev. author “Tht.” 156b; repeated, συνήγαγόν μοι καί γε ἀργύριον καί γε χρυσίον LXX.Eccl.2.8 ; rarely without intervening words, καί γε ὁ θάνατος διὰ τὴν μοίρην ἔλαχεν Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἑπταμήνου” 9, compare Lysias Orator 11.7 codices; καί γε.. ἐκχεῶ NT.Act.2.18: hence,
__II.2 in dialogue, in answers where something is added to the statement of the previous speaker, as ἔπεμψέ τίς σοι.. κρέα; Answ. καλῶς γε ποιῶν yes and quite right too, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 1049 ; κενὸν τόδ᾽ ἄγγος, ἢ στέγει τι; Answ. σά γ᾽ ἔνδυτα.. yes indeed, your clothes, Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 1412 ; οὕτω γὰρ ἂν μάλιστα δηχθείη πόσις. Answ. σὺ δ᾽ ἂν γένοιο γ᾽ ἀθλιωτάτη γυνή yes truly, and you.., prev. author “Med.” 817, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 680, etc. ; πάνυ γε yes certainly, Plato Philosophus “Euthyphro” 8e, etc. ; οὕτω γέ πως yes somehowso, prev. author “Tht.” 165c ; sometimes preceded by καί, καὶ οὐδέν γ᾽ ἄτοπον yes and no wonder, prev. work 142b, compare d, 147e ; sometimes ironically, εὖ γε κηδεύεις πόλιν Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 1212.
__II.3 to heighten a contrast or opposition,
__II.3.a after conditional clauses, εἰ μὲν δὴ σύ γ᾽.., τῷ κε Ποσειδάων γε.. if you do so, then at all events Poseidon will.., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.49 {γέα}; ἐπεὶ πρὸς τοῦτο σιωπᾶν ἥδιόν σοι.. τόδε γε εἰπέ at any rate tell me this, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 5.5.20; εἰ μὴ τὸ ὅλον, μέρος γ᾽ ἐπιβάλλει Demosthenes Orator 18.272:—sometimes in the protasis, εἰ γὰρ μὴ ἑκόντες γε.. ἀλλ᾽ ἀέκοντας.. Herodotus Historicus 4.120.
__II.3.b in disjunctive sentences to emphasize an alternative, ἤτοι κεῖνόν γε.. δεῖ ἀπόλλυσθαι ἢ σέ.. prev. author 1.11; ἤτοι κρίνομέν γε ἢ ἐνθυμούμεθα ὀρθῶς τὰ πράγματα Thucydides Historicus 2.40; πατὴρ δ᾽ ἐμός.. ζώει ὅ γ᾽ ἢ τέθνηκε Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.131, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.504 : also in the second clause, εἰπέ μοι, ἠὲ ἑκὼν ὑποδάμνασαι ἤ σέ γε λαοὶ ἐχθαίρουσι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.214, compare Herodotus Historicus 7.10.θ, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1098f
__II.4 in exclamations, etc., ὥς γε μή ποτ᾽ ὤφελον λαβεῖν uncertain in Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 70, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 977, “Ph.” 1003, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 93, 836, etc. ; in oaths, οὔτοι μὰ τὴν Δήμητρά γ᾽ variant in Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 698; μὰ τὸν Ποσειδῶ γ᾽ οὐδέποτ᾽ prev. author “Ec.” 748; καὶ ναὶ μὰ Δία γε Xenophon Historicus “Apologia Socratis” 20; καὶ νὴ Δία γε Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1350, Dio Chrysostomus Sophista 17.4, Lucianus Sophista “Merc.Cond.” 28, Libanius Sophista “Orationes” 11.59, etc.: with words intervening, καὶ νὴ Δί᾽, ὦ ἄνδρες Ἀθηναῖοι, ἕτεροί γε.. Demosthenes Orator 13.16; νὴ Δία, ὦ Ἀθηναῖοι, ὥρα γε ὑμῖν Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 7.1.37 ; merely in strong assertions, τίς ἂν φιλέοντι μάχοιτ; ἄφρων δὴ κεῖνός γέ.. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.209, etc.
__II.5 implying concession, εἶμί γε well then I will go (in apodosi), Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 861; δρᾶ γ᾽ εἴ τι δράσεις prev. author “IA” 817, compare “Andr.” 239.
__III γε frequently repeated in protasis and apodosis, as πρίν γε.., πρίν γε, see above 1.3; εἰ μή γε.. τινὶ μείζονι, τῇ γε παρούσῃ ἀτιμίᾳ Lysias Orator 31.29 ; even in the same clause, οὐδέν γ᾽ ἄλλο πλήν γε καρκίνους Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1507, compare Herodotus Historicus 1.187, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 554, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 335b, “Grg.” 502a.
__IV POSITION: γε normally follows the word which it limits; but is frequently placed immediately after the Article, as ὅ γε πόλεμος Thucydides Historicus 1.66, etc. ; or the preposition, κατά γε τὸν σὸν λόγον Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.1.15; ἔν γε ταῖς Θήβαις Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1380; or δέ, νῦν δέ γε Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 144e ; τὸ δέ γε prev. work 164b; δοῖμεν δέ γέ που ἄν prev. author “R.” 607d, compare “Phd.” 94a, etc. ; frequently in retorts, ἁμές ποκ᾽ ἦμες ἄλκιμοι νεανίαι. Answ. ἁμὲς δέ γ᾽ εἰμές “Carmina Popularia” 18 ; οὐκ οἶδ᾽ ὅτι λέγεις. Answ. ἡ γραῦς δέ γε οἶδ᾽, ὡς ἐγῷμαι Menander Comicus “Ἐπιτρέποντες” 577, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 1031, etc.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἄρα G686 "dus, immers, natuurlijk, dan, nu, voorts"; Grieks καίγε G2534 "tenminste, inderdaad"; Grieks καίτοιγε G2544 "ofschoon, en toch"; Grieks μενοῦνγε G3304 "menounge"; Grieks μήτιγε G3386 "om maar te zwijgen van";



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